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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHAT IS PURPOSE FOR SKELETAL STRUCTRE
PROTECT ORGANS, ALLOW FOR EFFICIENT MOVEMENT, STORES SALTS AND STUFF FOR METABOLISM, PRODUCE RBC'S & INFECTION FIGHTERSO
HOW IS AN INJURY POSITIONED
NORMAL PHYSIOLOGIC POSITION AT BEST
WHERE SHOULD A JOINT INJURY BE SPLENTED
BONE ABOVE AND BELLOW JOINT
WHERE SHOULD BONE BE SPLINTED
JOINT ABOVE AND BELLOW BONE
HOW MANY BONES ARE IN THE BODY
206
HAVERSIAN CANAL
SMALL TUBES LENGTHWISE THAT SMALL BLOOD VESSELS TRAVEL IN
OSTEOCYTES
CELLS IN PROTEIN FIBERS AND SALT DEPOSITS THAT MAINTAIN COLLAGEN, CALCIUM, PHOSPHATE, CARBONATE AND OTHER SALT CRYSTALS=HELP MAINTAIN BONE
OSTEOBLASTS
CELLS THAT LAY DOWN NEW BONE IN AREAS OF STRESS DURRING GROWTH AND BONE REPAIR
OSTEOCLASTS
CELLS THAT DESOLVE BONE STRUCTURES, NO ARTICULATION, WHEN SALTS ARE NEEDED FOR ELECTROLYTE BALANCE
WHAT IS WARM ISCHEMIC TIME OF BONE
3 HOURS
DIAPHYSIS
CENTRAL PORTION OF LONG PONE, DENSE AND THIN LAYER, WEIGHT BERRING PORTION
EPIPHYSIS
ARTICULAR WIDENED END OF BONE, RESEMBLES RIGID BONY SPONGE
METAPHYSIS
INTERMEDIATE REGION BETWEEN EPIPHYSIS AND DIAPHYSIS, THIS AREA IDS EPIPHYSEAL PLATE
MEDULALRY CANAL
CENTRAL HOLLOW AREA OF BONE
RED BONE MARROW
PRODUCES RBC'S
YELLOW BONE MARROW
QUICK ENERGY SOURCE
PERIOSTEUM
TOUGH MEMBEANE THAT COVERS BONE
LONG BONE
HUMERUS, RADIUS, ULNA, TIBIA, FIBULA, METACARPALS, METATARSALS, PHALANGES
SHORT BONES
WRIST, ANKLE, CARPALS, TARSALS
FLAT BONES
CRANIUM, STERNUM, RIBS, SHOULDERS, PELVIS
IRREGULAR BONES
VERTEBRA, FACIAL
SESAMOID BONE
BONE THAT FORMS TENDONS-PATELLA
SYNARTHROSES
IMMOVABLE JOINT
AMPHIARTHROSES
LIMITED MOTION
DIARTHROSES
SYNOVIAL JOINT, BALL & SOCKET, CONDYLOID, GLIDING, HINGE, PIVOT, SADDLE
LIGAMENTS
CONNECT BONE TO BONE
TENDONS
CONNECT MUSCLE TO BONE
UPPER EXTREMITIES
SHOULDER GIRDLE, ARM, FOREARM, HAND
LOWER EXTREMITIES
PELVIS, THIGH, LEG, FOOT
WHAT HAPPENS TO BONE AT 18-20
TRANSITION FROM FLEXABLE BONE TO FIRM BONE, BONE IS MATURE
WHAT HAPPENS TO BONE AT 40+
REDUCTION IN COLLAGEN AND CALCIUM SALTS, BONE STRENGTH INCREASES-FRACTURES INCREASE, SPINAL CURVE-SHORTER STATURE
HOW MANY MUSCULAR GROUPS ARE THERE
MORE THAN 600 INVOLVED IN BODY MOVEMENT, MOVEMENT OF FOOD FLUIDS BLOOD, BODY POSTURE
COMPARTMENT SYNDROME
COMPRESSION OR BLUNT TRAUMA, SWOLLEN TISSUE HAS NOWHERE TO GO, CIRCULATION IS COMPROMISED, ISCHEMIA DEVOLOPES
STRAIN
MUSCLE INJURY
SPRAIN
JOINT INJURY
SUBLUXATION
PARTIAL DISLOCATION OF JOINT
BRUSITIS
INFLAMMATION OF BURSA, SMALL FLUID FILLED SAC NEAR JOINTS
TENDONITIS
INFLAMMATION OF TENDON, USUALY DUE TO INJURY
OSTEOARTHRITIS
WEAR AND TEAR ON JOINTS
RHEUNATIOD ARTHRITIS
AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER, JOINTS/SURROUNDING TISSUE IS DAMAGED
GOUTY ARTHRITIS
URIC ACID ACCUMULATES IN JOINTS
OPEN FRACTURE
FRACTURE THAT BREAKS SKIN
CLOSED FRACTURE
DOES NOT BREAK SKIN
HAIRLINE FRACTURE
SMALL CRACK, BROKEN ENDS COMPRESS TOGETHER
TRANSVERSE FRACTURE
BROKE AT 90 DEG ANGLE
OBLIQUE FRACTURE
RUNS AT ANGLE ACROSS BONE
COMMINUTED FRACTURE
DUE TO CRUSH INJURY OR HIGH VELOCITY BULLETS
SPIRAL FRACTURE
TWISTING MOTION
FATIGUE FRACTURE
STRESS
WHAT IS A COMPLICATION OF A FRACTURE
EMBOLI, USUALY ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE CRUSH INJURIES
WHEN DO YOU APPLY COLD OR HEAT
COLD FOR FIRST 24-48 HR, HEAT AFTER 48 HR
WHEN DO/DO NOT REALIGN DEFORMITIES
DO-NO CIRCULATION, CYANOSIS, LOWER CHANCE OF FURTHER INJURY, DO NOT-PIAN INCREASES, RESISTANCE MET
JOINT INJURY
ANY INJURY W/I 3 IN. OF JOINT
SHAFT INJURY
ANY INJURY >3 IN. OF JOINT
WHEN DO YOU ASSESS PMS
BEFORE DURRING AND AFTER SPLINTING
R-I-C-E
REST, ICE, COMPRESS, ELEVATE