• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/44

Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Natural or manmade substance that has high length to width ratio that has a capability of being transformed into fabric.
Fiber
Bonding or twisting of fibers creates yarns that become a basic unit for making fabric.
Yarn
Conversion of yarns through weaving, knitting, felting, or crochet to fabric.
Fabric
The process used to add color or performance characteristics to textile to enhance its aesthetic or functional attributes.
Finish
Impact of refurbishing and other environmental factors on fabric efficiency
Perfomance
A function of sum total of product attributes related to appearance, end-use, performance, and freedom from construction and processing defects.
Quality
Ability to retain original appearance after being exposed to wear, tear, and care of the material.
Appearance retention
Attractiveness or pleasing appearance
Aesthetics
Cleaning treatment or refurbishing required to maintain original appearance of the product.
Care
Response of textiles to environmental changes and effect of body comfort with regard to the use of principles of heat exchange.
Comfort
Money required to create, maintain, and dispose off the product.
Cost
Longevity of the product
Durability
Effect of “production, use, care, and disposal of textiles and textile products” on the environment.
Environmental Impact
Fabric’s ability to protect body from any injury.
Safety
Waves, bends, twists, coils, or curves in the fiber
Crimp
The process of joining monomers to create a long chain.
Polymerization
Disorganized and unparallel arrangement of the molecular chains.
Amorphous Orientation
The parallel arrangement of the molecular chains.
Crystalline Orientation
A function of chemical composition and influences a fabric’s ability to ignite.
Flammability
A function of fiber crimp and stiffness and influences springiness, resistance to flattening, and cover of the fabric.
Loft
A function of chemical and physical composition of outer structure and influences the comfort attribute of the fabric
Wicking
Reflection of light
Luster
Three-dimensional fall of fabric over a surface
Drape
Fabric surface both visual and tactile
Texture
As fabric feels to skin
Hand
Ability to withstand rubbing
Abrasion resistance
The ability to bend without breaking
Flexibility
The ability to withstand pulling force
Tenacity
Ability to stretch without breaking.
Elongation
Ability to take-up water
Absorbency
Fibers absorb moisture readily.
Hydrophyllic
Fibers absorb little or none.
Hydrophobic
Fibers absorb moisture without feeling wet.
Hygroscopic/Moisture Content
Ability to hold heat
Heat or thermal retention
The ability to soften, melt, or shrink when subjected to heat
Heat sensitivity
Fiber weight per unit
Density
Ability to return to its original form over time.
Resiliency
Ability to retain original size and shape through refurbishing
Dimensional stability
Ability to retain original size and shape through care
Shrinkage resistance
Ability to return to original dimensions after elongation force is released.
Elasticity
AATCC
American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ASTM
American Society for Testing and Materials
ISO
International Organization of Standardization