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58 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Using anatomic directions, describe the location of the ankle in relation to the knee.
Distal
What is the serous membrane surrounding the heart called?
Pericardium
What is the actively mitotic layer of the epidermis called?
Stratum Germinativum
What is the total number of phalanges in the human skeleton?
56
The flexor carpi ulnaris is located in what part of the body?
Wrist
What area of the brain controls muscle cordination and balance?
Cerebellum
What is the nickname for the pituatary gland?
The Master Gland
Which of the following is not a type of white blood cell?
Erythrocytes
What cellular structures trap bacteria and pollutants in the upper respiratory system?
Cilia
What is the largest gland of the human body?
Liver
What structure acts as a storage area for urine?
Urinary bladder.
What portion of the uterus is under direct hormonal effect?
Edometrium
What is the most important characteristic of water?
Polarity of hydrogen-oxygen bonds.
Which of the following biologic macromolecules ar emost important to the cellular membrane?
Phospholipids
What cellular organelle is the site of the catabolic pathway leading to cellular energy production?
Mitochondrion
What type of cellular reproduction do bacteria undergo?
Binary fission
What is the probability that a recessive trait would be expressed in offspring if two parents are both heterozygous for the desired trait were crossed.
25%
In hwich organelle does transcription begin?
mRNA
At what phase of meosis does crossing over occur?
Prophase I
Within liver cells, glycogen can be decomposed to yield glucose. For this process to occur, which substances must also be present?
Glucagon and epinephrine
(adrenaline)
Which cellular process results in the formation of sugar from carbon dioxide?
Calvin cycle
What is the name for the small, tail-like projection from the cellular membrane that is used for locomotion?
Flagella
Whcih word refers to a region of the spinal cord?
Lumbar
The phalanx is a
bone
The dermis is classified as an
organ
Upper motor neurons originate in what area of the body?
Motor area of the cerebral hemispheres
Where are the pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors (specialized sensory nerves that assist with the regulation of circulation and respiration?
Carotid body
Where are the baroreceptors located?
Aorta
Which structure is an example of a long bone?
Metatarsal
Which structure is divided into four lobes?
Liver
Eye movement and papillary reflexes originate in which part of the central nervous system?
Midbrain
Which vessel transports blood from the lung to the heart?
Pulmonary vein
What does the word pulmonary refer to?
Lungs
Venous refers to which body system?
Circulation
What is the primary sympathetic neurohormone?
Norepinephrine
An improper balance between calcium and which substance can adversly affect the growth of healthy bone tissue?
Phosphorus
The functions of the pulmonary vein is to carry
oxygenated blood to the left atrium.
What substance causes extreme dilation of arterioles and capillaries, stagnating blood flow within the tissues and leading to profound shock?
Histamine
What is the expected pH of the stomach?
.90 to 1.5
What mineral is responsible for muscle contraction?
Calcium
Bile is secreted into which organ?
Small intestine
What is the funtion of glucocorticoids that are secreted from the adrenal cortex?
Carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism.
What does parathyroid hormone regulate?
Calcium
What is the function of aldosterone?
Conserves sodium in the body
What is the function of the baroreceptors?
To decrease heart rate.
Which nerve is responsible for regulating the amount of light enetering the eye?
Oculomotor nerve
What component of th eblood helps maintain glomerular oncotic pressure at a normal level of 33 mm Hg, which in turn keeps a large amount of water from escaping the capillary?
Protein
What is the benefit of water's ability to make hydrogen bonds?
Hiigh specific heat
What is the weakest of all the molecular forces?
Dispersion
How could water be boiled at room temperature?
Lower the pressure
What is the primary purpose of the flagella on the surface of cells?
Movement
What process is responsible for actively transporting small particles across the cell membrane?
Pinocytosis
What is the primary cause of water molecules moving into or out of the cell?
Water molecule pressure gradient along the cell membrane.
Why is DNA important for metabolic activities of the cell?
Controls synthesis of enzymes.
Which outcome measure would most likely indicate that a sample of water contains acid?
pH
Which structure is the primary control center for cellular activities?
Nucleus
A diploid germ cell containing 72 chromosomes undergoes meiosis. How many chromosomes will be in each gamete?
36
Chemical reactions in living systems proceed along catabolic pathways, and there tends to be an increase in
Entrophy