• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/130

Click to flip

130 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is anatomy?
Study, classification and description of structures and organs in the body
What is Physiology?
Processes and functions of the body
Anterior/Ventral
Face froward, front of body
Posterior/Dorsal
Toward the back
Cranial
Toward the head
Caudual
Directed toward or situated in or near the tail
Superior
Toward the head or above
Interior
Toward the feet, lower
Medial
Toward the midline
Lateral
Toward the side
Proximal
Near the trunk
Distal
Away from the stucture
Superficial
Near the surface
Deep
Further away from body surface
Atoms
Smallest particles that form building blocks
Molecule
2 or more atoms form
Cell
Smallest units of structures and function
Tissue
Organization of similar cells that act together to perform a special function
System
Organization of varying numbers of and kinds of organs to perform complex functions
Organ
group of several kinds of tissues to perform special function
Homeostasis
Relationships between environments to maintain and promote health
Cytoplasm
Exists in cellsz, gel-like substance, internal living material, contains water, proteins, minerals, salts and carbohydrates
Plasma Membrane
Outer shell, selectively permable
Nucleus
Largest organele
Ribsomes
Protein factories, produce proteins and enzymes
Mitochondria
Powerhouse, bean shaped, convert food to complex energy
Lysosomes
Digest food, sac-like
Golgi Apparatus
Rod-shaped, paried, aid in formation of spindle mitosis
ER
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Mitosis
Cell division where each daughter cell has same chromosomes as parent.
Interphase
First and last phase of mitosis, whole cells
Prophase
Nucleus forms 2 strands, centriloes form spindles
Metaphase
Nucleus membrane and nucleus dissappear, spindle fibers attach to each chromatid
Telophase
Final stage, 2 nuclei appear and chromsosmes disappear
Active Transport
Movement of materials across the membrane of a cell by chemical activity that allows the cell to admit larger molecules than would other wise enter
Phagocytosis
Process that permits a cell to engulf or to surround any foreign material and digest it
Pinocytosis
Process by which extracellular fluid is taken into the cell
Passive Transport
Moment of small molecules across membrane of a cell by diffusion
Diffusion
Process in which solid particles in a fluid move from a higher concentration to lower which an even distribution of particles in fluid
Osmosis
The passage of water across a selectively permable membrane with water molecules going from the less concentrated solution to a more concentrated solution
Filteration
By force; the movement of water and particles through a membrane by force; only liquid can pass
4 Tissues
Epithelial;connective;muscles;nervous
Tissues
Protect, absorb, secrete
Connective Tissue
Connects or joins, tissues or structures in the body
Foms of connective tissues
areolar;adipose;fiborous;bone;
cartilage; blood
Muscle tissue
contract in response to a message from the brain
3 types of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac, visceral
Nervous tissue
Provides rapid communication between body structure and control of body function
Membrane
Thin sheets of tissue that serve many functions in the body
Mucus Membranes
Secrete mucous which keep membranes moist and soft and protects against the bacteria
Serous membranes
Secrete thin watery material to prevent friction
Connective tissue
Tissue membrane that is smooth and slick and secret synovial fluid
Synovial fluid
Slick, thick, colorless fluid that lubricates
Right Hypochondriac
R lobe of liver ;gallbladder
Epigastric
R&L lower lobe of liver;large portion of stomach
Left hypochondriac
Small part of the stomach;part of lg intestine
Right Lumbar
Part of large and small intestine
Right Illiac
Cecum and parts of samll intestine
Hypogastic
Part of small intestine, bladder appendix
Left Iliac
Portion of the colon and small intestines
Ventral Cavity
Thoracic and adodompelvic cavities
What is Histology?
The study of tissues
How are muscles named
Some for their function, others for thier location or for the numbers of points of orgin
The Nervous System contains
Brain, spinal cord and individual nerves
The Central Nervous System contains
Brain and spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system contains
All the nervies and their branches
Most reflex pathways involve>
Impulses traveling to and from the brain in ascending and decending tracts of the spinal cord
Sensory impulses enter?
The dorsal horns of the spinal cord and motor impulese leave through the ventral of the spinal cord
Hormones
They are chemical messengers that control the growth, differential to and metabolism of specific target cells-- Steroids and AMP
Pituitary Gland
Known as the Master Gland
Name endocrine glands
Thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pancreas, overies and testes
Erythrocytes
Red blood cells
Leukocytes
White blood cells and platelets
Blood serves to?
Transport oxygen and nutrients to body cells and carry away carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes
List the respiratory organs
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, diaphragm and muscles surrounding the ribs
The respiratory system supplies?
Oxygen to the body and eliminates carbon dioxide.
The pathways of oxygen and carbon dioxide
External respiration and internal respiration
Mouth
Breaks up food
Pharynx
Swallows
Salivary Glands
Silva moistens and lubrates food
Esophagus
Transports food
Liver
Breaks down, store vitamins, destroys old blood cells
Gallblader
Stores and concentrates bile
Stomach
Stores and churns food
Small Intestine
Completes digestion, absorbs nutrients
Pancreas
Hormones regulate blood glucose levels
Large Intestine
Reabsorbs water and ions--stores feces
Anus
Opening for elimination of feces
The Uninary System
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
Using anatomic directions, describe the location of the ankle in relation to the knee
Distal
What is the serous membrane surrounding the heart called?
Pericardium
What is the activity mitotic layer of the epidermis called?
Stratum Germinativum
What is the total number of phalanges in the skeleton
28
The flexor carpi ulnaris is located in what pary of the body?
Wrist
What area of the brain controls muscle coordination and balance?
Cerebellum
What is the nick name for the pituitary galnd?
Master Gland
Which of the following in not a type of white blood cell?
Erythrocytes
What cellular structures trap bacteria and pollutants in the upper respiratory system?
Cila
What is the larget gland in the human body?
Liver
What structure acts as a storage area for urine?
Urinary bladder
What portion of the uterus is under direct hormonal effect?
Endometrum
The dermis is classified as an
Organ
Upper motor neuron originate in which area of the body?
Motor are of the cerebral hemispheres
Where are the pressoreceptors and chemoreceptors--specialized senory nerves that assist with the regulation of circulation and respiration located
Carotid body--runs on both sides of the throat
Where are the baroreceptos located?
Aorta
Which structure is an example of a long bone?
Metatarsal - 5 long bones in the foot
Which structure is divided into 4 lobes?
Liver
Eye movement and papllary reflexes originate in which part of the central nervous system?
Midbrain
Which vessel transports blood from the lung to the heart?
Pulmonary vein
What does the word pulmonary refer to?
Lungs
Venous refers to which body system?
Circulation
What is the primary sympathetic neurohomone?
Norepinephrine
An improper balance between calcium and which substance can adversely affect the growth of healthy bone tisse?
Phosphorus
The function of the pulmonary veins is to carry?
Oxygenated blood to the left atrium
What substane causes extreme dilation of arterioles and capillaries stagnating blood flow within the tissues and leading to profound shock?
Histamine
What is the expected pH of the stomach?
0,90 to 1.50
What mineral is responsible for muscle contraction?
Calcium
Bile is secreted into which organ
Small intestine
What does para thyroid hormone regulate?
Calcium
What is the function of aldosterone?
Conserves sodium in the body
What is the function of the baroreceptors?
Decrease heart rate
Which nerve is responsibile for regulating the amount of light entering the eye?
Oculomotor nerve
Abdominopelvic
Cavity composed of the abdomen and the pelvis
Amino acids
Building blocks of proteins
ATP
Energy of the cell
Atria
Upper chambers of the heart
Cranial cavity
Contains the brain
Hypothalamus
Portion of the brain that regulates body tempature, sleep and appetite
Keratin
Primary component for hair, nails skin
PH
Measurments of acids and bases