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12 Cards in this Set

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Alleles
Alternative forms of a gene that govern the same characteristics
Dominant Trait
A trait observed when at least one dominant allele for a characteristic is inherited
Genes
Segments of DNA that carries hereditary instructions located on chromosomes and passed from one parent to offspring
Genotype
The inherited combination of alleles
Heredity
The passing of traits from parent to offspring
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromosomes with matching information
Meiosis
Cell division that produces sex cells
Phenotype
An organism's inherited appearance
Probability
The mathematical chance that an event will occur
Recessive Trait
A trait that is apparent only when two recessive alleles for the characteristic are inherited
Sex cells
Carries half the number of chromosomes found in other body cells; egg or sperm
Sex Chromosomes
Chromosomes that carry genes that determine the sex of the offspring