Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/164

Click to flip

164 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who is considered the first pharmacologist in the world?
Shen Nong
What is considered the first authoritative documentation on TCM?
Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing
What is considered the bible of TCM , the first to organize the principles of TCM, and deals with theoretical and philosophical foundation?
NeiJing
What is the source of all prescription manuals, systematizing TCM and making it a more complete medical system?
Contained many popular formulas and folk remedies including seaweed to tx goiter and LV to tx blindness.
Qian Jin Yao Fang
Chia ku wen refers to:
Words carved on animal shells/bones/turtle plastron
Author of Shang Han Lun:
Zhang Zhong Jing
Author of Nei Jing:
Huang Di
Author or Divine Husbandman's Materia Medica:
Shen Nong
Author of Bin Hua Mai Xue (Pulse Classic):
Li Shi Zhen
Author of Wen Bin Lun (Warm Febrile Diseases):
Ye Taio Shi
Who was the Frenchman that wrote the Treatise of Auricular Therapy?
Nogier
What event drew the attention of acupuncture to the US?
Pres Nixion's visit to China
Name the 2 parts of the NeiJing:
Su Wen and Ling Shu
Name the 2 parts of Shang Han Luan:
Shang Han Lan and Jing Gui Yao Lu
What was the book called that was written about the NeiJing?
NanJing
What is the most common cause of chronic illness?
emotions
What is the strength of TCM?
Preventative medicine
Yang Disease pattern:
Body's energy is greater that pathogen, elimination functions are reduced
Yin Disease pattern:
Pores without control
What stage is this?
Nausea, digestive disorders, chills/fever alternating, rapid pulse, tongue is light red with a thin white coat.
Shaoyang
How would you treat this?
Nausea, digestive disorders, chills/fever alternating, rapid pulse, tongue is light red with a thin white coat.
Harmonize exterior with interior
What stage is this?
Abd problems, no bowel movements for 3 days. Stomach ache 2 wks ago, nausea and thirst last week.
Yangming
How would you treat this?
Abd problems, no bowel movements for 3 days. Stomach ache 2 wks ago, nausea and thirst last week.
Purgation
Hot flashes and insomnia for 3 weeks. Presents today with headache, stiff neck, chills and floating pulse.
How would you treat the patient today?
Tx headache, stiff neck, chills and floating pulse
What stage is this?
Presents today with headache, stiff neck, chills and floating pulse.
Taiyang
How would you treat this?
Presents today with headache, stiff neck, chills and floating pulse.
Diaphoresis
Jueyin is characterized by:
several organ systems depleted, yin/yang imbalance, most serious of all stages
The Wen Bing Lun is based on ___ as the causative factor where as the Shang Han Lun is based on ___ as the causative factor.
heat, cold
Characterizations of the Qi level:
High fever, excess sweat, thirst, constipation, concentrated urine, red tongue with yellow coat, full-strong-rapid pulse,treat surface and interior
What are the 4/5 properties?
heat
cold
warm
cool
neutral
What do Pungent/Acrid herbs do?
Disperse and move
What is aromatic?
Penetrate turbidity, revive a particular function, is a temperature characteristic
According to the NeiJing, where do pungent/acrid herbs travel?
In the Qi
Bitterness enters:
the herat
Li Ding Yuan and the Discription of Spleen and Stomach in 1249 did what?
Herbs have direction
8 Therapeutic methods established that:
actions of herbs determined by taste and temperature
Chinese herbs can be divided into 3 categories: superior, medium and inferior. Describe Medium:
gen used to tx disease in a specific manner
3 examples of how to reduce toxicity/strength/side effects of herbs:
boil/heat for long periods
soak then boil for long periods
combine with other herbs that -------help neutralize them
3 reasons to combine Chinese herbs:
to enhance the action of the main herbs
to mitigate the toxic side effects of the principle herb
to alter the actions of the substances themselves
Mutual Counteraction
the toxicity of side effects of one substance is reduced or eliminated by another
Mutual Incompatability
Combination of 2 substances gives rise to side effects/toxicity which wouldn't be caused by either substance alone
Mutual Antagonism
the ability of 2 substances o minimize or neutralize each other's positive effects, rendering the combination useless
9 Mutual antagonisms:
Ba Dou -Qian Niu Zi
Liu Huang -Po Xiao
Zhi Wu Tou -Xi Xiao
Ren Shen -Wu Ling Zhi
Rou Gui -Chi She Zi
Ding Xiang -Yu Jin
Shui Yin --Pi Shuang
Lang Du -Mi Tuo Zhen
Ya Xio -San Leng
Which is not a mutual antagonism:
Ding Xiang and Yu Jin
Ren Shen and Wu Ling Zhi
Gan cao and HaiZao
Rou Gui and Chi She Zhi
Gan cao and HaiZao
Which is not one of the 18 Incompatibilities:
Wu Tou and Bei Mu
Li Lu and RenShen
DaJi and Gan Cao
Badou and QianNuiZi
Badou and QianNuiZi
4 things about dietetics:
diet is the foundation of a successful herb tx
herbs are potent forms of food & can effect the body more powerfully
herbs catalyze and accelerate food actions
3 important aspects of storing herbs:
cool place
air tight
no light
Which herbs keep the longest if stored properly?
minerals and roots
3 Post processing techniques of herbs
honey-more qi tonifying
salt-geard toward kidney
char-stops bleeding
Herb prepared as Wan:
Big pill
8 Therapeutic methods established that:
actions of herbs determined by taste and temperature
Chinese herbs can be divided into 3 categories: superior, medium and inferior. Describe Medium:
gen used to tx disease in a specific manner
3 examples of how to reduce toxicity/strength/side effects of herbs:
boil/heat for long periods
soak then boil for long periods
combine with other herbs that help neutralize them
3 reasons to combine Chinese herbs:
to enhance the action of the main herbs
to mitigate the toxic side effects of the principle herb
to alter the actions of the substances themselves
Mutual Counteraction
the toxicity of side effects of one substance is reduced or eliminated by another
Mutual Incompatability
Combination of 2 substances gives rise to side effects/toxicity which wouldn't be caused by either substance alone
Mutual Antagonism
the ability of 2 substances o minimize or neutralize each other's positive effects, rendering the combination useless
9 Mutual antagonisms:
Ba Dou -Qian Niu Zi
Liu Huang -Po Xiao
Zhi Wu Tou -Xi Xiao
Ren Shen -Wu Ling Zhi
Rou Gui -Chi She Zi
Ding Xiang Yu Jin
Shui Yin Pi Shuang
Lang Du Mi Tuo Zhen
Ya Xio San Leng
Which is not a mutual antagonism:
Ding Xiang and Yu Jin
Ren Shen and Wu Ling Zhi
Gan cao and HaiZao
Rou Gui and Chi She Zhi
Gan cao and HaiZao
Which is not one of the 18 Incompatibilities:
Wu Tou and Bei Mu
Li Lu and RenShen
DaJi and Gan Cao
Badou and QianNuiZi
Badou and QianNuiZi
4 things about dietetics:
diet is the foundation of a successful herb tx
herbs are potent forms of food & can effect the body more powerfully
herbs catalyze and accelerate food actions
3 important aspects of storing herbs:
cool place
air tight
no light
Which herbs keep the longest if stored properly?
minerals and roots
3 Post processing techniques of herbs
honey-more qi tonifying
salt-geard toward kidney
char-stops bleeding
Herb prepared as Wan:
Big pill
8 Therapeutic methods established that:
actions of herbs determined by taste and temperature
Chinese herbs can be divided into 3 categories: superior, medium and inferior. Describe Medium:
gen used to tx disease in a specific manner
3 examples of how to reduce toxicity/strength/side effects of herbs:
boil/heat for long periods
soak then boil for long periods
combine with other herbs that help neutralize them
3 reasons to combine Chinese herbs:
to enhance the action of the main herbs
to mitigate the toxic side effects of the principle herb
to alter the actions of the substances themselves
Mutual Counteraction
the toxicity of side effects of one substance is reduced or eliminated by another
Mutual Incompatability
Combination of 2 substances gives rise to side effects/toxicity which wouldn't be caused by either substance alone
Mutual Antagonism
the ability of 2 substances o minimize or neutralize each other's positive effects, rendering the combination useless
9 Mutual antagonisms:
Ba Dou Qian Niu Zi
Liu Huang Po Xiao
Zhi Wu Tou Xi Xiao
Ren Shen Wu Ling Zhi
Rou Gui Chi She Zi
Ding Xiang Yu Jin
Shui Yin Pi Shuang
Lang Du Mi Tuo Zhen
Ya Xio San Leng
Which is not a mutual antagonism:
Ding Xiang and Yu Jin
Ren Shen and Wu Ling Zhi
Gan cao and HaiZao
Rou Gui and Chi She Zhi
Gan cao and HaiZao
Which is not one of the 18 Incompatibilities:
Wu Tou and Bei Mu
Li Lu and RenShen
DaJi and Gan Cao
Badou and QianNuiZi
Badou and QianNuiZi
4 things about dietetics:
diet is the foundation of a successful herb tx
herbs are potent forms of food & can effect the body more powerfully
herbs catalyze and accelerate food actions
3 important aspects of storing herbs:
cool place
air tight
no light
Which herbs keep the longest if stored properly?
minerals and roots
3 Post processing techniques of herbs
honey-more qi tonifying
salt-geard toward kidney
char-stops bleeding
Herb prepared as Wan:
Big pill
Herb prepared as San:
Powder
Herb prepared as Chong Ji:
Crystal
Which prep of CHM is strongest form?
Tang/Cha
E Jiao is likely:
gelatin or glue
Zheng Gu Shui is what form?
thin liquid
CHM measurements
1Li= .03g
1Fen= .3g or 10 Li
1Qian= 3g or 10 Fen
1Liang= 30g or 10 Qian
Cooking toxic herbs w/ Drastic action:
low dose
cook longer
Cooking diaphoretics, qi movers, drying, open orifices:
small dose
cook short
Cooking flowers/leaves, lightweight, aromatic:
small does
cook short
For fresh herbs in a formula, you would:
double the dose
What factors should be considered in determining the dosage of herbs used for a patient?
severity of symptoms/disease
constitution of pt
strength of st/sp Qi
Dosages for children:
up to 1 yr 1/10 adults
2-3yrs 1/4 adults
4-6yrs 1/3-1/2(size)
7-9 yrs acc to sz
10yr adult dose- unless less than 100lbs
Herbs are generally boiled ___ times
2 (or 3)
Contraindications for CHM/teas:
highly seasoned foods
sour foods/liquids
herbal teas
homeo/naturo pathic herbs
preggers-avoid strong effect and purgatives/emetics
lactating women- reduce dose by 1/2
Which preparation of CHM causes the most extreme response allergic reaction, mainly anaphylaxis?
Injectables
Be careful of_____when using topical preps:
broken skin, medium used, contact dermatitis
Which kinds of herbs cause allergic reactions?
volatile herbs, animal parts, mushrooms
Allergic reactions to CHM usually involves:
dermatological responses and mucousal membrane rxn
Allergic responses usually clear up within_____ hours
24-72
Most allergic rxn's appear w/in___hr(s)after ingestion
1
Appropriate herb-drug interactions:
counteract well established s/e of western drugs

enhance the effect of drugs w/ similar actions
Undesirable herb-drug interactions
drug therapy having a strong inhibitory action on normal physiological fxn, reducing effectiveness of herbs

drug therapy masks sx and other diagnostic signs that would adi in accurate diagnosing
Examples of herb-drug interactions:
change in pulse/rate
change in tongue appearance
change in urinary excretion
Interaction in the GI system prior to absorption has to do with:
the binding of an herbal substance to a drug, rendering the drug less absorbable
Target cell binding has to do with:
drugs and herbs binding to the same surface components (receptor sites) of cells
Alteration of drug metabolizing enzymes:
herbs inhibiting actions of enzymes that break down the drug causing the drug to remain in the body longer
Side effects of blood vitalizing herbs:
Increased uterine bleeding
Side effects of surface relieving herbs:
Itching, skin rashes
Side effects of fire-purging herbs:
loose stool
Side effects of yang-tonifying herbs:
feverish feeling/heat
Side effects of mineral herbs:
gastric discomfort, loss of appetite, achy muscles
Side effects of saponin-rich herbs:
Headache, nervousness, spontaneous bleeding, change in appetite
Side effects of hormone influencing herbs:
changes in menstral cycle
Side effects of unprocessed licorice
sodium/potassium imbalance, edema and hear palpitations or arrythmia
What ingredient in Fang Ji, Mu Tong and Ma Dou Ling is considered to be toxic?
Aristolochic Acid
The commercial/pharmaceutical name of Chinese herbs usually consist of:
ref to plant part used
genus name
species name in some cases
Caulis
stem
Ramulus
branch or twig
Cortex
bark
Herba
tops
Radicis cortex
root bark
Ju Hua
flower
Goi Ji Zi
seeds w/ fruit
Shi Gao
mineral
Dan Shen
tonic root
Tao Ren
kernel/seed w/o fruit
Chen Pi
skin, peel, bark
Primary actions of diaphoretic herbs:
pungent
acts on LU channel
expels pathogens from surface
Cautions/contraindications of diaphoretic herbs:
profuse sweat-can damage yin and jin/ye
yin def pts with night sweats
heavy menses or bleeding disorders
Exogenous attack by wind occurs:
on superficial parts of the body
in the upper burner
txp for an attack of wind cold:
regulate the pores
Exterior EXCESS condition, constitution is strong. Attack of w/c, Wei Qi is _____ and the pores are ____ and there is _________.
strong, closed, no sweat
Exterior Defcient condition, constitution is weak. Attack by w/c, Wei Qi is____and the pores are_____and there is__________.
weak, open, slight sweating
Characteristics of diaphoretic herbs:
pungent, warming, induce sweat, disperse w/c
Number one herb for tx w/c (strong diaphoretic):
Ma Huang
(ephedra)
Herb that is good for w/c digestive problems and seafood poisoning:
Zi Sue Ye
(perilla leaf)
Herb that is major surface relieving due to effective but mild acting, dispels both interior and exterior wind and tx skin problems:
Fang Feng
(siler)
Number one herb to tx def constitution with exterior excess w/c:
Gui Zhi
(cinnamon)
Important herb to relieve pain due to damp in surface condition (bi syndrome)
Qiang Huo
Herb best for itch, measles
w/c or w/h
not for open sores
Jing Jie
(schizonepeta)
Best herb to harmonize Ying and Wei levels
Gui Zhi
(Cinnamon)
Best herb to calm fetus and tx morning sickness
Zi Su Ye
Perilla Leaf
Best to dissipate water accumulation esp in upper body
Ma Huang
ephedra
Best to tx frostbite, angina and palpitations
Gui Zhi
cinnamon
Best herb to harmonize Ying and Wei levels
Gui Zhi
(Cinnamon)
Best herb to calm fetus and tx morning sickness
Zi Su Ye
Perilla Leaf
Best to dissipate water accumulation esp in upper body
Ma Huang
ephedra
Best to tx frostbite, angina and palpitations
Gui Zhi
cinnamon
Best herb to harmonize Ying and Wei levels
Gui Zhi
(Cinnamon)
Best herb to harmonize Ying and Wei levels
Gui Zhi
(Cinnamon)
Best herb to calm fetus and tx morning sickness
Zi Su Ye
Perilla Leaf
Best herb to calm fetus and tx morning sickness
Zi Su Ye
Perilla Leaf
Best to dissipate water accumulation esp in upper body
Ma Huang
ephedra
Best to dissipate water accumulation esp in upper body
Ma Huang
ephedra
Best to tx frostbite, angina and palpitations
Gui Zhi
cinnamon
Best to tx frostbite, angina and palpitations
Gui Zhi
cinnamon
Pungent/acrid herbs have what fxn?
disperse and move
Sweet herbs have what fxn?
Tonify and harmonize
Salty herbs have what fxn?
Purge and soften
Bitter herbs have what fxn?
Drain and Dry
Sour herbs have what fxn?
Astringent and prevent abn leakage of fluid and energy/Qi
According to the Inner Classic, temperature and taste are equivalent to:
temp=yang
taste=yin
In ancient times it was thought the highest level of herbal formulas were those which developed the 3 treasures. Which was not a treasure?
Xue
Which is the best to tx shaoyin stage dz?
Xi Xin
Ginger