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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Aloe (áloe)
Use: constipation (++), genital herpes (+)

SE: may cause electrolyte imbalance, lower blood glucose
Bilberry (arándano)
Use: cataracts (o), peripheral vascular disease (o), DM (o)

SE: may increase risk of bleeding, lower blood glucose
Black Cohosh
(cohosh negro, raíz de culebra negra, raíz de cimicífuga)
Use: menopausal symptoms (+)

Generally safe when used for up to 6 months in healthy, nonpregnant women
(manzanilla, camomila)
Use: common cold (o), GI disorders (o), sleep aid (o)

SE: may cause drowsiness, increase risk of bleeding

Contraindicated with known sensitivity to members of the ragweed family
Echinacea (equinácea)
Use: upper respiratory infections (+), immune system stimulation (o)

SE: may lead to liver

Short-term use (10-14 days)
Evening Primrose (onagra)
Use: eczema (+), skin irritation (+)

Contraindicated in individuals with seizure disorders
(altamisa mexicana, santa maria, yerba de santa maria)
Use: migraine headache prevention (+), rheumatoid arthritis (o)

SE: may increase risk of bleeding, long-term users may experience withdrawal symptoms
Garlic (ajo)
Use: hyperlipidemia (+), hypertension (o)

Use with caution in patients with bleeding disorders

Don't use in large amounts
Ginger (jengibre)
Use: N/V during pregnancy (+), chemo or post-op N/V (o), motion sickness (o)

Use with caution in patients with bleeding disorder

Use in pregnancy shouldn't exceed 1g/day
Ginkgo Biloba (gingko, árbol de los cuarenta escudos)
Use: claudication (peripheral vascular disease) (++), dementia (++), cerebral insufficiency (+)

SE: may increase risk of bleeding, may affect blood glucose

Generally well tolerated in recommended doses for up to 6 months
Ginseng (ginseng)
Use: improve mental performance (+), lower blood glucose in type 2 DM (+)

Use with caution in patients with DM and patients taking medication for BP and heart rhythm

Generally safe when used up to 3 months
Use: heart failure (o), immunostimulant (o), upper respiratory infections (o), infections diarrhea (o)

SE: may increase risk of bleeding

Use with caution in patients with CV disease

Should not be used for longer than 2-3 weeks
(espino, espino blanco)
Use: heart failure (++), coronary artery disease (o)

SE: additive effect with digoxin or antihypertensives
Use: anxiety (++)

SE: may cause hepatotoxicity, increase risk of bleeding
Milk Thistle
(extracto de cardo mariano)
Use: chronic hepatitis (+), cirrhosis (+)

Generally safe for up to 4-6 years

Use with caution in diabetic patients
Peppermint (menta)
Use: gastric spasms (o), indigestion (o), IBS (o)

SE: may interfere with liver's cytochrome P450 enzymes

Use in small doses only
St. John's Wort
(hierba de san juan)
Use: mild to moderate depressive disorder (++), anxiety (o)

SE: interacts with many herbs and medications!

Generally well tolerated for up to 1-3 months
Saw Palmetto
(baya de sabal)
Use: benign prostatic hyperplasia

SE: may increase BP and risk for bleeding

Generally well tolerated for 3-5 years
(cúrcuma, azafrán de las Indias)
Use: dyspepsia (o), osteoarthritis (o)

SE: may increase risk of bleeding, may cause upset stomach when used at high doses or over a long period of time
Use: insonmia (+), anxiety (o)

Generally safe for up to 4-6 weeks

Prolonged use may cause insomnia