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286 Cards in this Set

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Explain the mechanisms of blood pressure.
Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of
blood vessels,
If someone has high blood pressure, what implications may arise from this
abnormality?
Strokes
Heart attack
Heart faiure
Arterial aneurysm
chronic kidney failure
Shortened life expectancy
Outline the pathway of oxygenated blood as it travels through the arteries:
The left side collects oxygenated blood from the lungs into the left atrium. From the left atrium
the blood moves to the left ventricle which pumps it out to the body (via the aorta).
Outline the pathway of deoxygenated blood as it travels through the veins:
The deoxygenated blood returns to the heart thru the inferior vena cava and superior vena cava and enters the right atrium where the process began
Antioxidants Action Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) for cardio vascular
Antioxidant
Anti-PAF
Tissue perfusion enhancer
Vascular protective
Action Grape seed (Vitis vinifera) for cardio vascular
Antioxidant
Stabilises connective tissue
Vascular protective
Action Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for cardio vascular
Antioxidant
Action Hawthorn leaves/berries (Crataegus
spp.) for cardio vascular
Antioxidant
Cardiotonic
Anti-arrhythmic
Hypotensive
Cardioprotective
Action Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) for cardio vascular
Antioxidant
Circulatory stimulant
Choleretic
Action Turmeric (Curcuma longa) for cardio vascular
Antioxidant
Choleretic/cholagogue
Anti-inflammatory
Inhibits carcinogenesis and tumour
promotion
Hypocholesterolaemic
Anti oxidants for cardio vascular
Ginkgo
Grape seed (Vitis vinifera)
Green tea (Camellia sinensis)
Hawthorn leaves/berries (crataegus)
Rosemary
Curcuma longa
Antiplatelet herbs for cardio vascular
Coleus
Salvia (Dan Shen)
Allium
Curcuma longa
Action of Coleus Antiplatelet herbs for cardio
Antiplatelet
Cardiotonic
Hypotensive
Action of antiplatelet herb Dan Shen (Salvia) for cardio
Antiplatelet
Anticoagulant
Antifibrotic
Cardioprotective
Fibrinolytic
Hypotensive
Action of Antiplatelet herb Allium sativum for cardio
Antiplatelet
Hypotensive
Hypocholesterolaemic
Action of Antiplatelet herb Curcuma longa for cardio
Antiplatelet
Antioxidant
Hypocholesterolaemic
Cholagogoue, choleretic
Circulatory stimulant herbs for cardio
Capsicum
Zingiber
Zanthoxylum
Action of Circulatory stimulant Capsicum for cardio
Circulatory stimulant
Carminative
Spasmolytic
Action of circulatory stimulant zingiber
Circulatory stimulant
Anti inflammatory
Anti emetic
Anti platelet
Action of circulatory stimulant Zanthoxylum
Circulatory stimulant
Anti rheumatic
Cardiotonic herbs
Astragalus
Coleus
Crataegus - Hawthorn leaves/berries
Action of cardiotonic herb astragalus
Cardiotonic
Hypotensive
Immune stimulant
Action of cardiotonic herb Coleus
Cardiotonic
Antiplatelet
Hypotensive
Coleus is contra indicated ?
Contraindicated – hypotenstion – potentiates pharma
Cardioprotective herbs
Terminalia
Salvia
Crataegus
Panax notoginseng
Action of cardioprotective herb Terminalia
Cardioprotective
Hepatoprotective
Action of cardioprotective herb Salvia miltiorrhiza
Cardioprotective
Antiplatelet
Anticoagulant
Antifibrotic
Fibrinolytic
Hypotensive
Action of cardioprotective herb Crataegus
Cardioprotective
Cardiotonic
Antioxidant
Anti arrhythmic
Hypotensive
Vasodilator
Action of cardio protective herb Panax notoginseng
Cardioprotective
Antihaemorrhagic
Anti-inflammatory
Antiarrythmic
Hypocholesterolaemic
Fibrinolytic herbs for cardio
Salvia miltiorrhiza
Allium sativum
Action of fibrinolytic herb Salvia
Fibrinolytic
Cardioprotective
Antiplatelet
Anticoagulant
Antifibrotic
Hypotensive
Action of Fibrinolytic herb Garlic for cardio
Fibrinolytic
Antiplatelet
Hypotensive
Hypocholesterolaemic
Hypotensive herbs for cardio
Astragalus
Coleus
Salvia
Allium
Olea
Valeriana
Ziziphus
Cytisus (Broom
Glycyrrhiza
Action of hypotensive herb astragalaus for cardio
Hypotensive
Cardiotonic
Immune stimulant
Action of hypotensive herb Coleus for cardio
Hypotensive
Cardiotonic
Antiplatelet
Vasodilator
Action of Hypotensive Salvia (Dan Shen) for cardio
Hypotensive
Fibrinolytic
Cardioprotective
Antiplatelet
Anticoagulant
Antifibrotic
Vasodilator
Action of Hypotensive herb garlic for cardio
Hypotensive
Fibrinolytic
Antiplatelet
Hypocholesterolaemic
Action of Hypotensive herb olive for cardio
Hypotensive
Antiviral
Action of hypotensive Valeriana for cardio
Hypotensive
Sedative
Action of hypotensive Zizyphus for cardio
Hypotensive
Sedative
Action of hypertensive herb Cytisus (broom) for cardio
Hypertensive
Peripheral vasoconstrictor
Diuretic
Action of hypertensive Glycyrrhiza glabra for cardio
Anti inflammatory
Mucoprotective
Adrenal tonic
Expectorant
Demulcent
Mild laxative
Anticariogenic
Antitussive
Hypocholesterolaemic herbs
Allium
Cynara
Panax notoginseng
Curcuma longa
Mucilage – dietary soluble & insoluble fibre
Action of Hypocholesterolaemic herb garlic for cardio
Hypocholesterolaemic
Hypotensive
Fibrinolytic
Antiplatelet
Action of Hypocholesterolaemic herba cynara scolymus for cardio
Hypocholesterolaemic
Choleretic/cholagogue
Hepatotrophorestorative
Action of hypocholesterolaemic herb Panax notoginseng
Hypocholesterolaemic
Antihaemorrhagic
Anti-inflammatory
Antiarrhthmic
Cardioprotective
Action of hypocholesterolaemic curcuma longa for cardio
Hypocholesterolaemic
Antiplatelet
Antioxiandt
Cholagogue, choleretic
Vasodilator herbs for cardio
Coleus forskohlii
Crataegus
Tilia europaea
Salvia miltiiorrhiza
Achillea millefolium
Action of Vasodilatory herb Coleus for cardio
Vasodilator
Hypotensive
Cardiotonic
Antiplatelet
Contra in hypotension – potentiates pharma
Action of vasodilator herb Crataegus for cardio
Vasodilator
Cardioprotective
Cardiotonic
Antioxidant
Anti-arrhythmic
Hypotensive
Action of Vasodilator herb Tilia europaea for cardio
Vasodilator
Hypotensive
Relaxant nervine
Diaphoretic
Action of vasodilator herb Salvia miltiorrhiza for cardio
Vasodilator
Hypotensive
Fibrinolytic
Cardioprotective
Antiplatelet
Anticoagulant
Antifibrotic
Action of Vasodilator herb Yarrow for cardio
Vasodilator
Hypotensive
Circulatory tonic
Vascular tonic/protectives for cardio
Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry)
Ruscus aculeatus (Butcher’s broom
Ginkgo
Vitis Vinifera
Aesculus hippocastanum
Action of Vascular tonic/protective herb vaccinium myrtillus (bilberr) for cardio
Vasoprotective
Antioxidant
Antioedema
Anti inflammatory
Action of vascular tonic/protective herb ginkgo for cardio
Antioxidant
Anti-PAF
Tissue perfusion enhancer
Vascular protective
Action of vascular tonic/protective herb Vitis Vinifera for cardio
Vascular protective
Antioxidant
Stabilise connective tissue
Action of Vascular tonic /protective herb Aesculus hippocastanum for cardio
Venotonic
Antioedema
Anti inflammatory
What does an antiplatelet herb do?
Reduces platelet aggregation
Prolongs bleeding time
Prevents thrombus formation
What does a cardiotonic herb do?
Improves the force of contraction of the heart
What does a Fibrinolytic herb do?
Reduces or prevents fever
What does a vasoprotective do?
Protect the integrity of blood vessels
3 actions that are high priority in hypertension and high cholesterol?
Peripheral vasodilator
Hypocholesterolaemic
Antioxidant
The antioxidant Ginkgo is indicated for?
Alzhemimers
Dementia
Raynaud’s
Dizziness
Concentration
Memory
Constituents of Ginkgo?
Flavone glycosides
Ginkgolides
Bilobalide
Part used in Ginkgo?
Leaf
Indications for Rosmarinus officinalis
Cognition
Phase II liver detox
Cardiovascular disease
Consituents of Rosmarinus officinalis?
Cineole alpha
Pinene
Camphr
Phenolic
Diterpenes
Rosmarinic acids
Flavonoids
Triterpenoids
Part used for Rosmarinus officinalis
Leaf
Rosmary may inhibit which mineral?
Iron
Ginkgo drug interaction?
Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics
Antiplatelets
Anticoagulants
Cucuma longer interactions?
Antiplatelets
Anticoagulants
Indication for Curcuma longa
Hypercholesterolaemia
Cardiovascular disease (prevention
Constituents for Curcuma longa
Curcuminoids
Part used for Curcuma longa?
Rhizome
Which drugs interact with Dan Shen?
Warfarin
Which drug interacts with Garlic?
Aspirin
HIV protease ihibitors
Warfarin
Indications for Salvia miltiorrhiza
Angina
Heart attack prevention
Cardiomyopathy
Peripheral Circulation
Hypertension
Constituents of Salvia miltiorrhiza
Diterpenes
Part used for Salvia miltiorrhiza (Dan shen)
Root
Indications for Allium sativum?
Hypercholesterolaemia
Hypertension
Atherosclerosis
Cardio vascular disease Prevention
Constituents of allium sativum
Sulphur compounds – allicin
Gamma-glutamy peptides
Thioglycosides
Selenium
Part used of Allium sativum?
Bulb
Dan shen is contraindicated when taking?
Warfarin
Astragalus mechanism for cardiotonic activity?
Positive inotropic action on heart
Modulates the Na+ K+ ATPase
Decreases the resting potential
Indications of Tienchi ginseng
Angina
Cardiac arrhythmias
Hypercholesterolaemia
Consituents of Panax notoginseng
Ginsenosides
Average increase in fibrinolytic activity for garlic oil and garlic powder?
58%
Coleus interacts with?
Warfarin
Aspririn – increases bleeding Antiplatelet medication – potentiates
Hypotensive medication – potentiates
Prescribed medication – potentiates
Coleus action in CV
Hypotensive
Antiplatelet
Cardiotonic
Constituents of Coleus
Labeanne diterpene- forskolin
Drug interactions with Hawthorn?
Beta blockers
Digoxin
Action of Viburnum opulus for CV
Spasmolytic
Hypotensive
Peripheral vasodilator
Viburnum opulus is indicated for ?
Hypertension
Muscular cramping
Crataegus is indicated for?
CHF
Arrhythmias
Angina
Cardiomyopathy
Hypertension
Palpitations
Crataegus – part used
Leaves with flowers
Cramp Bark is particularly useful for?
high blood pressure + nervous system stress
The Leaves of crataegua are more affective for?
Cardiac arrhythmias
Viscum album (mistletoe) is indicated for?
Hypertensin
Angina
The action of Viscum album?
Hypotensive
Peripheral vasodilator
Indications for Olea europaea?
Hypertension
Angina
Action of Olea europaea?
Hypotensive
Action of Valerioana officinalis?
Anxiolytic
Spasmolytic
Consitituents of Valeriana officinalis
Valepotriates
Valerenic acid
Indications for Valeriana officinalis?
Anxiety
Exciteability
Emotional Stress
Hypertension
Action of Zizyphus jujuba?
Hypotensive
Anxiolytic
Indications for Zizyphus jujuba?
Anxiety
Emotional stress
Palpitations
Constitutents of Zizyphus jujuba?
Dammaran
Jujubosides
Flavone C
Glycoside – spinosin
Part used of zizphys jujuba?
Seed/fruit
Herbs for patient has Hypertension, nervous tension & difficulties sleeping?
Valeriana officinalis
Zizpyhus jujuba
Action of Trigonella foenumgraecum
Hypo cholesterolaemic
Hypo lipidaemic
Indications for the use of Trigonella foenum-graecum?
Hyper cholesterolaemia
Elevated triglycerides
Constituents of Trigonella foenum-graecum?
Steroidal saponins
Mucilage flavonoids
Hydroxy isoleucine trigonelline
Part used of Trigonella foenum-graecum?
Powdered seed
Action of Cynara scolymus?
Hypocholesterolaemic
Hypolipidaemic
Action of Tilia spp (lime flowers) for CV
Spasmolytic
Peripheral vasodilator
Indications for Tilia spp for CV
Angina
Palipiations
Hypertension
Action of Achillea millefolium for CV
Peripheral vasodilator
Indications for the use of achellea mellefolium for CV
Hypertension
Vaccinium myrtillus action – Bilberry - CV?
Vasoprotective
Indications for Vacinium myrtillus for CV?
Hypertention
Part used of Vacinium myrtillus (Bilberry)
Fruit
Action of Aesculus hippocastanum (Horsechestnut)
Venotonic
Contracts venous valves, increases venous pressure & flow
Aesculus hippocastanum is indicated for ?
Venus insufficiency
Aesculus hippocastanum treats ?
Varicose veins
Haemorrhoids
Herbal mix for: high blood pressure, muscular tension from stress & reduced blood flow to periphery (cold extremities)
Hawthorn berries 1:2 20mL
Hawthorn leaves 1:2 20mL
Mistletoe 1:2 25mL
Cramp Bark 1:2 25mL
Prickly Ash 1:2 10mL
100mL
Dose: 5mL with water 3 to 4 times a day
Hawthorn (Crataegus) berries do what to blood pressure?
Reduce blood pressure
Mistletoe does what to blood pressure?
Reduces blood pressure
Cramp bark does what to blood pressure/
Reduces blood pressure
Cramp bark does what to muscle tension from stress?
Reduces muscle tension from stress
Prickly ash does what to circulation and muscle tension
Improves circulation and reduces muscle tension
Major herbs for Blood pressure
Viscum album – Mistletoe
Lime flowers – Tilia
Hawthorn – Crataegus
Scutellaria – Scutellaria lateriflora
Herbs used for hypotension;
Ginkgo – circulatory
Prickly ash – circulatory
Cayenne – circulatory
Panax ginseng – Adaptogen – adrenal
Licorice – Adrenal tonic
Rehmannia – adrenal tonic
Panax (Korean) ginseng has an adaptogenic action and is indicated for?
Fatigue’
To improve cognition
Glycyrhiza glabra is an adrenal tonic and is indicated in?
Adrenal depletion & physical stress
Angina herbal mix?
Ginkgo – Palpitations
Tienchi ginseng – Heart & angina
Hawthorn leaf – anxiety in hypertension
Corydalis – anxiety
St johns wort – anxiety
Passionflower – anxiety
Dan shen – heart & angina
Clarks rule for dosage:
Weight divided by 67 =……. X 5ml = ……ml
Formula for palpitations, mental & emotional stress
Hawthorn leaves – prevents heart attacks
Motherwort – Anxiety, palpitations – Specific for Palpittations
Skullcap – Nervine – excitability, stress, anxiety
Passionflower – Palpitations - Nervous tachycardia
Palipitation specific herb
Motherwort
Herbs for Raynaud’s phenomenon
Zanthoxylum clava-herbulis – Prickly ash
Zingiber officinale – Ginger
Capsicum annum – Cayeene
Rosmarinus officinalis – Rosemary
Peripheral vasodilators for Raynaulds phenomenon
Viburnum opulus – cramp bark
Tilia (lime flowers
Crataegus monogyna - Hawthorn
Coleus forskohlii
Specifics for Raynaulds phenomenon
Ginkgo biloba – peripheral circulation & secondary RP
Adatpogens and nervines for stress in Raynaulds phenomenon
Withania
Eletherococcus – Siberian ginseng
Scutellaria lateriflora _ skullcap
Passiflor –
Immune modulators for Raynaulds phenomenon
Echinacea – prevent infection and gangrene
Raynaulds formula
Prickly ash
Ginkgo
Bilberry
Lime flowers
Echinacea
Why use enchinacea in a formula for Raynaulds?
Anti inflammatory, lymphatic, immune modulator to prevent infection & gangrene
Heamorroids formula
Horsechestnut 1:2 30mL – Venous insufficiency, capillary fragility
Ginkgo 2:1 30mL – Peripheral circulation stimulant - healer
Dandelion root 1:2 40mL - mild laxative
100mL
Why not use horsechestnut on broken skin?
Irritates
Thyroid stimulants?
Fucus vesculosus – bladderwrack
Bocopa
Ashwagandah – withania
Hypoglycaemic herbs
Gymnema sylvestre
Galego officinalis – goats rue
Trigonella foenum graecum – fenugreek
Hypoglycaemic herbs have what action on glucose
Reduce the level of glucose in the blood
Anti thyroid herbs
Lycopus virginicus – bugleweed
Leonurus cardiaca – motherwort
Action of Lycopus virginicus?
Anti thyroid
Reduces heart rate
Mild sedative
Lycopus virginicus – Bugleweed is indicated for?
Hyperthyroidism
Graves disease
Tachycardia
Exophthalmia
Leonurus cardiaca – motherwort actions?
Nervine tonic
Antiarhthmic
Antithyroid
Indications for Leonurus cardiaca – motherwort?
Hyperthyroidism
Palpitations
Bugleweed drug interaction?
Radioactive iodine thyroid hormones
The hyperthyroid herb Bugleweed inhibits the effects of ?
TSH
Thyroid stimulating IgE antibody
Gymnema is used to treat which types of diabetes?
Type 1 & 2
Gemnema is useful in treatment of ?
Dysglecaemias
Is Gymnema a slow acting herb?
Yes – does not work overnight – takes time.
Gymnema increases what in insulin dependent diabetics?
C-peptides
What do C-peptides do?
Increase the insulin produced by the pancreas
Key consituent of Goat’s rue?
Alkaloid galegine
What does the Biguanide drug metformin do?
Increases the activity of insulin and improve insulin resistance.
What is the amino acid found in Fenugreek/
4-hydroxyisoleucine
What does the amino acid 4-hyroxyisoleucine,, found in Fenugreek do?
Stimulates glucose induced insulin secretion from pancreatic islet cells
What action does Fenugreek have?
Improves peripheral glucose utilisation
Anti diabetic activity
Symptoms of Dysglycaemia?
Hunger
Anxieety, trembling, sweating
Dizziness
Poor concentration, headaches
Herbal actions for hypoglycaemia?
Adrenal support – Licorice, Rehmannia
Adaptogens to reduce stress on the adrenal glands – Withania, Korean geinseng, Siberian genseng
Adrenal tonic – Korean genseng
Improve cerebral circulation – rosemary, ginkgo
Liver herbs – schisandnra, St Marys thistle
Reduce cravings with Gymnema
Herbs for Dysglaecemia
Hypoglycaemia formula
Rehmannia 1:2 30mL
Gentian 1:2 15mL
Gymnema 1:1 10mL
Schisandra 1:2 25mL
Siberian ginseng 1:2 25mL
Herbs used for insulin resistance (IR)
Gymnema
St Marys
Goat’s rue
Fenugreek
Herbal formula for Type 2 Diabetes
Gymnema
Goats rue
Fenugreek
Bilberry
Tablets: Ginkgo & St Marys Thistle
Why use ST Marys thistle in type 2 diabetes?
Chelates iron
Sub clinical hypothyroidism herbs
Bladderwrack
Bacopa
Withania
Environmental toxicity hypothyroidsm
Bladderwrack
Schisandra
Withania
Foods contra indicated for hypothyroid
Broccoli
Brussel sprouts
Turnip
Soybean
Rapeseed
Cauliflower
Flax
Kale
Cabbage
Hyperthyroidism may be what disease?
Graves
Hypothyroidism may be what disease?
Hashimotos
Grave & Hashimotos disease are what type of disorder?
Autoimmune disorders
Autimmune herbs?
Hemidesmus
Echinacea
Treatment goals for auto immune disease?
Reduce inflammation – licoricie, rehmannia, bupleurum
Antioxidant support – ginkgo, turmeric
Address viral – St John’s wort, thuja
Which herb suppresses thyroid function in Graves disease ?
Bugleweed
Which herb stimulates thyroid in Hasimotos?
Bladderwrack, Bacopa, Withania
Antihaemorrhacic herbs for female repro?
Capsella bursa-pastoris – Shepherd’s purse
Panax notoginseng – Tienchi ginseng
Acheleia millefolium – yarrow
Ovarian tonics
Caulophyllum thalictroides – blue cohosh
Chamaelirium luteum – false unicorn root
Oxytocic herbs for female repro
Caulophyllum thalictroides – blue cohosh
Hydrastis Canadensis – golden seal
Schisandra chinensis
Partus preparatory
Rubus indicus – rasberr leaf
Progesterogenic herb
Vitex agnus castus – chaste tree
Spasmolytic herbs for female repro
Cimicifuga racemosa
Viburnum opulus
Paeonia lactiflora
Anemone pulsatilla – pasqu flower
Dioscorea villosa – wild yam
Uterine tonics
Caulophyllum thalictroides – blue cohosh
Angelic asinensis – dong quai
Chamaelirrium lutieum – false unicorn
Rubus indicus – raspberry leaf
Antihaemorrhagic herbs do what?
Reduce or stop bleeding
Antihyperhidrotic herbs do what?
Reduce excess sweating
Galactogogue herbs do?
Increase breast milk
Oxytocic herbs?
Contract the uterine muscle in associ with birthing
Partus Preparator herbs do what?
Prepares for labour and chilbirth
Anti haemorrhagic herbs treat?
Menorrhagia - flooding
Which drub interact with Dong Quai?
Warfarin
Herbs used for difficult lactation?
Foeniculum vulgare – fennel
Trigonella foenum graecum – fenugreek
Galega officinalis – goats rue
Asparagus racemosus - shatavari
Formula for pms
St johns wort
Schisandra
Ashwagand
Skullcap
Chaste tree
Chaste tree is specific for ?
PMS
Caution in PMS D – depression
Woman w/ depression, low energy, fluid retention premenstrually?
St Johns wort
Siberian ginseng
Ginger
White Peony
False unicorn
+ Tablets; chaste tree, dandelion
In Dysmenorrhoea the pain starts?
A few days or hours before or at the onset of period
Dysmenorrhoea pain is due to?
Uterine spasm
Excessive release of prostaglandins
Herbal formula for Dysmenorrhoea?
Cramp Bark
Corydalis
Wild yam
Raspberry leaf
Ginger
Long term formula for dysmenorrhoea
Black cohosh
Dong quai
Wild yam
Ginger
Secondary or congestive dysmenorrhoea is?
Pelvic inflammatory disease ; endometriosis, fibroids, congestion
Secondary congestive dysmenorrhoea formula
Chaste tree
Horsechestnut
Wild yam
Dong quai
Herbal actions required for abnormal uterine bleeding patterns?
Progesterogenic
Anti haemorrhagic
Oestrogen modulating
Uterine tonic
Herbal formula for abnormal uterine bleeding?
White peony
False unicorn
Tablet chaste tree
Polymenorrhoea is?
Bleeding more than every 21 days
Polymenorrhoea may be from?
Early ovulation
Absent ovulation
Irregular ovulation
Herbs for polymenorrhoooea?
False unicorn
White peony
Chaste tree
Cinnamon
Classes of herbs for polymenorrhoea?
Ovarian tonic
Oestrogen modulating
Progesterogenic
False unicorn does what for a womans cycle?
Resets the cycle
What is metrorrhagia?
Intermenstrual bleeding – spotting
Premenstrually indicates weakness in the luteal phase
Tienchi ginseng treats?
Abnormal bleeding
Oligomenorrhoea is?
Bleeding cycle longer than 35 days
Oligomenorrhoea is caused by?
Stress
Low body weight, over training, poor diet
PCOD & thyroid abnormalities
Herbal actions required for oligomenorrhoea?
Uterine tonics
Blood building
Nervines
Adaptogen
Tonic
Formula for Oligomenorrhoea?
Dong Quai
Paeonia
Cinnamon
False unicorn
Uterin tonics?
Dong Quai
Paeonia
False unicorn
Blood building herb
Dong Quai
Pelvic circulation herb?
Cinnamon
Cause of amenorrhoea?
Pregnancy
No ovulation
Thyroid
PCOD
Cushings
Lactation
Hypothalamic malfunction – stress, exercise, weight loss
Herbal formula for Amenorrhoea w hypothalamic malfunction, nervous system stress, debility, depression, anaemia
Vitex agnus-castus – chaste tree
Caulophyllum thalictroides – blue cohosh
Hypericum
Angelica – dong quai
Withania
Candidiasis is ?
Vaginal thrush
Herbal actions for Candidiasis?
Immun modulating
Antifungal
Antimicrobials
Herbal formula for Candiadiasis
Paul D arco
Golden seal
Andrographis
Echinacea
Topical herbs for candiadasis?
Pau D’arco
Golden seal
Caldenula
Propolis
Herbal actions for Herpies
Immune enhancing
Antiviral
Acute herbal formula for Herpies
St johns word
Andrographis
Echinacea
Herbs for prevention of herpies attack
Astragalus
Hypericin
Echinacea
Oat seed
Genital warts from Human papiloma viruse is a ?
Naked viruse – not enveloped
HPV is associated with?
Cervical cell dysplasia and prostate cancer
Thuja and greater celandine are specific topically for
HPV
Phyto oestrogens have an oestrogen
like activity
Osoflavones are
phyto oestrogens
Phytoestrogens include
Lignans – whole grains – linseeds
Coumestrol
Phytosterols
Isoflavones
Endometriosis herbal formula
Paeonia
Turmeric
Dong Quai
Gotu kola
Treating insulin resistance is a high priority in the treatment of ?
PCOS
PCOS Formula
Paeonia
Licorice
Cinnamon
Black cohosh
False unicorn
+ Withania complex tablets
Paeonia and LIcorice act synergistically to reduce high ?
Androgen levels
Paeonia and False unicorn are excellent tonics for?
Uterine
Cinnamon increases ?
Circulation
Black cohosh decreases?
LH levels
Herba actions for fibroids?
Antihaemorrhagic
Spasmolytic
Uterine tonics
Oestrogen modulating
Progesterogenic
Liver detox
Antimitotic
Fibroid formula
Paenoia
Shepherd’s purse
Yarrow
Cinnamon
Wild yam
+ Chaste tree x 2 on rising
Paeonia and wild yam in the treatment of fibroids have what effect?
Phytoestrogenic
2 Antihaemorrhagics for fibroids to control bleeding
Shepherds purse & yarrow
2 herbs to reduce the growth of benign tumours in fibroids
Thuja
Echinacea
PID is an infection of the?
Falopian tubes, uterus, ovaries, peritoneium, ligaments.
Formula for PID
Echinacea
False unicorn
Wild yam
Golden seal
Calendula
Anxiety in menopause?
Kava
Erratic periods and exaggerated PMS
Chaste tree
Mood issues during menopause?
St Johns wort
Hot flushes & sweating during menopause?
Sage
Menopausal formula
False unicorn
Wild yam
Korean ginseng
St Johns wort
Sage
Oestrogen withdrawal during menopaus?
False unicorn
Wild yam
Korean ginseng
Formula for fibrooedema
White peony
Echinacea
Poke root
Calendula
+ chaste tree
Breast cysts formula
Gingko
Echinacea
Poke root
Calendula
+ chaste tree
Morning sickness:
Zingibere – 1st trimester
Silybum
Taraxacum
Mentha piperita
Filipendula
Threatened miscarriages
Hemidesmuss
Echinacea
Turmeric
Ginkgo
Nettle
Ginger
Problem with dilation of the cervix during labour
Cramp bark – Viburnum
Trouble with breast feeding (galactogogues)
Goats rue
Fenugreek
Fennel
Nettle
Post natal depression
Panax ginseng
St Johns wort
Licorice
Withania
vervain
Contra Indications for Angelica?
Warfarin
Aspirin
First trimester of pregnancy
Oestrogenic influence herbs/foods by occupying oestrogen receptor sites directly?
Red clover
Soy
Linseed
Herbs to promote oestrogen clearance?
Schisandra
St Marys thistle
Luteinising hormone levels are reduced with herbs?
Black cohosh
Hops
Dopaminergic herbs?
Black cohosh
Agnus castus
Spasmolytic herbs?
Cimicifuga - Black cohosh
Anemone pulsatilla - Pasque flower
Viburnum opulus - Cramp bark
Paeonia
Dioscorea - Wild yam
Spasmolytic herb for ovaries?
Pasque flower
2 Spasmolytic herbs for uterus
Cramp bark
Corydalis
Hypoglycaemic herbs?
Gymnema
Galega - Goats rue
Trigonella foenum graecumFenugreek
Action of Tienchi ginseng (Panax notoginseng
Antihaemorrhagic
Anti inflammatory
Cardio protective
Antiarrythmic
Hypocholesterolaemic
Gingko actions for Cardio
Antioxidant
Anti-Paf
Tissue perfusion enhancer
Vascular protective
Constituents of Hemidesmus
Courmarin
Triterpenoid saponins
Action of Hemidesmus
Alterative
Depurative
Diaphoretic
Immunodepressant
Active constituents of Galega officinalis
Bitter principles
Galegine
Galuteoline
Guanidine
Saponins
Tannin
Actions of Galega officinalis
Galactagogue
Hypoglycaemic

Indicated for: Diabetes
poor lactation
Paeonia lactiflor is from which family
Ranunculaceae
What Family is Galega officinalis from?
Fabaceae
What does antihyperhidrotics?
Reduce perspiration
Treat Menopausal flushing & sweating
Anti hyperhidrotic herbs
Sage
Zizyphus
4 sypmptoms of hypoglycaemia
Hunger
Dizziness
Anxiety, trembling, sweating
Headaches
afternoons
Mitchella repents properties/actions
Female reproduction
Labour preparation
Reduces labour pains