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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Taenia solium
- cestode (tapeworm)
- undercooked pork
- mass lesions in the brain, cysticercosis
- PRAZIQUANTEL / NICLOSAMIDE
- ALBENDAZOLE for cysticercosis
Echinococcus granulosus
- cestode (tapeworm)
- eggs in dog feces
- cysts in liver
- anaphylaxis if antigens released from cysts
- ALBENDAZOLE
Schistosoma
- trematode (fluke)
- snails are host
- cercariae penetrate skin of humans, cause granuloma, fibrosis, inflammation of spleen and liver
- PRAZIQUANTEL
Clonorchis sinensis
- trematode (fluke)
- undercooked fish
- inflammation of biliary tract
- PRAZIQUANTEL
Paragonimus westermani
- trematode (fluke)
- undercooked crab meat
- inflammation and 2o bacterial infection of lung
- PRAZIQUANTEL
Ancylostoma duodenale
- "hookworm"
- larvae penetrate skin of feet
- intestinal infection can cause anemia
- MEBENDAZOL / PYRANTEL PAMOATE
Ascaris lumbricoides
- nematode (roundworm)
- eggs visible in feces
- intestinal infection
- MEBENDAZOLE / PYRANTEL PAMOATE
Enterobius vermicularis
- "pinworm"
- food contaminated with eggs
- intestinal infection and anal pruritis
- MEBENDAZOLE / PYRANTEL PAMOATE
Strongyloides stercoralis
- nematode (roundworm)
- larvae in soil penetrate skin
- intestinal infection
- IVERMECTIN / THIABENDAZOLE
Trichinella spiralis
- nematode (roundworm)
- undercooked pork
- inflammation of muscle, periorbital edema
- THIABENDAZOLE
Dracunculus medinensis
- nematode (roundworm)
- in drinking water
- skin inflammation and ulceration
- NIRIDAZOLE
Loa loa
- nematode (roundworm)
- transmitted by deer fly
- causes swelling in skin, can see worm crawling in conjunctiva
- DIETHYLCARBAMAZINE
Onchocerca vulvulus
- nematode (roundworm)
- transmitted by black flies
- river blindness
- IVERMECTIN
Toxocara canis
- nematodes (roundworms)
- food contaminated with eggs
- causes granulomas and visceral larva migrans (blindness if in retina)
- DIETHYLCARBAMAZINE
Wuchereria bancrofti
- nematode (roundworm)
- female mosquito
- blockage of lymphatic vessels, elephantiasis
- DIETHYLCARBAMAZINE
brain cysts, seizures
Taenia solium
liver cysts
Echinococcus granulosus
B12 deficiency
Diphyllobothrium latum
biliary tract disease
Clonorchis sinensis
hemoptysis
Paragonimus westermani
portal hypertension
Schistosoma mansoni
hematuria, bladder cancer
Schistosoma hematorium
microcytic anemia
Ancylostoma, Necator Enterobius