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27 Cards in this Set

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the balance between the heat produced by the body and the heat lost from the body
body temperature
the temperature of the deep tissues of the body
Core temperature
the temperature of tissue, such as subcutaneous tissue and fat
surface temperature
the transfer of heat from the surface of one object to the surface of another without contact between the two objects
radiation
the transfer of heat from one molecule to another in direct contact
conduction
the dispersion of heat through air currents
convection
continuous evaporation of moisture from the respiratory tract, oral mucosa and skin
vaporizaion
continuous and unnoticed water loss
insensible water loss
heat loss that occurs from evaporation of moisture from the respiratory tract, mucosa of the mouth, and the skin
insensible heat loss
a body temperature above the normal range; fever
pyrexia
core body temperature below the lower limit of normal
hypothermia
extremely high body temperature
hyperthermia
the wave of blood within an artery that is created by contraction of the left ventricle of the heart
pulse
the act of breathing, transport of oxygen from the atmosphere to the body cells and of carbon dioxide from the cells to the atmosphere
respiration
the force exerted on arterial walls by blood flowing within the vessels
blood pressure
a central pulse located at the apex of the heart
apical pulse
the difference between the apical and radial pulse
pulse deficit
abnormal or acquired breath sounds
adventitious breath sounds
the examination of the body using the sense of touch
palpation
a method in which the body surface is struck to elicit sounds or vibrations
percussion
the process of listening to sounds produced within the body
auscultation
a series of five sounds produced by blood within the artery with each ventricular contraction
Kortokoff sounds
the pressure of the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts
systolic pressure
the pressure of the blood against the arterial walls when the heart is at rest
diastolic pressure
the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures
pulse pressure
dealing with change
coping
a complex syndrome of behaviors that can be likened to the exhaustion stage of the general adaptation syndrome
burnout