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46 Cards in this Set

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abstinence:
refraining completely from sexual relations with other people.Also called celibacy (SELL-ih-ba-see).
accredited:
: approved; in the case of a college or university professional group qualified to judge the program offered.
. acetaminophen (ah-SEET-ah-MIN-o-fen):
: a drug that relieves fever and pain.
acid rain:
rain: rain that carries acid air pollutants; it harms the plants and damages the soil on which it falls.
acne:
a continuing condition of inflamed skin ducts and glands, with buildup of oils under the skin, forming pimples.
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS):
sible viral disease of the immune system that creates a severe immune defi-ciency, and that leaves people defenseless against infections and cancer.
acromegaly (ack-ro-MEG-a-Iee):
): a disease caused by above-normal levelsof human growth hormone.
active abuse:
abuse involving one person's aggression against another, such as hitting or sexually abusing the victim.
active ingredients: i
active ingredients: ingredients in a medicine that produce physical effects on the body.
active solar:.
using photovoltaic panels to generate electricity from sunlight(A passive solar home is one that is built to take advantage of the available sun and shade so as to minimize heating and cooling costs
(AK-you-PUNK-cher):
needles at points believed to relieve pain or illnesses needles at points believed to relieve pain or illnesses..
acute stress
a temporary bout of stress that calls forth alertness or alarm to prompt the person to deal with an event.
adapt.
adapt: to change or adjust in order to accommodate new conditions.
addiction:
a physical or psychological craving for higher and higher doses of a drug that leads to bodily harm, social maladjustment, or economic hardship; dependence on a substance, habit, or behavior.
adolescence:
the period of growth from the beginning of puberty to full maturity. TIming of adolescence varies from person to person.
aerobic (air-ROE-bie)
refers to energy-producing processes that use oxygen (aero = air).
afterbirth:
the placenta and membranes expelled after the birth of the child.
aggressive:
: possessing the characteristic of being insulting or overly demanding to others or otherwise invading their territory; an inappropriate expression of feelings.
AIDS dementia complex:
the mental disorder resulting from an attack by HIV on the brain and nerves.
air bags:
inflatable pillows, designed to inflate upon impact, stored in the center of the steering wheel of a car or in the dashboard.
air pollution
contamination of the air with gases or particles not nor-mally found there
alarm:
the first phase of the stress response, in which the person faces a challenge and starts paying attention to it.
alcohol:
a class of chemieal compounds. The alcohol of alcoholic bever-ages, ethanol or ethyl alcohol, is one member of this class.
alcohol addict (alcoholic):
a person who has the full blown disease of
alcoholism.
dependence on alcohol, both of which harm health, family relations, and social and work functioning.
alienation
withdrawing from others because of differences that cannot be resolved.
aloe
a tropical plant with widely claimed, but mostly unproved, medical value.
alternative therapies:
approaches to medical diagnosis and treatment that are not fully accepted by the established medical community. As such, they are not widely taught at U. S. medical schools or practiced in U. S. hospitals. Also called
Alzheimer's disease
disease: a brain disease of some older people that brings mental confusion; inability to function; and in the final stage, death.
amino acids:
simple forms of protein normally used to build tissues or, under some conditions, burned for energy
amnesia: loss of memory.
loss of memory
amniocentesis (am-nee-oh-cen-TEE-sis):
a test of fetal cells drawn by needle through the woman's abdomen.
amniotic (am-nee-OTT-ic)
sac: the 'bag of waters' in the uterus, in which the fetus floats.
amotivational syndrome:
: loss of ambition and drive; a long-term abusers of marijuana.
amphetamines (am-FETT-ah-meenz):
): powerful, addictive stimulant drugs. Because they suppress appetite, they are reserved for use in cases where overfatness threatens health. Also called speed.
anaerobic (AN-air-ROE-bic):
refers to energy-producing processes that do not use oxygen (an = without).
anemia: r
reduced number or size of the red blood cells; a symptom of any o fmany different diseases, including some nutrient deficiencies.
anesthetics (an-us-THET-icks):
: drugs that kill pain, with or without pro-ducing loss of consciousness.
aneurysm (AN-your-ism):
the ballooning out of an artery wall at a point where it has grown weak.
angina (an-JYE-nuh or ANN-juh-nuh):
: pain in the heart region caused by lack of oxygen.
anorexia (an-or-EX-ee-uh) nervosa
: a disorder of self-starvation to the extreme.
antagonist (an- TAG-uh-nist):
a drug that opposes the action of another drug.
antibiotics:
drugs used to fight bacterial infection.
antibodies:
: large protein molecules produced to fight infective or foreign tissue
antigens:
: foreign substances in the body, such as viruses or bacteria, that stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies.
antihistamines:
"c