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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
heat exhaustion:
: a serious stage of overheating which can lead to heat stroke. heat stroke: a life-threatening condition that results from a buildup of body heat; can be fatal.
Heimlich (HIME-lick)
a technique of dislodging a particle that is blocking a person's airway. The Heimlich Maneuver is named for the physician who invented it.
any part of the hemlock plan~ which causes severe pain, con­vulsions, and death within 15 minutes.
swollen, painful rectal veins; often a result of constipation.
a liver disease caused by any of several types of viruses trans­mitted by infected needles (drug use, tattoos, blood transfusions), by eating raw seafood from contaminated water, and by any contact (including sex­ual contact) with body secretions from infected people.
hepatitis B:
a viral sexually transmitted disease that causes loss of liver function and severe liver disease. Hepatitis B is preventable, but not curable. herbal medicine: the use of plants to treat disease or improve health.
nonwoody plants or plant parts valued for their flavor, aroma, or medicinal qualities.
a narcotic drug derived from morphine.
a ranking system in which each thing is placed above or below others.
high-density lipoproteins (HDLs):
: lipoproteins that carry fat and cholesterol away from the tissues (and from plaques) back to the liver for breakdown and removal from the body.
high-risk pregnancy:
a pregnancy more likely than others to have prob­lems, such as premature delivery (prior to the 38th week of gestation) or a low birthweight. Many factors contribute to pregnancy risks.
histamine (HIST-uh-meen):
: a chemical of the immune response that pro­duces inflammation (swelling and irritation) of tissue.
history (medical):
an interview in which a health-care professional asks about past medical experience.
an abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus, the virus that causes AIDS.
Hodgkin's disease:
a lymphoma that attacks people in early life and is treatable with radiation therapy.
homeopathic (home-ee-OP-ah-thick) medicine:
: practices based on the theory that "like cures like" -that is, that substances that cause symptoms in healthy people can cure those symptoms when given in very dilute amounts (homeo = like; pathos = suffering).
homeostasis (HOH-me-oh-STAY-sis):
the maintenance of a stable body environmen~ achieved as body systems adapt to changing conditions.
a chemical that serves as a messenger. Each hormone is secreted by a gland and travels to one or more target organs, where it brings about responses.
hospice (HOS-pis):
a support system for dying people and their families, which helps the family let the person die at home with dignity and in comfort.
hospital infections:
infectious illnesses acquired during hospitalization.
hospitalization insurance:
insurance to pay the cost of a hospital stay. See also Medicare and Medicaid.
honnonal system:
: the system of glands-organs that send and receive blood-borne chemical messages-that control body functions in coopera­tion with the nervous system.
hot flashes:
sudden waves of feeling hot allover, a symptom related to dilation of blood vessels in the skin, which is common during the transition into menopause.
human growth honnone:
a nonsteroid hormone produced in the body that promotes growth; taken as a drug by athletes to enhance muscle growth; also called somatotropin.
human papilloma virus (HPV):
any of over 50 related viruses whose effects include genital warts and cervical cancer. Members of this virus fam­ily also cause skin warts, commonly found on the hands.
the physiological need to eat, experienced as a drive for obtaining food, an unpleasant sensation that demands relief.
a condition of excessive activity. In children, hyperactivity is demonstrated by constant fidgeting, talking, moving, running, climbing, and so on. In adolescents and adults, hyperactivity takes the form of restless feelings and difficulty sitting still.
high blood pressure.
(hyper means "too high"; thermia means "tempera­ture"): a condition of too much body heat with abnormally high internal body temperature.
: the use of hypnosis and the power of suggestion to change behaviors, relieve pain, and heal.
hypothalamus (high-po-THALL-uh-mus
a brain regulatory center. hypothermia (hypo means "too low"; thermia means "temperature"): a condition of too little body heat with abnormally low internal body temperature.
removal of the uterus, an operation performed more often than necessary.
ibuprofen (EYE-byoo-PRO-fen):
a drug that relieves fever, pain, and inflammation.
immune system
: the cells, tissues, and organs that protect the body from disease. The immune system is composed of the white blood cells, bone marrow, thymus gland, spleen, and other parts.
the body's capacity for identifying, destroying, and disposing of disease-causing agents.
injected or oral doses of medicine that stimulate the immune system to develop the long-term ability to quickly fight off infec¬tious diseases; also called vaccinations.
the lodging of a fertilized ovum in the wall of the uterus.
impulse control:
the ability to wait and think before acting or speaking.
inactive ingredients:
ingredients that give a medicine qualities other than medical effects. For example, oils and waxes may be mixed with a medication to be used on the skin; water, colorants, and flavors may be added to liquid medicines taken by mouth.
not active.
the state of being completely carried away by unreasoning passion or attraction; addictive love.
infectious diseases:
diseases caused, and transmitted from person to person, by microorganisms or their toxins. Also called communicable or contagious diseases, or simply infections.