Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/36

Click to flip

36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dispatcher:
a person who answers calls and relays messages to the proper helping service.
displacement
channeling the energy of suffering into something else¬for example, using the emotional energy churned up by problems to do tasks or other familiar activities.
disposable:
a description of any product that is intended to be used once and then thrown away.
diuretic (die-yoo-RETI-ick
): a drug that causes the body to lose fluids; not effective for loss of body fat.
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid):
): the genetic material of cells which serves as a blueprint for making all of the proteins a cell needs to make exact copies of itself.
douches (DOOSH-es):
): preparations sold to cleanse the vagina. Actually, vaginas clean themselves constantly with no help. Douches can wash dan­gerous bacteria into the reproductive tract.
Down syndrome
: a congenital condition of physical deformities and mental retardation.
drink
: the amount of a beverage that delivers J1 ounce of pure ethanol­12 ounces of beer, 3 to 4 ounces of wine, 1 (lO-ounce) wine cooler, or 1 ounce of 100-proof liquor.
drives:
motivations that are inborn, not learned, such as hunger, thirst, fear, and need for sleep. Also known as instincts.
drug abuse:
the deliberate taking of a drug for other than a medical pur­pose and in a manner that can result in damage to a person's health or abil­ity to function.
drug addiction (dependence):
a physical or psychological need for higher and higher doses of a drug.
drug misuse
: the taking of a drug for its medically intended purpose, but not in the appropriate amount, frequency, strength, or manner. drug-resistant: a term that describes microbes that have lost their sensi­tivity to particular drugs. For example, diseases caused by drug-resistant bacteria no longer respond to antibiotic therapy.
drugs:
substances taken into the body that change one or more of the body's functions.
drug synergy
the combined action of two drugs that is greater than or different from the action of either drug alone.
OUl:
drug trafficker: a person involved in the transport and sales of illegal drugs. drug use: the taking of a drug for its medically intended purpose, and in the appropriate amount, frequency, strength, and manner.
OWl:
driving while intoxicated with alcohol or any abusable substance¬a crime by law. Intoxication is defined by blood alcohol level (a level of 0.08 percent in some states and 0.10 percent in other states).
dysfunctional family:
a family with abnormal or impaired ways of cop¬ing that injure the self-esteem and emotional health of family members.
dysphoria (dis-FORE-ee-uh
unpleasant feelings that occur when endor¬phins are lacking; these feelings often follow drug-induced euphoria.
eating disorder:
abnormal food intake stemming from emotional causes and related to addiction. In anorexia nervosa, young people starve themselves to lose weight. In bulimia, they binge on food, then starve or vomit
echinacea:
: an herb popular for its assumed "anti-infectious" properties and as an all-purpose remedy, especially for colds and allergy. Also called coneflower.
ecosystems
systems of land, plants, and animals that have existed together for thousands or millions of years and that are interdependent.
ectopic pregnancy:
a pregnancy that develops in one of the fallopian tubes or elsewhere outside the uterus; a dangerous condition.
effective
having the medically intended effect; part of the legal require­ment for a drug
elasticity:
the characteristic of a tissue's being easily stretched or bent and able to return to its original size and shape.
elder abuse:
verbal, psychological, physical, or sexual assault on an elderly person
electrocardiogram:
a record of the electrical activity of the heart that, if abnormal, may indicate heart disease
electrolytes (ee-LECK-tro-lites
minerals that carry electrical charges that help maintain the body's fluid balance.
embolism:
the sudden closure of a blood vessel by a traveling blood clot, or embolus.
embolus (EM-bow-luss):
. When it causes sudden closure of a blood vessel, this danger­ous event is an embolism.
embryo (EM-bree-oh):
): the developing infant during the third through eighth week after conception.
emergency medical service (EMS):
): a team of people who are trained to respond in emergencies, and who can be contacted through a single dis­patcher.
emetics (em-ETI-ics):
): drugs that cause vomiting
emotion: health
: the state of being free of mental disturbances that limit functioning; also the state of having developed healthy perceptions and responses to other people and life events, based on thoughts, emotions, and values. Also called mental health.
emotional intelligence (EQ):
the ability to recognize and appropri­ately express one's emotions in a way that enhances living.
emotional problems:
: patterns of behavior or thinking that cause a per­son to feel significant emotional pain or to be unable to function in anyone or more of three important areas-social or family relations, occupation (including school performance), or use of leisure time.
emphysema (em-fih-ZEE-muh):
): a disease of the lungs in which many small, flexible air sacs burst and form a few large, rigid air pockets. empty calories: a popular term referring to foods that contribute much energy (calories) but too little of the nutrients.