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20 Cards in this Set

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nutrition
the process by which the body takes in and uses food
calories
the units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body
nutrients
the substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
hunger
a natural physical drive that protects you from starvation
appetite
a desire, rather than a need, to eat
carbohydrates
the starches and sugars present in foods
food allergy
a condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods
food additives
substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect
fiber
an indigestible complex carbohydrate
proteins
nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues. they are made up of long chains of substances called amino acids
Dietary guidelines for Americans
a set of recommendations for healthful eating and active living
lipid
a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water
vitamins
compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorbtion, and metabolism of other nutrients
minerals
substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes
food guide pyramid
a guide for making healthful daily choices
allergens
proteins that the body responds to
food intolerence
a negative reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem, such as the inability to digest parts of certain foods or food components
foodborne illness
food poisoning
pasteurization
the process of treating a substance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens
cross-contamination
the spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to another