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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
chemical substances used by the body to build, maintain, and repair tissues and regulate body processes
essential nutrients
essential nutrients that the body needs in large amounts
macro nutrients
what are the macro nutrients
water, carbs, proteins, fats
essential nutrients the body needs in small amounts
micro nutrients
what are the micro nutrients
vitamins and minerals
Recommended daily allowance of water?
8-12 cups fluid
What is only source of energy for brain cells and red blood cells
carbs
What are two types of carbs
simple (sugar) and complex (starch/fiber)
what are examples of simple carbs
honey, fruit, table sugar
what are examples of complex carbs
grains, vegetables
What does soluble fiber do?
reduces LDL
What does insoluble fiber do?
helps with digestion
Examples of soluble fiber?
oat, beans, nuts
Examples of insoluble fiber?
veggies, fruit skins, whole wheat
Two types of protein?
Complete and incomplete
Examples of complete protein?
Animal sources: meat and dairy
Examples on incomplete protein?
Grains, legumes, nuts
State of saturated fat?
solid at room temperature
State of monounsaturated fat
liquid at room temp. solid when refrigerated
State of polyunsaturated fat
liquid room temp and in fridge
Naturally occurring inorganic that contribute to proper body function
mineral
How many vitamins needed?
11
Two types of vitamins?
fat soluble/water soluble
How many minerals needed?
20
Two sources of cholesterol?
liver and meat/animal sources
Liquid vegetable oils that have been chemically changed through the process of hydrogenation
Trans fatty acids
4 types of vegetarians
vegans
lacto-vegetarian
lacto-ovo-vegetarian
semi vegetarian