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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
noncommunicable diseases
a disease that doesn't spread from person to person.
EXAMPLE:CANCER
communicable disease
disease that spreads from person to person.
EXAMPLE: COLD
number one cause of death in the United States
heart dissease
immune system
group of cells, tissues and organs that fight specific germs.
disease
an unhealthy condition of the body or mind
infection
germs invade the body, multiply, and cause harm to body cells.
vaccines
preparations of killed or weakened germs.
immunity
resistance to infection
lymphocytes
white blood cells that attack germs.
sexually transmitted diseases
communicable dideases that are spread from person to person through sexual contact.
AIDS
HIV infection combined with severe immune system problems.
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus, or the virus that causes AIDS.
radiation
is a treatment that destroys tumors by aiming X-rays or other rays at them.
cancer
disease caused by adnormal cells that grow out of control.
tumors
masses of abnormal cells.
chemotherapy
is a treatment that destroys cancer cells with strong chemicals.
second leading cause of death in the United States
Cancer
asthma
chronic breathing caused by allergies, physical exertion, or other factors.
Antibodies
chemicals produced specifically to fight a particular invading substance
diabetes
is a disease that prevents the body from using the sugars and starches in food for energy.
insulin
a hormone produced by the pancreas.