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29 Cards in this Set

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A system made up of bones, joints, and connecting tissue
Skeletal System
A strong, flexible tissue that provides cushioning at your joints
Cartilage
The points at which bones meet
Joint
Strong cords of tissue that connect bones at the joints
Ligament
Bands of tissue that attach your muscles to bones
Tendon
(elbows and knees) move only one direction
Hinge Joints
(wrists and ankles) enable bones to slide over on another
Gliding Joints
(between neck and head) moves from side to side and up and down
The Pivot Joint
(hip and shoulders) move in all directions
Ball and Socket Joints
Cartilage
is tough flexible tissue that is similar to bone. It acts as a cushion between bones at a joint and protects bones. Your nose and ears are cartilage.
Ligaments
are strong cords of tissue that connect bones at the joints. Ligaments hold the bones in place.
Tendons
are tough bands of tissue that attach your muscles to bones. You can feel a large tendon called the Achilles tendon on the back of your leg just above your heel.
break in bone caused by falls or accidents; swelling, extreme pain, bones are set and kept from moving, usually by enclosing in a cast
Fracture
bone pushed out of its joint, usually includes stretching or tearing of a ligament, bones are reset into proper position and kept from moving
Dislocation
swelling of a joint caused by stretching or twisting ligaments
Sprain
swelling and stiffness of joints caused by wear and tear; usually affects older people, pain relievers and exercise may help; if severe damage, may replace with artificial joints
Arthritis
curving of the spine, exercise may help if mild; if severe may need braces or surgery
Scoliosis
bacterial infection of the bones, medication
Osteomyelitis
bones become brittle and porous; associated with deficiencies of calcium, protein and certain hormones, regular exercise and a diet rich in calcium may prevent it
Osteoprosis
the group of tough tissues that make your body parts move
Muscular System
-shorten
Contract
Lengthen
Extend
found in various organs in the body, such as the stomach and intestines, you don’t control these muscles (example smooth muscles move food through the digestive system)
Smooth Muscle
attached to bones, they work with the bones of the skeleton to allow you to move, you control skeletal muscles, (example you can make your arms and legs move whenever you wish) skeletal muscles make up about 40 % of your body weight.
Skeletal Muscles
special type of muscle that is found only in the walls of the heart, controlled by your brain, constantly contracts and relaxes causing your heart to pump blood to all parts of your body
Cardiac muscle
To bend your arm, the biceps (flexors) contract and pull on a bone of your lower arm, What extend in result of this?
The Triceps
To straighten your arm, the triceps contract and pull on the other bone of the lower arm
What happens in result of this?
The biceps
stretched or torn tendon; very painful, varies according to severity; may range from rest and a cold pack to surgery
Tendinitus
Muscles are responsible for
Moves bones, pumps blood, helps food move through digestive system, and controlls the air that goes in and out of your body