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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
antioxidant (AN-lee-OX-ih-dant):
a chemical that can stop the destructive chain reactions of free radicals. Among the nutrients, vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and the mineral selenium are examples.
: agents that prevent the growth of microorganisms on body surfaces and on wounds.
anxiety attack
a sudden, unexpected episode of severe anxiety with symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, dizziness, and nausea. anxiety: an emotional state of high energy, with the stress response as the body's reaction to it.
aorta (ay-OR-tah)
the largest artery in the body; it conducts freshly oxy­genated blood from the heart to the tissues
the psychological desire to eat, a learned motivation and a pos­itive sensation that accompanies the sight, smell, or thought of food.
aroma therapy:
: a technique that uses oil extracts from plants and flow­ers (usually applied by massage or baths) to enhance physical, psychologi­cal, and spiritual health.
: blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the tissues
: a painful inflammation of the joints caused by infection, body chemistry, injury, or other causes; usually results in altered joint structure and loss of function.
artificial heart:
a pump designed to fit into the human chest cavity and perform the heart's function of pumping blood around the body.
possessing the characteristic of appropriately expressing feel¬ings, wants, and needs while respecting those of others. Assertiveness is the key to obtaining cooperation.
difficulty breathing, with wheezing sounds from the chest caused by air rushing through narrowed air passages
atherosclerosis (ATH-uh-roh-scler-OH-sis):
): the most common form of cardiovascular disease; a disease characterized by plaques along the inner walls of the arteries.
atria (singular, atrium
the two upper chambers of the heart-the receiving areas that pool incoming blood.
athlete's foot:
a fungal infection of the feet, usually transmitted through contact with floors.
attention-deficitlhyperactivity disorder (ADUD):
: an inability to pay attention, often with hyperactivity and poor impulse control. ADHD is most often diagnosed in children younger than age seven. It interferes with home life, schoolwork, or other functions
ayurveda: (EYE-your-VAY-dah):
): a traditional Hindu system of herbs, diet, meditation, massage, and yoga believed to improve the body's disease¬fighting disease¬fighting capacity.
B cells:
lymphocytes that make antibodies.
microscopic, single-celled organisms of varying shapes and sizes, some capable of causing disease.
balanced meal:
a meal with foods to provide the right amounts of car¬bohydrate, fat, and protein.
depressant drugs that slow the activity of the central ner¬vous system.
an orange vegetable pigment that the body can change into the active form of vitamin A; one of the antioxidant nutrients.
: any part of the deadly nightshade plant; a deadly poison. benign (be-NINE): noncancerous; not harmful; a description of a tumor that is not able to spread from one area to another.
basal energy:
the sum total of all the energy needed to support the chem¬ical activities of the cells and to sustain life, exclusive of voluntary activities; the largest component of a person's daily energy expenditure.
behavior modification:
: changing one's choices or actions by manipu­lating the cues that trigger the actions, the actions themselves, or the con­sequences of the actions.
binge drinker
a person who drinks four or more drinks in a short period.
binge eating disorder (BED):
overeating to an extreme degree
binge eating
repeated binge eating, but not followed by vomiting.
e: able to decompose; able to be converted by living organ¬isms into harmless waste products that can be used over again to build or grow new things.
the use of machines that detect and convey information about heart rate, blood pressure, brain or nerve activity, and muscle tension, to enable a person to learn how it feels to relax, and so slow the pulse and lower blood pressure; a clinical technique used to help a person learn to relax by monitoring muscle tension, heart rate, brainwave activity, or other body activities.
birth defects:
: physical abnormalities present from birth.
birth order: the
the placement of a child among his or her siblings, such as oldest, middle, or youngest child
an open pimple with dark skin pigments (not dirt) in its opening
episodes of amnesia regarding periods of time while drinking. The person may act normal during a blackout, but later be unable to recall anything about it. Blackouts are likely to occur in the life of a person with alcoholism.
blended family:
a family created by remarriage after the death or divorce of a spouse; blended families include a biological or adoptive parent and step-parent, along with the children of one or both of them.
the thick, red fluid that flows through the body's blood vessels and transports gases, nutrients, wastes, and other important substances around the body. Blood also plays roles in body temperature regulation.
body composition
a component of fitness; the proportions of lean tis¬sue as compared with fat tissue in the body.
body image
: the way a person thinks his or her body looks, which mayor may not be the way it actually does look.
body systems
groups of related organs that work together to perform major body functions.
bogus: fake
e. There are bogus doctors, bogus professional groups, bogus licenses to practice, bogus certifications, and bogus registrations. botulin toxin: a potent poison produced by bacteria in sealed cans, plas¬tic packs, or jars of food.