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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Changes in Views of Casual Sex
* Sex outside of marriage is now perceived as ok.
*The double standard still exists, but to a lesser extent than in the past.
What do studies show about spouses and sexual experience?
* Men prefer their spouse to be less sexually experienced than their potential dating partners.
* Women prefer dating and spuses to be less sexually experienced.
* Women may see sexually experienced women as being judged harshly, but they do not end or see this belief themselves.
Attitudes about Homosexuality and Sex
*Fewer individuals see sex between two same sex people as almost always wrong in 1996 than in 1973.
*Many Americans disapprove of the homosexual lifestyle, believing it dysfunctional and unhappy.
* Attitudes are becoming increasingly more positive towards homosexuals.
* Those who have had close contact with a homosexual are more likely to apporve of the lifestyle.
What predicts when sexual activity will begin?
* Attitudes and values are the best predictors for when sexual activity will begin.
* Those who engage in sexual activity usually value independence, have problems with self-restraint.
*Girls- never had father present
*Boys-father left during mid-life or some type of family shift
Avg. Age: Boys:16. Girls: 17
Frequency of Sex in Couples? Singles?
What factors affect frequency?

as well as heterosexuals and homosexuals
*Co-habitors: 3x/week
*Married: 2x/week
*Single people have sex less often than those above.

Sex decreases for those who have been with the same partner for an extended period of time.

Age and Sexual Orientation may Affect Sexual FrequencY:
* Older people have sex less often (hormones, aging)
*Gay couples have sex more often early int he relationship that lesbians or heterosexuals.
*LEsbians have sex less frequently than any other gorup.
Sociosexual Orientation:

Individuals Beliefs on Sex OUtisde of a committed relationship
*Restricted view: sex only in committed relationship

*Unrestricted view: closeness not needed for engaging in sexual behavior
"Sex is ok without love."
Sexual Satisfaction
EXCHANGE THEORY: Interpersonal Exchange Model of Sexual Satisfaction
*uses rewards, costs, and comparison levels
* supported by research
EQUITY THEORY: couples who feel their relationship is equitable report mroe sexual satisfaction.
*Very little difference between equitable and slightly overbenefitting.
How do we communicate desire?
*nonverbals are used more often
*men are morelikely to initiate sex.
Why might eliminating violence and sexual agression be difficult?
*Women are told to play Hard to get
*Men are told to see sex as a conquest
*Embarrassment about talking about sex may lead to miscommunication
*Power and violence are linked and unlinking them is difficult
Reasons Why Condoms May Not be used by college students
2) Spoiling the mood
3)the mix of alcohol and sex
4)unique vulnerability= bad things happen to other people not yourself, "I won't get pregnant or get AIDS, that only happens to other people."
5)A person's general attitude to sex, guilt and anxiety lead to lack of condom usage
How likely are affairs for males and femlaes?
Quality of relationship is predictor
*underbenefitters are more likely than overbenefitters to affairs
*25% men and 15% women report having an affair.
*Men are more likely, even in gay relationshiips.