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75 Cards in this Set

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Define TSUBO
Points on the body that are sensitive to pressure applied during shiatsu
Define SHIATSU
a massage technique from Japan in which points of stimpulation are pressed to effect the circulation of fluids and ki (life force energy)
Define TSCHANPUA (Hindu)
Massage at the bath
Define GYMNASIUM
A center where excercise and massage are combined to treat disease and promote health. (Greek)
Define ASCETE
A person who excercises body and mind (Greek)
Define HIPPOCRATIC OATH
A code of ethics for physcians
Define MASSAGE
the systematic manual or mechanical manipulations of soft tissues by such movements as rubbing, kneading, pressing, rollin, slapping and tapping for therapeutic purposes;

(such as promoting circulation of the blood and lymph, relaxation of the muscles, relief from pain, restoration of metabolic balance, and other physical and mental benefits)
Define ANATRIPSIS
The art of rubbing the body upward
Define CHIRUGY
Healing with the hands
Define MEDICAL GYMNASTICS
Gymnastics applied to the treatment of disease, consists of active, duplicated and passive movements
Define EFFLEURAGE
A succession of strokes applied by gliding the hand over and extended portion of the body
Define PETRISSAGE
Lifts, squeezes, and presses the tissue
Define TAPOTEMENT
movements include tapping, slapping, hacking, cupping and beating
Define DR VODDER'S MANUAL LYMPH DRAINAGE
A method of gentle, rhythmical massage along the superficial lymphatics that aids in lymphatic system functioning and treats chronic lymphedema
Define CONNECTIVE TISSUE MASSAGE
Masage directed toward teh subcutaneous connective tissue believed to affect vascular and visceral reflexes related to a variety of pathologes and disabilities
Define DEEP TRAVERSE FRICTION MASSAGE
Massage that broadens the fibrous tissues of muscles, tendons or ligaments, breaking down unwanted adhesions and restoring mobility to the muscles
Define SPORTS MASSAGE
A method of massage designedf to enhance an athlete's performance. It is achieved through specialized manipulations that stimulate circulation of the blood and lymph
Define CHAIR MASSAGE
Takes place in a chair, which is a good choice for people not able or ammendable to recieve a full body massage on a table
Define POLARITY THERAPY
Uses massage manipulations derived from Eastern and Western practices
Define ROLFING
Aligns the major body segments through manipulation of the fascia or the connective tissue
Define REFLEXOLOGY
Stimulates particular points on the surface of the body, which in turn effects other areas or organs of the body
Define TOUCH FOR HEALTH
A simplified form of applied kinesiology that involves techniques from both Eastern and Western origins
Define NEUROMUSCULAR TECHNIQUES
A group of techniques that assess and address soft tissue dysfunction by affecting neurological mechanisms that control the muscle
Define CRANIOSACRAL THERAPY
A gentle hands-on method of evaluating and enhancing the functioning of the craniosacral system
Define the movements of TOUCH
Superficial, Deep
Define the movements of EFFLEURAGE
Aura stroking, superficial, deep
Define the movements of PETRISSAGE
kneading, fulling, skin rolling
Define the movements of FRICTION
Circular friction, transverse or cross-fiber friction, compression, rolling, chucking, wringing, vibration
Define the movements of PERCUSSION
Hacking, cupping, slapping, tapping, beating
Define the movements of JOINT MOVEMENTS
Passive, active; active assistive, active resistive
Define TOUCHING
Refers to the stationary contact of the practitioners hand and the clients body
Define GLIDING
The practice of gliding the hand over some portion of the client's body with varying amounts of pressure
Define FEATHER STROKING
Very light pressure of the finger tips or hands with long flowing strokes
Define EFFLEURAGE
A succession of strokes applied by gliding the hand over an extended portion of the body
Define SUPERFICIAL GLIDING
When the practioner's hand conforms to the clients body contours so that light pressure is applied to the body from every part of the hand
Define DEEP GLIDING
Indicates that the manipulation uses enough pressure to have a mechanical effect
Define CIRCULAR FRICTION
Movement in which the fingers or palm of the hand move the superficial tissues in a circular pattern over the deeper tissues
Define CROSS FIBER FRICTION
Applied in a transverse direction across the muscle, tendon or ligament
Define COMPRESSION
Rhythmic pressing movements directed into muscle tissue by either the hand or fingers
Define ROLLING
A rapid back-and-forth movement with the hands in which the flesh is shaken and rolled around the axis of the body
Define CHUCKING
involves the flesh being grasped firmly in one or both hands and moved up and down along the bone
Define SCOPE OF PRACTICE
defines the rights and activities legally acceptable according to the licenses of a particular occupation or profession
Define LICENSE(S)
Issued from state or municipal regulating agency as requirement for conducting a business or practicing a trade or profession
Define CERTIFICATION
A document awarded in recognition of an accomplishment or achieving or maintaining some standard
Define the difference between CERTIFICATION and LICENSE
License is granted by legislation to practice based on requirements, certification awarded for achieving a stated goal
Define CODE OF ETHICS
a set of guiding moral principles that governs a person's choice of action. Are adopted by professions, professional organizations and sometimes state regulatory organizations.
Define BOUNDARIES
personal comfort zones that help an individual maintain a sense of comfort and safety. They can be personal, professional, physical, emotional and sexual
Define 8 MAJOR AREAS TO CONSIDER IN ESTABLISHING PROFESSIONAL BOUNDARIES
Location of service, interpersonal space, appearance, self-disclosure, languafe, touch, time, money
Define THERAPEUTIC RELATIONSHIP
practitioner/client relationship that is client centered, where all activities are to benefit/enhance the clients well-being, maintain or promite clients welfare
Define TRANSFERENCE
happens when a client personalizes either negatively or positively a therapeutic relationship by unconsciously projecting characteristics of someone from a former relationship onto a therapist or practitioner
Define COUNTER-TRANSFERENCE
happens when a therapist or practitioner personalizes a therapeutic relationship by unconsciously projecting characteristics of someone from a former relationship onto a client. This is almost always detrimental to a therapeutic relationship
Define DUAL RELATIONSHIP
any situation that combines the therapeutic relationship with a secondary relationship that extends beyond the massage practitioner/client relationship
Define CONTRAINDICATION
any physical, mental, or emotional condition a clinet may have that may cause a particular intervention or treatment to be detrimental or unsafe
Define EFFECTS AND BENEFITS OF MASSAGE
direct physiological and psychological benefits:
Physical-increases metabolism, hastens healing, relaxes/refreshes muscles, improves function of lymphatic system

Psychologically-relieves fatigue, reduces tension/anxiety, calms the nervous system, promotes sense of relaxation, renews energy
Define ENDANGERMENT SITES
Interior of the ear
Angular triangle of the neck
Posterior triangle of the neck
Axilla (armpit)
Medial Brachium (upper inner arm)
Cubital area of the elblow (anterior bend of the elbow)
Ulnar notch of the elbow (funny bone)
Femoral triangle
Popliteal fossa (posterior aspect of the knee)
Abdomen (upper abdomen under the ribs)
Upper lumbar area (kidneys)
Define ESSENTIAL SUPPLIES OF MASSAGE AREA
Massage table
Stool
Supply storage
Facial tissues
Cotton-tipped swabs
Alcohol/other sterilizing agents
Analgesic oil/gel
Bolsters/Pillows
Linens-sheets, towels, pillow/bolster cover
Blankets, wraps, robes
Lubricants, oils, creams, powders, liniments
Dressing area
Indirect lighting
Desk or table/chair
Record cards/supplies
Clock
Covered waste basket
Define ESSENTIAL SUPPLIES OF BUSINESS OPERATION AREA
Desk/chairs
Business phone/answering machine
Appointment book
Filing system
Stationary/stamps
Pencils, tape, stapler etc
Define ESSENTIAL SUPPLIES OF BATHROOM AREA
Antibacterial soap
Paper hand towels
Clean bath towels each client
Robes/wraps
Shampoo/bath soap
Disposable water cups
Define ESSENTIAL SUPPLIES OF HYDROTHERAPY AREA
Hydrotherapy equipment
Supplies
Towels
Robes
Define the BEST TEMPERATURE OF THE MASSAGE ROOM
72* F
Define the PRIMARY USE OF LUBRICANTS
Reduce friction between practitioners hand and clients skin
Define WHAT LUBRICANT IS NOT recommended for massage?
Mineral Oil

Petroleum-based product
Clogs pores
Dries out skin
Define WHAT LUBRICANTS ARE recommended for massage
Vegetable-based oils

Sweet Almond
Coconut
Apricot
Olive
Peanut
Sesame
Grape Seed
Sunflower
Define WHAT LUBRICANT IS BEST FOR CLIENTS WITH OILY SKIN
Light powders:

corn starch
talcom powder
vegetable oil
Define where lighter strokes on the body would be performed and why.
Endangerment sites; to avoid damaging underlying structures
What step would be next after undraping your client's back?
Skin rolling
Define ROM.
?
Define the difference between passive and active movements.
Passive movements are done by the therapist without help from the client. Active movements are guided by the therapist with help from the client.
List the two main stances for massage therapists.
Horse. Archer.
Define the geographical and energic center of the body...Tan Tien
solar plexus?
Grinding corn, the wheel, and retreat area all techniques tha do what for the therapist.
Ensure proper posture.
Know why good posture and proper stance are beneficial to the therapist.
Prevent personal body damage.
Know when to offer a bolster and where it would be placed.
-on their back, under the knees
-on their stomach, under the ankles
-pregnant, between the knees, under the swell
If a client came from Europe and explains that they do not drape there, how would you explain the need for draping here?
Customer/client protection, to prevent misintepretation;
List 5 contraindications
Fever, Allergies, Inflammation,