Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Who was known as "Charles the Great" and was also Pepin's son?
Starts with a "C"
Who reigned during the "Carolingian dynasty" and lead the Frankish kingdom to its greatest extent including much of Europe?
Starts with a "C"
Also called Norsemen, these people lived in Scandinavia. There's not a lot known about them because they had a limited alphabet.
Starts with a "V"
Who didn't practice the feudal systems like the rest of Europe? Their land was passed through generation to generation of their own families. There were problems in their tribes though, and they fled to the seas.
Starts with a "V"
The Protestant Reformation shook the Roman church so bad that the pope responded with the ______-_________.
What attempted to produce certain limited changes (mostly in the morals of the clergy) within the Roman church?
What were the 2 main objectives of the Counter-Reformation?
1. To prevent any more Catholics from becoming Protestants.
2. To force as many Protestants as possible back into the Roman fold.
1. to prevent________
2. to force________
This group of people, also known as the Society of Jesus, was formed by Ignatius Loyola.
Who was Ignatius Loyola?
He founded the Jesuits.
Loyola didn't accept Christ's free offer of salvation. What did he think he had to do to get into heaven?
He thought he had to earn his salvation by obedient service to the Roman church and pope.
What was the goal of the Jesuits?
To form a group of men absolutely dedicated to the pope and the Roman church.
The ________ _________ broke out in Germany in 1524-1525 because there was unrest in Germany partly because peasants wanted to be treated like free men.
Peasants' Revolt
P_________ R__________
What was another name for Europe in this chapter?
How did Europe (Christendom) become a land of religious and political diversity?
The power of the pope and emperor were broken.
A list of the peasants' grievances that were sent to Martin Luther because the peasants wanted to be free from the tyranny of the church wre called the _________ __________.
Twelve Articles
T_________ A________
Who was the great Lutheran warrior-king from Sweden who helped the Protestant forces get the upper hand in the war against Romanism that was killed in battle?
Gustavus Adolphus
G__________ A_________
What agreement in 1555 gave official approval to the territorial, state-established church concept in Germany where each prince could decide whether he wanted his territory to worship in the Roman or Lutheran way?
Peace of Augsburg
P________ o_ A___________
Who overthrew the last of the Merovingian's in 751 and became the official king of the Franks and began the Carolingian dynasty?
Pepin the Short
P____ t__ S_____
Who was the 1st great Frankish military and political leader that defeated the Romans, enlarged his conquered terriroty, and began the Merovingian dynasty?
What kind of establishment was promoted when the Protestants accepted goverment control of religion? It said all the inhabitants of a particular territory should be required by law to become members of a certain kind of church at birth.
Territorial churches
T_________ c___________
What used torture and terror to obtain confessions of heresy?
the Inquisition
the I_____________
The _______ __ _________ was signed in 1648 after 30 years of war had been waged over religion, only to end with a renewal of the same religious situation that had existed before the war. France was allies (friends) with the Swedish, German, and Dutch Protestants. They won several victories against the Austrian and Spanish Hapsburg forces. Then a peace conference convened to end the conflict.
Peace of Westphalia
P_______ of W__________
__________ _________ (also called established churches) were official government churches to which everyone had to belong.
state churches
s______ c_______