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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
physical features on Earth's surface
landforms
mountains/landforms
Names of three kinds of landforms shaped by wind erosion in the American Southwest
tables, arches, columns
tables, arches, columns/dunes, beaches, cliffs
A kind of mass movement when a large hole in the ground opens suddenly formed after rock under the surface has dissolved or become weak.
sinkhole
canyon/sinkhole
A kind of weak acid that is formed by when rain seeping into the ground combines with carbon dioxide from the air
carbonic acid
carbonic acid/sulfuric acid
A narrow chasm with steep cliff walls, cut into the earth by a fast flowing river
canyon
canyon/u-shaped valley
Crescent-shaped body of water formed when a river changes course and its flow cuts off a broad loop
oxbow lake
floodplain/oxbow lake
Downhill shifting of rock and soil because of gravity
mass movement
weathering/mass movement
Flat areas along the banks of rivers where sediment is deposited
flood plains
delta/floodplains
Ice sheets that cover large areas of Earth
continental glaciers
continental glaciers/valley glaciers
Kind of glaciers found in high mountain valleys
valley glaciers
continental glaciers/valley glaciers
Landform created after a valley glacier has passed through a mountain valley
U-shaped valley
canyon/U-shaped valley
Large mounds of sand created by wind erosion
dunes
dunes/beaches
Long ridges of soil and rock left behind at the lower end of glaciers when they melt
terminal moraines
dunes/terminal moraines
Mass movement where soil moves SLOWLY downhill because of gravity
creep
landslide/creep
New land created when some rivers deposit sediment in broad areas at their mouths
delta
delta/flood plain
One of the largest deltas in the world that is located in North America
Mississippi River Delta
Mississippi River Delta/Nile Delta
Places formed along a shore where sediment from weathered cliffs that was eroded by waves was deposited as new sand
beaches
dunes/beaches
Process in which soil, sand, and sediment are formed
weathering
erosion/weathering
Process of dropping sediment in a new location
deposition
erosion/deposition
Process of moving sediment from one place to another
erosion
erosion/deposition
Silt, sand, clay and other tiny pieces of broken rock
sediment
deposition/sediment