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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Simple, Repetitive None Complex patterns over a steady beat Constant/No variety Harsh, throaty singing voice, imitates nature Ritual, ceremonies, chants, ballads, call and response
earliest times
Chant-like, Syllabic, modal None No sense of rhythm or beat Constant/No variety Dependent on purpose Chants, sung lyric poetry, drama songs, dithyrambs
greece/rome
Simple, pentatonic None Use of percussion to set pulse, not complex Constant/No variety Harsh, nasal singing voice Ritual, ceremonies, chants, ballads, drama-Kabuki
middle eastern/asian
Simple, pentatonic None Use of percussion to set pulse, not complex Constant/No variety Harsh, nasal singing voice Ritual, ceremonies, chants, ballads, drama-Kabuki
medieval
increase of complexity, text painting Polyphonic, independent parts with cadence points Feeling of constant pulse, not grouped in meters, some isorhythms (small patterns) Determined by shape of musical phrase haut-loud outdoor instruments reeds, brass, percussion. Bas-low, quiet, indoor instruments - viols, recorders madrigal, motet, mass, chorale
rennaisance
Use of wide intervals Combination of textures, advanced rules of counterpoint, figured bass
Steady pulse, usually at speed of heart beat, use of hemiola (3 against 2)

Terraced Dynamics - Volume increased by addition of instruments or voices
Developing modern instruments - violin, trumpet mass, cantata, opera, oratorio, toccata, fugue, concerto grosso, dance forms
baroque
Use of simple, easy to sing tunes Followed specific rules related to keys, modulation Steady pulse, Experimented with tempo, little variation within a song Experiment with shift in dynamics Addition of piano, bassoon, clarinet Sonata, symphony, concerto, string quartet, theme and variation, Rondo
neoclassical/classical
Complex,
Widening
intervals Full complex chords,
Experimented
with exotic
sounds Free use of ritardando,
accelerando,
rubato Large variety of dynamics
with sudden
changes Addition of tuba, low
brass, variety
of percussion Symphony, suite, concerto,
tone poem, programme music art song, lieder
romanticism/realism
Unusual tonalities, whole tone scale Unusual, exotic harmony Ostinato patterns or feeling of free rhythm Large variety of dynamics with sudden changes instruments chosen to capture a moment in time tone poem, art song
impressionlism/post-impressionism
Atonal, large intervals, complex Atonal, serialism, 12 Tone, aleatoric Complex rhythms, syncopation, African and Non-Western influence Large variety of dynamics with sudden changes electronic instruments, amplification, recording Jazz, popular, folk, movie/theater music, commercial music
modern/contemporary