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### 35 Cards in this Set

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 DESCRIBE THE VOCAL RANGES FOR THE 4 PRINCIPAL PARTS Soprano=a2 down to c1 Alto=d2 down to g Tenor=a1 down to c Bass=d1 down to F HOW DOES HARMONY ESTABLISH TONALITY? HOW DOES MELODY ESTABLISH TONALITY? --Vertically --Horizontally Define the Study of Harmony Examines the structure and relationship between vertical combinations of musical tones and their succession Define the Study of Counterpoint Examines the structure and relationship between horizontal combinations of musical tones and their succession Name the Primary tones or tonal notes in major/minor key systems Tonic, Dominant & Subdominant scale degrees Name the Secondary tones (modal notes) in major/minor key systems Leading tone, Sub-tonic, Mediant, Submediant scale degrees Which scale degree tends to be Secondary, but has the effect of a Primary tone? The supertonic scale degree When does CONJUNCT MOTION in a melody occur? When one pitch moves in STEPWISE MOTION to another When does DISJUNCT MOTION in a melody occur? When one pitch moves by LEAP to another Rules of Melodic Motion: Leap greater than 5th can normally be followed by...(4 part answer by order of frequency) (1) Conjunct motion in the opposite direction (2) Disjunct motion in the opposite direction (3) Conjunct motion in the same direction (4) Disjunct motion in the same direction Two consecutive moves in the same direction create a ________ ________ and are __________. - compound interval - forbidden True or False: Augmented intervals are acceptable. False Augmented intervals are forbidden. True or False: Compound intervals are forbidden. True True or False: Major 7ths are acceptible. False Major 7ths are forbidden Minor 7ths and Diminished intervals must be followed by ________ motion in the ________ direction. - Conjunct - Opposite No more than ___ tendency tones may occur in succession. Two When one active tone is followed by another more than a 3rd away, the first active tone is ___________. Disregarded When may rules concerning scale degree activity not apply? When employing broken chords (arpeggiated) Repose is accomplished by melodic &/or harmonic cessation (caesura), also called a _______. Cadence Two phrases form a _______. The 1st is called the _______ and the 2nd, the _______ phrase. Period; Antecedent phrase; Consequent phrase A similarity between antecedent & consequent phrases means that they are _______. No similarity signifies that they are _______. Parallel; Contrasting List the types of rhythms in order of frequency. (1) Regular (2) Irregular (3) Uniform (4) Syncopation A simple interval between Soprano & Tenor voices represents ______ _______. Close position When a _______ interval exists between the upper 2 voices, it is called Open Position. Compound Harmonic intervals between Soprano & Alto or Alto & Tenor voices MUST be _______ intervals. Simple _______ intervals may occur between the Tenor & Bass voices. Compound LOW INTERVAL LIMITS (between Tenor & Bass voices) Name the bass note for the following low intervals 1) 2nd 2) 3rd 3) tritone 4)min6th (1) e (2) c (3) B (4) G Indirect motion occurs when 2 parts move in ______ directions. ______ ______ is when both parts move in opposite directions. _____ _______ is when one part moves & the other sustains or repeats. Dissimilar; Contrary motion; Oblique motion Direct motion occurs when 2 parts move in _______ directions. When 2 parts move in the same direction but produce different intervals, it's called _____ _____. When 2 parts move in the same direction and also produce the same intervals, it's called _____ _____. Same; Similar motion; Parallel motion Name the 5 kinds of parallel harmonic motion that should usually not occur because they destroy the 4-part texture. Parallel OCTAVES, UNISONS, PERFECT 5ths & DISSONANT INTERVALS; Parallel PERFECT 4ths are acceptable only in the upper 3 voices Define HIDDEN MOTION When 2 voices move in similar motion to end in unison, perfect 5th or perfect octave. What types of HIDDEN MOTION are forbidden? (1) Hidden unisons. (2) Hidden P5 & P8 when in Soprano & Bass voices at the change of a chord with Soprano voice moving disjunctly. 1. Define PARALLELS BY CONTRARY MOTION 2. What parallels should be avoided? (1) When 2 voices move by contrary motion from one interval to the same interval. (2) Parallel to unison, P5 or P8. 1. Define CROSSED VOICES 2. Are they permissible? (1) When a lower adjacent voice has a note above that of an upper adjacent voice (or vice versa). (2) Not normally. 1. Define OVERLAPPING VOICES 2. Are they permissible? (1) When a lower voice move to a pitch higher than the previous pitch in an upper voice (or vice versa). (2) Not normally.