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56 Cards in this Set

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1776
Declaration of Independence signed
1787
U.S. Constitution written
1861-1865
American Civil War
issues include slavery and states rights
1898
Spanish-American War
U.S. became a world power as a result of winning the war
1914-1918
World War I
U.S. joined in 1917
1929
Stock market crash
led to the Great Depression
1939-1945
World War II
U.S. joined in 1941 after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
George Washington
Leader of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War
First President of the U.S.
Thomas Jefferson
wrote the Declaration of Independence
3rd U.S. President
Theodore Roosevelt
President in the early 1900s that led the U.S. into a position as a world power
W.E.B. DuBois
Founder of the NAACP
leader of reform movement for African-Americans
Ideas conflicted with Booker T. Washington
Susan B. Anthony
reform leader for women's rights
Clarence Darrow
Defended John Scopes during the 1925 Monkey Trial
Defended the right to teach evolution in school
lost the case
Woodrow Wilson
President during World War I
Had a role in the peacemaking after WWII
Created the Fourteen Points plan and the League of Nations
William Jennings Bryan
ran for President three times
Prosecuter in the Scopes Monkey Trial
Won the trial but admitted on the stand that he didn't believe the bible was literal
Henry Ford
manufacturer of one of the first automobiles
created the assembly line
cars produced inexpensively
Charles Lindbergh
In 1927, became the first pilot to fly solo, non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean

"Spirit of St. Louis"
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the U.S. from 1932-1945.

"New Deal"-provided social programs to help economic recovery
led the U.S. during WWII
Died in office in 1945
Adolf Hitler
Fascist dictator of Germany during WWII
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII

Coined the phrase "Iron Curtain"
Harry Truman
VP uder FDR
President 1945-1952
decided to drop the atomic bomb on Japan
led U.S. through the beginning of the Cold War
Joseph Stalin
Communist leader of the Soviet Union

Expanded the Soviet Union after WWII
Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights leader who used non violent techniques

Efforts led to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Nullication Crisis
Souther states declared federal laws null and void

brought up issue of who has ultimate power-state or national government
Spanish-American War
War between the U.S. and Spain over Cuba

US battleship Maine exploded and blamed on Spain

US won and gained Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines
World War I
War between Allies (Britain, France, Russia, & U.S) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, & Ottoman Empire)
Started when Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated

Germany had to take full blame for the war
Stock Market Crash
Oct. 29th 1929
New York Stock Exchange crashed
Marked the beginning of the Great Depression
World War II
1939-1945
Began when Hitler invaded Poland
U.S. joined when Pearl Harbor was bombed by Japan
U.S. fought a two front war in Europe and the Pacific
Red Scare
period of anticommunist sentiment and hysteria in the U.S. during the 1920s
Fear of communist ideas spreading
Distrust of immigrants
Prohibition
18th Amendment
Made the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverage illegal.

Many people ignored the law
led to the rise of the mafia
Repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1932
New Deal
Franklin Roosevelt's program for helping the U.S. recover from the Great Depression.
Programs to provide jobs, regulate banks, and other government regulations
Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7th, 1941
Japanese planes attacked the U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii

Brought the U.S. into WWII
Holocaust
systematic persecution, relocation, and execution of over 10,000,000 people by the Nazi German government
Battle of Midway
1942
Turning point in the Allied war effort in the Pacific

Stopped Japanese aggression and began U.S. offensive
D-Day
June 6th, 1944

turning point of the war in Europe

Allied troops stormed the beaches of Northern France

Beginning of offensive action that led to German surrender in May 1945
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
August 6th & 9th, 1945
Japanese cities destroyed by U.S. atomic bombs
Ended World War II
Forced Japan to surrender
Truman Doctrine
1947
Truman's statement that the U.S. would help countries fight Communist takeover
Marshall Plan
U.S. plan to give economic aid to European countries to rebuild their economies after WWII
Korean War
1950-1953
When North Korea invaded South Korea, the U.S. and the U.N. sent troops to help South Korea resist Communist takeover
Ended in a stalemate
Vietnam War
U.S. aided South Vietnam to stop Communism takeover

ended in stalemate and the withdrawal of U.S. forces by 1975
Sputnik
1957
world's first satalite, lauched by th Soviet Union

led to Space Race between U.S. & Soviet Union
Brown v. Board of Education
1954
Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896-separate but equal)
ordered the desegregation of public schools
Civil Rights Movement
1950s & 1960s organized campaign by individuals and groups to extend basic civil and personal rights to minorites
New Deal
Franklin Roosevelt's program for helping the U.S. recover from the Great Depression.
Programs to provide jobs, regulate banks, and other government regulations
Pearl Harbor
Dec. 7th, 1941
Japanese planes attacked the U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii

Brought the U.S. into WWII
Holocaust
systematic persecution, relocation, and execution of over 10,000,000 people by the Nazi German government
Battle of Midway
1942
Turning point in the Allied war effort in the Pacific

Stopped Japanese aggression and began U.S. offensive
D-Day
June 6th, 1944

turning point of the war in Europe

Allied troops stormed the beaches of Northern France

Beginning of offensive action that led to German surrender in May 1945
Hiroshima & Nagasaki
August 6th & 9th, 1945
Japanese cities destroyed by U.S. atomic bombs
Ended World War II
Forced Japan to surrender
Truman Doctrine
1947
Truman's statement that the U.S. would help countries fight Communist takeover
Marshall Plan
U.S. plan to give economic aid to European countries to rebuild their economies after WWII
Korean War
1950-1953
When North Korea invaded South Korea, the U.S. and the U.N. sent troops to help South Korea resist Communist takeover
Ended in a stalemate
Vietnam War
U.S. aided South Vietnam to stop Communism takeover

ended in stalemate and the withdrawal of U.S. forces by 1975
Sputnik
1957
world's first satalite, lauched by th Soviet Union

led to Space Race between U.S. & Soviet Union
Brown v. Board of Education
1954
Supreme Court case that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson (1896-separate but equal)
ordered the desegregation of public schools
Civil Rights Movement
1950s & 1960s organized campaign by individuals and groups to extend basic civil and personal rights to minorites