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27 Cards in this Set

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Buildings were designed for efficiency, according to their purpose and use. No extra materials or time were wasted in their
Shaker Historic Trail -- National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service www.?
The Round stone barn is the only one of its kind. It was built in 1826. The circular design was a model of efficiency for Shakers and non-Shakers such as farmers and progressive thinkers like Hawthorne and Melville.
Shaker Historic Trail -- National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service www.?
Located in Pittsfield, MA
Hancock Shaker Village -- Shaker Historic Trail -- National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service www.?
The first Shakers appeared in Manchester, England in 1747.
hancockshakervillage.org
They called themselves the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, but others called "Shakering Quakers" because of they trembled and shook during their worship services in order to rid themselves of vil). "Shaking Quakers"
hancockshakervillage.org
They were "millennialists" who believed that their leader, Ann Lee, embodied the second coming of Christ Mother Ann).
hancockshakervillage.org
They were persecuted in England because of their extreme religious practice, so in 1774 Mother Ann led them to America for religious freedom.
hancockshakervillage.org
Shakers believed in racial and gender equality, simplicity and pacifism. They dedicated their lives to creating heaven on earth.
hancockshakervillage.org
At its largest,in the mid 1899's,the Shaker population was 4-5000. Today only one community is left at Sabbath Day Lake, Maine.
hancockshakervillage.org
Hancock Shaker village was called the "City of Peace."
Shakerworkshops.com/Shaker-villages-and-museums/hancock-shaker-.htm.
Shakers were the most successful, longest lasting communitarian society.
Shakerworkshops.com
As they tried to create their version of heaven of earth they applied the virtues of simplicity, purity and perfection to their work and to themselves.
Hancockshakervillage.org
Membership peaked before Civil War when religious revivals brought a lot of new people to Shakers. These revivals died out toward the end of the century and membership began to decrease.
Hancockshakervillage.org
James Whittaker continued as leader after Ann Lee's death in 1784. He gathered them in their own isolated villages far away from the "evil of world". James Whittiker introduced the Gospel Orders.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home.htm
Ann Lee's became very active in the Shaker community after the deaths of four children - three as infants, one as a toddler. She was looking for a more active faith than she found in the Church of England.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home.htm
The Gospel Orders separated Shakers according to gender. The adult males, females and children were put in their own so-called "family."
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home.htm
All property was shared among the whole group.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home.htm
Father James died after three years of leadership in 1787. He was succeeded by Elder Joseph Meacham and Eldress Lucy Wright.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home.htm
One of the reasons for the Shakers' success was their innovative inventions that allowed them to allowed them to work more efficiently. For example, they sold packaged foods, seeds, dried fruit and excees fresh foods and other items to outsiders.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home2.htm
The farm was laid out logically with areas for wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables and herbs.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home2.htm
Animals were treated with great care and were not overworked. At Hancock Shaker Village they kept dairy animals,honeybees, and field animals.
rebelweb.anoka.k12.mn.us/rebel/student4/sundvall/home2.htm
Hancock closed in 1960
[http://www.hancockshakervillage.org]
900 acres [hancockshakervillage.org]
[hancockshakervillage.org]
A five-story brick building housed almost 100 communityi members in the 1830s and 1840s. It contained a huge kitchen, where teams of four to six Sisters worked in one-month shifts; common rooms, bedrooms or “retiring” rooms, sewing rooms, an infirmary and other rooms.
[hancockshakervillage.org]
Shakers began as the Wardley Society that had left the Quakers and the Church of England.
[http://www.crisny.org/not-for-profit/shakerwv/history.htm]
The Shaker "families" ranged in size from 50 to 150 people.
[http://www.crisny.org/not-for-profit/shakerwv/history.htm]
The Trustees or “office deacons” were those Shaker men and women appointed Trustees or "Office Deacons" to care for the property and financial affairs and oversee the trade of the community.
[hancockshakervillage.org]