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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what does the superior thoracic artery supply?
the thoracic wall
what does the thoracoacromial artery supply
the shoulder region (four branches)
what does the lateral thoracic artery supply?
the serratus anterior and the breast
what does the subscapular artery supply?
two branches: one to the latissimus doris and one to the scapular anastomosis
what does the anterior circumflex humeral artery supply?
the anterior aspect of the humerus and deltiod
what does the posterior circumflex humeral artery supply?
the posterior aspect of the humerus and deltiod
what comes off of the first part of the axillary artery?
one: the superior thoracic artery.
what comes off of the second part of the axillary artery?
two: the thoracoacromial and the lateral thoracic
what comes off of the third part of the axillary artery?
three: the subscapular, the posterior circumflex humeral, and the anterior circumflex humeral
how many roots form the brachial plexus? what rami do they come from?
5 roots, come from ventral primary rami of C5 through T1
what are the trunks of the brachial plexus?
the superior, the middle, and the inferior
what are the divisions of the brachial plexus?
the anterior and posterior
what are the cords of the brachial plexus?
the lateral, medial, and posterior
what are the five terminal branches of the brachial plexus
the musculocutaneous, the axillary, the radial, the median, and the ulnar
what muscle divides the axillary into three parts?
the pectoralis minor
what are the borders of the axilla?
the thorax (medially) the intertubercular groove (laterally), the pectoralis (anteriorly), and the latissimus dorsi and teres major (posteriorly)
what is in the axilla?
the axillary artery, the brachial plexus, the axillary vein, and the lymphatics
where does the axillary artery change to the brachial artery?
after the inferior edge of the teres major
where does the subclavian artery become the axillary artery?
after it passes the first rib
function of the dorsal scapular nerve?
motor - major and minor rhomboids
function of the long thoracic nerve?
motor - serratus anterior
function of the suprascapular nerve?
motor - supraspinatus, infraspinatus
function of the upper subscapular nerve?
motor - subscapularis
function of the thoracodorsal nerve?
motor - latissimus dorsi
function of the lower subscapular nerve?
motor - subscapularis, teres major
function of the medial pectoral nerve?
motor - pectoralis major and minor
function of the medial brachial cutaneous nerve?
sensory - skin on medial side of distal third of arm
function of the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve?
sensory - skin on medial forearm
function of the lateral pectoral nerve?
motor - pectoralis major
function of musculocutaneous nerve?
motor - all anterior compartment muscles of arm
sensory - skin on lateral of forearm
function of radial nerve?
motor - all posterior muscles in arm and forearm
sensory - all skin on posteriof of arm and forearm, lower lateral arm, dorsal lateral hand surface
function of axillary nerve?
motor - deltoid, teres minor
sensory - skin on upper lateral of arm
function of median nerve?
motor - almost all anterior forearm, some thumb
sensory - skin on some of palmar surface
function of ulnar nerve?
motor - all intrinsic hand muscles, some forearm
sensory - skin on medial edge of hand
what is lymphangitis?
inflammation of a lymph vessel
what is lymphadenitis?
inflammation of a lymph node
what is lymphadenopathy?
nodal swelling or inlargement (doesn't have to be inflamed)
do lymph vessels have valves?
yes
origin of the long thoracic nerve?
c5,c6,c7
origin of the dorsal scapular nerve?
c5
origin of the musculocutaneous nerve?
c5, c6, c7
origin of the medial nerve?
c5, c6, c7, c8, t1
origin of the ulnar nerve?
c8 and t1
origin of the radial nerve?
c5, c6, c7, c8, t1
origin of the axillary nerve?
c5 and c6