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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Plato’s teacher
Socrates
Plato's student
Aristotle
Aristotle's student
Alexander the Great
Plato's major work of literature
The Republic
Summary of the Republic
an outline of the perfect political order and how morality fits into society
What did Plato invent?
colleges/universities
Character in Picture of Dorian Gray who is very Platonic
Basil
- he is always looking for the ideal
What is Plato's beliefe on perfection in the world?
The individual objects that are imperfect and have problems

There are perfect objects but they are out in the world behind the sun [can be considered god for Plato]

Have to have chairness before you have chairs

There is an ideal humanity out there and we correspond with it but we are not going to ever be perfect
What is Plato's beliefe on knowledge and how we gain it?
All knowledge is already there but we just have to figure out and uncover it
To Plato, art is...
Art is ultimately a copy of a lesser form of the ultimate perfection
Plato's personal view on art
He loves art but he thinks a perfect society would not have art in it but he also knows that is not possible
The Study of Being
Ontology
The Study of How We Know
Epistemology
Main Objections Plato has to art:
Ontological

Epistemological

Moral
Plato's Ontological Objection to Art:
Art is mimetic (mimesis) and therefore thrice removed from reality according to worlds of forms

A copy---not a good one

Imitative

3 x removed from the ultimate reality

Allegory of the cave [shadow vs. reality]

Problem for what it is because it is a copy of a copy
Plato’s teacher
Socrates
Plato's student
Aristotle
Aristotle's student
Alexander the Great
Plato's major work of literature
The Republic
Summary of the Republic
an outline of the perfect political order and how morality fits into society
What did Plato invent?
colleges/universities
Character in Picture of Dorian Gray who is very Platonic
Basil
- he is always looking for the ideal
What is Plato's beliefe on perfection in the world?
The individual objects that are imperfect and have problems

There are perfect objects but they are out in the world behind the sun [can be considered god for Plato]

Have to have chairness before you have chairs

There is an ideal humanity out there and we correspond with it but we are not going to ever be perfect
What is Plato's beliefe on knowledge and how we gain it?
All knowledge is already there but we just have to figure out and uncover it
To Plato, art is...
Art is ultimately a copy of a lesser form of the ultimate perfection
Plato's personal view on art
He loves art but he thinks a perfect society would not have art in it but he also knows that is not possible
The Study of Being
Ontology
The Study of How We Know
Epistemology
Main Objections Plato has to art:
Ontological

Epistemological

Moral
Plato's Ontological Objection to Art:
Art is mimetic (mimesis) and therefore thrice removed from reality according to worlds of forms

A copy---not a good one

Imitative

3 x removed from the ultimate reality

Allegory of the cave [shadow vs. reality]

Problem for what it is because it is a copy of a copy
Plato's Epistemologial Objection to Art
Works of art are waht they but virture of being illusions; therefore they don't lead us to knowledge

Art is lies and illusion

Any truth gained is not the best truth

If any truth, going to be hazy
Plato's moral Objection to art
The pursuit of knowledge s the pursuit of the Good, and if produces ignorance, then it is immoral

Art is illusion-Truth or not

Poetry and drama know that they are not true

Novel is a new art form that is pretending its real

Audience would not understand the difference and highly influenced by art

He is worried for them---can get corrupted by the art easily

Art immoral for him cause doesn’t get you straight to truth

Art seems to concentrate on the flaws in human and divine nature

Not good for society

Doesn’t think that demonstrated truth in literature works

Understands that you can learn from art but it is still problematic

Thinks family ties get in the way of a good society

Art does not appeal to the highest faculty of the Soul, Pure Reason. It appeals to the emotions.

Three parts of soul: Pure reason [brain], heart, and sexual

People who act out of emotions is not good----very dangerous

Art speaks to the passions so that is not good for the society