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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the most common cause of fistulas in the female genitalia?
• MCC is post-delivery
• other causes are adhesions (due to post-surgery)
What is the most common site of lice infections of the female genitalia?
mon pubis
Name and describe the two sets of labia
• Majora:
- analagous to the male scrotum
- covered with hair and thicker skin

• Minora:
- thin
- composed of skin, fat, and erectile tissue
- begins at the clitoris and at base of the vagina
- becomes distended with blood during sexual arousal
Describe the physical measurements of the clitoris
• lies beneath the prepuce
• 2 cm shaft with a cylindrical body surmounted by a 0.5 cm glans
What is the vestibule?
• area enclosed by the labia in the mouth of the vagina
• openings into the vestibule include the ducts of the Bartholins, Skene glands, and urethra
What type of tissue lines the vaginal wall?
squamous epithelium arranged infolds called rugae
What physical changes occur to the vaginal wall after menopause?
• the rugae, which are estrogen-dependant, diminish after menopause
• causes thinning and smoothing of the surface and dryness
• can lead to vaginismus and dyspaenuria
Describe the physical dimensions of the uterus
• pear-shaped organ
• 7.5 cm long
• 5 cm wide
• 2.5 cm thick
• weighs about 40 grams
What are the 3 layers of tissue of the uterus?
• serous
• muscular
• mucous
What are the 2 parts of the cervix and describe the type of tissue found in each?
• Ectocervix is the portion that blends with the squamous epithelium of the vagina
• Endocervix is the portion within the endocervical canal covered with columnar epithelium
What is the typical length of the fallopian tubes?
10-12 cm long
What are the 3 parts of the fallopian tube?
• infundibulum (with finger-like projections called fimbrae)
• ampulla (middle part)
• isthmus (closest to the uterus)
Where do most ectopic pregnancies occur?
What are some causes of ectopic pregnancy?
• PID (infections can cause narrowing of the fallopian tube » delaying release of ovum into the uterus)
• adhesions
Describe the physical dimensions of the ovaries
• paired structures measuring:
- 3-5cm long
- 1.5-3 cm wide
- 1.0-1.5 cm thick
- weighs 3-8 grams
What is menstruation?
• the orderly monthly sloughing of the outer 2/3 of the endometrial lining of the uterus
• in response to the hormonal feedback between the hypothalamus, pituitary, and the ovaries
What are the 3 phases of the mentrual cycle?
• Follicular phase
• Ovulation
• Luteal phase
What occurs during the follicular phase?
• growth and maturity of multiple follicles in anticipation of ovulation
• lasts 10-14 days
When does ovulation typically occur?
• about 10-12 hours afther the mid-cycle LH peak
• on about day 14 of the 28 day menstrual cycle
What occurs during the luteal phase?
• begins with ovulation and ends with the onset of menstruation
• encompasses about 14 days +/- 2 days