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23 Cards in this Set

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What are megacities?
Cities with a population of over 10,000,000 people. (i.e. Tokyo, Mexico City, New York, etc.)
True/False: Cities are a new idea? Explain.
True. Cities have existed at most only a mere 7,000 to 10,000 years.
How many megacities are there currently according to the World Bank, and what is special about them?
There are 26 megacities, and of those 26, 21 are found in developing countries.
What does the term civis in Latin refer to?
It refers to a citizen living in a city.
What does the term urbs in Roman refer to?
It refers to the built form of a city. It is where we get the word urban.
What is urbanization?
The number of people in an urban area.
What is urbanism?
Sociocultural consequences of living in urban areas.
What is gesellschaft?
Larger scale "societal" relations of a city/urban environment.
What is gemeinschaft?
Smaller intimate scale with "community" relations in a rural environment.
What is the "cultural definition" of urban population? "Political definition?" "Economic definition?" "Demographic definition?"
"Cultural Definition"- urban culture
"Political Def."- administrative function
"Economic Def."-% of people in non-agricultural jobs
"Demographic Def."- size of the population
Who was the 1st to enter the industrial age and undergo urban transformation?
England
What was rapid growth of cities during the 19th and 20th centuries called?
Urban Revolution
What percentage of the population was rural in 1800? 1900?
1800- 97% rural
1900- 86% rural
What is the "crisis of the cities?"
The production of personal alienation and social disorganization due to urbanism.
Who wrote "Urbanism as a Way of Life?"
Louis Wirth
What did Louis Wirth say created urbanism?
Size, density, and heterogeneity.
What is the "human ecological approach?"
Broadly concerned with development of ecology of the city (interactions of individuals).
What is the "political economy approach?"
When you look at the political and economic decisions made by multinationals and political institutions. Research of gentrification.
What is gentrification?
The revitalization of urban neighborhoods. Typically by the wealthy.
Is urbanism more macro or micro-oriented?
Micro
What are some of the social consequences of urbanism?
Disorganization, depersonalization, loss of values and norms.
Name 5 European theorists.
Germans:
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
George Simmel (1858-1918)
Ferdinand Tonnies (1855-1936)
Max Weber (1864-1920)

French:
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
What are capitalists according to Marx? Proletariat? Bourgeoisie?
Capitalist- owned factories

Proletariat- provided underpaid labor

Bourgeoisie- property owning town dwellers