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90 Cards in this Set

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The process of conveying feelings, attitudes, facts, beliefs, and ideas between individuals, either vrbally or non-verbally
COMMUNICATION
How many steps are in the communication process?
SEVEN
step 1: sending creates an idea or chooses a fact to communicate
IDEA
Step 2: sender forms a mental picture of that message and organizes and translates the picture into symbols
ENCODING
Step 3: means by which encoded communication is made (face to face discussion, something in writing, etc.)
TRANSMISSION
Step 4: person must receive the message
RECEIVING
step 5: message transmitted by the sender must be interpreted and translated into meaning
DECODING
step 6: if the receiver has decoded accurately, mental picture formed will match what sender said
UNDERSTANDING
last step (7): process by which the sender clarifies how his/her message is being received and interpreted
FEEDBACK
effective child guidance depends on the achievement of____
MUTUAL COMMUNICATION
Name the 2 effective tools for children to learn communication skills
PRACTICING AND MODELING
the level of listening that is not really listening at all
IGNORING
level of listening; acting as if one is listening w/cues such as "Yeah, uh-huh, etc."
PRETENDING
level of listening where one hears only parts of the conversation
SELECTIVE LISTENING
level of listening where one pays attention and focuses energy of the words that are being said
ATTENTIVE LISTENING
level of listening where one listens with intent to truly understand
EMPATHETIC LISTENING
a barrier to listening that consists of prejudices, past experiences, hopes and anxieties
INTERNAL PSYCHOLOGICAL FILTER
barrier to listening that occurs when we enter a situation w/a special interest in mind or a grude
HIDDEN AGENDA
barrier; when we are so preoccupited w/our own thoughts we do not listen to what others are saying
PREOCCUPATION
barrier; anything that interferes w/communication; can be external or internal
NOISE
Pay careful attention to feelings expressed; respond in a way to demonstrate understanding, and overcome the urge to argue, criticize or offer quick solutions are all examples of what
GOALS OF ACTIVE LISTENING
A clear statement of how caregiver feels; an objective, nonjudgemental description of the child's behavior in specific terms; a statement of the concrete effects of the behavior on the caregiver
"I" MESSAGES--can be positive or negative!
What is the first step to bringing a child's emotions under control?
NOTICING AND VERBALIZING THEIR FEELINGS
Why is it important to accept a child's feelings?
THE CHILD FEELS COMFORTED AND GETS A SENSE OF RELIEF THAT SOMEONE RECOGNIZES THEIR EXPERIENCE
what, in assertive communication, is meant by the term "simplicity"?
STATEMENTS SHOULD BE SHORT AND TO THE POINT
True or false: it is acceptable to trick or lie to children to get them to comply
FALSE
True or false: hints or insinuations do not work with children and your words should be clear
TRUE
BEing concrete means that instead of saying "Lying is bad", say ....
"IF YOU LIE, OTHERSE WON'T TRUST YOU"
How is respect for kids best expressed?
RECOGNIZING AND PROTECTING THEIR DIGNITY AND RIGHTS
The most important aspect of assertive communication is to be _____. Even though it doesn't always bring results, over time, it will be effective and long-lasting.
PERSISTENT
Assertiveness w/o _____ is hollow and insecure
EMPATHY
Maslow's Hierarchy of needs includes physiological, social needs, safety, self-actualization and....
ESTEEM OR EGO NEEDS
self-worth or self-image; a global evaluation of the self
SELF-ESTEEM
refers to domain-specific evaluations of the self (evaluating one's academic skills or physical appearance)
SELF-CONCEPT
Name 2 examples of improving self esteem
IDENTIFY AREAS OF COMPETENCE THAT ARE IMPORTANT; IMPROVE SENSE OF ACHIEVEMENT; HELP CHILD COPE W/PROBLEMS RATHER THAN AVOID THEM
True or false: Children who are allowed to develop close bonds w/caregivers typically become clingy, attention seekers
FALSE
clingy children who believe they can't do anything w/o help suffer from_____
LOW SELF-ESTEEM
How do you improve/deal with the behavior of a child showing artifical charm
GIVE AFFECTION AND ENCOURAGEMENT WHEN APPROPRIATE, BUT LET THE CHILD KNOW THEY ARE LOVED FOR THEMSELF, AND NOT FOR THE CHARM THEY PUT ON
What is the best way to deal with a "silly/acting out" child?
CORRECT THEM IN PRIVATE AND GIVE OPPORTUNITY TO "ACT OUT" IN POSITIVE SETTINGS SUCH AS A SKIT
Laziness and complusiveness may be an unconscious way for a child to____
GET ATTENTION
When a child is pouting or being stubborn it is best to___
AVOID POWER STRUGGLES AND ALLOW CHOICES WHEN POSSIBLE
Destructiveness and aggressiveness may be a sign of _____
HOPELESSNESS
What kind of child is frequently nominated as "best friend and rarely disliked?
POPULAR CHILD
What type of child is infrequently nominated as best friend, but not disliked?
NEGLECTED CHILD
What type of child is infrequently nominated as best friend and actively disliked?
REJECTED CHILD
diffrent racial, cultural ethnic and religious backgrounds representing a variety of social, economic, and linguistic experiences
DIVERSITY
environments in which students from various cultures as well as people w/disabilities experience educational equality
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION
What is "the challenge"?
TEACHERS BEING ABLE TO ADOPT TO THE NEEDS OF A DIVERSIFIED GROUP
True or false: children are usually unaware of differences and rarely comment on skin color, geneder roles, and foreign accents
FALSE
True or false: It is best to start as early as possible to talk w/children about building positive attitudes about similarities and differnces among people
TRUE
Name the 2 aspects in understanding children and diversity?
INDIVIDUALITY AND CONTEXT
In working with families, a good way to build self-esteem and reduce discipline problems is to _____
ENCOURAGE FAMILY ENTHUSIASM FOR SCHOOL
Teachers who respect parents, will have children who _____
RESPECT THEM AS A TEACHER
Getting to know families helps avoid _____
STEREOTYPES
When does cultural learning start?
AT BIRTH
Name 3 differences in responses to inappropriate behavior in girls and boys
AGRESSION IS TOLERATED MORE IN BOYS THAN IN GIRLS; BOYS ARE REPRIMANDED IN GENERAL MORE THAN GIRLS; MORE PHYSICAL MEANS OF DISCIPLINE ARE USED ON BOYS
True or false: children with special needs and child who do not have special needs typically develop at different paces and in different patterns
FALSE
What is an important thing to remember about dealing with a child with a disability?
AVOID HAVING THE DISABILITY AS THE DEFINING CHARACTERISTIC
individualistic orientation has the cultural value of individual _____
ACCOMPLISHMENT
What kind of culture sees a person as a distinct human being w/rights and needs as separate individuals
WHITE EUROPEAN-BASED
What cultures have a more group-affiliated, and a more collective orientation
ASIAN/LATIN AMERICAN
Assaults that cause pain, cuts, bruises, brokien bones and other injuries
PHYSICAL ABUSE
any type of sexual exploitation: fondling, intercourse, sexual comments, exposure to porn, etc.
SEXUAL ABUSE
speech actions, and interactions that tend to destroy emotional well-bveing and/or the child's cognitive and social functioning
PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE
failure of caregiveers to meet children's needs for affection and emotional support
EMOTIONAL NEGLECT
failure to provide a child w/the basic necessities of food, shelter, clothing, medical attention, and supervision
PHYSICAL NEGLECT
Are you consciously and actively working to make things happen?
ACTIVITY
Broad-based participation or a small group of regulars?
REACH
Do you keep at it or do you reach out once or twice a year?
CONTINUITY
What is meant by the phrase "too much permission too soon"?
CHILDREN ARE ALLOWED TO DO THINGS THEY ARE NOT PREPARED TO HANDLE
Why is "too much permission..." a bad thing?
IT PUTS KIDS IN THE POWER SEAT AND DOES NOT GIVE THEM SKILLS TO MANAGE LIFE
Overdependency, anger and resentment, loss of interdependency, loss of self-reliabnce, and inflated self-esteem are all results of____
PARENTAL OVER-INDULGENCE
What describes a tendency to not have any concern for others
LOSS OF INTERDEPENDENCY
Which type of parent tries to repair their own childhood issues by giving their child what they didn't get
GIVING PARENT
type of parent that has a true understanding of the good qualities of their children but ignore the flaws
BLINDERS PARENT
what type of parent has the quality of true, but distorts by giving too much freedom to children too soon
PERMISSIVE PARENT
Type of parent that believes they are protecting children's self-esteem by blaming others for their children's misbehavior
BLAMING PARENT
parents that, rather than blame others, blame themselves for their child's misbehaviors
OVERLY-RESPONSIBLE PARENT
The irrational belief of an indulgent parent: equates self-esteem w/constant happiness and never want their children to feel any uncomfortable emotions
CONSTANT HAPPINESS
Irrational belief of parents in which they have difficulty distinguishing between children's wants and needs
UNCONDITIONAL LOVE MEANS NO LIMITS
irrational belief of parents that lose sight of the importance of other things such as their marriage and where children gain too much power in the family
CHILDREN ARE HIGHEST PRIORITY
irrational belief where parents try to correct their own parents mistakes by becoming "perfect parents"
"I WILL CORRECT MY PARENTS MISTAKES"
irrational belief where parents limit their identities to their careers/or their child's current happiness
IDENTITY ISSUES
Mentoring requires both ____ and ____ of time
QUALITY AND QUANTITY
Having confidence in one's judgment and acting on it
SELF-RELIANCE
unconditional love does NOT mean____
PERMISSIVENESS
Normal emotions are ____ emotions
HEALTHY
True or false: a child's demands are typically something they need to have a good relationship with their parents
FALSE
Mentoring parents should promote truth and reality as well as _____ and ____
TALENTS AND SKILLS
Mentoring parents understand that children need to feel all ____ emotions
NORMAL