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35 Cards in this Set

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Pearl Harbor
On Dec. 7, The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the American Pacific fleet based here in Hawaii
Harry S. Truman
-Succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt.
-He met in Potsdam with the Allies
Appeasement
-Policy of granting concessions to a potential enemy in order to maintain peace
-Countries did this for Hitler
Dachau
One of the concentration camps in Germany
Dwight D. Eisenhower
-Allied commander
-Assembled force for D-Day
Vichy
In southern France, the Nazis set up a puppet government here under Henri Petain.
Neville Chamberlain
-British Prime Minister
-Believed in appeasement for Hitler
-Met Hitler in Munich, Germany
Collective security
-The common defense interests of several nations gaainst an enemy
-Britain, France, and the U.S. could not decide on this
Atlantic Charter
-U.S. and Britain met and issued a joint declaration called this. It upheld freedom of trade and the right of people to choose their own government. It also called for the final destruction of Nazy tyranny.
Tripartite Pact
-Japan signed this with Germany and Italy.
-Under this pact, the three pledged to cooperate to reach the goal and come to the others aid if attacked
After Hitler moved to invade western Poland, Russia quickly moved to occupy what?
Eastern Poland
What did Stalin sign after his calls for unity against Hitler were rejected?
Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact
What is Nuremburg the sight of?
Trials help that brought many Nazi leaders to justice for committing crimes against humanity.
What was one factor in Germany's inability to take over Moscow?
-The Russian winter
-The Soviet resistance
Who killed Mussolini?
Italian partisans, or resistance leaders
Who did the Nazis choose to exterminate?
Jews, Slavs, Gypsies, and homosexuals
Who was the last Axis power to surrender?
Japan
The Ardennes Gap and the Maginot Line aided ___.
France (Britain?)
How did the League of Nations take action against Italy's aggression in Africa?
They imposed economic sanctions, measures designed to stop trade and other economic contacts, against Italy
The collapse of France paved the way for Japan to achieve control of ___.
-French Indochina
-Dutch East Indies
-Singapore
-East Asia
During the Spanish Civil War, who did Hitler support?
Nationalists
What made German losses at Stalingrad even greater?
-Large quantities of German military equipment were seized
-The Soviet Union broke the back of the Nazi military machine
Where was the second atomic bomb dropped?
Nagasaki
During the early phases of the war, the U.S. Congress favored what?
To remain neutral
What did Germany achieve by occupying Norway and Denmark?
Hitler won the outlet to the Atlantic that he needed to ensure that the German navy would not be bottled up in the Baltic Sea like in WWI
Finland
Conquered by the Soviet Union
Berlin
In Germany
-Divided between Britain, U.S. France, and Soviet Union
Nuremburg
Site of trials for Nazi leaders
Midway
In this battle, the Americans defeated the Japanese navy and ended Japanese naval superiority in the pacific
Russia
Soviet Union, ruled by Stalin
Francisco Franco
Led the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War
Genocide
The deliberate, carefully planned killing of an entire people on the basis of race, politics, or culture
Kamikaze
Japanese air pilot who volunteered for suicide mission
V-J
Victory over Japan day, the day Japan surrendered, Sept. 2
Selassie
Ethiopian emperor who appealed to the League of Nations