Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Spotlight effect
The belief that others are paying more attention to one's appearance and behavior than they really are
Illusion of transparency
The illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others
A person's answers to the question "who am I?"
Beliefs about self that organize and guide the processing of self-relevant info
Self-Reference effect
the tendency to process efficiently and remember well info related to oneself
Possible selves
Images of what we dream of or dread of becoming in the future
Social comparison
Evaluating one's abilities and options by comparing oneself to others
the concept of giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications/independent self; prevails in Western culture
Giving priority to the goals of one's groups (often one's extended family or work group) and defining one's identity/interdependent self, prevails in Africans and Asians
Dual Attitudes
Differing implicit(automatic) and explicit(consciously controlled attitudes toward the same object). Verbalized explicit attitudes change with education and persuasion; implicit change slowly, with practice that forms new habits
a sense that one is competent and effective, distinguished from self-esteem, one's sense of self-worth.(chief source is experience or success)
Locus of control
the extent to which people perceive outcomes as internally controllable by their own efforts and actions or as externally controlled by chance or outside forces
Learned helplessness
the hopelessness or resignation learned when a human perceives no control over repeated bad events
a person's overall self evaluation or self-worth
Self-serving bias
the tendency to perceive oneself favorably
False Consensus effect
the tendency to overestimate the commonality of one's opinions and one's undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors
False Uniqueness effect
the tendency to underestimate the commonality of one's abilities and one's desirable or successful behaviors
protecting one's self image with behaviors that create a handy excuse for later failure
the act of expressing oneself and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression
being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one's performance to create the desired impression