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271 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
How's it going?
Cómo te va? -
pleased to meet you (male)
encantado
pleased to meet you (female)
encantada
it's nice to meet you
mucho gusto
What's up?
¿Qué pasa?
How are you?
¿Qué tal?
What's new?
¿Qué cuentas?
Introductions
As in english, there are many ways to make an introduction in Spanish. Some common phrases are shown below.
Hi, my name is Roberta.
Hola, me llamo Roberta.
What's your name?
¿Cómo se llama usted?
My name is Isabel.
Mi nombre es Isabel.
Let me introduce myself. My name is....
Déjame presentarme. Mi nombre es...
Permit me to introduce you to Susan.
Déjame presentarte a Susana.
This is my boss...
Este es mi jefe (m)...
This is my friend...
Esta es mi amiga (f)...
I want to introduce you to a friend.
Te quiero presentar a una amiga. (f)
I want to introduce you to a friend.
Te quiero presentar a un amigo. (m)
Did you already meet my brother?
¿Ya conociste a mi hermano?
John, this is Mary.
Juan, te presento a Maria.
My name is Maria.
Me llamo María.
Pleased to meet you.
Mucho gusto.
Where are you from?
¿De dónde es usted?
I'm from New York.
Soy de Nueva York.
Do you speak English?
¿Habla inglés?
I speak a little Spanish.
Hablo un poco de español.
How do you say ... in Spanish?
¿Cómo se dice ... en español?
What does {blank} mean?
¿Qué significa ... ?
Pleased to meet you.
Mucho gusto conocerle.
This is my wife.
Ésta es mi esposa.
This is my husband.
Éste es mi marido.
I’m a student.
Soy estudiante.
I’m here on vacation.
Estoy de vacaciones.
I’m here on a business trip.
Estoy aquí por asuntos de negocios.
I’m with some friends.
Estoy con unos amigos.
I’m here for two weeks.
Estoy aquí por dos semanas.
Welcome to Texas.
Bienvenido a Texas.
Make yourself at home.
¡Estás en tu casa!
How old are you?
¿Cuántos años tienes?
Where are you from?
¿De dónde vienes?
Where do you live?
¿En dónde vives?
What is your address?
¿Cuál es tu dirección?
What is your telephone number?
Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
Is this your first visit to the USA?
¿Es este tu primer viaje a los Estados Unidos?
to be born
nacer
to grow, to grow up
crecer
to grow up (Spain)
criarse
to spend time
pasar
to achieve, to carry out
realizar
A common mistake is the use of ser or estar (to be) with nacer (to be born). This is redundent. Here are some examples of common mistakes and their correct form:
A common mistake is the use of ser or estar (to be) with nacer (to be born). This is redundent. Here are some examples of common mistakes and their correct form:
I was born in 1988.
Nací en 1988. (correct) Estuve nacido en 1988. (incorrect)
The baby will be born on Monday.
El bebé nacerá el lunes. (correct) El bebé será nacido el lunes. (incorrect)
Another common mistake occurs when one wants to express the idea of spending time. The Spanish verb gastar is used only when speaking about spending money. To speak about spending time you should use the verb pasar.
repito
I spent a year in Spain.
Pasé un año en España. (correct) Gasté un año en España. (incorrect)
to know a person
conocer
to say goodbye
despedirse
to introduce
presentar
to introduce oneself
presentarse
to greet, to say hello
saludar
As in any other language, there are many ways to say goodbye in Spanish. Some expressions are best used in formal situations and others are more familiar in tone. The table below shows some common phrases.
Various Ways to Say Goodbye
goodbye
adiós
see you later
hasta luego
see you
nos vemos
until tomorrow
hasta mañana
bye
ciao
it's time to say goodbye
ya me despido
it was nice to meet you (male)
Me dio mucho gusto conocerlo
it was nice to meet you (female)
Me dio mucho gusto conocerla
thanks for everything
gracias por todo
take care
que te cuides
we had a lot of fun
nos divertimos mucho
I had a good time
me la pasé bien
have a good one
que te vaya bien
I've got to say goodbye
ya me despido
I'm fine
estoy bien
I'm tired
estoy cansado
I'm hot
tengo calor
I'm cold
tengo frio
I'm sleepy
tengo sueno
I'm fine
estoy bien
I'm tired
estoy cansado
I'm sick
estoy enfermo
I'm ok
estoy bien
I'm terrific
me siento muy bien
I'm hot
tengo calor
I'm cold
tengo frio
I'm hungry
tengo hambre
I'm thirsty
tengo sed
I'm sleepy
tengo sueño
None
pleasant (adjective)
agradable
friendly
amigable
mustache (male)
bigote
kind
cariñoso
thin
delgado
medium height (female)
estatura mediana
strategy (female)
estrategia

(s - tra - TAY - hia)
None
to be missing
faltar
generous
generoso
talkative
hablador
to be born
nacer
patient
paciente
fair complexion
tez blanca
timid, shy
tímido
Unlike English, Spanish does not use indefinite articles when dealing with one's occupation, religion or citizenship.
repito
Jorge is a lawyer.
Jorge es abogado.
I am Mexican
Soy mexicano.
My brother is a Buddhist.
Mi hermano es budista.
In order to talk about where you are from you will need to keep in mind the following terms and their articles.
repito
the state
el estado
the region
la región
the province
la provincia
the street
la calle
the center, downtown
el centro
the north
el norte
the south
el sur
the east
el este
the west
el oeste
the square
la plaza
the river
el río
the lake
el lago
the mountains
la sierra
the coast
la costa
nation
nación
origin
origen
region
región
to arrive
llegar
hot weather
clima caluroso
rainy weather
clima lluvioso
mild weather
clima templado
Where are you from?
¿De dónde eres?
I'm from Argentina.
Soy de la Argentina.
What's your nationality?
¿Cuál es tu nacionalidad?
I'm Mexican.
Soy mexicano.
I'm from a small town, but I've always lived in the city.
Soy de pueblo, pero he vivido siempre en la ciudad.
The state of California is the richest of the region.
El estado de California es el más rico de la región.
Your family arrived from New York many years ago.
Tu familia llegó de Nueva York hace muchos años.
In some countries, the population is concentrated in the nation's capital.
En algunos países, los habitantes se concentran en la capital del país.
Where does that product come from?
¿Cuál es el lugar de origen de ese producto?
It's from Panama.
Es originario de Panamá.
My name is Maria de Jesus.
Mi nombre es Maria de Jesus.
My name is Isabel.
Mi nombre es Isabel.
I'm from Guatemala.
Soy de Guatemala.
I'm from Mexico.
Soy de México.
I'm from Puerto Rico.
Soy de Puerto Rico.
I'm from Colombia.
Yo soy de Colombia.
I'm Nicaraguan.
Soy Nicaraguense.
I'm Peruvian.
Soy Peruana.
I am English (male).
Soy inglés.
I am English (female).
Soy inglesa.
I live in London.
Vivo en Londres.
My name is Jennifer.
Me llamo Jennifer.
I am 27 years old.
Tengo veintisiete años.
I have two sisters.
Tengo dos hermanas.
I do not have a brother.
No tengo hermano.
She is older than me.
Ella es mayor que yo.
Her name is Rebecca.
Se llama Rebecca.
She is 31 years old.
Tiene treinta y uno años.
I would like to be a doctor.
Quiero ser médico.
My birthday is April 8th.
Mi cumpleaños es el ocho de abril.
I was born in 1979.
Nací en mil novecientos setenta y nueve.
My father is a policeman.
Mi padre es guardia.
My mother died last year.
Mi madre murió el año pasado.
Very well.
Muy bien.
More or less.
Mas o menos.
Not very well.
No muy bien.
I feel very bad.
Yo estoy muy mal.
I feel very bad.
Me siento muy mal.
I'm tired. I need to rest.
Estoy cansada. Necesito descansar.
I'm fine. Let's go shopping.
Estoy bien. Vamos de compras.
I'm sick. I need to return to the hotel. (male)
Estoy enfermo. Necesito regresar al hotel.
I'm sick. I need to return to the hotel. (female)
Estoy enferma. Necesito regresar al hotel.
I feel great. Let's go for a walk.
Me siento muy bien. Vamos a dar un paseo.
I'm hot. Please turn on the air conditioning.
Tengo calor. Por favor encienda el aire acondicionado.
I'm cold. Please turn on the heat.
Tengo frío. Por favor encienda la calefacción.
I'm hungry. Can you recommend a restaurant?
Tengo hambre. ¿Puede usted recomendarme un restaurante?
I'm thirsty. Where can I find water?
Tengo sed. ¿En dónde puedo encontrar agua?
I'm sleepy. I need to go to bed.
Tengo sueño. Necesito ir a la cama.
In order to speak about your personal history you will need to know how to use certain verbs. For example:
repito
to be born
nacer
to grow, to grow up
crecer
to grow up (Spain)
criarse
to spend time
pasar
to achieve, to carry out
realizar
A common mistake is the use of ser or estar (to be) with nacer (to be born). This is redundent. Here are some examples of common mistakes and their correct form:
repito
I was born in 1988.
Nací en 1988. (correct) Estuve nacido en 1988. (incorrect)
The baby will be born on Monday.
El bebé nacerá el lunes. (correct) El bebé será nacido el lunes. (incorrect)
Another common mistake occurs when one wants to express the idea of spending time. The Spanish verb gastar is used only when speaking about spending money. To speak about spending time you should use the verb pasar.
repito
I spent a year in Spain.
Pasé un año en España. (correct) Gasté un año en España. (incorrect)
My boss supervises me in the the afternoons.
Mi jefe me supervisa por las tardes.
Preposition placement
repito
In modern American English it is common to place a preposition at the end of a sentence. For example, "who are you writing to?" or "Where are you coming from?". These prepositions are placed at the beginning of sentences in Spanish, just as they are in more formal English (e.g. "To whom are you writing?" or "From where are you coming?").
repito
Where are you going (to)? (To where are you going?)
¿Adónde vas?
(To whom are you saying it?) Who are you saying it to?
¿A quién lo dices?
(By when are they due?) When are they due by?
¿Para cuándo son?
(At what time do you close?) What time do you close (at).
¿A qué hora cierran?
What street do you live on? (On what street do you live?)
¿En qué calle vives?
to know someone
conocer
to be married
estar casado
to be single
estar soltero
it's very nice to meet you
encantado de conocerle
to greet
saludar
Conversation
repito
Hi, how's it going?
Hola, ¿Qué tal?
Well, and you?
Bien, ¿y tú?
Well, not bad. I can't complain.
No, pues, nada mal.No me puedo quejar.
What's your name?
¿Cómo te llamas?
My name is Alfredo Montañés.
Me llamo Alfredo Montañés.
What do you do?
¿A qué te dedicas?
I'm a mechanic at a car garage.
Soy mecánico en un taller de autos.
Where do you live?
¿Dónde vives?
I live in the valley neighborhood next to the ecological park.
Vivo en la colonia del valle, al lado del parque ecológico.
None
Do you study or work?
¿Estudias o trabajas?
The young girl likes to dance.
A la niña le gusta bailar.
The man doesn't like to cook.
Al hombre no le gusta cocinar.
It is difficult to hear song.
Es una canción difícil de escuchar.
I don't like to ski.
No me gusta esquiar.
She likes to talk.
A ella le gusta hablar.
She likes to watch the children play.
A ella le gusta mirar a los niños jugar.
He likes to swim every day.
A él le gusta nadar todos los días.
She likes to skate on the lake.
A ella le gusta patinar en el lago.
The young boy likes to remember numbers.
Al niño le gusta recordar los números.
to live together, side by side
convivir
to rest
descansar
newscast
el noticiero
to take a walk
pasear
newspaper
periódico
to practice
practicar
snack
refrigerio
to return
regresar
actor
actor
performance
espectáculo
university school (e.g., law)
facultad
marvelous
maravilloso
It's a daily thing.
Es cosa de todos los días.
I wake up around 6:30.
Despierto más o menos a las seis y media.
My schedule is very full.
Mi programa es muy pesado.
I watch the news before I go to sleep.
Veo los noticieros antes de dormir.
I always read until late at night.
Siempre leo hasta muy tarde.
I like to get together with my friends to drink a coffee or beer.
Me gusta reunirme con mi amigos para tomar un café o una cerveza.
Doing the same job everyday is difficult.
Es difícil hacer el mismo trabajo todos los días.
I have my degree in drama.
Soy formado en teatro.
POWER Words are also known as impersonal expressions. Impersonal expressions do not have a specific person or thing as the subject. In English we use the non-specific “it”, but in Spanish the pronoun is omitted.
repito
It's good that they do it.
Es bueno que lo hagan.
It's bad
Es malo
It's better
Es mejor
It's worse
Es peor
It's horrible
Es horrible
It's horrendous
Es horrendo
It's stupendous
Es estupendo
It's marvelous
Es maravilloso
It's possible
Es posible
It's impossible
Es imposible
It's probable
Es probable
It's improbable
Es improbable
It's incredible
Es increíble
It's necessary
Es necesario
It's necessary
Es preciso
It's urgent
Es urgente
It's important
Es importante
It's interesting
Es interesante
It's notable
Es notable
It's unusual/strange
Es raro
It's strange
Es extraño
It's stupid
Es estúpido
It's ridiculous
Es ridículo
It's curious
Es curioso
It's doubtful
Es dudoso
It's unlikely
Es difícil
It's likely
Es fácil
It's uncertain
No es seguro
It's uncertain
No es cierto
It's not true
No es verdad