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32 Cards in this Set

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Sir Walter Raleigh
Fought the Irish. He was introduced, and became a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I. Known for his wit and womanizing. (According to a famous legend he once laid his expensive cloak over a mud puddle so that the Queen's feet would not be dirtied. He also organized expeditions to the new world, popularized tobacco, and found time to write poetry on the side. He was not a favorite of Elizabeth's successor, James I, who kept him imprisoned in the Tower of London for years and finally had him beheaded in 1618. After his execution, his head was embalmed and returned to his wife, some sources say on the day he was beheaded Raleigh was granted a last smoke of tobacco, establishing the tradition of giving a prisoner a last cigarette before execution
John Smith
Smith came from a hard-working family. His father was a head teacher. After attending a local grammar school and Glasgow University he became a lawyer. Smith showed himself to be a good debater. He entered the Cabinet, at the age of 40, as Trade Secretary in 1978. These few months were to be his only spell in Cabinet. Smith was the only continuous member of the shadow Cabinet until his sudden death in 1994. Although on the political right he was never a factional politician.
John Rolfe
He was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is known as the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the chief of the Powhatan. No one knows what John Rolfe looked like: all portraits of him were made after his death, and no descriptions of his appearance are extant.
Pocahontas
A Powhatan princess. Pocahontas was the daughter of Powhatan, an important chief. In 1613 she was kidnapped by Captain Samuel Argall and held at the fort for a year as a bargaining chip in dealings with her father. In captivity she was baptized and christened Rebecca, and in 1614 married John Rolfe, with whom she had a son, Thomas. After seven months in England, Rolfe decided to take his family back to Virginia and set sail in March of 1617. Pocahontas immediately became gravely ill and the ship went ashore at Gravesend, England, where she died. Her burial at Gravesend was recorded as taking place on 21 March 1617. "Pocahontas" means "playful" or "little one”. Many stories speculate that Pocahontas married one of her father's chiefs, Kocoum, sometime between 1610 and 1613.
William Bradford
He was a man that went on the Mayflower, and governed the people on there.
John Withrop
He practiced law in London but was persecuted for his Puritan religious beliefs. Winthrop thought that the Church of England should abolish bishops, and other Roman Catholicism such as kneeling and the use of priestly vestment and altars. Winthrop was granted a charter for the Massachusetts Bay Colony and arrived with 700 settlers in 1630. He served as governor of Massachusetts.
Roger Williams
A Puritan, who challenged the leaders of Massachusetts Bay. He was a young minister in Salem. Religious Tollerance - a willingness to let others practice their own beliefs. He was viewed as a dangerous troublemaker. He started the colony of Rhode island, because the Native Americans liked him so much (so they gave him the land). He allowed complete freedom of religion, for all religions. People came there, because they were tired of always being told to go to church.
He tried to treat Native Americans fairly.
Anne Hutchinson
A Puritan, she regularly attended church services. She used to question some of the ministers sermons, with her freinds after mass. She was very persuasive, and people flocked to hear what she had to say. Puritan leaders grew angry. They could not prove that she was guilty, after she had gone to court for "speaking God's word". She made a mistake in one of her answers, she said that God spoke directly to her. So they kicked her out of the colony, so she went to Rhode Island, with her family, and some freinds.
Thomas Hooker
A Puritan minister, led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay. Built a town called Hartford. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, was created in 1639, to be a government rule. By 1662 there were 15 towns along the Connecticut River.
William Penn
Tried to treat Native Americans fairly. founded the colony of Pennsylvania. He came from a wealthy English family. He was a freind of King Charles II. At age 22, he joind the Quakers group, which supprised everyone. The group of Quakers was the most despised group in all of England. He thought of his colony as the "holy experiment". He belived in fair treatment of the Native Americans. The Natives then became to like Penn. He made a capital and called it Philadelphia, which means "brotherly love".
Lord Baltimore
Sir George and his son Cecil were British subjects rewarded with land in the new world. George was a Secretary of State to King James I. He was at first rewarded with a title to land in Newfoundland.
James Oglethorpe
was a British general, a philanthropist, and was the founder of the colony of Georgia. As a social reformer in Britain, he hoped to resettle Britain's poor, especially those in debtor's prison, in the New World
Jonathon Edwards
Was a preacher, theologian, and missionary to Native Americans.
George Whitefeild
English evangelist. When he was 12 years old, he left grammar school and became a tapster in the tavern. At 21 he professed personal religious conversion, and thereafter to the last day of his life his all-consuming desire was to tell of the "new birth" he had experienced. Whitefield began to preach with amazing success. His youth, his histrionic ability, his beautiful voice, and a compulsive personal conviction enabled him to hold an audience with remarkable power. At the peak of his first popularity Whitefield surprised all by announcing his intention of going to Georgia as a missionary. In February 1738 he embarked on the first of his seven voyages across the Atlantic.
Lost Colony
One of the first colonies in America created, some of the people went back to England to get more supplies. When they came back with more supplies, all of the people were gone, and all that was left were the houses, crops, and a tree that had a craving in it, the carving was the name of one of the local Native American tribes.
Virginia company
A very wealthy company, later known as the London company. They funded Jamestowns' trip. they also funded a lot of ther trip to America.
House of Burgesses
The first government in America, they first met in the local church.
Puritain/Reformer
Landed on Plymouth rock, and made town there, they were the start of the Salem witch trials.
Pilgrim/Seperatist
Landed on Plymouth rock, and made freinds with the Natives. With whom they had The Thanksgiving meal with.
Mayflower Compact
The Compact that was made, because they Mayflower, had gone out of the Virginia Company's area.
City on a Hill
Massachussettes Bay colony. the puritains were thet refromers, they thought that they were an example to all others. They belived in Harsh laws, incuding: Obedience, work,and stealing stupid things, meat instant death.
Quakers
A religion, that belived that all religions were welcome to come, and practice there own religion wherever and whenever they pleased.
Middle Passage
The person in the middle of all trade, mostly this person was England.
Triangular trade
The trade from America to Europe, Asia, and Africa. But Europe would not let America trade with anyone else. So America had to trade in secret.
Great Awakening
The time of AWAKENING, in all religious groups. All thought that God, and Jesus were coming very soon, and that they all could hear Jesus, God and the Holy Spirit themselves.
What made the Mayflower Compact significant?
The Mayflower Compact was very significant, because it was the first form of Government in the Americas.
Why was the Virginia House of Burgesses significant?
This was the first form of democratic government, in the America's, which only allowed men to vote, own land, etc.
Why was relgion more diverse in the Middle colonies?
Because the middle colonies were in the middle of the Southern and the Northern colonies. so the relgon was both part Northern, and part Southern.
What was the conflict that existed between Eastern and Western settlemet in Virginia?
The Eastern and \western were fighting over The religions(while the Southern and Northern were fighting over slavery)!
When you consider why the Pilgrims, and the Puritans came to America, what is ironic about the way that they treated each other?
Well, the Pilgrims and the Puritains were both getting away from Europe. The Pilgrims were freindlier, they befreinded a lot of Natives. While the Puritains kind of stayed off to themselves, and whenever they came into contact with the natives, they either killed, capurted, or sold them. The Puritains were very mean to the Pilgrims, while the Pilgrims were trying to be the nice one's.
THIS IS A FACT:
Great Awakening lead to religious choice!
Select one of the essay topics:
I selected # 12
12.) Contrast colonial and Native American perspectives about land ownership, trade, wealth, and religion, and explain how this would ultimatly lead to conflict between them