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624 Cards in this Set

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aden
III noun - adenos

gland
aer
III noun

air, gas
agogos
leading
promoting flow, expelling
agra
a taking, catching
painful seizure
aisthesis
III noun

feeling, sensation, perception
aisthetos
perceptible (adverb)
asthenesai
to perceive (forms aisthesis)
aitia
cause
ake, akme
point, tip
highest point of
akouein
to hear
aor: acous-, sometimes acus-
akros
at the end, summit (adj)
extremities
aktis
III noun - aktinos

ray
light ray, ray-like or radiating structure
algos
III noun - algeos

pain
algesis
III noun

sense of pain
allos
other, different, external, foreign
allelon
of each other (gen. plural)
allotrios
strange
amblys
III adj

dulled, blunt
amnion
innermost membrane enclosing the fetus
amoibe
change
amygdale
almond, tonsil
amylon
starch
anemos
wind
aner
III noun - andros

a man, male
stamen of flower
angeion
vessel (blood, lymph, bile)
case
anthein
to blossom, break out, erupt
anthos
III noun - antheos

flower
rash
anthropos
man (human being)
antron
cave, cavity, sinus
archaios
ancient
arche
beginning, origin, primitive

(see arche- in prefixes)
argyros
silver
arteria
windpipe, vessel
arthron
joint, juncture of bones, sound in speech
aster, astron
star
-aster
pertaining to structure or origin
astragalos
anklebone, ball of the ankle joint
autos
self, by itself (fem: aiate)
auxein
to increase
auxanein
to grow
ba- or be-

bainein, benai
to go, walk
basis
a walking, a step, a foundation
bakterion
a little staff or rod
ballein
to throw, toss, put
bole or bolos
a throw
metabole
throwing after, change
baros
III noun - bareos

weight, pressure
barys
III adj

heavy
bathys
III adj

deep, inner
bathos
III noun - batheos

depth
bios
life
biosis
a living, way of living
blastos
a bud, shoot, sprout, embroynic cell
blepein
to see
blepharon
eyelid
boule
will, wish
brachion
III noun

arm, upper arm
brachys
III adj

short
bradys
III adj

slow
bronchos
windpipe, trachea
chasma
III noun - chasmatos

cleft, opening
chasis
III noun

separation, division
cheilos
III noun

lip
cheir
III noun - cheiros

hand
chloros
green, yellowish green, yellow
chole
bile, gall
bitter anger
chondros
granule
cartilage
chorde
gut-string, sinew, cord
choreia
dancing
St. Vitus' dance
chorion
skin
outermost membrane enveloping the fetus
tunic of the eyeball
chroa, chroma
chroma - III noun - chromatos

surface of body, skin
colour of the skin
colour
chronos
time
chrysos
gold
yellow
chy-

cheein
to pour
chymos, chylos
something poured, juice, fluid
choane
funnel
dakryon
tear
daktylos
finger, toe
deein
to tie
desmos
band, bond, ligament
delta
triangle-shaped, like the letter
demos
country, land
people of a country
dendron
tree
branched structure
derma
III noun - dermatos

that stripped off
skin, hide
diaita
way of life
didymos
twofold, twin (adj)
one of two testes
-didymus or -dymus
twin fetal monster
dipsa
thirst
diskos
disc
dolichos
long
dosis
III noun

a givin, a dose
doteos
to be given (adj)
dromos
a running, a course
dynamis
III noun

power, active force
ech-

echein
to have, hold
sch-

echein
to get
isch-

echein
to keep back, suppress
id-

eidos
III noun - eideos

that seen, form, shape
-(o)id

(o is combining vowel)
eidos
III noun -eideos

like, in shape of
elektron
amber
electricity
emeein
to vomit
emetos
vomiting (adj)
enteron
that within (adj)
intestine
ergon
work (of art)
ergasia
work (as in labour)
eros
III noun - erotos

love, lust
erythros
red
erythema
III noun - erythematos

a redness (of the skin)
ethnos
III noun - ethneos

race, nation
eurys
III adj

wide, broad
gala
III noun - galaktos

milk
gamos
marriage, wedlock
gametes
groom or germ cell
gamete
bride or germ cell
ganglion
a mass of nerve cells
a small hard cyst or swelling
gaster
III noun - gastros

belly, stomach
the bulging fleshy part of amuscle
ge
earth
gen-

gignesthai (pres infin)
genesthai
to become, produced, born
genesis
being produced, coming into being, origination (adj)
genos
III noun - geneos

breed, race, kind
genea
stock, descent
geron
III noun - gerontos

old man, old person
geras
III noun - geraos

old age
geusis
III noun

taste
glaukos
gray
gleaming, sea-green, greenish-blue
glossa, glotta
tongue
glykys, glykeros
sweet, sugar
gnathos
jaw (lower)
gnonai (aor infin)

gignoskein (pres infin)
to know, judge
gnosis
a knowing, knowledge
gnomon
one who knows, judge
index
gone
generation, semen, seed
offspring
gonia
corner, angle
gony
III noun - gonatos
knee, joint
graphein (pres infin)
to draw, write, inscribe
gramma
III noun - grammatos

something written or drawn, mark, record
gymnos
naked, unclothed or lightly clothed
gyne
III noun - gynaikos

woman, pistil of flower
gyros
circle, ring, turn
haima
III noun - haimatos

blood
hairein
to take, grasp
kathairesis
III noun

destruction
hals
III noun - halos

salt
haptein
to fasten, fasten upon, attach
to grasp, seize, touch
(h)apsis
joining, juncture
haphe
sense of touch
hed-, hid-, his-, hiz-

hezesthai (pres infin)
to sit, to cause to sit, to place
hedra
sitting place, anus, base or side
helios
sun
helix
III noun - helikos

something spiral-shaped, coil
snail
helkos
sore, ulcer
hemera
day
henai

hienai (pres infin)
heinai (aor)
to send going, send, let go
enema
III noun - enematos

a sending in
paresis

(from henai - just the e left)
a letting go
paralysis
katheter
that sent or let down
a tube for passage of fluids

(down-send-agent)
hepar
III noun - hepatos

liver
herpes
III noun - herpetos

a creeping
spreading blisters
herpeton
a creeping animal, esp snake or reptile
heteros
other, different from
hidros
III noun - hidrotos

sweat, perspiration
histos, histion
tissue, web

(hist- is the root for "stand")
hodos
road, way, path
holos
whole, entire, all
homalos
even, level, flat
regular
homos, homoios
like, the same as, equal
hormon
III adj - hormonos

setting in motion, arousing, exciting
hyalos
glass
hydor
III noun - hydatos (no r!)

water, fluid
hygieia
health, soundness of mind or body
hygros
wet, moist, fluid
hyle
wood, matter
hymen
III noun - hymenos

skin, membrane of vagina
hypnos
sleep
agrypnos
agre- (to hunt for)+ hypnos

sleepless, wakeful
hypsi
III adj

on high, aloft
hypsos
III noun - hypseos

height
hystera
womb, uterus
iaesthai
to heal
iatros
one who heals, physician
iatreia
healing, treatment
ichthys
III noun

fish
idios
one's own, peculiar
iris
III noun - iridos

the rainbow, coloured membrane of the eye
is
III noun - inos

strength
muscle, fibre, tissue
ischion
hip-joint, hip
isos
equal
isthmos
a narrow neck or passage
kainos
new
kainotes
newness, novelty
kakos
bad, disordered, abnormal
kallos
III noun

beauty
kalos
beautiful
kalyx
III noun - kalykos

covering, shell
circle of sepals around flower
kamptos, kampylos
bent
kardia
heart
karkinos
crab
cancer
karpos
the wrist OR fruit, seed
karyon
nut, kernel, nucleus
katharsis
III noun

a cleansing, emptying
kausos
burning heat
kauma
III noun

perception of burning heat
kaustos, kautos
burnt
kauterion
searing-iron (instrument that heats)
kele
tumor, hernia
kenos
empty
kenosis
III noun

an emptying
kenteein
to goad, prick
kentron
sharp point, center
-centesis
perforation, surgical puncturing
kephale
head
enkephalon
that within the head, the brain
keras
III noun - keratos

horn, horny tissue
cornea
kineein
to move
kirrhos
tawny, orange, yellow
klaein
to break, to destroy
klados, klasma
klasma - III noun - klasmatos

a break
klon
III noun - klonos

the piece that is broken off
branch or twig or sprout
klinein
to bend, turn, slope
make recline, lean, lie down
klinesthai
to make lie or recline
klisis
inclination
klinikos
pertaining to bed, pertaining to lying down
clinic
klonos
confused motion, turmoil
muscular spasm
koilia
coel- or cel- through Latin

cavity
koilos
hollow
koiloma
III noun - koilomatos

hollow cavity, body cavity
koinos
coen- or cen- through Latin

common
kokkos
berry, grain, seed
berry-shaped bacteria
kolla
glue
kolon
lower part of bowels, the colon
kolpos
swollen out
bosom, vagina
koma
III noun - komatos

deep sleep, coma
kome
hair
konche
mussel, shell
kondylos
knuckle, joint
konis
III noun - konios

dust
konos
pine cone, cone
kopros
dung
kore
maiden, doll
pupil (of the eye)
kotyle
something hollow, socket, cup
first leaf of a sporophyte
kranion
skull
krasis
a mixing, mixture
temperament
kreas
III noun - kreatos

flesh
muscle tissue
krinein
to separate, to judge
to distinguish, decide
to emit, secrete
krisis
point of decision or judgment
krotos
a striking, a beat
pulse-beat
krotesis
a knocking, clapping
kryos, krymos
ice-cold, frost
krystallos
clear ice
crystal
kryptos
hidden
kyanos
dark blue
kyein
aor base: kys-

to swell, be pregnant
kyma
III noun - kymatos

a swell, a wave
kystis or kyste
kystis - III noun - kystidos

sac
kytos
a hollow receptacle
cell
kyklos
circle, ring, wheel
labein
lambanein
lep-

to take, grasp, seize
labe
handle
lepsis
seizure
labyrinthos
maze or system of intercommunicating passages
thte internal ear
lalein
to talk, chat, speak
lampein
to shine forth, to flash
lampros
clear, bright
larynx
III noun - laryngos

the organ of voice at the upper part of the trachea
leios
smooth
leipein
aor base: lip-

to leave, abandon
to fail, neglect
lepros
scaly
lepra, leprosis
leprosy
lethe
oblivion, forgetfulness
lethargos
drowsiness
leukos
white
lexis
speech, word, phrase, diction, reading
legein
to speak
lipos
fat
liparos
oily, fat
lithos
stone
lobos
a pod, lobe
logos
-logy: reasonable account of, or body of knowledge of

word, speech
thought, reason, discourse, treatise, ratio, proportion
lyein
to loosen, to break up
paralysis
loosening alongside - loss of motion or sensory function
lympha
body containing white cells, lymph
makros
long, large
malakos
soft
malaxis
a softening
mania
madness, frenzy, enthusiasm
manos
thin, rare
tension, pressure, density
massein
to knead, massage
masesis
chewing
masseter
chewer
mastos, mazos
breast
mastoeides
like a breast
process of the temporal bone
megas
III adj - megalou

large
meion
less, smaller
melas
III adj - melanos

black, dark
melos
III noun - meleos

limb
men
III noun - menos

month
meniskos
semi-lunar, crescent
meninx
III noun - meningos

membrane, one of 3 enveloping the brain and spinal cord
meros
III noun - mereos

part, segment
merismos
a partition
meristes
a divider
mesos
middle, intermediate
metra
womb, uterus
metron
measure, measuring instrument
mikros
small
mimesis, mimia
imitation
misos
hate
mitos
thread
mnaesthai
aor: mnes-

to remember
mneme
memory
mnemonikos
for remembering, memory
monos
alone, single
moros
dull, sluggish, stupid
morphe
form, shape, figure
myein
to close, shut
myelos
marrow, bone marrow
spinal cord
mys
III noun - myos

mouse, muscle
myxa
slime, mucus
mastix
III noun - mastigos

whip, flagellum
leptos
peeled thin, delicate
narke
stupor, numbness
naus
ship
nautes
sailor
nausia
seasickness, nausea (likely confusion in spelling)
nekros
dead body, dead
nema
III noun - nematos

thread
neos
new, young
nephele, nephos
cloud, mist
nephros
kidney
neuron
sinew, tendon
nerve
nomos
law, ordering
noos (nous)
mind
noema
III noun - noematos

thought
nosos
sickness, disease
nyx
III noun - nyktos

night
odous
III noun - odontos

tooth
odyne
pain
oidema
III noun - oidematos

a swelling
oideein
to swell
oikos
house, dwelling
oistros
gadfly
sexual desire, breeding period
oisophagos
the gullet, esophagus
oligos
few, small, scanty
omos
shoulder
omphalos
the navel
onkos
bulk, mass, tumour
onoma, onyma
III noun - onomatos, onymatos

name
onyx
III noun - onychos

nail of finger or toe
claw, hoof
oon
egg, ovum
oophoron
the ovary
op-
pres infin: opaein
aor: opsesthai

to see
opsis
the look or appearance, aspect
view
ops
III noun - opos

eye, face, countenance
prosopon
face
metopon
forehead
ophthalmos
eye
opisthen
behind, at the back, bacward (adv)
opisthios
hinder, hinder part (adj)
optikos
from base op-

pertaining to vision or the eye
optos
seen, visible
orchis
III noun - orchidos

testis, testicle
a plant
orexis
a reaching after
desire, appetite
organon
something that does work (ergon)
instrument, tool
organ of the body
ornis
III noun - ornithos

bird
orthos
straight
correct, normal
osmos
thrusting, pushing
osteon
bone
oule
scar
oulon
the gum
ouranos
sky, heaven
the palate
ouraniskos
the palate, roof of the mouth
ouron
urine
oureter
one of the ducts carrying urine from kidneys to bladder
ourethra
duct from bladder to surface
ous
III noun - otos

ear
oxys
sharp, swift, quick
sour, acid
oxygen
pachys, pachylos
thick
pachynsis
thickening
pais
III noun - paidos

child
palaios
old, ancient
palin
again, back
pas, pan
pas - III noun - pantos

all, entire
pathein (aor)
paskein (pres infin)

to be affected, experience, suffer
pathos
III noun - patheos

feeling, suffering
-pathy: suffering, a system of treating a disease
peg- (pres infin): pegnusthai
pag- (aor)
to make fast, fix, fasten
-pexis, -pexy
fixation, from peg- & pag-
pagos

-pagus
something firm-set, united

a fetal monster
pella, pelyx
pelyx - III noun - pelykos

bowl, pelvis
penia
poverty, need, deficiency
peina
hunger
peptein
to make soft, cook, digest
petalon
leaf
petra
rock, crag
petros
stone
phagein
to eat, devour
phainein: phain- (pres infin)
phanesthai: phan- (aor)
pha- (root)
to bring to light, to show
appear, be seen, shine
phaneros
evident
phasis
appearance, aspect, stage of development
phasma
apparition, ghost
phantasma
vision, illusion
pharmakon
drug, medicine, remedy
poison
phanai
to speak
-phasis
speech, from phanai
pheme
voice
phone
voice, sound
pharynx
III noun - pharyngos

throat
pherein
to bear, to carry
phoros
bearing, carrying, bringing
philein
to love

(e contract)
philia
love, affinity for
phlegein
to burn, to become hot
phlegma
III noun - phlegmatos

flame, heat
phlegm
phlegmasia
heat, inflammation (of fever)
phlox
III noun - phlogos

flame
phlogosis
inflammation
phleps
III noun - phlebos

vein
phobos
fear, flight
phos
III noun - photos

light
phrasis
speech, expression
phrassein
phrag-
phrak-
phrax-
to fence in , block up
diaphragma
a blocking across, partition
phroneein
to think, understand
phronesis
good sense
phren
III noun - phrenos

diaphgram
mind
phrenic nerve
phthiein
phthinein
to decline, waste away, decay
phthisis
a wasting away
phyein
to be by nature, grow, arise
physis
growth, nature
phyton, phyma
phyma - III noun
a growth, plant
tumour
phylassein
phylak-
phylax-
to guard, protect, make immune
phyllon
leaf
phylon
race, tribe
a primary division of the animal or plant kingdom
planos, planktos
wandering
plassein
to form, mold
plastos
formed, molded
-plast
primitive living cell (from plastos)
plasma
something formed
fluid portion of blood
platys
broad, flat
plax, plakos
flat or broad plate
patch of eruption
plessein
pleg-
plek-
plex-
to strike, hit, smite
plege
stroke, blow
pleura
rib, side
-ploos
diploos
haploos
folded
twofold, double
single, simple
pneein
pneu-
to blow, breathe
pnoia, pnoe
breath, breathing
pneuma
III noun - pneumatos

a blowing
wind, air, gas
pneumon
lung
poieein
to make, produce
polios
gray
polos
pivot, hinge, axis
polys
much, many, more than usual
pollakis
often
poros
passage, pore
pous
III noun - podos

foot, stalk
pragma
III noun - pragmatos

a thing done, a deed, fact
prattein
prag-
to do
praxis
a doing
praktikos
fit for doing, practical
presbys, presbytes
an old person
proktos
the anus
protos
first
primitive
simple
proteios
first, primary
protein
proteros
earlier
pseudes
III adj - pseudeos

false, imaginary
psora
itch, scab, mange
psyche
breath of life
spirit, soul
mind
psychosis
mental activity
disorder of mental activity
pteron
feather, wing
pteryx
III noun - pterygos

wing
pterygion
fin
ptosis
a falling
ptoma
III noun - ptomatos

a fall
a fallen body, corpse
ptyein
to spit
pyge
rump, buttocks
pyknos
close, frequent, thick, dense
pyle
gate, entrance
pyloros
gatekeeper
the distal aperture of the stomach
pyon
pus
pyr, pyretos
pyr - III noun - pyros

fire, heat, fever
pyrexis
ill of fever
rhachis
the spine
a ridge
rhag-
to break, burst
-rrhagia
bleeding
-rrhexis
a bursting, rupture
rhagas
III noun - rhagados

cleft
crack, fissure
rheein
to flow
rheos, rheuma
rheuma - III noun - rheumatos

flow, stream, current
rhis
III noun - rhinos

nose
rhiza
root
nerve root
rhodon
rose
red, purple
rhythmos
rhythm, measure
sakcharon
sugar
salpinx
III noun - salpingos

trumpet
tube
Fallopian/Eustachian tube
sarx
III noun - sarkos

flesh
sauros
lizard
schizein
to split, cleave
schistos
cleft
seiein
seis-
to shake
seismos
earthquake
sema, semeion
sema - III noun - sematos

mark, sign, token
sepsis
rotting, putrefaction
septikos
putrid
sapros
decayed, rotten
sideros
iron
siphon
III noun - siphonos

tube, pipe
sitos, sition
grain
food, bread
skeletos
dried, dried body, skeleton
skelos
leg
skirrhos
hard coat or covering
hard tumour
skleros
hard
skopeein
to look at, view
soma
III noun - somatos

body
spaein
spas-
to draw, rend, wrench
spasmos, spasma
spasma - III noun

a wrenching, drawing, convulsion
speira
a coil, twist, winding
sperma
III noun - spermatos

that which is sown, seed
germ, semen, sperm
speirein
to scatter, sow
sphaira
ball, globe, sphere
splanchnon
a viscus, entrail
splen
III noun - splenos

spleen
spondylos
a vertebra
spora
from speirein

a sowing, seed
offspring, spore
sporas
III adj - sporados

scattered
sta-
ste-
to cause to stand, set, fix
stasis
a standing, stoppage, arresting
apostasis
a standing away, a deep-seated abscess
end or crisis
diastasis
standing apart (confused with Latin), separation
diastema
III noun

space, fissure
stellein (pres infin)
stal- (aor)
stol- (noun)
to send
bring together
contract
staxis
a falling drop by drop, dripping
oozing
stear
III noun - steatos

fat, tallow
stenos
narrow
stereos
solid
sternon
chest, breast
breastbone
stethos
chest, breast
sthenos
strength
stichos
row, file, arrangement
stizein
stig-
stix-
to prick, to puncture, to brand
stiktos
punctured
stigma
III noun - stigmatos

effect of pricking
dot, mark, spot or impression
portion of pistil on which pollen falls
stoma
III noun - stomatos

mouth
an outlet, opening
strephein
to turn, to twist
strepsis, strophe
strepsis - III noun - strepsos

a turning
streptos
turned, twisted, bent
stypsis
a drawing together, astringency
syrinx
III noun - syringos

a shepherd's pipe
pipe, tube, fistula
syringe
syringmos
whistle, ringing
tachys
swift, quick, rapid
tachos
III noun - tacheos

swiftness, speed
tauto
(t'auto)

the same (adj)
taxis
arrangement
tassein
tag-
to arrange in order
tagma
III noun - tagmatos

an arranged body
order
techne
art, skill, craft
teinein (pres infin)
tan- (aor)
ten- (imperf?)
to stretch, strain
ektasis
stretching out, dilation
extraction
tetanos
stretched
spasm
taxis
arrangement
tainia
band, ribbon, tape
tapeworm
teinesmos
straining at stool
tele
far off, at a distance (adv)
telos
III noun - teleos

fulfillment, completion
end
an end part
purpose
teleios
complete
tenon
III noun - tenontos
from teinein - to stretch

sinew, tendon
teras
III noun - teratos

a marvel
a fetal monster
thalamos
inner room, chamber
anterior portion of brainstem
thallos
young shoot
thanatos
death
theke
sheath, cover, case
theinai
to put, place, set down
thesis
a putting, a setting down
a proposition
therapeuein
to be a servant to, to take care of
to heal, to treat medically
therapeia
treatment
thermos
hot, warm
therme
heat
heat of fever
thorax
III noun - thorakos

breastplate, chest
thrix
III noun - trichos

hair
thrombos
a thickening
clot
thymos
breath, spirit, soul, mind
strong feeling, anger
tokos
a bringing forth, childbirth
tomos
cutting
tome
a cutting, a segment
temnein
to cut
tonos
stretching, tension, tonicity, vigor
topos
place, region, spot
toxon
a bow, bow and arrow
toxikon
"on end of arrow"
poison
trachelos
neck, throat, cervix
trachys, tracheia
rough
trachoma
III noun - trachomatos

roughness
granular conjunctivitis
trauma
III noun - traumatos

wound, injury
trepein
to turn, bend
trope
a turning, attraction, affinity for
tenon
III noun - tenontos
from teinein - to stretch

sinew, tendon
thalamos
inner room, chamber
anterior portion of brainstem
thallos
young shoot
thanatos
death
theke
sheath, cover, case
theinai
to put, place, set down
thesis
a putting, a setting down
a proposition
therapeuein
to be a servant to, to take care of
to heal, to treat medically
therapeia
treatment
thermos
hot, warm
thorax
III noun - thorakos

breastplate, chest
thrix
III noun - trichos

hair
trephein
threps-
to nourish
trophe
nourishment
tympanon
drum, eardrum
typhlos
blind
the caecum
typtein
to strike, beat, hit
typos
a blow
impression, form
type
xenos
foreign
stranger, host, guest
xenia
hospitality
xeros
dry
xylon
wood (ready for use, not hyle)
zeein
to boil, seethe, bubble up
ekzema
a boiling out
skin eruption
zone
girdle, belt
zoon
something living
animal
zygon
yoke, crossbar
zygoma
III noun - zygomatos

a yoking, yoke
zygotos
yoked, joined
zyme
that which causes a seething, a ferment
leaven
zymosis
fermentation