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29 Cards in this Set

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kouros (kouri)
young man sculpture
one foot out
contrapposto
representation of the human body in which the forms are organized on a varying curving axis to provide asymetrical balance to the figure
Archaic
style of fine art deveolped in Greece from mid 7th century BCE to early 5th c BCE, characterized by increased emphasis on human figure in action naturalistic proportions and anatomical structure, simplicity of volumes forms or design. evolution of definite style for the narrative
Classical
charteristic of Greek and Roman antiquity, employment of orders simple symetrical
post and lintel construction
a system of construction in whcih 2 posts support a lintel (horizontal beam used to span an openning
refinements
unknown
relief sculpture
figures projecting from a background which they are part
Athena
goddess of wisdom fertility, the useful arts and prudent warfare, popped out of Zeus's head
orchestra
stage in Greek theater, circular piece of earth where action took place
skene
Greek stage
theater
outdoor area for housing dramatic presentations
temple
houses built to house diety statues
stylobate
the uppermost platform of a classical Greek temple, which supports the columns
peristyle
a collande all around a cella and its porches a peripteral colannade consists of a single row of columns on all sides, a dipteral collannade has a double row all around
cella
the chamber at the center of ancient Greek temples
column
a vertical weight carrying architercal member, circular in cross sections and consisting of a base, a shaft, and a capital
base
the molded projecting lowest part of Ionic and Cornithinan columns (Doric columns have no base)
capital
the uppermost memebr of a column seving as a transition from shaft to the lintel
fluting
vertical channeling roughly semi cicular in cross section and used pericopally in columns and polasters
entasis
the convex profile the apparent swelling in the shaft of a column
collande
series/row of columns
entablature
the part of the building above the columns and below the roof, has 3 parts: architrave, frieze, and pediement
frieze
the part of the entalature between the architrave and the cornice; also any sculpted or painted band in the building
cornice
the projecting, crowning memeber of the entablature framing the pediement also any crowning projection
Doric
1 or 2 systems (orders) for articulating the 3 units of elevation of a classical building: the platform colonade and entablature Doric is chacterised by capitals w/ funnel shaped echinuses, columns w/o bases and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes
metopes
the square panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
triglyphs
a 3 panel painting, ivory plaque of alterpiece also a small portable shrine with hinged wings used for private devotion
pediment
the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the collande; also an ornamental feature having this shape
Ionic
volutes, capitals, columns w/ bases, and an uninterrupted frieze