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164 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How does Hesiod portray Eros?
One of the four primordial beings
How does Homer portray Eros?
The son of Aphrodite and Ares.
Who is pictured as a youth with wings, bow and arrow?
Eros
Who is the psychopompos for the Underworld?
Hermes
Who is the boatman that ferries souls to Hades?
Charon
What river do you cross to enter Hades?
River Styx
According to Hesiod what is Erebus, who lives there?
Erubus is a binatural being, both the antropomorphized embodiment of masculine darkness--offspring of Chaos, and Erebus is a place, the Underworld, the land of the dead, the realm of Hades and Persephone.
What are the six major rivers of Erebus?
PASCOL
Phlegethon/Pyriphlegethon (Fire Flaming)
Acheron (Distress)
Styx (Abhorrent)
Cocytus (Lament)
Ocean
Lethe (Forgetfulness) part of the Roman concept of the Underworld
Erebus is the home of these icon couples and places...
Palaces of Hades and Persephone, Plain of Asphodel, Tartarus, Elysium, Elysian Fields, Isles of the Blessed
Who are Erinyes? Name them.
Judges of the Underworld:
Minos
Rhadamanthus
Aeacus
Who is Hermes? And how is he associated with the Underworld?
Hermes is the messenger God and Herald of Souls. His job was to attract souls with the caduceus and take them to the river bank of the Styx.
Who is Cerberus?
Three headed dog, guardian of the gates of Hades, only allowing souls to enter but never leave.
Who are the Judges of the Underworld? Name them.
They look at all your good or bad doings on earth. RAM
Rhadamanthus
Aeacus
Minos
They tried to punish Orestes (Mother Clytemnestra father Agamemnon) but Athena had him acquitted.
Who are Hypnos and Thanatos?
Twin brothers of death and sleep. They are the gods of peaceful death.
the river of pain, was a stream and swampy lake of the underworld and its god. The daimon Kharon ferried the souls of the dead across its dark waters in a skiff.
Acheron
Parents wedding was the event of the millennium
Achilles
Mother of Achilles, and father of Achilles
Thetis and Peleus
Destined to have a son who would surpass his father.
Achilles
Brother kings of the greeks
Agamemnon and Menelaus
The island where Achilles dressed up as a woman to avoid the draft, at the request of his mother.
Scyros
Neoptolemus
Son of Achilles from the island where he pretended to be a girl.
Achilles alter ego
Patroclus
Died in the battlefield at Troy wearing Achilles armor
Patroclus
What did Achilles do to Hector once defeating him?
Drug him back to the greeks camp and mutilated his body.
The two Trojans that Achilles fell in love with.
Troilus and his sister Polyxena.
Killed Achilles.
Paris
King of the Trojans
King Priam
Sons of King Priam.
Hector and Paris
Son of Abas, king of Argos and of Ocaleia.
Acrisius
Twin brother Proteus, who he expelled from his inheritance.
Acrisius
Daughter who was shut-up in a subterraneous apartment
Danaë
Daughter of Acrisius.
Danaë
Mother of Perseus
Danaë
Father of Perseus
Zeus (golden shower) and Proteus
________ordered mother and child to be exposed on the wide sea in a chest; but the chest floated towards the island______?
Acrisius, Serephus
Brother to King Polydectes.
Dictys.
Aeaea
Home of the goddess Circe
The sea for which the father of Thesus was named.
Aegean Sea
Athenian king, son of Pandion and best known as the father of Perseus
King Aegean
Gave Aegeus a cryptic prohecy
Pythia
Aegeus spent the night at _____. Where King _______ was a very wise king and lured Aegeus into the be of his daughter ______.
Trozen
Pittheus
Aethra
Left a sword and a pair of sandals under a great rock in Troezen.
Aegeus
Aegeus married _____, and she conceived _______.
Medea
Medus
______ was raised in Troezen by Pittheus.
Theseus
_______ spread the rumor that Theseus was the son of Poseidon to conceal his heritage.
Pittheus
______ tried to poison Theseus and turn his father against him for fear he'd usurp her and her son.
Madea
Defeated the Minotaur.
Theseus
Forgot to raise the white flag
Theseus
Threw himself into the sea when his son returned home with a black flag flying on his ship.
Aegeus
Became lover of Queen Clytemnestra
Aegisthus
Helped Clytemnestra kill her husband _______. Then ruled Mycenae for seven years before being killed by ________.
Agamemnon
Orestes
Agamemnon's son
Orestes
The hero of Virgil's epic Aeneid.
Aeneas
Cousin of King Priam
Aeneas
Founder of Roman Culture
Aeneas
Second greatest Trojan hero only to Hector.
Aeneas
Fought in combat with Diomedes, Idomeneus and Achilles.
Aeneas
Daughter of King Pittheus
Aethra
King of Mycenae
Agamemnon
Poseiden may have been the father of Theseus. T or F
True
_______ succeed Aegeus as King.
Theseus
King of Argos.
Agamemnon
Grandson of Atreus
Agamemnon
Brother of Agamemnon
Menelaus
Agamemnon and Menelaus took refuge with _______and married their daughters ________, and ________.
Tyndareus
Clytemnestra
Helen
The son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon was______.
Orestes
The 4 children of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra were:
Orestes,Iphigenia, Electra and Chysothemis
Who carried off Helen to Troy?
Paris
________ led the rebellion against Troy.
Agamemnon
Agamemnon sacrifice _______ to appease the God Artemis and gain good winds to sail to Troy.
Iphegenia
On the way home from the long battle of Troy, Agamemnon and Cassandra (spoils from war) stopped by ______, where _______ had seduced his wife.
Argolis
Aegisthus
Agamemnon and his entire crew were murdered by ______
Aegisthus
_____ avenged the murder of his father by killing both his mother and paramour.
Orestes
One of the greatest greek heroes, son of Telamon (King of Salamis) and a friend of Heracles.
Ajax
Ajax competed with other Greek warriors for _______ hand in marriage.
Helen
Helen's rightful husband ________.
Menelaus
_____fought Hector with a stone no other man could pick up.
Ajax
Ajax saved the life of the Greek hero _______.
Menestheus
Ajax held off the Trojans while the greeks retreated to their ships but was unsuccessful until ______ wearing ______ armor showed up to save the day...sort of.
Patroclus
Achilles
The goddess ______ drove ______insane and he killed himself with the sword Hector gave him.
Athena
Ajax
________and ________ fought over the armor of Achilles.
Ajax
Odysseus
King of the Phaeacians on Scheria _______.
Alcinous
______ welcomed Odyssus who was shipwrecked on his shore
Alcinous
Daughter of Alcinous _______.
Nausicaa
Mother of Heracles and Iphicles.
Alcmene
Iphicles son of _______.
Amphitryon
Zeus tricked _______ by impersonating her husband _______, and thus impregnating her with Heracles.
Alcmene
Amphytryon
Hera delayed the birth of _____ so that ______ would become king of ________.
Heracles
Eurystheus
Mycenae
Who is the Amazon Queen?
Hippolyta
Theseus married _______, sister of the Amazon Queen.
Antiope
The Amazons attacked Athens because they believed _____ was being help captive.
Antiope
One of Heracles labors was to steal the ______ of the Amazon Queen.
Girdle
Hippolyta was given her girdle by her father ______.
Ares, god of war
Eurystheas of _______ was the one to send Heracles on his 12 labors.
Tyrins
Penthesilea was a great warrior of the ______. She accidentally killed _______ which drove her to fight in the _______ war, on the side of the _______.
Amazons
Hippolyta II
Trojan
Trojans
_______ was killed by Achilles who later desecrated her body at the sight of her beautiful dead body.
Penthesilea
Amphytryon was the son of _____ King of Tiryns. He accidentally killed his uncle _______, King of Mycenae then fled with that king's daughter Alcmene.
Alcaeus
Electyron
Amphytryon settled in the city of _______.
Thebes
The wife of Hector.
Andromache
Andromache was remarried to _____ after the fall of Troy.
Neoptolemus
Daughter of King Cepheus.
Andromeda
Wife of Perseus.
Andromeda
Boasted she was more beautiful than the goddesses and so was chained to a rock to be devoured by Poseidon's sea monster.
Andromeda
_______ flew on the winged horse _______ to save Andromeda.
Perseus
Pegasus
Perseus killed Phineus by what means, and why?
Turning him to stone with the head of Medusa because Phineus was originally promised to Andromeda.
Daughter of Autolycus, wife of Laertes, and mother of Odysseus.
Anticleia
Died of grief from not seeing her son return home.
Anticleia
_______ son of Eupeithes of Ithica was one of the mean suitors of Penelope.
Antinous
First of the potential suitors of Penelope to die.
Antinous
An immortal monster with one-hundred heads. Offspring of Echidna and Typhon.
Ladon
Son of Ares that Heracles ran into on his quest for the Apples of the Hesperides.
Cycnus
The sea-god who Heracles fought in order to get the Apples. This god resisted by changing into fire and water but somehow Heracles held on.
Nereus
Daughters of Nyx and Erebus
Hesperides
Freed Prometheus
Heracles
Atlas was the brother of Prometheus. T or F?
True
Son of Poseidon and Gaia who gained his strength by keeping contact with the Earth.
Antaeus
Wife of Alcinous, King of the Phaeacians..
Arete
Hundred-eyed giant
Argos
Trying to hide his lover Io, he changed her into a white heifer. Hera demanded the Heifer and set ______to guard her.
Zeus
Argos
What does Argeiphontes mean?
Slayer of Argos
Immortal wife of the wine god ________.
Ariadne
Daughter of King Minos of Crete______.
Ariadne
Left on and island by ______, Ariadne ended up marrying Dionysos, who found her.
Theseus after he defeated the Minataur.
Often painted with Satyrs and Maenads, or asleep on the shore.
Ariadne
Son of the Trojan prince Hector and his wife Andromache.
Astyanax, or Scamandrius
Cleaned ______stables and asked for cattle as payment.
Augeaus
The daughter of Calchas of Troy and loved by Trolius.
Cressida
Son of Thestor (priest of Apollo) and the most famous soothsayer among the greeks during the trojan war.
Calchas
Calypso lived on the island_____.
Ogygia
Bore Odysseus two sons and was ordered by Zeus via Hermes to release Odysseus after detaining him seven years.
Calypso
The daughter of Priam, and his wife Hecuba.
Cassandra
Loved by Apollo, she tricked him into giving her prophetic powers, which she the refused to share with Apollo.
Cassandra
Raped by Ajax the Lesser
Cassandra
Wife of Cepheus and mother of Andromeda
Cassiopeia
King of Ethiopia
Cepheus
Said they were more beautiful than the Nereids.
Cassiopeia and Andromeda
Who saved Andromeda?
Perseus and Pegasues
Who is Cerberus?
3-50 headed dog that guards Hades.
Brother o fLernaean Hydra, Nemean Lion, the Sphinx, the Ladon, and Chimear.
Cerberus
The 12th labor of Heracles
Capture Cerberus
________ lulled Cerberus to sleep in order to look for Eurydice.
Orpheus
Who is the ferryman of the dead?
Charon
Who brings the souls of the dead to Charon?
Hermes
Son of Erebus and Nyx
Charon
Charybdis was the nymph daughter of _____. But was turned into a monster by Zeus. She then destroyed passing ships with _____.
Poseidon
Scylla
Avenged by her father through Apollo.
Chryses
Witch/Sorceress who changed Odysseus's men into animals.
Circe
Who helped Odysseus change his men back into humans?
Hermes
Circe lived on the island of _____.
Aiaia
Daughter of Leda and Tyndareus.
Clytemnestra
Zeus appeared in the form of a Swan and raped...
Leda
Leda gave birth/laid eggs of four children--two immortal, two mortal.
Mortals: Clytemnestra and Castor
Immortal: Helen and Polydeuces
Cocytus
River of the wailing for the underworld.
Mythical sculptor of the Labyrinth and flowing statues.
Daedalus
Crafted himself and his son ______ wings.
Daedalus and Icarus
Daedalus pissed off King ______ of Crete
Minos
______ had Daedalus fashion her a cow suit so she could mate with the most handsome bull that her husband his from Poseidon.
Pasiphae
Impregnated by golden shower and gave birth to _____.
Danae: Perseus
Friend of Odysseus who fell off the roof drunk at Circe's palace.
Elpenor
________ was the great lover of Orpheus who just couldn't resist looking back in Hades.
Orpheus
Eurymachus is a manipulative decietful suitor of _______.
Penelope
Eurycleia...
Faithful slave of Odysseus
Prince of swineherds:
Eumaeus
Orthros was the ____ of Geryon, a feat of Heracles's.
Dog