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214 Cards in this Set

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There are three Graces: Aglaia, Euphrosyme, and Thalia. The make life better for men and are the children of Zeus and Eurynome.
There are nine Muses, originally unnamed. they are the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne. They slowly acquired names and attributes: Clio, Urania, Melpomene, Thalia, Terpsichore, Calliope, Erato, Polyhymnia, Euterpe. Helicon is one of ther mountains. Often they are companions to Apollo
Water nymphs of rivers and fountains.
Lies somewhere beyond the edge of the world. In other stories, it is located beneath the surface of the land. It is sometimes divided iont Tartarus and Erebus. Until Virgil, little is known about the underworld.
The primary river separating the real world from the underworld. It is by the Styx that the gods swear and make an unbreakable oath.
a three headed dog gauarding the entrance the underworld. Beyond him are three judeges who determine punishment for the sinners: Rhadamnathus, Minos, and Aeacus.
Elysian Fields
The sacred place in the underworld where heroes and good people go.
The underworld's river of forgetfulness
Furies (Erinyes)
goddesses who punish evils doers. The Greeks believed that they punshied sinners while they were on earth. Ther names are Tisiphone, Megaera and Allecto.
Part and part horse creature who is pictured on Greek vases.
Part and part goat creatures who live in the wild.
Ureads, Dryads and Ham-Dryads
Nymphs of mountains, rivers and trees respectively.
Half men and half horse known primarily for excessive lust and violence. Chiron is a centaur known for his wisdom and teaching.
Three terrible women, tow of whom are immortal. Medusa is not. They are dragonlike, with wings. Theri mere sight turns men to stone.
Singing beast in the middle of the sea that cause ships to wreck on their island.
Fates, Moirae, Parcae
There are three: Clotho, spins the thread of life, Laches dispenses lots and lengths to the thread, and Atropos, cuts the thread.
Lares, Penates
Roman gods of house and hearth. Also assocaited with ancestor worship.
The first gods who were overthrown eventually by the Olympians.
The heavenly home of the gods.
Maenads (Bacchantes)
Bands of women under the control of wine who follow Dionysius araound and cut a path of destructions in their wake.
Home city of Dionysius and Oedipus. Athens unites with other in the Seven Against Thebes.
One-eyed children of Gaia and Ouranos. they survived the war between the Titans and the Olympians and became servants of Zeus.
The in of Minos where the Labyrinth was held. Also the sheltering place of Zeus while he grew strong enough to overcome his father.
An ancient city located in modern Lebanon.
The ship on which Jason and the other chapions made their voyage in search of the golden fleece.
A northern region of Greece known for its wildness.
Flying beasts who harass Jason and the Argonauts while they are feasting with a prophet. They also attack Aeneas and The Trojans.
Warrior women who live on an island in the eastern Aegean.
The name of King Aeetes' Kimgdom where the Golden Fleece was held.
Scylla and Charybdis
Always paired together, these are two obstacles that face each other. Scylla is a six-headed dragon-like beast and Charybdis is a whilpool. Jason, Odysseus and Aeneas must endure these obstacles.
A city near Thebes where Medea and Jason settle and Jason decied to take a new wife.
The winged horse Bellerophon desired more that anything else. He go the horse with the help of Athena and used it to defeat many adversaries. He did not lose it until he attempted to fly up to Olympus.
A beast with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a dragon's tail that Bellerophon defeated.
The intricated maze Daedalus designed to hold the Minotaur.
The home city of Agamemnon and favored city of Hera.
The major oracle of Apollo, the god of prophets. Throughout mythology men are following the advice of the oracle for better or for worse.
The half man and half bull created by Pasiphae's lust for a bull. Mino's, Pasiphae's husband, had the Labyrinth built for the creature instead of destroying it.
The city that was ravaged by a great boar. Its king called for the Great Calydonian Boar hunt that brought together many of the great heroes. Atalanta was there.
The city on Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan war. Paris came from here to steal Helen from the house of Menlaus. It also gave birth to Aeneas who led the remnants of its people to found a city in Italy.
The soldiers of Achilles. They were formed in the time of his grandfather from ants.
The island nation of Odysseus.
The city founded by Queen Dido on North Africa. She came there from Sidon. The Trojans were washed here after a storm.
The site of Italy's passage to the underworld.
A region in Asia Minor.
The home of the gods in Norse mythology.
The hall for heroic men in Asgard in Norse Mythology.
Women who attend on Odin and the rest of the Norse pantheon.
The final day of the world when good is overcome by evil and everything ends.
Eleusinian Mysteries
The harvest time festival honoring Demeter and Dionysius. The festival was held for nine days once every five years in Greece, but the actual events of the festival are still largely unknown.
Zeus (Jupiter)
Son of Cronus, overthrew his father to free his five siblings and rule the gods. Wielding the thunderbolt, he is the most powerfull of all the gods, but he is by no means invincible. On many occasions Zeus must bow to fate. He produces many other gods through his infidelity and cause mmuch conflict with his wife Hers. Mortals hold Zeus in the highest esteem of all the gods. As society developed, Zeus also cme to bear attributes of Themis, what is right and Dike, justice, both which were once personified as goddesses. He bears the aegis, his bird is the eagle and his tree is the oak.
Hera (Juno)
Wife and siste of Jup9ter, daughtere of Cronus. She is a protector of marriage and often a goddess of childbirth. Her role in mythology is usually that of the jealous wife punishing the women with whom Zeus has sex. Her jealousy of Aphrodite cause her aggressive involvement in the Trojan War. In the tale of the Golden Fleece, she protects men. Cows and peacocks are sacred to her. Her favorite city is Argos.
Poseidon (Neptune)
One of the three Olympian brothers, Poseidon drew the lot for control of the ocean. Of the gods, he is second in power to Zeus. He is also known as the Earth shaker. He allegedly helped build the sacred walls of Troy. He gavea the first horse to men and horses remained his sacred animal.
Hades (Pluto)
The third of the Olympian brothers. He drew the lot to rule the underworld. Although he is allowed on Olympus, he is not truly welcome there. He made Persephone his wife and rules with her as King of the dead.
Athena (Minerva)
The daughter of Zeus who sprang from his head fully dressed in arms. She is often depited as a warrior goddess as well as the goddess of wisdom. She is allowed to use her father's weapons. She is a virgin. Her city is Athens; her tree is the olive tree and her bird is the owl.
He is the son of Zeus and Leto. The god of poetry, music, archery and healing. He was born on Delos. He is called Pythonian from a python he killed and Sminthian, the mouse god. The dolphin and the crow are sacred to him. The laurel is his tree.
Artemsi (Diana)
The twin sister of Apollo. Artemis is a virgin huntress who also possesses aspects of the moon goddess Lun/Selene/Phoebe. her underworld manifestation is Hecate, a goddess of death. The cypress is her tree and deer are sacred to her although she is a patron of the forest and all things contained within.
Aphrodite (Venus)
The goddess of love and beauty. Sometimes said to be a daughter of Zeus, sometimes a sister. In the Illiad she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. In other places, she was born from the sea near Cytherea. Her beauty is often wicked or destructive. She is married to Hephaestus, although she often cheats on him. The myrtle is her tree. The sparrow, dove, and swan are her birds.
Hermes (Mercury)
Son of Zeus and Maia, a daughter Atlas. He is a messenger god who wears winged sandals and carries the Caduceus, a staff with winding snakes, the symbol of modern ndeicine. He was known also as the god of thieves and commerce. He guides the dead to the underworld.
Ares (Mars)
The god of war, son of Zeus and Hera. He is hated for his inhumanity and brutality. He appears little in mythology and was loved more by the Romans than the Greeks. The vulture and the dog are sacred to him.
Hephaestus (Vulcan)
The son of Hera; was cast out of heaven either by Zeus or his mother. Although he loves peace, he is the god of the forge and makes the most highly esteemed wepons in the world. He is a patron of craftsmen and an omen of civilization.
Hestia (Vesta)
Zeus' sister, the virgin goddess of the hearth. Each city possessed a shrine to her in which a fire was always kept burning.
The heo of the Quest for the Golden Fleece. He went for the fleece to try to regain his kingdom. He endured many hardships in the first voyage described in Mythology and gained the fleece only with the help of Medea. He eventually betrayed her and becamed engaged to another woman after they had children. Medea killed her own children and Jason's fiancee, then abandoned Jason.
Eros (Cupid)
A good god in some Greek tales who later beomes Aphrodite's son. He is mischievous and often doing some sort of deed for his mother.
The wife of King Tyndareus of Sparta. She was impregnated by Zeus and bore Pollux and Hellen. She also bore Castor and Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife. Her sons went on the Calydonian boar hunt and the Quest for the Golden Fleece. In one version of her sons' death, the sons are always together and in another they never are.
Cronus (Saturn)
The father of the first six Olympians. He ate his children as they were born because he was told that a son would overthrow him and assume power(just as he had overthrown his father Ouranos and rule with Rhea).
A son of Lapetus, forced to bear the weight of the sky and the earth after the was between the Titans and the Olympians.
Son of Lapetus, brother of Atlas. He established sacrificial rites for men and gave them fire.
Demeter (Ceres)
The goddess of Grain and Wheat. The Eleusinian mysteries were in her honor. She was also the mother of Persephone and was forlorn when Hades took her daughter away.
Dionysius (Bacchus)
The god of the vine and wine. He was born by Zeus and Semele. His mother died. He tried to establish his worship in his home city of Thebes and his followers, the Maenads, killed his cousin, Pentheus, ruler of Thebes. He dies every fall and is reborn in the spring.
The blind prophet of Thebes who appears again and again to warn mortals or advise them. He warned Pentheus against Dionysius and the Maenads. He told Oedipus the gruesome truth of his birth and advised Odysseues from the afterlife.
Heracles (Hercules)
The Theban born hero and the son of Zeus. He was the strongest and the bravest man to ever live. He achieved great feats. Tragically, however, his emotions often got the best of him and he was more than once put into servitude for committing an awful crime. In this way he accomplished his famous twelve labors. He died after a misunderstanding with his wife, but was deified and worshipped for many gererations.
Odysseus (Ulysses)
The hero of Homer's Odyssey and a significant force in the Illiad. Odysseus is best know for his adventures (and misfortune) on the sea and his long ill fated journey home. He also designed the horse that brought about the fall of Troy. When he finally made it home after many dangerous stops along the way, he had to contend with suitors who had besieged his house. He killed them all and reasserted his authority over his homeland.
The goddess of youth, a daughter of Zeus and Hera. She was sometimes the cup-bearer to the gods. she is married to the divine Hercules.
The Lord of the river that circled all the land of the earth.
Father of Nereus.
The old man of the sea who married Doris and fathered the Nereids (sea nymphs), the most famous of whom is Thetis, the mother of Achilles. Poseidon married another nymph.
The trumpeter of the sea; son of Poseidon and Aphrodite.
Either a son or attendant of Poseidon. He could change shapes but also tell the future. Often, people must capture him and wait until he stops changing shapes in order to get him to divulge their fate.
The boatman who ferries people across the river Styx.
Sleep and Death
Twin brothers who live in the underworld.
Gaia (Earth)
The Earth who was born from light and day and gave birth to the Titans with Uranus, the sky.
A son of Hermes who is part goat and roams the wild places. He is also a wondrous musician.
Pan's brother or son who is always drunk and rides an ass.
Castor and Pollux
Sons of Leda and Zeus. Pollux, is immortal. Castor is mortal. These brothers of Helen spent half of their time in the underworld and half on Olympus after Castor died because they could not bear to be apart.
The King of the winds. Boreas (north, Aquilo), Zephyr (west, Favonius), Notus (south,Auster) and Eurus (east).
For Romans, he is the husband of Ops who broght a golden age to Rome.
God of good beginnings whose doors were kept closed in peaceful times but opened in war. January begins the new year.
Grandson of Saturn, a Roman version of Pan and a prophet.
The deified name of Romulus, found of Rome.
Goddess of the moon and childbirth. Her name came to be associated both with Artemis and Hera.
Persephone (Proserpina)
Daughter of Demeter, she is the foreced wife of Hades and Queen of the underworld. She is the embodiment of spring and is allowed to stay on Earth with her mother only half the year. She must spend the rest of the year in the underworld with Hades.
Wife of Cronus and mother of Zeus, Hades, Hestia, Hera and Poseidon.
The daughter of Minos who helps Theseus escaped from the Labyrinth. He leaaves her, either on purpose or accidentally, on Naxos where Dionysius rescues her and takes her with him.
The nephew of Dionysius who opposed his worshop in Thebes. This opposition results in his death at the brutal hand of the Maenads.
Ouranos (Uranus)
The heaven, or the sky; the father of the Titans, with Gaia.
The inept brother of Prometheus who created all the animals and left none of the good traits for men.
The woman created by Zeus who bore disaster and ruin either by her evil nature or her innocence. In one account, she was pure evil and in another, she release evil by opening a box she was told must remain shut.
The Centaur who was benevolent; a teacher of many men and gods.
Deucalion and Pyrrha
The two mortals who survived the great flood of Zeus. Children of Prometheus and Epimetheus.
The heifer who approached Prometheus. Hera turned her into a cow because Zeus desired her.
The woman after whom Europe is named. Zeus changed himself into a bull to carry her off. She bore Minos and Phadamanthus on Crete.
A Cyclops who was the son of Poseidon. He was blinded by Odysseus and thwarted in love by the numph Galatea.
The companion of Apollo who became the hyacinth after he was accidentally killed by a discus.
The boy Persephone and Aphrodite loved. He must live half the year alive and half dead(in the underworld). He was killed while alive,and his blood became the anemone.
A beautiful but naive girl who drew the enmity of Venus because she was being worshipped by men. Cupid fell in love with her and made her his wife. She wounded him because of her curiosity and Venus forced her to perform arduous tasks until Cupid protected her. Ultimately, she made a goddess and married Cupid.
Pyramus and Thisbe
Young lovers in Babylon whose parents forbade them to be together. The left the city to meet each other near a mulberry tree. There was a mix up and Pyramus killed himself thinking that Thisbe was dead. Thisbe killed herself when she found Pyramus. Their blood turned the mulberries from white to red.
Orpheus and Eurydice
Orpheus was the greates mortal musician and his wife was Eurydice. She died and he tried to rescue her from the underworld but failed her at the last moment Maenads eventually killed him.
Ceyx and Alcyone
A devoted couple that were never part until he went on an ill-fated trip on the sea. When she found his body floating in the surf, she tried to drown herself, but she was turned into a bird and so was he.
The gods' other messenger besides Hermes. She is most frequently the servant of Hera.
Pygmalion and Galatea
A sculptor who fell in love with his sculpture. It came to life and he named her Galatea.
Baucis and Philemon
An old couple that gave hospitality to Jupiter and Mercury disguised as beggars. In return they were allowed to die together and they became two species of trees that grew from the same stump.
Grandfather of Achilles, father of Peleus; in dath he became on of the judges of the dead.
The ruler of Crete, husband to Pasiphae, who fell in love with a bull and bore the Minotaur. He appears in many tales, usually as a conqueror. He became a judge of the dead in the underworld.
The youth who loved only himself and was interested in none of the nymphs who loved him. As a result, he was turned into a flower.
The youth loved so much by the mono that she put him to sleep foreve in a sacred grove.
Apollo fell in love with her and pursued her but she was turned into a laurel tree. This is the reason by laurel is sacred to Apollo.
Alpheus and Arethusa
Arethusa was a virgin who fled the river go Aplheus. She dived inot a stream and became a stream herself. He found his way to her underground.
The relative of Jason who was saved by a golden ram when he was to be sacrified by his father who took a new wife. He sacrified the ram to Zeus and gae the fleece to the King Aeetes.
The usurper who took the throne form Jason's family. He told Jason that he would have to get the Golden Fleece to be given the kingdom. When Jason returns with Medea, she convices his daughters to kill him.
The daughter of King Aeetes who betrayed her father and helped Jason on his quest. Cupid made her mad withlove for Jason. She killed her broghter, convinced Pelias' daughters to kill their father, and eventually killed her children and Jason's new fiancee.
The son of the Sun who was so bold as to ask his father to drive the chariot of the sun. He ended up dying after losing control of the reins.
The Corinthian hero who tamed Pegasus and conquered many adversaires in Asia Minor. He enjoyed the love of the gods unitl he tried to fly up to Olympus.
Otus and Ephialtes
The two giant sons of Poseidon who captured Ares and tried to rape Artemis.
Daedalus and Icarus
Daedalus was the architect of the Labyrinth and Icarus was his son. They escaped Crete by means of waxen wings, but Icarus flew too close to the sun and fell to his death.
The mother of Perseus who was expelled from her home because her son was destined to kill her father Acrisius. Polydected fell in love with her and caused Theseus to go on the quest to kill the Gorgon, Medusa.
The son of Dane by Zeus who was destined to kill his grandfather. He eventually kills him, by accident, in a discus throwing competition. He goes on a quest to kill the gorgon Medusa, and is helped by Hermes and Aphrodite. He is successful and he kills Polydectes and his court.
The wicked king who sent Perseus on a quest meaning to kill him.
Theseus' father who threw himself off the edge of the cliff when his son dind not raise the white flags signifying that he had survived.
The son of Aegeus and great Athenian hero. he freed the city from the curse of the Mintaur but unfortunately left Aridne on an island on the way back and unwittingly caused his father to commit suicide. He established Athens as a democracy and was trapped in the underworld until Hercules freed him. Theseus exiled his son because he thought his son had caused his wife to commit suicide.
He left home becasue an oracle proclaimed he would one day kill his father . He came to Thebes and solved the riddle of the Sphinx, killing it. He went to the city as a hero and married the King's widow.
Theseus' companion. His lust for Persephone cause them both to get caught in the underworld.
A girl raised by hunters who went on the Calydonian Boar hunt. She would only marry a man who could beat her in a footrace. Melanion distracted her by dropping a golden apples and beat her.
The father of Achilles. He went on the voyage of the Argo and met his wife, Thetis. Their marriage banquet set the scene for the beginning of the conflict that led to the Trojan War.
The nymph who married Peleus and gave birth to Achilles. She always helped her son and broght him new weapons from Hephaestus after Hector seizes his.
The goddess of discord who throw out the golden apple that cause the Trojan War.
The young prince who was asked to choose the most beautiful goddess. he chose Aphrodite in exchange for the most beautiful woman in the world. His stealing of Helen is the human cause of the war.
The most beautiful woman in the world. a daughter of Zeus and Leda. She causes strife among men at a young age. theseus wanted to steal her as an infant.
The brother of Agamemnon who was married to Helen. The was is fought on his behalf.
The leader of the Greek armies that besiege Troy. He sacrificed his own daughter to make the wind blow in the right directions.
The hero of the Illiad. Achilles' rage is the fundamental theme of the epic. His death is directly connected to the conquering of the Trojan city. He kills the Trojan hero Hector, but is later killed by Paris.
The daughter of Agamemnon who was sacrificed.
The Trojan hero whose life the city depended upon. When he fell, it sounded the death knell for the city.
One of the Greek champions. He ills himself in a fit of rage when he is not given Achilles' arms.
Another Greek hero. He is usually depicted working with Odysseus. He fights with gods and wounds them.
The wife of Hector who was forced to watch her young son be executed after the fall of Troy.
Achilles' close friend who goes into battle disguised as the hero to rally the Greeks. His death brings Achilles back into the war and destroys the trojan hope for victory.
The hero of the Aeneid. He led a group away from Troy and eventually made it to Italy after many hardships. Once there he had to fight a great war before he could found his city that led to the founding of the Roman empire.
The prophet daughter of Priam who is raped on the Altars of Athena.
The wife of Odysseus who remains loyal even though her husband is gone for twenty years.
Odysseus' son who awaits his father's return and helps him expel the suitors from their houshold.
The nymph who helps Odysseus survive Poseidon's warth.
The nymph who detains Odysseus with magic for many years.
The Queen of Carthage whose generosity to the Trojans is thanked with a ruinous love that results in her death.
The witch who leads Aeneas to the underworld.
The native Italian who opposed Aeneas and is killed by him in the end.
The Italian King who offers Aeneas help and advice to get other allies.
The son of Evander who dies at the hands of Turnus.
The son of Pelops and father of Agamemnon and Menelaus. He serves his brother his own children when he finds out that he is in love with his wife.
The father of Pelops. He served his son to the gods and was doomed to torture in the underworld forever.
The son of Tantalus who was cut up and served to the gods. When he was restored to life, he killed a charioteer in a race and was cursed.
Pelops' sister who rules in Thebes. When she tries to get the townspeople to worship her instead of Leto, Apollo and Artemis turn her to stone.
The brother of Atreus who falls in love with his brother's wife. Atreus feeds him his own children.
Agamemnon's wife, and sister to Helen. She kills her husband out of lust for his cousin Aegisthus or rage over the sacrifice of their daughter Iphigenia. She is killed in turn by her son Orestes.
The Son of Agamemnon who must commit the sin of killing hismother in order to avenge the murder of his father. The Furies pursue him for many years after. Eventually he is released and the curse over the house of Atreus ends.
The founder of Thebes. A brother of Europa who was told by Apollo to found his own city instead of searching for his sister. He bore four ill-fated daughters.
Oedipus' father who tries to avoid his fate by sending his infant son to be killed. His son killed him accidentally on a path years later.
Oedipus' wife and mother. She killed herself when she realized that she had borne children with her own son.
The brother of Jocasta and uncle of Antigone and the warring brothers. He sided with Eteocles against Polyneices even though the latter was older.
Polyneices and Eteocles
The sons of Oedipus who fight over ther father's throne. Polyneices secures help from others and Eteocles fights with Creon. They kill each other in a final duel.
Antigone's less brave sister who tried to share in her blame but went unpunished.
The daughter of Oedipus who accompanies her father in exile and is brave enough to bury her dead brother knowing she will be executed by her uncle Creon.
Procne and Philomela
The sisters of the founder of Athens. Procen's husband abducted her sister and hid her away. Procne found this out and killed her son. The sisters fled and turned into birds.
Creusa and Ion
Creusa bore Ion to Apollo and abandoned him in a cave. Years later she was reunited with him at the Oracle at Delphi.
The king of the gods. He is the father of Balder and the husband of Frigga. He gives men runes and suffers for them on many occasions.
The son of Odin who is killed ultimately by the decepetion of Loki.
The god of thunder after whom Thursday is named.
The god of fruits.
The god who watches over the bridge to Asgard.
The god of war, after whom Tuesday is named.
Hela, the goddess of the underworld from whom the English word 'hell' comes.
A son of a giant who somehow became a sworn friend of Odin. He hates good and causes the death of Balder.
King Aeetes
The King of colchis, who received the Golden Fleece from Phrixus. He was betrayed by his daughter, Medea, and lost both the fleece and his kingdom.
Midas was a rich King in Phrygia. He had great rose gardens into which, Silenus wandered, drunk as usual. Midus returned him to bacchus and the god offered him anything he wanted. Midas asked that everything he touched be truned to gold. He could no eat and soon he asked the god to take his wish back. Later, Apollo changed his ears to those of an add because he choose Pan over him in a music contest.
"There was a woman in Thessaly named Coronis, of beauty so surpassing that Apollo loved her." The girl decided to marry a mortal instead. Apollo found this out and went mad, resulting in her death. He saved her unborn child, Aescupulus and had him raised by Chiron. The god taught him about healing and he became the best healer in the world. He healed many men. The gods grew angry when he raised a man from death. Zeus struck him with a thunderbolt and killed him. In revenge, Apollo killed the Cyclopes that forged Zeus' thunderbolts.
These were famous women in the underworld destined to carry water in leaky jars forever. They were the fifty daughters of a man named Danaus who were forcibly married to fifty cousins. At the wedding, Danaus presented each one of them with a dagger. Only Hypermnestra did not kill her husband. She was thrown into prison, but was united with her husband Lyncaeus later. Theseus descended from them.
Glaucus and Scylla
Glaucus was a fisherman whose fish came back to life and swam into the ocean. He captured one of them and ate it. An intense longing fot the sea overwhelmed him He flung himself into it. A nymph named Scylla found him and he fell in love with her. Circe also fell in love with him and she turned Scylla into the hideous drage of Scylla and Charybdis.
One woman was given the power to change shapes like Proteus and she used the power to get food for her father. Erysichthon cut down of of Demeter's oaks and it bled. Demeter found out and cursed him with endless hunger. He soon lost all of his money buying food. He was hungry all the time and nothing could sate his appetite. He sold his daughter for food and Poseidon changed her into a fisherman. Every time her father sold her, she changed into something else and escaped. Eventually, her father ate own body and died.
Pomona and Vertumunus
Pomona and Vertumunus were Roman deities. Pomona idolized orchards over any other part of nature. Vertumunus sought her to be his wife. he took the disguise of an old woman and kissed her. Using the example of the orchard trees that wouldnot be so fruiful on their own, he convinced her that she needed a helper. He revealed his true identity and she accepted him as her husband.
Minerva was the weaver of the gods and Arachne declared her own work to be superior. Minerva went to the home of the upstart mortal and they had a competition. When they were finished, Arachne's work was of the same quality, and done in the same time. Minerva beat her with the shuttle of the loom. After the girl hanged herself, Minerva turned her into a spider so she could weave forever.
Arion was poet who went from corinth to a music contest in Sicily. He won, but on the way back the sailors decied to kill him. They asked him to sing a song and then threw him into the sea when he finished. The dolphins, entranced by his music, carried him to safety.
Aurora and Tithonus
"Now from her couch where she lay beside high-born Tithonus the goddess/Dawn, rosy-fingered, acrose to bring light to the gods and to mortals. Tithonus was the father of the king of Ethiopia. Aurora had asked that he be made immortal, but forgot to ask that he be kept forever young. He aged and became senile, but no matter how shrunken his body became, he remained alive. Eventually, Aurora turned him into a grasshopper.
Biton and Cleobus
Biton and Cleobus were sons fo Cydippe, a priestess to Hera. Their mother wanted to see an image of Hera that was some distance away. She had no oxen or donkey, so the sons yoked themselves to cart and pulled her through heat and dust. When they reached the temple, they collapsed in exhaustion. Cydippe asked the goddess for a blessing and her sons died peacefully in the temple while sleeping.
Callisto was the daughter of Lycaon and another man who tried to feed human flesh to a god.Zeus fell in love with her, but in jealousy, Hera turned her into a bear. When her son was fully-grown, he tried to hunt her, and Zeus turned her into a constellation. Her son became the lesser bear.
Chiron was a good Centaur who taught many of the heroes. When Hercules fought the Centaurs, he injured him accidentally. Chiron did not die immediately, but suffered for a long time before he perished.
Clytie was a maiden who was inlove with the Sun. The Sun, however did not return her affection. She gazed at him always, eventually turning into a sunflower.
Dryope went with her sister, love to a pool and pulled some blossoms from a lotus tree near it. The tree bled and when Dryope tried to run, she found that she had taken root. She turned into a tree and never turned back.
Epimenides went to sleep as a boy and woke up 57 years later. He helped Athens overcome a plague and return he wanted only friendship for his home city.
Hero and Leander
Leander was a youth and Hero was a priestess of Aphrodite. Heros swam across the river every night to see her. A light that she would place in a tall tower guided him. One night, the wind blew the light out and he drowned. Hero killed herself when she found out.
Ibycus and the Cranes
Ibycus was a poet who was mortally wounded by thieves. Cranes avenged him by flying over a robber in a mob of perole. The thief freaked out and exposed himself to his executors.
Leto was the daughter of Phoebe. Zeus abandoned her after he made her pregnant and she wandered the world until the floating island Delos accepted her. On the island she gave birth to Apollo and Artemis. Years later, Apollo helped the island and stopped it from moving.
Linus was the son of Apollo and a woman named Psamathe. She deserted him and he was eventually torn to pieces by dogs. He died before he became ripe and became a saying for fruit and wine. Another Linus tried to teach Hercules something he did not want to learn and was killed.
Marpessa was a maiden carried off by Ideas from Calydonian Boar hunt. Apollo fell in love with her and was going to fight Ideas. Zeus stopped the fight and told them to let Marpessa choose. she chose the mortal Ideas because knew that an immortal would desert her.
Athena invented the flute but she threw it away not thinking it important enough for her time; her face became disfigured whenever she blew on it. Marysas, a satyr, picked it up and challenged Apollo. He lost and was killed.
Melanpus raised two snakes as pets. From them, he learned how to speak the language of animals. He saved himself on multiple occasions with this ability. He also became a famous soothsayer because he could understand the language of the birds.
Merope was married to a son of Hercules who was killed in a revolt. The new king took over and took her as his wife. Her son eventually helped her kill the usurper.
The Myrmidons were men created from ants in the days of Achilles' grandfather, Aeacus. Hera sent a plague to destroy the island of a girl that Zeus loved. Aeacus prayed to Zeus and the next day, the king of the gods had turned a colony of ants into a massive army.
Nisus and Scylla
Nisus had a purple lock of hair that would kill him if it were cut from his head. Minos besieged his town and his daughter Scylla cut the lock from his head and offered it to him. This sickened Minos and he sent the girl away. Eventually, she turned into a bird.
Orion was agiant who fell in love with a pricess from an island. Her father kept delaying the marriage. One day, Orion insulted the girl when he was drunk. Dionysius put him to sleep and the king blinded him. When he came back later to search for the king, Artemis killed him. After his death, he became a constellation.
The Pleiades were the seven daughter of Atlas who were pursued by Orion before he died. Zeus, pitying them, made them into stars that Orion would pursue forever. One of them gave birth to Hermes and another gave birth to Dardanus, a founder of the Trojan race.
Rhoecus picked up and oak that fell to the ground and the Dryad of the tree offered him anything he wanted as thanks. He asked for her love. She said she would love him. A bee stung him and unthinking, he slapped it. The Dryad was enraged and she blinded him.
Salmoneus pretended that he was Zeus at the festival of Zeus and tried to get people to worship him. Zeus struck him down with lightning.
Sisyphus was a king of Corinth who saw a great eagle in the sky. Whe he returned to find his daughter missing, he suspected Zeus. Zeus got angry for being blamed and punished the King. He sent him to the Underworld where he eas to forever roll a stone up a hill. His daughter gave birth to Aeacus, the grandfather of Achilles.
Tyro was a daughter of Salmoneus who bore twin sons to Apollo. She abandoned them fearing that her father would be upset. A horse keeper brought them up. Her husband found out about her earlier children years later and locked her away. The twins found her. Jason was her grandson.
Aristaeus was a beekeeper. When all his bees died, he went and sized Proteus to ask him what to do. Proteus told him to sacrifice and leave the animals in whole on the altars. Nine days later, when he returned, bees swarmed all around the alter.