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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Athens Government
Athens invented democracy. All citizens could participate. All laws had to be passed by the council. Athens believed power should not be put in the hands of one or a few people.
Sparta Government
Spartans ran an oligarchy. They believed that older and more experienced rulers had the wisdom to make good decsisions. The council, which ran the government, consisted of 30 experienced men age 60 or older. They also had a assembly made up of citizens age 30 or older. All citizens over 30 could belong.
Athens quality of life
In Athens, citizens are welcome to visit the beautiful city and take part in its exciting, intelectual life. In Athens, there are many beautiful temples and artwork.
Sparta quality of life
Sparta didn't use money to beautify the city, like Athens did. Sparta's highest goal is a powerful militay that can protect our city. Boys learned to read and write, but they were not stressed hard. Every citizen had to be trained and fit to go into war.
Athens treatmen of non-citizens
Athens had high regard for non citizens. Women and slaves were not considered citizens. In Athens, women had a great deal of trust put in them. Married women are responsible for managinf the households. That includes acquiring and training household servants, preparing meals, and sometimes nursing sick slaves. They also were in charge of their children's care and education. Many slaves were allowed to be educated, practice trades, or to work independently of their owners. Some slaves can earn freedom.
Sparta treatment of non-citizens
In Sparta, women were given rights, privileges, and freedom. Women were provided education, singing, dancing, and gymnastics. Spartan women are expected to help defend the land if it is invaded. Women manage estates, supervise slaves, and handle the family finances. Spartan women can own property in their own names. Sparta didn't engage in slave trade, like Athens did.
Athens trade and prosperity
Athens ships travel without fear to Egypt, Italy, and the Near East to acquire unique and valuable goods in exchange for their goods. Athens has a system of currency, which makes it easier to exchange goods. Athens stations troops in their city-states that may be invaded.
Sparta trade and prosperity
Sparta did not punish city-states that left their league. Sparta participated in limited trade, and only amongst themselves. This avoids military conflicts with other powers.
Thebes was located on the eastern plain of Boeotia in central Greece. Thebes was situated on wide farmlands, and it controlled northern and southern trade routes. Thebes was uled by an oligarchy, and they had a strong army that doinated the surrounding city-states in their region.
The city-state of Argos was located on a three mile inland, on the rim of a plain on the northeastern portion of the Peloponnesus landmass. Argos' food supply mainly came from farming and trade. Until the fifth century B.C., and oligarchy ruled Argos, However, around 480 B.C., the people overthrew it and installed a democracy.
The city-state of Delos was located on an island in the Aegean Sea, among a small group of islands situated east of the Peloponnesus landmass. Delos was a thriving port, despite its small two square miles. The ancient Greeks believed that Delos was the birthplace of the God Apollo, and the island was considered a sacred site. Various tyrants ruled Delos until the mid 400s B.C., when a democracy became its democracy.
The city-state of Mantinea was located on the central plain of Arcadia, a mountainous region of the Peloponnesus landmass. Around the sixth century B.C., Mantinea emerged as a city out of a group of villages populated by various tribes. The city was poor, but supported it by a modest farming economy. Mantinea's first real form of government, formed in around 470 B.C., was a democracy.
The Greek colony of Syracuse was located on the east coast of Sicily, an island about 400 miles west of Greece. Founded by Corinith, another Greek city-state, Syracuse developed a diverse economy which included a fertile farmland and escellent harbor. Despite its prosperity, Syracuse was a violent city where aristocrats and tyrans often battled for political power. In 465 B.C., the people overthrew their last tyrant and established a democracy.