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5 Cards in this Set

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Selim I
1. Selim I (d. 1520): Ottoman Sultan 1512-1520. Best known for his conquest of Egypt and Syria over the Mamluks. Also fought the Persians. Claimed the title of Caliph (Successor to the Prophet of the Lord of the Universe). Sulayman’s father. Annexed Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. Was the “Servant of the Two Holy Shrines”. Caliphchief civil and religious ruler of all of Islam. Declared war on Shah Ismail I who also claimed to be caliph. Triumphed over him despite the insubordination of the Janissaries.
Sulayman the Magnificent
2. Sulayman the Magnificent (d.1566)
-Known in Europe as the “Magnificent” and in the Islamic World as “Kanuni” (revised Kanun laws that were not addressed in the Shar’iah - Lawgiver). Sultan of the Ottomans, the Empire reached its peak: conquered Belgrade, Rhodes, Hungary and annexed as far as N. Africa. Known for Naval power: occupied Cyprus in 1570. Ruled the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. Fair ruler and patron of the arts, reconstructed the Ottoman legal system. Downfall was a big loss in Malta. Crushing naval defeat vs. the Hapsburgs and Papal States. Attacked Safavids, conquered Jerusalem. When he died: major Muslim cities: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Damascus, and Baghdad, the Balkans, and N. Africa were all under control of the Empire. Selim I’s son.
Murad IV
-Murad IV: Sultan from 1623-1640. Cruel leader, strict domestic policies. Most notable for a war against Persia where Ottomans conquered Azerbaijan and Tabriz. Captured Baghdad in 1638. Signed a Peace Treaty in 1639 with the aSafavids.
Shah Ismail I
1. Shah Ismail I (d. 1524): Founded the Safavid dynasty and ruled from 1501-1524. Established capital at Tabriz and expanded eastward into Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. Lost at the battle of Chaldiran in 1514. Had conquered Baghdad and Shi’I sites. Bitter rival with Selim I.
Shah 'Abbas
2. Shah ‘Abbas I (d. 1629): Moved capital of Isafahn. Raised Iran to the status of Great Power. Captured Baghdad and Hormuz. Captured Kurdistan?