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231 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
jejune
adj. vapid, uninteresting / childish, immature / lacking nutrition
jibe
v. to agree, to be in accord
jocose
adj. given to joking / humorous
labile
adj. readily open to change, unstable
lachrymose
adj. causing tears, tearful, showing sorrow
laconic
adj. using few words / terse
lassitude
n. listlessness, languor, weariness
libertine
n. someone unrestrained by morality or convention or leading a dissolute life
limn
v. to draw, outline in detail
limpid
adj. transparent, serene, clear and simple in style, untroubled
list
v. to tilt or lean to one side
lumber
v. to move heavily and clumsily or with a rumbling sound
luminous
adj. characterized by brightness and the emission of light, enlightened, clear
magnanimity
n. the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, especially in forgiving
malinger
v. to feign illness so as to avoid work
maunder
v. to talk or move aimlessly, mutter
maverick
n. an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mellifluous
adj. sweetly flowing, usually used to describe words or sounds
mendacity
n. the condition of being untruthful, dishonesty
mendicant
n. a beggar, supplicant
mercurial
adj. characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
meretricious
adj. tawdry, pretentious, attractive but false, showy, having to do with prostitution

attracting attention in a vulgar manner
mettlesome
adj. courageous, high-spirited
militate
v. to have weight or bearing on, to argue (against)
minatory
adj. menacing, threatening
mince
v. pronounce or speak affectedly or too carefully, euphemize, take tiny steps, tiptoe
mitigate
v. to make or become less severe or intense, moderate
mollify
v. to calm or soothe,reduce in emotional intensity
morose
adj. sad, sullen, melancholy
multifarious
adj. varied, motley, greatly diversified
mundane
adj. of the world, typical or concerned with the ordinary
nadir
n. low point, perigee
natty
adj. trimly neat and tidy, dapper
nebulous
adj. vague, cloudy, lacking clearly defined form
neologism
n. a new word, expression, or usage / the creation or use of new words or senses
nexus
n. a connection, tie, or link / center or focus
nice
adj. exacting, extremely or even excessively precise / done with delicacy or skill
noisome
adj. offensive, especially to one’s sense of smell, fetid
nonplussed
adj. baffled, in a quandary, at a loss for what to say, do or think
nostrum
n. cure-all, placebo, questionable remedy
noxious
adj. harmful / injurious
obdurate
adj. unyielding, hardhearted, inflexible
obfuscate
v. to deliberately obscure, to make confusing
obsequious
adj. exhibiting a fawning attentiveness / subservient
obstinate
adj. stubborn / hardheaded / uncompromising
obstreperous
adj. noisy, loudly stubborn, boisterous
obtain
v. to be established, accepted, or customary, prevail
obtuse
adj. lacking sharpness of intellect, not clear or precise in thought or expression
obviate
v. to anticipate and make unnecessary
occlude
v. to obstruct or block
occult
adj. hidden, concealed, beyond comprehension
officious
adj. meddlesome, pushy in offering one’s services where they are unwanted
onerous
adj. troubling, burdensome
opprobrium
n. disgrace, contempt, scorn
ossified
adj. changed into bone / made rigidly conventional and unreceptive to change
ostensible
adj. seeming, appearing as much, professed
ostentatious
adj. characterized by or given to pretentiousness
overweening
adj. presumptuously arrogant, overbearing, immoderate
paean
n. a song or expression of praise and thanksgiving
palliate
v. to make something appear less serious, gloss over, mitigate
panegyric
n. formal expression of praise
parsimonious
adj. cheap, miserly
peccadillo
n. a slight offense, literally, a minor sin
pedantic
adj. ostentatious display of learning, extcessive attention to minutiae and formal rules, unimaginative
pedestrian
adj. commonplace, trite, unremarkable
penurious
adj. penny-pinching / excessively thrifty / ungenerous
peremptory
adj. admitting of no contradiction, putting an end to further debate, haughty, imperious
perennial
adj. recurrent through the year or many years, happening repeatedly
perfidy
n. intentional breach of faith, treachery
perfunctory
adj. cursory, done without care or interest
peripatetic
adj. itinerant, traveling, nomadic
pernicious
adj. extremely harmful, potentially causing death
personable
adj. pleasing in appearance, attractive
perspicacious
adj. acutely perceptive, having keen discernment
peruse
v. to examine with great care
pervade
v. to permeate throughout
petrous
adj. like a rock, hard, stony
petulant
adj. impatient, irritable
phlegmatic
adj. calm sluggish, unemotional, stoic
picaresque
adj. involving clever rogues or adventurers
pied
adj. multi-colored, usually in blotches
pillory
v. to punish, hold up to public scorn
pine
v. to yearn intensely, to languish, to lose vigor
piquant
adj. agreeably pungent, spicy, stimulating
pique
n. resentment, feeling of irritation due to hurt pride
pith
n. the essential or central part
plaintive
adj. mournful, melancholy, sorrowful
plangent
adj. pounding, thundering, resounding
plastic
adj. moldable, pliable, not rigid
platitude
n. a superficial or trite remark, especially one offered as meaningful
pluck
n. courage, spunk, fortitude
plumb
v. to measure the depth, to examine critically
poignant
adj. distressing, pertinent, touching, stimulating, emotional
polemical
adj. controversial, argumentative
pragmatic
adj. practical rather than idealistic
prate
v. chatter, babble
prattle
v. to bable meaninglessly / to talk in an empty and idle manner
precarious
adj. uncertain, risky, dangerous
precept
n. rule establishing standards of conduct, a doctrine that is taught
precipitate
adj. acting with excessive haste or impulse
predilection
n. a disposition in favor of something, preference
prescience
n. knowing of event prior to their occurring
presumptuous
adj. overstepping bounds, as of propriety or courtesy / taking liberties
prevaricate
v. to deliberately avoid the truth, mislead
prize
v. to pry, press or force with a lever
probity
adj. adherence to highest principles, uprightness
proclivity
n. a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
adj. recklessly wasteful, extravagant, profuse, lavish
prodigious
adj. abundant in size, force, or extent / extraordinary
profligate
adj. excessively wasteful / recklessly extravagant
profuse
adj. given or coming forth abundantly, extravagant
prolix
adj. long winded, verbose
propensity
n. a natural inclination or tendency, penchant
propinquity
adj. nearness in time or place, affinity of nature, kinship
propitiate
v. to appease, conciliate
propitious
adj. auspicious, favorable
prosaic
adj. dull, unimaginative
proscribe
v. to outlaw or prohibit
provident
adj. frugal, looking to the future
puerile
adj. childish, immature
pugnacious
adj. contentious, quarrelsome, given to fighting, belligerent
punctilious
adj. precise, paying attention to trivialities, especially in regard to etiquette
pundit
n. an authority on a subject, one who gives opinions
pusillanimous
adj. cowardly, craven
putrefy
v. to rot, decay and give off a foul odor, become gangrenous
quaff
v. to drink deeply
quail
v. to shrink back in fear, lose courage
qualify
v. to limit
querulous
adj. prone to complaining or grumbling, quarrelsome
quiescence
n. stillness, motionlessness, quality of being at rest
quixotic
adj. foolishly impractical, marked by lofty romantic idea
quotidian
adj. occurring or recurring daily, commonplace
rail
v. to complain about bitterly
ramify
v. to be divided or subdivided, branch out
rancorous
adj. characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rapacious
adj. voracious greedy, plundering, subsisting on prey
rarefy
v. to make or become thin, less dense, refine
rebus
n. riddle, a representation of words by pictures or symbols that sound like the words
recalcitrant
adj. obstinately defiant of authority or guidance, difficult to manage
recant
v. to retract, especially a previously held belief
recondite
adj. hidden, concealed, difficult to understand, obscure
reconnoiter
v. to engage in reconnaissance, make a preliminary inspection of
recumbent
adj. leaning, resting, prone
redolent
adj. fragrant, suggestive or evocative
redoubtable
adj. awe-inspiring
refulgent
adj. radiant / shiny / brilliant
refute
v. to disprove, successfully argue against
regale
v. to delight or entertain, feast
remonstrate
v. to protest, object
rent
v. torn, split, pierced as by a sound
repine
v. to feel or express dejection or discontent, long for
repudiate
v. to refuse to have anything to do with, disown
resolute
adj. adamant, steadfast, determined
reticent
adj. quiet, reserved, reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
rhetoric
n. the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
rubric
n. a class or category/authoritative rule, heading , title as of a chapter in a code of law
rue
v. regret, feel remorse
sagacious
adj. having sound judgment, perceptive, wise
salacious
adj. appealing to or causing sexual desire, bawdy
salient
adj. prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
salubrious
adj. promoting health or well-being
salutary
adj. remedial, wholesome, causing improvement
sanctimony
n. self-righteousness, pretended piety
sanction
n. authoritative permission or approval / a penalty intended to enforce compliance
sanguine
adj. cheerful, confident, optimistic
sap
v. to enervate or weaken the vitality of
satiate
v. to overindulge, satisfy to excess
saturnine
adj. gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
scurvy
adj. contemptible, despicable
sedulous
adj. diligent, persistent, hard-working
seine
n. a large net hung out and dragged in to catch fish
sere
adj. withered, arid
seminal
adj. like a seed, constituting a source, originative
simper
v. to smirk, to say something with a silly, coy smile
sinecure
n. position requiring little or no work and usually providing an income
sinuous
adj. winding, curving, moving lithely, devious
slake
v. to satisfy, quench, lessen the intensity of
sodden
adj. soaked or drenched, unimaginative, dull
solicitous
adj. concerned and attentive, eager
solvent
adj. able to meet financial obligations
sophistry
n. fallactious reasoning / plausible but faulty logic
sophomoric
adj. exhibiting immaturity, lack of judgment, pretentious
soporific
adj. causing drowsiness, tending to induce sleep
sordid
adj. characterized by filth, grime, or squalor, foul
specious
adj. seeming true, but actually false, misleadingly attractive
spendthrift
n. one who spends money wastefully
splenetic
adj. bad-tempered, irritable
spurious
adj lacking authenticity or validity, false, counterfeit
squalid
adj. sordid, wretched and dirty as from neglect
stanch
v. to stop the flow of a fluid
steep
v. to saturate or completely soak
stentorian
adj. extremely loud and powerful
stint
v. to restrain, be sparing or frugal
stoic
adj. indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain, steadfast
stupefy
v. to stun, baffle, or amaze
stygian
adj. gloomy, dark
stymie
v. to block, thwart
succinct
adj. brief, concise
succor
n. assistance, relief in time of distress
sundry
adj. various, miscellaneous, separate
supercilious
adj. disdainful, arrogant, haughty characterized by haughty scorn
superfluous
adj. exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
supine
adj. inactive, lying on one’s back, apathetic, mentally or morally slack
supplant
v. to take the place of supersede
suppliant
adj. asking humbly, beseeching
supplicant
n. beggar, one who prays or begs for something
surfeit
v. to feed or supply in excess
sycophant
n. someone who tries to flatter or please for personal gain, parasite
tacit
adj. implied, not explicitly stated
taciturn
adj. not talkative, silent
tamp
v. to plug, to drive in or down by a series of blows
tautology
n. a repetition, a redundancy, a circular argument
tawdry
adj. cheap, gaudy, showy, tacky, indecent
tendentious
adj. biased, showing marked tendencies
tender
v. to offer formally
tenuous
adj. having little substance or strength, flimsly, weak
timorous
adj. timid, fearful, diffident
toady
n. sychophant, flatterer, yes-man
torpid
adj. lethargic, sluggish, dormant
torrid
adj. scorching, ardent, passionate, hurried
tortuous
adj. winding, twisting, excessively complicated
tout
v. to publicly praise or promote
tractable
adj. docile, obedient, easily led
travesty
n. mockery, caricature, parody
trenchant
adj. sharply perceptive, keen, penetrating, biting, clear cut
truculent
adj. fierce, scathing, eager to fight
tumid
adj. swollen
turbid
adj. muddy, having sediment stirred up, clouded to the point of being opaque, in a state of turmoil
turgid
adj. swollen, bloated, pompous, excessively ornate
turpitude
n. depravity, baseness
tyro
n. novice, beginner in learning