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535 Cards in this Set

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abberant
deviating from the norm
brook
to tolerate, endure, countenance
discomfit
to defeat
extant
existing, not destroyed or lost
hermetic
airtight(밀봉한), impervious(상처입지 않는) to outside influence
jejune
지 준 2, vapid(김빠진), uninteresting; childish, immature; lacking nutrition
obstinate
stubborn; hardheaded(완고한); uncompromising
plaintive
mournful, melancholy, sorrowful
rail
to complain about bitterly
sinuous
winding, curving, moving lithely(유연한), devious(구불구불한)
tortuous
winding, twisting, excessively complicated
abjure
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
bucolic
rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants
discretion
cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsible decisions
extemporaneous
improvised; done without preparation
hirsute
헐 숱 1, hairy, shaggy(덥수룩하게 털이 많이 난)
jibe
to agree, to be in accord
obstreperous
업쓰 트뤠 퍼 뤄쓰 2, noisy, loudly stubborn, boisterous
plangent
플렌 전트 1, pounding[쿵쾅거리는], thundering, resound(<악기소리 등이> 울리다, 울다)ing
ramify
to be divided or subdivided, branch out
slake
to satisfy, quench, lessen the intensity of
tout
to publicly praise or promote
abrogate
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
burgeon
to grow rapidly or flourish
disparage
to slight or belittle
extirpate
엑쓰 털 페잍 1, to destroy, exterminate, cut out, pull out by the roots
homily
a sermon or morally instructive lecture, a platitude(상투적 의견)
jocose
조우 코우쓰 2, given to joking; humorous
obtain
to be established, accepted, or customary, prevail
plastic
moldable, pliable, not rigid
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
sodden
soaked or drenched(흠뻑 물에 적신), unimaginative, dull
tractable
docile, obedient, easily led
abscission
act of cutting off or removing
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
dissemble
to disguise or conceal; to mislead
facetious
playful; humorous; not serious
hubris
휴 브뤼쓰 1, arrogant presumption(뻔뻔스러움) or pride
kinetic
having to do with motion; lively; active
obtuse
lacking sharpness of intellect, not clear or precise in thought or expression
platitude
a superficial or trite(트롸잍 흔한) remark, especially one offered as meaningful
rapacious
voracious, greedy, plundering(to rob of goods by open force), subsisting on prey((수입식량이 부족할 때에) 생존하다(exist), 생활하다, 먹고 살다, 살아나가다 ((on, upon, by)) )
solder
to weld(용접하다), fuse(융합시키다) or join, as with a soldering gun
travesty
트레 버스티 1, mockery, caricature, parody
abscond
to depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide
cadge
졸라서 얻다 to sponge, beg, or mooch
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals
fallacy
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
hyperbole
하이 펄 벌 리 2, an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech(수사적 표현 ((simile, metaphor 등)))
labile
레이 빌 1, readily(서슴없이) open to change, unstable
obviate
to anticipate(미리 알아채고 처리하다) and make unnecessary
plethora
플레 떠 뤄 1, an overabundance, a surplus
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense, refine
solicitous
concerned and attentive, eager
trenchant
sharply perceptive, keen, penetrating, biting, clear cut
accolade
an expression of praise; an award
cajole
to inveigle, coax, wheedle, sweet-talk
distrait
distracted; absent-minded, especially due to anxiety
fallow
팰 로우 1, untilled(경작하지 않은), inactive, dormant
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
lachrymose
레 크뤄 모우즈 1, causing tears, tearful, showing sorrow
occlude
to obstruct or block
pluck
courage, spunk(용기), fortitude
rebus
뤼 버쓰 1, riddle, a representation of words by pictures or symbols that sound like the words
solvent
able to meet financial obligations
truculent
트뤄 큘 런트 1, fierce, scathing(냉혹한), eager to fight
accretion
growth, increase by successive addition, building up
calumniate
to slander, make a false accusation
divulge
to disclose something secret
fatuous
silly, inane(어리석은)ly foolilsh
idolatrous
아이 덜 래 트뤄쓰 2, given to경향이 있는, 버릇이 있는, 빠지는 ((to))) intense or excessive devotion to something
lassitude
listlessness, languor(나른함), weariness(피곤함)
occult
hidden, concealed, beyond comprehension
plumb
to measure the depth(as with a plumb line(다림줄, 추선(錘線))), to examine critically
recalcitrant
obstinately(완강하게) defiant of(무시하는) authority or guidance, difficult to manage
sophistry
fallacious reasoning; plausible but faulty logic
tumid
투 믿 swollen
adulation
excessive praise; intense adoration
canon
an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature
doggerel
다 거 뤌 1, trivial, poorly constructed verse 졸렬한 시
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively
idyll
아이들 a carefree, light-hearted pastoral or romantic episode or experience; a literary or musical piece describing such
laud
to praise highly
officious
meddlesome(참견이심한), pushy in offering one's services where they are unwanted
poignant
distressing, pertinent, touching, stimulating, emotional
recant
to retract(withdraw/draw back), especially a previously held belief
sophomoric
exhibiting immaturity, lack of judgment, pretentious
turbid
muddy, having sediment(침전물) stirred up, clouded to the point of opaque, in a state of turmoil(소란)
adumbrate
to foreshadow vaguely; intiimate, suggest, or outline sketchily
caret
an insertion mark(^) used by editors and proofreaders
dross
slag(광물을 제련할 때 금속에서 분리된 찌꺼기), waste or foreign matter, impurity, surface scum
feckless
ineffectual(효과없는); irresponsible
ignominous
shameful, dishonorable, ignoble, undignified, disgraceful
libertine
리 벌 틴 1, someone unrestrained by morality or convention or leading a dissolute(방종하는) life
onerous
troubling, burdensome
polemical
controversial, argumentative(따지기 좋아하는)
recondite
뤠 컨 다잍 1, hidden, concealed, difficult to understand, obscure
soporific
causing drowsiness, tending to induce sleep
turgid
털 쥗 swollen, bloated(부푼), pompous, excessively ornate
aggrandize
to increase in intensity, power, or prestige; to make appear greater
castigation
severe criticism or punishment
dulcet
melodious, harmonious, mellifluous
felicitous
apt(적절한); suitably expressed, well chosen, apropos[애 프로 포우 3] 알맞은
imbroglio
임 브로울 리 오 2, difficult or embarrassing situation
limn
림 to draw, outline in detail
opprobrium
어 프로우 브뤼엄 2, disgrace, contempt, scorn
prate
chatter(재잘거리다), babble(실없이 지껄이다)
reconnoiter
to engage in reconnaissance(an inspection / exploration), make a preliminary inspection of
sparse
thin, not dense, arranged at widely spaced intervals
turpitude
depravity, baseness
alacrity
eager and enthusiastic willingness
caustic
burning or stinging; causing corrosion
dynamo
1, generator; forceful, energetic person
fell
a barren(불모의) or stony hill; an animal's hide(짐승의 가죽); cut down
immutable
not capable of change
limpid
transparent, serene, clear and simple in style, untroubled(흐트러지지 않은)
oscillation
the act or state of swinging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
prattle
to babble(실없이 지껄이다) meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
recumbent
뤼 컴 번트 2, leaning, resting, prone(수그린)
specious
seeming true, but actually false, misleadingly attractive
tyro
타이 로우 novice, beginner in learning
amalgamate
to combine several elements into a whole
censure
to criticize severely; to officially rebuke
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings
fervent
greatly emotional or zealous
impassive
revealing no emotion or sensibility
list
to tilt or lean to one side
ossified
changed into bone; made rigidly conventional and unreceptive to change
precarious
uncertain, risky, dangerous
redolent
뤠 덜 런트 1, fragrant, suggestive or evocative..을 연상시키는
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
umbrage
엄 브뤼쥐 1, offense, resentment
anathema
a solemn or ecclesiastical(religious) curse; accursed or thoroughly loathed person or thing
chary
wary; cautious; sparing
edifying
enlightening, informative
fetid
stinking, having a heavy bad smell
impecunious
임 피 큐 니 어쓰 3, lacking funds (돈); without money
loquacious
extremely talkative
ostensible
seeming, appearing as such, professed(자칭의)
precept
rule establishing standards of conduct, a doctrine that is taught(계율)
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
splenetic
스플리 네 틱 2, bad-tempered, irritable
undulate
언 줄 레잍 1, to move in wavelike fashion, fluctuate
anodyne
soothing
chasten
to chastise or correct; subdue
effrontery
extreme boldness; presumptuousness(주제넘음)
fetter
to shackle[족쇄를 채우다], put in chains, restrain[억제하다, 누르다]
imperious
commanding, masterful(거드름피우는), arrogant, domineering(뻐기는), haughty(오만한)
lucid
intelligible(알기쉬운), sound, clear
ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentiousness
precipitate
acting with excessive haste or impluse
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
sporadic
occurring only occasionally, or in scattered instances
untoward
언 털드 2, troublesome, unruly, unseemly(꼴사나운), adverse(애드 벌쓰, 불리한)
apogee
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
churlish
boorish, vulgar, loutish; difficult and intractable
effusive
gushing(감상적으로지껄이는); excessively demonstrative
filibuster
intentional obstruction, usually using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action
imperturbable
임 펄 털 버 벌 3, marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
lumber
to move heavily and clumsily or with a rumbling(덜거덕거리는) sound
overweening
presumptuous(뻔뻔한)ly arrogant, overbearing(건방진), immoderate(지나친)
precursor
something that precedes and indicates or announces another
refute
to disprove(그릇됨을 증명하다), successfully argue against
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity, false, counterfeit
upbraid
to scold, censure, rebuke(비난), chastise(벌하다)
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions, a betrayer of a cause
coda
concluding section to a musical or literary piece, something that concludes or completes
egress
exit
filigree
an ornamental(장식적인) work, especially of delicate lacelike patterns; resembling such a patter
impetuous
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
magnanimity
맥 너 니 머 티 3, the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, especially in forgiving
paean
페이언 a song or expression of praise and thanksgiving
predilection
a disposition in favor of something, preference
regale
뤼 게일 2, to delight(기쁘(게)하다) or entertain, feast(눈, 귀를 즐겁게 하다)
squalid
sordid, wretched and dirty from neglect
usury
charging an exorbitant or illegal rate of interest
apotheosis
deification, glorification to godliness, the perfect example
cogent
appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing
elegy
a mournful poem, especially one lamenting the dead; any mournful writing or piece of music
flag
to sag[나른해지다] or droop[시들시들해지다], to become spiritless, to decline
implacable
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
malevolent
having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred
palliate
to make something appear less serious, gloss over(그럴듯한 말로 얼버무리다), mitigate
preempt
to replace, to supersede(대체하다), to appropriate
relegate
to forcibly assign, especially to a lower place or position
stanch
to stop the flow of a fluid
vacillate
to waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another, sway from one side to the other
apposite
appropriate, pertinent, relevant, apropos
color
to change as if by dyeing, influence, distort or gloss over
emollient
soothing, especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
flip
sarcastic, impertinent[주제넘은]
importune
to ask incessantly, beg, nag(바가지 긁다)
malinger
맬 린 저 1, to feign illness so as to avoid work
panegyric
formal expression of praise
preen
to dress up, primp(치장하다), groom([주로 과거분사형으로] 몸차림하다; <특히 머리카락수염의복 등을> 다듬다) oneself with elaborate care; in animals, to clean fur or feathers
remonstrate
to protest, object
steep
to saturate or completely soak
variegated
multicolored, characterized by a variety of patches of different color
apprise
give notice to, inform
complaisance
the willingness to comply with the wishes of others
empirical
based on observation or experiment
florid
flush(<얼굴 등을> 붉히다 )ed with color, ruddy(<안색이> 불그스레한), ornate(화려하게 장식한)
impugn
attack or assail(공박하다) verbally, censure, execrate(맴려맇 비난하다), deny
malleable
capable of being shaped or formed, easily influenced
paradigm
something that serves as a model, example, or pattern; the framework of assumptions and understandings shared by a group or discipline that shapes its worldview
prescience
knowing of events prior to their occurring
renege
뤼 닉 2, to fail to honor a commitment, go back on a promise 약속을 어기다
stentorian
extremely loud and powerful
vaunt
to brag or boast
approbation
an expression of approval or praise
connoisseur
an informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert
encomium
glowing and enthusiastic praise; panegyric(격찬), tribute(찬사), eulogy(찬미)
flout
to demonstrate contempt for
impunity
immunity from punishment, penalty or harm
maunder
먼 덜 1, to talk or move aimlessly, mutter
pariah
퍼 롸이 어 2, an outcast, a rejected and despised person
presumptuous
overstepping bounds, as of propriety or courtesy; taking liberties
rent
torn, split apart, pierced as by a sound
stint
to restrain, be sparing or frugal
venal
비 늘 1, capable of being bought or bribed, mercenary
arabesque
complex, ornate design
consequential
pompous, self-important
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region, or people; restricted to or peculiar to that region; indigenous
foment
to stir up(골고루 뒤섞다; 뒤흔들다, 휘젓다; 일으키다, 야기시키다; 분기시키다; 선동하다( vt. 3) ), incite, rouse
impute
to attribute(의 탓으로 하다(ascribe)) to a cause or source, ascribe, assigning as a characteristic
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful, dishonesty
parry
to block, evad or ward off(피하다), as a blow
prevaricate
to deliberately avoid the truth, mislead
repine
to feel or express dejection or discontent, long for
stoic
indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain, steadfast(흔들리지 않는)
venerate
to revere(존경하다 숭배하다)
arduous
strenuous, taxing, requiring significant effort
contemn
to scorn or despise
enervate
to weaken; to reduce vitality
forbearance
patience, willingness to wait
inchoate
in an initial stage, not fully formed
mendicant
a beggar, supplicant(탄원자)
parsimonious
cheap, miserly
prize
to pry(지레로 들어올리다[움직이다](prize) ((off, up)) ), press or force with a lever(지레)
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
stupefy
to stun(어리벙벙하게 하다), baffle, or amaze
veracity
truthfulness, honesty
arrant
impudent; in every way, being completely such, bare faced, utter
contiguous
sharing a border; touching; adjacent
enigmatic
mysterious; obscure(분명치 않은); difficult to understand
ford
to wade across the shallow part of a river or stream
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
meretricious
메 뤄 트뤼 쉬어쓰 3, tawdry(번지르르한), pretentious, attractive but false, showy, having to do with prostitution
partisan
one-sided, committed to a party, biased or prejudiced
probity
adherence to highest principles, uprightness(고결함)
rescind
to invalidate, repeal, retract
stygian
스티 쥐언 1, gloomy, dark
veritable
authentic, real, genuine
arrest
to suspend; to engage
contrite
regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness
ennui
안 위 1, dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
forestall
to act in a way to hinder, exclude or prevent an action; to circumvent or thwart
indefatigable
인 디 패 티 거 벌 3, not easily exhaustible, tireless, dogged(끈덕진)
mettlesome
courageous, high-spirited
paucity
scarcity, a lacking of
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
resolute
adamant, steadfast, determined
stymie
to block, thwart(좌절시키다)
vigilant
alertly watchful(경계하는)
artless
completely without guile; natural, without artificiality
corrigible
capable of being set right, correctable, reparable
epicure
one devoted to sensual pleasure, particularly in food and drink; gourmand(구얼 먼드 2, 미식가), sybarite(씨 버 롸잍 1, 사치와 향락을 일삼는 무리)
forswear
to renounce((공식으로) 포기[폐기]하다; <습관 등을> 그만두다, 끊다; 선서하고 버리다[끊다]; 단념하다), disallow(허가하지 않다, 금하다; <요구 등을> 각하하다(reject)), repudiate(거절하다; <비난혐의 등을> 부인하다; <교의 등을> 거부하다)
indolent
1, lazy, listless, torpid(둔한)
militate
영향을 미치다
peccadillo
a slight offense, literally, a minor sin
prodigal
recklessly wasteful, extravagant, profuse(헤픈), lavish(후한, 사치스런)
reticent
quiet, reserved, reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
subpoena
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
vilify
to defame, characterize harshly
asperity
harshness or sharpness of tone, temper, or manner
countenance
to approve of or tolerate
episodic
loosely connected, not flowing logically, occurring at intervals(띄엄띄엄)
fortuitous
happening by fortunate accident or chance
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
milk
to exploit, to squeeze every last ounce(아운쓰) of
pedagogy
페 더 고우 쥐 1, the art or profession of training, teaching, or instructing
prodigious
프로 디 줘쓰 2, abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
reverent
marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe(경외감) and respect
succor
써 컬 1, assistance, relief in time of distress
viscous
비스 커쓰 1, thick, sticky
aspersion
an act of defamation or maligning
cozen
to deceive, beguile, hoodwink
epithet
disparaging word or phrase
fracas
프뤠이 커쓰 1, noisy fight or quarrel, brawl(싸움)
infelicitous
unfortunate; inappropriate
minatory
미 너 터 뤼 1, menacing(협박하는), threatening
pedantic
ostentatious display of learning, excessive attention to minutiae[미 뉴 시 이 2]사소한일 and formal rules, unimaginative
profligate
프로 플리 겉 1, excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
rhetoric
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
sundry
가지가지의 various, miscellaneous, separate
vitiate
to reduce the value of, debase, spoil, make ineffective
assiduous
diligent, hard-working
craven
contemptibly fainthearted, pusillanimous, lacking any courage
epitome
embodiment; quintessence(퀸 테 쎈쓰 2, 전형)
fractious
quarrelsome(싸우기 좋아하는), rebellious, unruly(제멋대로 하는), cranky(괴퍅한)
ingenuous
artless, frank and candid, lacking in sophistication
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly or too carefully, euphemize, take tiny steps, tiptoe(발끝으로 걷다)
pedestrian
commonplace, trite[트롸잍, 흔한], unremarkable
profuse
given or coming forth abundantly, extravagant
rubric
루 브뤽 1, authoritative rule, heading, title, or category
supercilious
disdainful(거드름부리는), arrogant, haughty, characterized by haughty scorn
vituperate
베이 투퍼 뤠잍 2, to use harsh condemnatory language; abuse or censure severely
astringent
having a tightening effect on living tissue; harsh; severe
culpable
deserving blame
equanimity
composure, self-possession
froward
intractable(고집스러운), not willing to yield or comply, stubbornly disobedient
inherent
인 히어 뤈트 2, ingrained(깊이 배어든) within one's nature, intrinsic(고유의), firmly established, essential
misanthrope
미 쌘 뜨롶 1, one who hates humankind
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
proliferate
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
rue
regret, feel remorse
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
volatile
readily(쉽사리) changing to a vapor; changeable, fickle, explosive
attenuate
to rarefy, weaken or make thinner, lessen
damp
to diminish the intensity or check something, such as a sound or feeling
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
fulminate
to attack loudly or denounce(비난하다)
inimical
damaging, harmful, injurious(해로운), hostile, unfriendly
misogynist
one who hates woman
peremptory
admitting of no contradiction, putting an end to further debate, haughty(오만한), imperious(오만한)
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts, productive
sagacious
having sound judgment, perceptive, wise
supine
쑤 파인 2, inactive, lying on one's back, apathetic, mentally or morally slack(해이한)
voracious
having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit, ravenous(뤠 버 너쓰 1)
audacious
daring and fearless; recklessly bold
daunt
to intimidate or dismay
errant
traveling, itinerant, peripatetic(순회하는)
furtive
marked by stealth(몰래하기); covert(은밀한); surreptitious(몰래하는)
inimitable
2, one of a kind(unique), peerless(비할 데 없는)
mitigate
to make or become less severe or intense, moderate
perennial
recurrent through the year or many years, happening repeatedly
prolix
long-winded(말이 긴), verbose(말 수가 많은)
salacious
appealing to or causing sexual desire, bawdy
supplant
to take the place of, supersede(대체하다)
waft
우와 프트 1, a light breeze, a puff(입김 한번)
augury
omen, portent, the reading of omens
dearth
smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; lack
erudite
very learned; scholarly
gainsay
to deny, dispute(반론하다), contradict(반박하다), oppose
iniquity
인 이 뀌 티 2, wickedness, gross(심한) injustice
mollify
to calm or soothe, reduce in emotional intensity
perfidy
intentional breach of faith, treachery
propinquity
nearness in time or place, affinity(유사성) of nature, kinship(유사)
salient
쎄일 리 언트 1, prominent, protruding, conspicuous, highly relevant
suppliant
asking humbly, beseeching(간청하는)
waver
to move to and fro, to sway; to be unsettled in opinion
august
majestic, venerable
decorum
politeness or appropriateness of conduct or behavior
eschew
이쓰 추 2, shun(피하다), avoid
gambol
to skip about playfully, frolic(장난치며 놀다)
innervate
to supply with nerves(활기), energize
morose
sad, sullen(부루퉁한), melancholy(멜 른 칼 리 1)
perfunctory
cursory, done without care or interest
propitiate
to appease, conciliate(회유하다)
salubrious
promoting health or well-being
supplicant
beggar, one who prays or begs for something
welter
to writhe(롸이드, 몸부림치다), to toss about(몸시 동요하다, 시키다), to be in turmoil
auspice
protection or support, patronage
demur
to question or oppose
esorteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
garner
to gather and save, store up, acquire
innocuous
harmless; causing no damage
multifarious
varied, motley(얼룩덜룩한), greatly diversified
peripatetic
itinerant, traveling, nomadic
propitious
auspicious(favorable, successful), favorable
salutary
remedial, wholesome(건강에 좋은), causing improvement
surfeit
to feed or supply in excess
wend
to go, proceed, walk
auspicious
favorable, propitious, successful, prosperous
denigrate
blacken, belittle, sully, defame, disparage
essay
to test or try; attempt, experiment
garrulous
pointlessly talkative, talking too much
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood, mysterious
mundane
of the world, typical of or concerned with the ordinary
pernicious
extremely harmful, potentially causing death
prosaic
dull, unimaginative
sanctimony
self-righteousness(독선), pretended piety
table
to remove(as a parliamentary motion) from consideration
zealous
fervent(열렬한), ardent, impassioned(정열적인)
austere
without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
estimable
worthy, formidable(만만치 않은)
gauche
거우쉬 crude, awkward, tasteless
insensible
unconscious, unresponsive, unaware, unaffected, numb
nadir
네이 덜 1, low point, perigee
personable
pleasing in appearance, attractive
proscribe
to outlaw or prohibit
sanction
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance
tacit
implied, not explicitly stated
aver
to state as fact; to confirm or support
deprecate
to disparage or belittle
eulogy
a speech honoring the dead
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
insipid
without taste or flavor, lacking in spirit, dull
nascent
네 썬트 1, coming into being; in early developmental stages
perspicacious
acutely perceptive, having keen dicern(분별하다)ment
provident
frugal, looking to the future
sanguine
cheerful, confident, optimistic
taciturn
not talkative, silent
axiomatic
taken as a given; possessing self-evident truth
depredate
to plunder, pillage, ravage or destroy; to exploit in a predatory manner
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor(증기); vanishing
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking depth; superficial
insouciant
인 쑤 씨 언트 2, unconcerned, carefree, nonchalant
natty
trimly neat and tidy, dapper(말쑥한)
peruse
to examine with great care
puerile
퓨어 뤌 1, childish, immature
sap
to enervate(에 널 베잍 1) or weaken the vitality of
tamp
to plug, to drive in or down by a series of blows(<길 등을> 다져서 굳히다 ((down)))
baleful
sinister, pernicious, ominous
derivative
unoriginal, obtained from another source
evince
to show clearly, to indicate
gossamer
가 싸 멀 1, delicate, insubstantial(견고하지않은) or tenuous(빈약한); insincere
insular
parochial(편협한), narrow-minded, like an island
nebulous
vague, cloudy, lacking clearly defined form
pervade
to permeate throughout(퍼지다)
pugnacious
contentious(다투기 좋아하는), quarrelsome(걸핏하면 싸우려 하는), given to fighting, belligerent
satiate
to overindulge(탐닉하다), satisfy to excess
tawdry
cheap, gaudy(야한), showy, tacky(볼품없는); indecent
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to; to regard as saintly
desiccate
to dry out or dehydrate; to make dry or dull
exacerbate
to make worse or more severe
grandiloquence
그뤤 딜 로우 쿠웬쓰 2, pompous speech or expression
interdict
인 털 딕트 3, prohibit, forbid, ban, halt
neologism
a new word, expression, or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
petrous
like a rock, hard, stony
punctilious
precise, paying attention to trivialities, especially in regard to etiquette
satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes human vice through humor or derision
tenacity
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap, showy manner; festoon, caparison
desuetude
데쓰 위 투드the state of being no longer used or practiced. 폐기
exact
to demand, call for, require, take
gregarious
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
intimate
to imply, suggest or insinuate(넌지시 비추다)
neophyte
니어 파잍 1, a recent convert; a beginner; novice
philistine
필 리 스틴 1, a crass(투박한) individual guided material rather than intellectual or artistic values
pundit
an authority on a subject, one who gives opinions
saturnine
쌔 털 나인 1, gloomy, dark, sullen, morose
tendentious
biased, showing marked tendencies
belie
to give a false impression of, to misrepresent
desultory
random; thoughtless; marked by a lack of plan or purpose
excoriate
to censure scathingly(가차없이), to upbraid(신랄하게 비난하다)
grouse
to complain or grumble
intractable
not easily managed or directed, stubborn, obstinate(완고한)
nexus
a connection, tie, or link; center or focus
phlegmatic
calm, sluggish, unemotional, stoic
pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste, penetrating, to the point
scurvy
contemptible, despicable
tender
to offer formally
bellicose
belligerent, pugnacious, warlike
detraction
slandering, verbal attack, aspersion
exculpate
to exonerate(..의 무고함을 밝히다), to clear of blame
guile
trickery, duplicity, cunning
intransigent
refusing to compromise
nice
exact(강요하다)ing, extremely or even excessively precise; done with delicacy or skill
picaresque
피 커 뤠스크 3, involving clever rogues(악당) or adventurers
pusilanimous
퓨 썰 래 너 머쓰 3, cowardly, craven(겁많은)
sedulous
쎄 절 러쓰 1, diligent, persistent, hard-working
tenuous
having little substance or strength, flimsy, week
bent
leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy
exemplar
typical or standard specimen(예); paradigm, model
guy
a rope or cord attached to something as a brace(버팀목) or guide(가이, 당김 밧줄 ((기중기에 실린 짐을 안정시키는)))
intrepid
인 트뤠 핃 2, steadfast(확고한), courageous
noisome
offensive, especially to one's sense of smell, fetid
pied
파읻 multi-colored, usually in blotch(얼룩, 반점)es
putrefy
퓨 트뤄 파이 1, to rot, decay and give off a foul odor, become gangrenous(suffering from tissue death 갱 그뤄 너쓰 1)
seine
a large net hung out and dragged in to catch fish(후릿그물)
terse
brief and concise in wording
blandish
to coax with flattery, toady or fawn
diatribe
a harsh denunciation
exhort
To urge by strong, often stirring argument, admonition, advice, or appeal: exhorted the troops to hold the line;
hackneyed
rendered(made) trite(트롸이트 진부한) or commonplace(평범한) by frequent usage
inured
인 뉴얼드 2, accustomed to accepting something undesirable
nonplussed
baffled, in a quandary(곤경), at a loss for what to say, do or think
pillory
to punish, hold up to(을 (웃음거리로) 내세우다 ((to))) public scorn
quaff
크워프 to drink deeply
sere
씨얼 withered(말라빠진), arid(메마른)
timorous
timid, fearful, diffident
blithe
carefree, merry
die
a tool used for shaping
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
halcyon
calm and peaceful, prosperous
inveigh
인 베이 2, to attack verbally, denounce(비난하다), deprecate(비난하다)
nostrum
cure-all, placebo플러 씨 보우 2(위약(僞藥)) , questionable remedy
pine
to yearn intensely, to languish(쇠약해지다), to lose vigor
quail
to shrink back in fear, lose courage
seminal
like a seed, constituting a source, originative
tirade
타이 뤠읻 1, a long and extremely critical(비판적인) speech, harsh denunciation
boisterous
loud, noisy, rough, lacking restraint
dilatory
causing delay, procrastinating
exonerate
to remove blame
hallow
핼로우 to set apart as holy
inveigle
인 베이글 2, to obtain by deception or flattery
noxious
harmful, injurious
piquant
agreeably pungent, spicy(양념을 넣은; 향긋한), stimulating
qualms
misgivings(의심), reservations((입밖에 낼 수 없는) 마음의 걱정, 의혹 ), causes for hesitancy
shard
a piece of broken pottery or glass, any small piece or part
toady
sycophant(씨 커 펀트 1), flatterer, yes-man
bolster
to provide support or reinforcement
dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial interest in the arts or a branch of knowledge
expatiate
to discuss or write about at length(충분히); to range freely
harangue
to deliver a loud, pompous speech or tirade(타이 뤠읻 1, 장광설)
inveterate
deep rooted, ingrained, habitual
obdurate
unyielding, hardhearted(무정한), inflexible
pique
피 케이 resentment, feeling of irritation due to hurt pride
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling, quarrelsome
simper
to smirk(to smile in an affected smug(잘난 척하는) or offensively familiar way)
torpid
lethargic(리 딸 쥑 2), sluggish, dormant
bombastic
pompous; grandiloquent
din
loud sustained noise
expiate
to atone(속죄하다) or make amends for(속죄하다)
harrow
to distress(괴롭히다), create stress or torment(괴롭히다, 고문하다)
irascible
이 뤠 써블 2, easily angered; prone to temperamental(신경질적인) outbursts(폭발, 분출)
obfuscate
to deliberately obscure, to make confusing
pirate
to use or reproduce illegally
quiescence
stillness, motionlessness, quality of being at rest
sinecure
position requiring little or no work and usually providing an income
torque
a force that causes rotation
boor
a rude or insensitive person; lout; yokel
disabuse
to undeceive; to set right ...의 그릇된 생각을 깨우쳐 주다
expurgate
to remove obscenity(업 쌔 너 티 2, 외설)
hedonism
히 더 니즘 1, devotion to pleasurable pursuits, especially to the pleasures of the senses
itinerate
to travel from place to place
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness; subservient(비굴한)
pith
the essential or central part
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily, commonplace
singular
exceptional, unusual, odd
torrid
scorching(burning very hot), ardent(불타는 듯 한, 열심인), passionate, hurried