Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/173

Click to flip

173 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abate
to reduce in amount, degree, or severity
ebb
moderate
subside
lapse
relent
wane
let up
slacken
abscond
to leave secretly

flee
decamp
escape
abstain
to choose not to do something

forbear
refrain
withhold
abyss
an extremely deep hole

chasm
void
adulterate
to make impure

doctor
advocate
to speak in favor of

advocacy: active support for

back
champion
support
aesthetic
concerning the appreciation of beauty

artistic
tasteful
aggrandize
to increase in power, influence, and reputation
alleviate
to make more bearable

allay
ease
mitigate
assuage
lessen
palliate
comfort
lighten
relieve
amalgamate
to combine, to mix together

admix
commingle
fuse
merge
blend
commix
intermingle
mingle
combine
compound
intermix
mix
ambiguous
doubtful or uncertain; able to be interpreted several ways

cloudy
equivocal
obscure
doubtful
nebulous
unclear
dubious
indeterminate
vague
ameliorate
to make better, to improve

amend
pacify
better
upgrade
improve
anachronism
something out of place in time

archaism
incongruity
analogous
similar or alike in some; equivalent to

alike
similar
equivalent
comparable
homogeneous
corresponding
parallel
anomaly
deviation from what is normal

aberrance
deviance
preternaturalness
aberration
deviation
abnormaility
irregularity
antagonize
to annoy or provoke to anger

clash
irritate
provoke
conflict
oppose
vex
incite
pester
antipathy
extreme dislike

animosity
aversion
repellence
animus
enmity
antagonism
hostility
apathy
lack of interest or emotion

coolness
disinterest
disregard
arbitrate
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties
adjudge
determine
referee
adjudicate
judge
rule
decide
moderate
archaic
ancient, old-fashioned

ancient
bygone
fusty
outdated
prehistoric
superseded
antediluvian
dated
obsolete
outmoded
stale
vintage
antique
dowdy
old-fashioned
passe
superannuated
ardor
intense and passionate feeling

devotion
fervidity
fire
zealousness
enthusiasm
fervidness
passion
fervency
pervor
zeal
articulate
able to speak clearly and expressively

eloquent
lucid
expressive
silver-tongued
fluent
smooth-spoken
assuage
to make something unpleasant less severe

allay
comfort
lighten
pacify
propitiate
sweeten
alleviate
conciliate
mitigate
palliate
relieve
appease
ease
mollify
placate
soothe
attenuate
to reduce in force or degree; to weaken

debilitate
enervate
sap
undo
weaken
devitalize
enfeebled
thin
unnerve
dilute
rarefy
undermine
water
audacious
fearless and daring

adventuresome
bold
daring
fearless
heroic
plucky
aggressive
brave
dauntless
gallant
intrepid
stout
assertive
courageous
doughty
game
mettlesome
stouthearted
unafraid
valorous
undaunted
venturesome
valiant
ventrous
austere
severe or stern in appearance; undecorated

bleak
hard
dour
harsh
grim
severe
banal
predictable, cliched, boring

bland
commonplace
innocuous
musty
quotidian
stereotypic
tired
worn-out
bromidic
fautuous
insipid
platitudinous
shopworn
threadbare
trite
cliched
hackneyed
jejune
prosaic
stale
timeworn
vapid
bolster
to support, to prop up

brace
support
uphold
buttress
sustain
prop
underpin
bombastic
pompous in speech and manner

bloated
grandiloquent
magniloquent
rhetorical
declamatory
grandiose
orotund
self-important
fustian
high-flown
pretentious
cacophony
harsh, jarring noise

discord
noise
chaos
clamor
disharmony
din
candid
impartial and honest in speech

direct
honest
straight
forthright
open
straightforward
frank
sincere
undisguised
capricious
changing one's mind quickly and often

arbitrary
erratic
mercurial
willful
chance
fickle
random
changeable
inconstant
whimsical
castigate
to punish or criticize harshly

admonish
rebuke
chastise
reprimand
chide
reproach
reprove
upbraid
scold
tax
catalyst
something that brings about a change in something else
caustic
biting in wit
acerbic
trenchant
biting
mordant
chaos
great disorder or confusion

clutter
disarray
disorganization
muddle
topsy-turviness
confusion
disorder
jumble
scramble
turmoil
disarrangement
disorderliness
mess
snarl
chauvinist
someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he or she belongs

partisan
chicanery
deception by means of craft or guile

artifice
conniving
craftiness
deception
pettifoggery
sophistry
deviousness
shadiness
subterfuge
misrepresentation
sneakiness
underhandedness
cogent
convincing and well-reasoned

convincing
sound
persuasive
telling
solid
valid
condone
to overlook, pardon,or disregard

exculpate
remit
excuse
pardon
convoluted
intricate and complicated

byzantine
intricate
perplexing
complex
knotty
tangled
elaborate
labyrinthine
corroborate
to provide supporting evidence

authenticate
buttress
validate
back
confirm
verify
bear out
substantiate
credulous
too trusting; gullible

naive
susceptible
trusting
crescendo
steadily increasing in volume or force
decorum
appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety

correctness
manners
seemliness
decenecy
mores
etiquette
propriety
dilatory
intended to delay

dragging
lagging
slow-going
flagging
slow
slow-paced
laggard
slow-footed
tardy
dilettante
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic

amateur
tyro
dabbler
superficial
dirge
a funeral hymn or mournful speech

elegy
lament
disabuse
to set right; to free from error

correct
undeceive
discern
to perceive; to recognize
catch
differentiate
espy
separate
tell
descry
discriminate
glimpse
spot
detect
distinguis
know
spy
disparate
fundamentally different; entirely unalike

different
diverse
dissimilar
variant
divergent
various
dissemble
to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character

act
camouflage
cover up
fake
masquerade
put on
affect
cloak
disguise
feign
pose
sham
assume
counterfeit
dissimulate
mask
pretend
simulate
dissonance
a harsh and disagreeable combination, often of sounds

clash
dissension
friction
contention
dissent
strift
discord
dissidence
variance
dogma
a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief

creed
tenet
doctrine
teaching
dogmatic
dictatorial in one's opinions

authoritarian
doctrinaire
magisterial
peremptory
bossy
domineering
masterful
dictatorial
imperious
overbearing
dupe
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived

beguile
cozen
fool
mislead
betray
deceive
hoodwink
take in
bluff
delude
humbug
trick
eclectic
selecting from or made up of a variety of sources

selective
catholic
broad
efficacy
effectiveness

dynamism
force
proficiency
effectiveness
power
strength
efficiency
productiveness
vigor
elegy
a sorrowful poem or speech

dirge
lament
eloquent
persuasive and moving, especially in speech

articulate
meaningful
expressive
significant
fluent
smooth-spoken
emulate
to copy; to try to equal or excel

ape
imitate
simulate
enervate
to reduce in strength

debilitate
weaken
enfeeble
sap
engender
to produce, cause, or bring about

beget
proliferate
generate
reproduce
procreate
spawn
enigma
a puzzle; a mystery

conundrum
perplexity
enumerate
to count, list, or itemize

catalog
index
tabulate
ephemeral
lasting a short time

evanescent
transient
fleeting
momentary
equivocate
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead

ambiguous
evasive
waffling
erratic
wandering and unpredictable

capricious
whimsical
inconstant
irresolute
erudite
learned, scholarly, bookish

scholastic
learned
wise
esoteric
known or understood by only a few

abstruse
arcane
obscure
estimable
admirable

honorable
praiseworthy
worthy
commendable
laudable
respectable
creditable
meritorious
venerable
eulogy
speech in praise of someone

commend
extol
laud
euphemism
use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful on

circumlocution
whitewash
exacerbate
to make worse

annoy
irritate
aggravate
provoke
intensify
exculpate
to clear from blame; prove innocent

absolve
exonerate
acquit
vindicate
clear
exigent
urgen, requiring immediate action

critical
urgent
imperative
needed
exonerate
to clear of blame

absolve
exculpate
acquit
vindicate
clear
explicit
clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression

candid
unequivocal
frank
straightforward
fanatical
acting excessively enthusiastic; filled with extreme, unquestioned devotion

extremist
zealous
fiery
frenzied
fawn
to grovel

bootlick
pander
grovel
toady
fervid
intensely emotional; feverish

burning
vehement
impassioned
passionate
zealous
florid
excessively decorate or embellished

baroque
elaborate
flamboyant
ornate
ostentatious
rococo
foment
to arouse or incite

agitate
instigate
impassion
kindle
inflame
frugality
a tendency to be thrifty or cheap

economical
sparing
parsimony
prudence
garrulous
tending to talk a lot

effusive
loquacious
gregarious
outgoing, sociable

affable
sociable
congenial
communicative
guile
deceit or trickery

artifice
duplicity
chicanery
connivery
gullible
easily deceived

credulous
exploitable
naive
homogenous
of a similar kind

consistene
unvarying
standardized
uniform
iconoclast
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions

maverick
revolutionary
nonconformist
rebel
imperturbable
not capable of being disturbed

composed
serene
dispassionate
stoical
impassive
impervious
impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected

resistant
impregnable
impetuous
quick to act without thinking

impulsive
reckless
precipitate
spontaneous
rash
implacable
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

inexorable
relentless
unrelenting
intransigent
remorseless
irreconcilable
unforgiving
inchoate
not fully formed; disorganized

amorphous
unorganized
incoherent
incomplete
ingenuous
showing innocence or childlike simplicity

artless
naive
guileless
simple
innocent
unaffected
inimical
hostile, unfriendly

adverse
recalcitrant
antagonistic
dissident
innocuous
harmless

benign
inoffensive
insipid
lacking interest or flavor

banal
stale
bland
vapid
dull
intransigent
uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled

implacable
obdurate
rigid
unyielding
inexorable
obstinate
unbending
irreconcilable
remorseless
unrelenting
innundate
to overwhelm; to cover with water

deluge
flood
drown
submerge
engulf
irascible
easily made angry

cantankerous
irritable
testy
ornery
laconic
using few words

concise
terse
curt
taciturn
pithy
lament
to express sorrow; to grieve

bewail
mourn
deplore
grieve
laud
to give praise; to glorify

acclaim
compliment
hail
applaud
exalt
praise
commend
extol
lavish
to give unsparingly; extremely generous or extravagant

bestow
extravagant
prodigal
ocnfer
opulent
luxuriant
exuberant
profuse
superabundant
lethargic
acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner

apathetic
listless
languid
torpid
lackadaisical
loquacious
talkative

effusive
garrulous
verbose
lucid
clear and easily understood

clear
intelligible
coherent
impid
explicit
luminous
bright, brilliant, glowing

incandescent
radiant
lucent
respendlent
lustrous
malinger
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill

shirk
slack
malleable
capable of being shaped

adaptable
pliable
ductile
pliant
plastic
metaphor
a figure of speech comparing to different things; a symbol

analogy
comparison
meticulous
extremely careful about details

conscientious
precise
scrupulous
misanthrope
a person who dislikes others
mitigate
to soften; to lessen

allay
ease
mollify
alleviate
lighten
palliate
assuage
moderate
temper
mollify
to calm or make less severe

appeae
pacify
assuage
conciliate
monotony
lack of variation

drone
tedium
naive
lacking sophistication or experience

artless
ingenuous
credulous
simple
guileless
unaffected
obdurate
overly submissive and eager to please

compliant
subservient
deferential
servile
obsequious
overly submissive and eager to please

compliant
subservient
deferential
servile
obstinate
stubborn, unyielding

intransigent
pertinacious
mulish
stubborn
persistent
tenacious
obviate
to prevent; to make unnecessary

forestall
preclude
prohibit
occlude
to stop up; to prevent the passage of

barricade
obstruct
block
close
onerous
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome

arduous
cumbersome
formidable
oppressive
trying
backbreaking
difficult
hard
rigorous
burdensome
exacting
laborious
taxing
opaque
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light

obscure
opprobium
public disgrace

discredit
disrepute
obloquy
disgrade
ignominy
shame
dishonor
infamy
ostentation
excessive showiness

conspicuousness
showiness
flashiness
pretentiousness
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma

incongruity
ambiguity
paragon
model of excellence or perfection

apotheosis
ideal
standard
quintessence
pedant
someone who shows off learning
perfidious
willing to betray one's trust

disloyal
traitorous
faithless
treacherous
perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent

apathetic
automatic
mechanical
permeate
to penetrate

imbue
infuse
suffuse
philanthropy
charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness

humanitarianism
altruism
placate
to soothe or pacify

appease
conciliate
mollify
plastic
able to be molded, altered, or bent

adaptable
pliant
ductile
malleable
plethora
excess

glut
surfeit
overabundance
superfluity
pragmatic
practical as opposed to idealistic

realistic
rational
precipitate
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberationg

abrupt
hurried
impulsive
reckless
hasty
ill-considered
prompt
sudden
headlong
impetuous
rash
prevaricate
to lie or deviate from the truth

equivocate
lie
perjure
pristine
fresh and clean; uncorrupted

innocent
undamanged
prodigal
lavish, wasteful

extravagant
spendthrift
lavish
wasteful
profligate
proliferate
to increase in number quickly

breed
propagate
multiply
reproduce
procreate
spawn
propitiate
to conciliate; to appease

appease
pacify
conciliate
placate
mollify
propriety
correct behavior; obedience to rules and customs

decency
seemliness
decorum
modesty
prudence
wisdom, caution, or restraint

astuteness
frugality
thrift
circumspection
judiciousness
discretion
providence
pungent
sharp and irritating to the senses

acrid
poignant
caustic
stinging
piquant
quiescent
motionless

latent
dormant
rarefy
to make thinner or sparser

attenuate
thin
repudiate
to reject the validity of

deny
disown
disavow
renounce
disclaim
reticent
silent, reserved

cool
standoffish
introverted
taciturn
laconic
undemonstrative
rhetoric
effective writing or speaking

eloquence
oratory
satiate
to satisfy fully or overindulge

cloy
surfeit
glut
gorge
soporific
causing sleep or lethargy

hypnotic
somnolent
narcotic
slumberous
specious
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious

illusory
spurious
ostensible
sophistical
plausible
stigma
a mark of shame or discredit

blemish
stain
blot
taint
opprobrium
stolid
emotional; lacking sensitivity

apathetica
phlegmatic
impassive
stoical
indifferent
unconcerned
sublime
lofty or grand

august
grand
noble
superb
exalted
magnificent
regal
glorious
majestic
resplendent
tacit
done without using words

implicit
unsaid
implied
unuttered
undeclared
taciturn
silent, not talkative

laconic
reticent
tirade
long, harsh speech or verbal attack

diatribe
obloquy
fulmination
revilement
harangue
vilification
torpor
extreme mental and physical sluggishness

apathy
languor
transitory
temporary; lasting a brief time

ephemeral
impermanent
evanescent
momentary
fleeting
vacillate
to sway physically; to be indecisive

dither
oscillate
falter
waver
fluctuate
venerate
to respect deeply

adore
revere
honor
idolize
veracity
filled with truth and accuracy

candor
probity
exactitude
fidelity
verbose
wordy

long-winded
superfluous
loquacious
prolix
vex
to annoy

exasperate
peeve
bother
irk
provoke
chafe
nettle
volatile
easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive

capricious
inconsistent
temperamental
erratic
inconstant
fickle
mercurial
waver
to fluctuate between choices

dither
oscillate
falter
vacillate
fluctuate
whimsical
acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable

capricious
flippant
erratic
frivolous
zeal
passion, excitement

ardency
passion
fervor
fire