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190 Cards in this Set

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Munificent
1 : very liberal in giving or bestowing : LAVISH
2 : characterized by great liberality or generosity
Exculpate
to clear from alleged fault or guilt
Similitude
1 a : COUNTERPART, DOUBLE b : a visible likeness : IMAGE
2 : an imaginative comparison : SIMILE
3 a : correspondence in kind or quality b : a point of comparison
Desultory
1 : marked by lack of definite plan, regularity, or purpose <a dragged-out ordeal of ... desultory shopping -- Herman Wouk>
2 : not connected with the main subject
3 : disappointing in progress or performance : SLUGGISH
Trenchant
1 : KEEN, SHARP
2 : vigorously effective and articulate <a trenchant analysis>; also : CAUSTIC <trenchant remarks>
3 a : sharply perceptive : PENETRATING b : CLEAR-CUT, DISTINCT <the trenchant divisions between right and wrong -- Edith Wharton>
Inveigle
1 : to win over by wiles : ENTICE
2 : to acquire by ingenuity or flattery
synonym see LURE
Abstemious
: marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol; also : reflecting such restraint <an abstemious diet>
Emnity
positive, active, and typically mutual hatred or ill will
Abnegation
: DENIAL; especially : SELF-DENIAL
Turpitude
from turpis vile, base
: inherent baseness : DEPRAVITY <moral turpitude>; also : a base act
Jejune
1 : lacking nutritive value <jejune diets>
2 : devoid of significance or interest : DULL <jejune lectures>
3 : JUVENILE, PUERILE <jejune reflections on life and art>
synonym see INSIPID
Vapid
Latin vappa vapid wine and perhaps to Latin vapor steam
: lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force : FLAT, DULL <a gossipy, vapid woman, obsessed by her own elegance -- R. F. Delderfield> <London was not all vapid dissipation -- V. S. Pritchett>
synonym see INSIPID
Insipid
1 : lacking taste or savor : TASTELESS
2 : lacking in qualities that interest, stimulate, or challenge : DULL, FLAT
Pallid
1 : deficient in color : WAN <a pallid countenance>
2 : lacking sparkle or liveliness : DULL <a pallid entertainment>
Livid
1 : discolored by bruising : BLACK-AND-BLUE <the livid traces of the sharp scourges -- Abraham Cowley>
2 : ASHEN, PALLID <this cross, thy livid face, thy pierced hands and feet -- Walt Whitman>
3 : REDDISH <a fan of gladiolas blushed livid under the electric letters -- Truman Capote>
4 : very angry : ENRAGED <was livid at his son's disobedience>
lurid
Etymology: Latin luridus pale yellow, sallow
1 a : wan and ghastly pale in appearance b : of any of several light or medium grayish colors ranging in hue from yellow to orange
2 : shining with the red glow of fire seen through smoke or cloud
3 a : causing horror or revulsion : GRUESOME b : MELODRAMATIC, SENSATIONAL; also : SHOCKING <paperbacks in the usual lurid covers -- T. R. Fyvel>
synonym see GHASTLY
Surreptitious
Etymology: Middle English, from Latin surrepticius, from surreptus, past participle of surripere to snatch secretly, from sub- + rapere to seize -- more at RAPID
1 : done, made, or acquired by stealth : CLANDESTINE
2 : acting or doing something clandestinely : STEALTHY
synonym see SECRET
Repudiate
1 : to divorce or separate formally from (a woman)
2 : to refuse to have anything to do with : DISOWN
3 a : to refuse to accept; especially : to reject as unauthorized or as having no binding force b : to reject as untrue or unjust <repudiate a charge>
4 : to refuse to acknowledge or pay
synonym see DECLINE
- re•pu•di•a•tor /-"A-t&r/ noun
Deign
intransitive senses : to condescend reluctantly and with a strong sense of the affront to one's superiority that is involved
transitive senses : to condescend to give or offer
Biddable
1 : easily led, taught, or controlled : DOCILE
2 : capable of being bid
Profligate
Function: noun
: a person given to wildly extravagant and usually grossly self-indulgent expenditure
Function: adjective
Etymology: Latin profligatus, from past participle of profligare to strike down, from pro- forward, down + -fligare (akin to fligere to strike); akin to Greek phlibein to squeeze
1 : completely given up to dissipation and licentiousness
2 : wildly extravagant : PRODIGAL
- prof•li•gate•ly adverb
Malefaction
Function: noun
: an evil deed : CRIME
Aliquot
Function: adjective
Etymology: Medieval Latin aliquotus, from Latin aliquot some, several, from alius other + quot how many -- more at ELSE, QUOTE
1 : contained an exact number of times in something else -- used of a divisor or part <5 is an aliquot part of 15> <an aliquot portion of a solution>
2 : FRACTIONAL <an aliquot part of invested capital>
Repartee
Function: noun
Etymology: French repartie, from repartir to retort, from Middle French, from re- + partir to divide -- more at PART
1 a : a quick and witty reply b : a succession or interchange of clever retorts : amusing and usually light sparring with words
2 : adroitness and cleverness in reply : skill in repartee
Sumptuous
: extremely costly, rich, luxurious, or magnificent <sumptuous banquets> <a sumptuous residence>; also : MAGNIFICENT
Decorous
: marked by propriety and good taste : CORRECT <decorous conduct>
Semaphore
1 : an apparatus for visual signaling (as by the position of one or more movable arms)
2 : a system of visual signaling by two flags held one in each hand
Function: verb
Inflected Form(s): -phored; -phor•ing
transitive senses : to convey (information) by or as if by semaphore
intransitive senses : to send signals by or as if by semaphore
Gastronome
: a lover of good food; especially : one with a serious interest in gastronomy
synonym see EPICURE
Epicure
1 archaic : one devoted to sensual pleasure : SYBARITE
2 : one with sensitive and discriminating tastes especially in food or wine
synonyms EPICURE, GOURMET, GOURMAND, GASTRONOME mean one who takes pleasure in eating and drinking. EPICURE implies fastidiousness and voluptuousness of taste. GOURMET implies being a connoisseur in food and drink and the discriminating enjoyment of them. GOURMAND implies a hearty appetite for good food and drink, not without discernment, but with less than a gourmet's. GASTRONOME implies that one has studied extensively the history and rituals of haute cuisine.
Gourmand
1 : one who is excessively fond of eating and drinking
2 : one who is heartily interested in good food and drink
synonym see EPICURE
Raucous
1 : disagreeably harsh or strident : HOARSE <raucous voices>
2 : boisterously disorderly <a... raucous frontier town -- Truman Capote>
synonym see LOUD
Precipitate
1 a : to throw violently : HURL <the quandaries into which the release of nuclear energy has precipitated mankind -- A. B. Arons> b : to throw down
2 : to bring about especially abruptly <precipitate a scandal that would end with his expulsion -- John Cheever>
3 a : to cause to separate from solution or suspension b : to cause (vapor) to condense and fall or deposit
intransitive senses
1 a : to fall headlong b : to fall or come suddenly into some condition
2 : to move or act precipitately
3 a : to separate from solution or suspension b : to condense from a vapor and fall as rain or snow
Dissuade
1 a : to advise (a person) against something b archaic : to advise against (an action)
2 : to turn from something by persuasion
- dis•suad•er nounMain Entry: dis•suade
Pronunciation: di-'swAd
Function: transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): dis•suad•ed; dis•suad•ing
Etymology: Middle French or Latin; Middle French dissuader, from Latin dissuadEre, from dis- + suadEre to urge -- more at SWEET
1 a : to advise (a person) against something b archaic : to advise against (an action)
2 : to turn from something by persuasion
- dis•suad•er noun
Inexorable
: not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty : RELENTLESS
Impertinent
1 : not pertinent : IRRELEVANT
2 a : not restrained within due or proper bounds especially of propriety or good taste <impertinent curiosity> b : given to or characterized by insolent rudeness <an impertinent answer>
- im•per•ti•nent•ly adverb
synonyms IMPERTINENT, OFFICIOUS, MEDDLESOME, INTRUSIVE, OBTRUSIVE mean given to thrusting oneself into the affairs of others. IMPERTINENT implies exceeding the bounds of propriety in showing interest or curiosity or in offering advice <resented their impertinent interference>. OFFICIOUS implies the offering of services or attentions that are unwelcome or annoying <officious friends made the job harder>. MEDDLESOME stresses an annoying and usually prying interference in others' affairs <a meddlesome landlord>. INTRUSIVE implies a tactless or otherwise objectionable thrusting into others' affairs <tried to be helpful without being intrusive>. OBTRUSIVE stresses improper or offensive conspicuousness of interfering actions <expressed an obtrusive concern for his safety>.
Obtrusive
1 a : forward in manner or conduct <obtrusive behavior> b : undesirably prominent
2 : thrust out : PROTRUDING
synonym see IMPERTINENT
Bumptious
presumptuously, obtusely, and often noisily self-assertive : OBTRUSIVE
Balky
: refusing or likely to refuse to proceed, act, or function as directed or expected <a balky mule>
synonym see CONTRARY
Restive
1 : stubbornly resisting control : BALKY
2 : marked by impatience : FIDGETY
synonym see CONTRARY
Sensualism
persistent or excessive pursuit of sensual pleasures and interests
voluptuary
a person whose chief interests are luxury and the gratification of sensual appetites
sybarite
1 [from the notorious luxury of the Sybarites] : VOLUPTUARY, SENSUALIST
2 capitalized : a native or resident of the ancient city of Sybaris
panegyric
a eulogistic oration or writing; also : formal or elaborate praise
synonym see ENCOMIUM
encomium
glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise; also : an expression of this
synonyms ENCOMIUM, EULOGY, PANEGYRIC, TRIBUTE, CITATION mean a formal expression of praise. ENCOMIUM implies enthusiasm and warmth in praising a person or a thing. EULOGY applies to a prepared speech or writing extolling the virtues and services of a person. PANEGYRIC suggests an elaborate often poetic compliment. TRIBUTE implies deeply felt praise conveyed either through words or through a significant act. CITATION applies to the formal praise accompanying the mention of a person in a military dispatch or in awarding an honorary degree.
comity
1 a : friendly social atmosphere : social harmony <group activities promoting comity> b : a loose widespread community based on common social institutions <the comity of civilization> c : COMITY OF NATIONS d : the informal and voluntary recognition by courts of one jurisdiction of the laws and judicial decisions of another
2 : avoidance of proselytizing members of another religious denomination
emendation
1 : the act or practice of emending
2 : an alteration designed to correct or improve
obdurate
1 a : stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing b : hardened in feelings
2 : resistant to persuasion or softening influences
synonym see INFLEXIBLE
contumacious
stubbornly disobedient : REBELLIOUS
cogent
1 : having power to compel or constrain <cogent forces>
2 a : appealing forcibly to the mind or reason : CONVINCING <cogent evidence> b : PERTINENT, RELEVANT <a cogent analysis of a problem>
synonym see VALID
euphony
1 : pleasing or sweet sound; especially : the acoustic effect produced by words so formed or combined as to please the ear
2 : a harmonious succession of words having a pleasing sound
cloy
transitive senses : to surfeit with an excess usually of something orig. pleasing
intransitive senses : to cause surfeit
synonym see SATIATE
taciturn
: temperamentally disinclined to talk
synonym see SILENT
frenetic
Etymology: Middle English frenetik insane, from Middle French frenetique, from Latin phreneticus, modification of Greek phrenitikos, from phrenitis inflammation of the brain, from phren-, phrEn diaphragm, mind
: FRENZIED, FRANTIC
diffident
1 : hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence
2 archaic : DISTRUSTFUL
3 : RESERVED, UNASSERTIVE
synonym see SHY
- dif•fi•dent•ly adverb
allure
to entice by charm or attraction
synonym see ATTRACT
blandishment
: something that tends to coax or cajole : ALLUREMENT -- often used in plural
voluble
1 : easily rolling or turning : ROTATING
2 : characterized by ready or rapid speech : GLIB, FLUENT
synonym see TALKATIVE
intransigent
1 a : refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or attitude : UNCOMPROMISING b : IRRECONCILABLE
2 : characteristic of an intransigent person
refractory
1 : resisting control or authority : STUBBORN, UNMANAGEABLE
2 a : resistant to treatment or cure <a refractory lesion> b : unresponsive to stimulus c : IMMUNE, INSUSCEPTIBLE <after recovery they were refractory to infection>
3 : difficult to fuse, corrode, or draw out; especially : capable of enduring high temperature
synonym see UNRULY
derision
1 a : the use of ridicule or scorn to show contempt b : a state of being derided
2 : an object of ridicule or scorn
avaricious
greedy of gain : excessively acquisitive especially in seeking to hoard riches
synonym see COVETOUS
sordid
1 : marked by baseness or grossness : VILE <sordid motives>
2 a : DIRTY, FILTHY b : WRETCHED, SQUALID
3 : meanly avaricious : COVETOUS
4 : of a dull or muddy color
synonym see MEAN
laconic
: using or involving the use of a minimum of words : concise to the point of seeming rude or mysterious
synonym see CONCISE
aver
1 a : to verify or prove to be true in pleading a cause b : to allege or assert in pleading
2 : to declare positively
indefatigable
: incapable of being fatigued : UNTIRING
incorrigible
incapable of being corrected or amended: as a (1) : not reformable : DEPRAVED (2) : DELINQUENT b : not manageable : UNRULY c : UNALTERABLE, INVETERATE
insolent
1 : insultingly contemptuous in speech or conduct : OVERBEARING
2 : exhibiting boldness or effrontery : IMPUDENT
synonym see PROUD
audacious
1 a : intrepidly daring : ADVENTUROUS <an audacious mountain climber> b : recklessly bold : RASH
2 : contemptuous of law, religion, or decorum : INSOLENT
3 : marked by originality and verve
facetious
1 : joking or jesting often inappropriately : WAGGISH <just being facetious>
2 : meant to be humorous or funny : not serious <a facetious remark>
synonym see WITTY
ingenuous
1 obsolete : NOBLE, HONORABLE
2 a : showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness b : lacking craft or subtlety
synonym see NATURAL
lugubrious
1 : MOURNFUL; especially : exaggeratedly or affectedly mournful <dark, dramatic and lugubrious brooding -- V. S. Pritchett>
2 : DISMAL <a lugubrious landscape>
surfeit
1 : an overabundant supply : EXCESS
2 : an intemperate or immoderate indulgence in something (as food or drink)
3 : disgust caused by excess
satiety
1 : the quality or state of being fed or gratified to or beyond capacity : SURFEIT, FULLNESS
2 : the revulsion or disgust caused by overindulgence or excess
jaundice
1 : yellowish pigmentation of the skin, tissues, and body fluids caused by the deposition of bile pigments
2 : a disease or abnormal condition characterized by jaundice
3 : a state or attitude characterized by satiety, distaste, or hostility
idiot savant
1 : a person affected with a mental disability (as autism or mental retardation) who exhibits exceptional skill or brilliance in some limited field (as mathematics or music) -- called also savant
2 : a person who is highly knowledgeable about one subject but knows little about anything else
savant
1 : a person of learning; especially : one with detailed knowledge in some specialized field (as of science or literature)
2 : IDIOT SAVANT 1
tractable
1 : capable of being easily led, taught, or controlled : DOCILE <a tractable horse>
2 : easily handled, managed, or wrought : MALLEABLE
synonym see OBEDIENT
gist
1 : the ground of a legal action
2 : the main point or part : ESSENCE <the gist of an argument>
subsume
more at CONSUME
: to include or place within something larger or more comprehensive : encompass as a subordinate or component element <red, green, and yellow are subsumed under the term "color">
captious
1 : marked by an often ill-natured inclination to stress faults and raise objections
2 : calculated to confuse, entrap, or entangle in argument
synonym see CRITICAL
calumny
1 : a misrepresentation intended to blacken another's reputation
2 : the act of uttering false charges or misrepresentations maliciously calculated to
ineluctable
not to be avoided, changed, or resisted : INEVITABLE
utter
carried to the utmost point or highest degree : ABSOLUTE, TOTAL <utter darkness> <utter strangers>
sublime
1 a : lofty, grand, or exalted in thought, expression, or manner b : of outstanding spiritual, intellectual, or moral worth c : tending to inspire awe usually because of elevated quality (as of beauty, nobility, or grandeur) or transcendent excellence
2 a archaic : high in place b obsolete : lofty of mien : HAUGHTY c capitalized : SUPREME -- used in a style of address d : COMPLETE, UTTER <sublime ignorance>
synonym see SPLENDID
languid
1 : drooping or flagging from or as if from exhaustion : WEAK
2 : sluggish in character or disposition : LISTLESS
3 : lacking force or quickness of movement : SLOW
wan
1 a : suggestive of poor health : SICKLY, PALLID b : lacking vitality : FEEBLE
2 : DIM, FAINT
3 : LANGUID <a wan smile>
pallid
1 : deficient in color : WAN <a pallid countenance>
2 : lacking sparkle or liveliness : DULL <a pallid entertainment>
livid
1 : discolored by bruising : BLACK-AND-BLUE <the livid traces of the sharp scourges -- Abraham Cowley>
2 : ASHEN, PALLID <this cross, thy livid face, thy pierced hands and feet -- Walt Whitman>
3 : REDDISH <a fan of gladiolas blushed livid under the electric letters -- Truman Capote>
4 : very angry : ENRAGED <was livid at his son's disobedience>
fervid
1 : very hot : BURNING
2 : marked by often extreme fervor <a fervid crusader>
synonym see IMPASSIONED
venal
1 : capable of being bought or obtained for money or other valuable consideration : PURCHASABLE; especially : open to corrupt influence and especially bribery : MERCENARY <a venal legislator>
2 : originating in, characterized by, or associated with corrupt bribery <a venal arrangement with the police>
vehemence
: the quality or state of being vehement : INTENSITY
sangfroid

Pronunciation: 'sän-'f(r)wä
Function: noun
Etymology: French sang-froid, literally, cold blood
: self-possession or imperturbability especially under strain
synonym see EQUANIMITY
hate
1 a very strong dislike <hate can sometimes be replaced with tolerance when people meet face to face>
Synonyms abhorrence, abomination, execration, hatred, loathing
Related Words cattiness, despite, despitefulness, hatefulness, invidiousness, malevolence, malice, maliciousness, malignancy, malignity, meanness, spite, spitefulness; aversion, disgust, distaste, horror, odium, repugnance, repulsion, revulsion; animosity, antagonism, antipathy, bitterness, contempt, disdain, enmity, grudge, hostility, jealousy, pique, resentment, scorn; bile, jaundice, rancor, spleen, venom, virulence, vitriol
Near Antonyms appetite, inclination, liking; adoration, veneration, worship; acceptance, tolerance; passion, relish, taste
Antonyms affection, devotion, fondness, love
2 something or someone that is hated <the Alaska pipeline is a pet hate of environmentalists>
Synonyms abhorrence, abomination, anathema, antipathy, aversion, bête noire
Related Words dread, hang-up, horror, phobia; bogey (also bogy or bogie), bugaboo, bugbear; adversary, enemy; annoyance, grievance, hassle, nuisance, peeve
Near Antonyms beloved, darling, dear, honey; delight, enjoyment, felicity, joy, pleasure; favorite, like, preference; treasure
Antonyms love
loathe
to dislike greatly and often with disgust or intolerance : DETEST
synonym see HATE
loath
: unwilling to do something contrary to one's ways of thinking : RELUCTANT
synonym see DISINCLINED
matriculate
transitive senses : to enroll as a member of a body and especially of a college or university
intransitive senses : to become matriculated
manumission
the act or process of manumitting; especially : formal emancipation from slavery
pedantic
1 : of, relating to, or being a pedant
2 : narrowly, stodgily, and often ostentatiously learned
3 : UNIMAGINATIVE, PEDESTRIAN
salubrious
more at SAFE
: favorable to or promoting health or well-being
synonym see HEALTHFUL
salutary
1 : producing a beneficial effect : REMEDIAL <salutary influences>
2 : promoting health : CURATIVE
synonym see HEALTHFUL
- sal•u•tar•i•ly /"sal-y&-'ter-&-lE/ adverb
- sal•u•tar•i•ness /'sal-y&-"ter-E-n&s/ noun
propitiate
to gain or regain the favor or goodwill of : APPEASE, CONCILIATE
synonym see PACIFY
rapacious
1 : excessively grasping or covetous
2 : living on prey
3 : RAVENOUS
synonym see VORACIOUS
covetous
1 : marked by inordinate desire for wealth or possessions or for another's possessions
2 : having a craving for possession <covetous of power>
synonyms COVETOUS, GREEDY, ACQUISITIVE, GRASPING, AVARICIOUS mean having or showing a strong desire for especially material possessions. COVETOUS implies inordinate desire often for another's possessions <covetous of his brother's country estate>. GREEDY stresses lack of restraint and often of discrimination in desire <greedy for status symbols>. ACQUISITIVE implies both eagerness to possess and ability to acquire and keep <an eagerly acquisitive mind>. GRASPING adds to COVETOUS and GREEDY an implication of selfishness and often suggests unfair or ruthless means <a hard grasping trader who cheated the natives>. AVARICIOUS implies obsessive acquisitiveness especially of money and strongly suggests stinginess <an avaricious miser>.
macbre
1 : having death as a subject : comprising or including a personalized representation of death
2 : dwelling on the gruesome
3 : tending to produce horror in a beholder
synonym see GHASTLY
perfidy
1 : the quality or state of being faithless or disloyal : TREACHERY
2 : an act or an instance of disloyalty
perfidious
of, relating to, or characterized by perfidy
synonym see FAITHLESS
sinuous
1 a : of a serpentine or wavy form : WINDING b : marked by strong lithe movements
2 : INTRICATE, COMPLEX
burnish
1 a : to make shiny or lustrous especially by rubbing b : POLISH 3
2 : to rub (a material) with a tool for compacting or smoothing or for turning an edge
querulous
1 : habitually complaining
2 : FRETFUL, WHINING <a querulous voice>
fretful
disposed to fret : IRRITABLE
petulant
1 : insolent or rude in speech or behavior
2 : characterized by temporary or capricious ill humor : PEEVISH
craven
1 archaic : DEFEATED, VANQUISHED
2 : lacking the least bit of courage : contemptibly fainthearted
synonym see COWARDLY
gossamer
1 : a film of cobwebs floating in air in calm clear weather
2 : something light, delicate, or insubstantial <the gossamer of youth's dreams -- Andrea Parke>
Function: adjective
: extremely light, delicate, or tenuous
insular
1 a : of, relating to, or constituting an island b : dwelling or situated on an island <insular residents>
2 : characteristic of an isolated people; especially : being, having, or reflecting a narrow provincial viewpoint
3 : of or relating to an island of cells or tissue
tortuous
1 : marked by repeated twists, bends, or turns : WINDING <a tortuous path>
2 a : marked by devious or indirect tactics : CROOKED, TRICKY <a tortuous conspiracy> b : CIRCUITOUS, INVOLVED <the tortuous jargon of legal forms>
divestiture
1 : the act of divesting
2 : the compulsory transfer of title or disposal of interests (as stock in a corporation) upon government order
disputatious
1 a : inclined to dispute b : marked by disputation
2 : provoking debate : CONTROVERSIAL
idiosyncracy
1 a : a peculiarity of constitution or temperament : an individualizing characteristic or quality b : individual hypersensitiveness (as to a drug or food)
2 : characteristic peculiarity (as of temperament); broadly : ECCENTRICITY
felicity
1 a : the quality or state of being happy; especially : great happiness b : an instance of happiness
2 : something that causes happiness
3 : a pleasing manner or quality especially in art or language
4 : an apt expression
excrescence
1 : a projection or outgrowth especially when abnormal <warty excrescences in the colon>
2 : a disfiguring, extraneous, or unwanted mark or part : BLOT
solvitur ambulando
Pronunciation: 'sol-wi-"tur-"äm-bu-'län-dO
Usage: foreign term
Etymology: Latin
: it is solved by walking : the problem is solved by a practical experiment
vitiate
1 : to make faulty or defective : IMPAIR <the comic impact is vitiated by obvious haste -- William Styron>
2 : to debase in moral or aesthetic status <a mind vitiated by prejudice>
3 : to make ineffective <fraud vitiates a contract>
synonym see DEBASE
didactic
1 a : designed or intended to teach b : intended to convey instruction and information as well as pleasure and entertainment
2 : making moral observations
philology
1 : the study of literature and of disciplines relevant to literature or to language as used in literature
2 a : LINGUISTICS; especially : historical and comparative linguistics b : the study of human speech especially as the vehicle of literature and as a field of study that sheds light on cultural history
sublate
1 : NEGATE, DENY
2 : to negate or eliminate (as an element in a dialectic process) but preserve as a partial element in a synthesis
apoplectic
1 : of, relating to, or causing stroke
2 : affected with, inclined to, or showing symptoms of stroke
3 : of a kind to cause or apparently cause stroke <an apoplectic rage>; also : greatly agitated
quotidian
1 : occurring every day <quotidian fever>
2 a : belonging to each day : EVERYDAY <quotidian routine> b : COMMONPLACE, ORDINARY <quotidian drabness>
valorize
to enhance or try to enhance the price, value, or status of by organized and usually governmental action <using subsidies to valorize coffee>
opacity
1 : the quality or state of a body that makes it impervious to the rays of light; broadly : the relative capacity of matter to obstruct the transmission of radiant energy
2 a : obscurity of sense : UNINTELLIGIBLENESS b : the quality or state of being mentally obtuse : DULLNESS
3 : an opaque spot in a normally transparent structure (as the lens of the eye
gadfly
1 : any of various flies (as a horsefly, botfly, or warble fly) that bite or annoy livestock
2 : a person who stimulates or annoys especially by persistent criticism
interlocutor
1 : one who takes part in dialogue or conversation
2 : a man in the middle of the line in a minstrel show who questions the end men and acts as leader
semiotic
a general philosophical theory of signs and symbols that deals especially with their function in both artificially constructed and natural languages and comprises syntactics, semantics, and pragmatics
imperious
1 a : befitting or characteristic of one of eminent rank or attainments : COMMANDING, DOMINANT <an imperious manner> b : marked by arrogant assurance : DOMINEERING
2 : intensely compelling : URGENT <the imperious problems of the new age -- J. F. Kennedy>
synonym see MASTERFUL
execrable
1 : deserving to be execrated : DETESTABLE <execrable crimes>
2 : very bad : WRETCHED <execrable hotel food>
Nimrod
1 : a descendant of Ham represented in Genesis as a mighty hunter and a king of Shinar
2 not capitalized : HUNTER
imbue
1 : to permeate or influence as if by dyeing <the spirit that imbues the new constitution>
2 : to tinge or dye deeply
synonym see INFUSE
stultify
1 : to allege or prove to be of unsound mind and hence not responsible
2 : to cause to appear or be stupid, foolish, or absurdly illogical
3 a : to impair, invalidate, or make ineffective : NEGATE b : to have a dulling or inhibiting effect on
curmudgeon
1 archaic : MISER
2 : a crusty, ill-tempered, and usually old man
exfoliate
1 : to cast off in scales, laminae, or splinters
2 : to remove the surface of in scales or laminae
3 : to spread or extend by or as if by opening out leaves
intransitive senses
1 : to split into or give off scales, laminae, or body cells
2 : to come off in thin layers or scales
3 : to grow by or as if by producing or unfolding leaves
hylozoism
more at QUICK
: a doctrine held especially by early Greek philosophers that all matter has life
confabulate
1 : CHAT
2 : to hold a discussion : CONFER
3 : to fill in gaps in memory by fabrication
concomitant
accompanying especially in a subordinate or incidental way
conflate
1 a : to bring together : FUSE b : CONFUSE
2 : to combine (as two readings of a text) into a composite whole
argot
an often more or less secret vocabulary and idiom peculiar to a particular group <shoved into a taxi by a porter whose argot I couldn't understand -- Allen Tate>
dialectic
1 : LOGIC 1a(1)
2 a : discussion and reasoning by dialogue as a method of intellectual investigation; specifically : the Socratic techniques of exposing false beliefs and eliciting truth b : the Platonic investigation of the eternal ideas
3 : the logic of fallacy
4 a : the Hegelian process of change in which a concept or its realization passes over into and is preserved and fulfilled by its opposite; also : the critical investigation of this process b (1) usually plural but singular or plural in construction : development through the stages of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis in accordance with the laws of dialectical materialism (2) : the investigation of this process (3) : the theoretical application of this process especially in the social sciences
5 usually plural but singular or plural in construction a : any systematic reasoning, exposition, or argument that juxtaposes opposed or contradictory ideas and usually seeks to resolve their conflict b : an intellectual exchange of ideas
6 : the dialectical tension or opposition between two interacting forces or elements
moribund
1 : being in the state of dying : approaching death
2 : being in a state of inactivity or obsolescence
demesne
1 : legal possession of land as one's own
2 : manorial land actually possessed by the lord and not held by tenants
3 a : the land attached to a mansion b : landed property : ESTATE c : REGION 2, TERRITORY
4 : REALM 2, DOMAIN
mendicant
1 : BEGGAR 1
2 often capitalized : a member of a religious order (as the Franciscans) combining monastic life and outside religious activity and originally owning neither personal nor community property : FRIAR
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent <an incipient solar system> <evidence of incipient racial tension>
polyglot
1 : one who is polyglot
2 capitalized : a book containing versions of the same text in several languages; especially : the Scriptures in several languages
3 : a mixture or confusion of languages or nomenclatures
atavism
1 a : recurrence in an organism of a trait or character typical of an ancestral form and usually due to genetic recombination b : recurrence of or reversion to a past style, manner, outlook, or approach <architectural atavism>
2 : one that manifests atavism : THROWBACK
verisimilar
1 : having the appearance of truth : PROBABLE
2 : depicting realism (as in art or literature)
denouement
1 : the final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary work
2 : the outcome of a complex sequence of events
ipso facto
by that very fact or act
prig
who offends or irritates by observance of proprieties (as of speech or manners) in a pointed manner or to an obnoxious degree
fauvism
: a movement in painting typified by the work of Matisse and characterized by vivid colors, free treatment of form, and a resulting vibrant and decorative effect
concomitant
something that accompanies or is collaterally connected with something else : ACCOMPANIMENT
numinous
1 : SUPERNATURAL, MYSTERIOUS
2 : filled with a sense of the presence of divinity : HOLY
3 : appealing to the higher emotions or to the aesthetic sense : SPIRITUAL
abrogate
1 : to abolish by authoritative action : ANNUL
2 : to treat as nonexistent <abrogating their responsibilities>
synonym see NULLIFY
subsist
1 a : to have existence : BE b : PERSIST, CONTINUE
2 : to have or acquire the necessities of life (as food and clothing); especially : to nourish oneself <subsisting on roots, berries and grubs>
3 a : to hold true b : to be logically conceivable as the subject of true statements
transitive senses : to support with provisions
supercilious
coolly and patronizingly haughty <reacted to their breach of etiquette with a supercilious smile>
synonym see PROUD
demur
1 : hesitation (as in doing or accepting) usually based on doubt of the acceptability of something offered or proposed
2 : the act or an instance of objecting : PROTEST
synonym see QUALM
aphorism
1 : a concise statement of a principle
2 : a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment : ADAGE
wormwood
something bitter or grievous : BITTERNESS
fideism
reliance on faith rather than reason in pursuit of religious truth
abjure
1 a : to renounce upon oath b : to reject solemnly
2 : to abstain from : AVOID <abjure extravagance>
- ab•jur•er noun
synonyms ABJURE, RENOUNCE, FORSWEAR, RECANT, RETRACT mean to withdraw one's word or professed belief. ABJURE implies a firm and final rejecting or abandoning often made under oath <abjured the errors of his former faith>. RENOUNCE often equals ABJURE but may carry the meaning of disclaim or disown <renounced abstract art and turned to portrait painting>. FORSWEAR may add to ABJURE an implication of perjury or betrayal <I cannot forswear my principles>. RECANT stresses the withdrawing or denying of something professed or taught <if they recant they will be spared>. RETRACT applies to the withdrawing of a promise, an offer, or an accusation <the newspaper had to retract its allegations against the mayor>.
abstruse
difficult to comprehend : RECONDITE <the abstruse calculations of mathematicians>
recondite
1 : hidden from sight : CONCEALED
2 : difficult or impossible for one of ordinary understanding or knowledge to comprehend : DEEP <a recondite subject>
3 : of, relating to, or dealing with something little known or obscure <recondite fact about the origin of the holiday -- Floyd Dell>
sepulchre
1 : a place of burial : TOMB
2 : a receptacle for religious relics especially in an altar
locution
1 : a particular form of expression or a peculiarity of phrasing; especially : a word or expression characteristic of a region, group, or cultural level
2 : style of discourse : PHRASEOLOGY
minutia
minute or minor detail -- usually used in plural
desideratum
something desired as essential
incommensurable
: not commensurable; broadly : lacking a basis of comparison in respect to a quality normally subject to comparison
eventuate
to come out finally : RESULT, COME ABOUT
sobriquet
a descriptive name or epithet : NICKNAME
inimical
1 : being adverse often by reason of hostility or malevolence
2 a : having the disposition of an enemy : HOSTILE b : reflecting or indicating hostility : UNFRIENDLY
sardonic
disdainfully or skeptically humorous : derisively mocking <a sardonic comment> <his sardonic expression>
synonym see SARCASTIC
innate
1 : existing in, belonging to, or determined by factors present in an individual from birth : NATIVE, INBORN <innate behavior>
2 : belonging to the essential nature of something : INHERENT
3 : originating in or derived from the mind or the constitution of the intellect rather than from experience
polemic
1 a : an aggressive attack on or refutation of the opinions or principles of another b : the art or practice of disputation or controversy -- usually used in plural but sing. or plural in constr.
2 : an aggressive controversialist : DISPUTANT
profligate
1 : completely given up to dissipation and licentiousness
2 : wildly extravagant : PRODIGAL
licentious
1 : lacking legal or moral restraints; especially : disregarding sexual restraints
2 : marked by disregard for strict rules of correctness
sanctimonious
1 : affecting piousness : hypocritically devout; also : indicative of affected piousness <the king's sanctimonious rebuke -- G. B. Shaw>
2 obsolete : possessing sanctity : HOLY
rejoinder
1 : the defendant's answer to the plaintiff's replication
2 : REPLY; specifically : an answer to a reply
dotage
a state or period of senile decay marked by decline of mental poise and alertness
atavism
1 a : recurrence in an organism of a trait or character typical of an ancestral form and usually due to genetic recombination b : recurrence of or reversion to a past style, manner, outlook, or approach <architectural atavism>
2 : one that manifests atavism : THROWBACK
solecism
1 : an ungrammatical combination of words in a sentence; also : a minor blunder in speech
2 : something deviating from the proper, normal, or accepted order
3 : a breach of etiquette or decorum
veridical
1 : TRUTHFUL, VERACIOUS <tried... to supply... a veridical background to the events and people portrayed -- Laura Krey>
2 : not illusory : GENUINE <it is assumed that... perception is veridical -- George Lakoff>
timorous
*1 : of a timid disposition : fearful
2 : expressing or suggesting timidity

Example sentence:
Matthew was too timorous to stand up to the no-good electronics salesman who ripped him off.
exiguous
excessively scanty : inadequate

Example sentence:
The current evidence supporting her hypothesis is exiguous, but Carla is sure she'll get convincing results from the next round of experiments.
shrive
1 : to administer the sacrament of reconciliation to
*2 : to free from guilt

Example sentence:
Only the knowledge that her son had forgiven her could shrive her of the guilt she felt for leaving him behind when she fled the country all those years ago.