Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/1163

Click to flip

1163 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WORD
DEFINITION
abacus
frame with balls for calculating
abate
to lessen to subside
abdication
giving up control authority
aberration
straying away from what is normal
abet
help/encourage smb (in doing wrong)
abeyance
suspended action
abhor
to hate to detest
abide
be faithful to endure
abjure
promise or swear to give up
abraded
rubbed off worn away by friction
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority
abscond
to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)
abstruse
difficult to comprehend obscure
abut
border on
abysmal
bottomless extreme
acarpous
effete no longer fertile worn out
acclaimed
welcomed with shouts and approval
accolade
praise approval
accretion
the growing of separate things into one
adamant
kind of stone inflexible
admonitory
containing warning
adorn
add beauty decorate
adulteration
making unpure poorer in quality
affable
polite and friendly
affinity
close connection relationship
aggravate
make worse irritate
agile
active quick-moving
agog
eager/excited
ail
trouble be ill
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness
alcove
recess/partially enclosed place
allegiance
duty support loyalty
alleviate
make (pain) easier to bear
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
aloof
reserved indifferent
amalgamate
mix combine unite societies
ambidextrous
able to use the left hand or the right equally well
ambiguous
doubtful uncertain
ambivalent
having both of two contrary meanings
ameliorate
improve make better
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
anguish
severe suffering
animosity
strong dislike
antidote
medicine used against a poison or a disease
antithetical
direct opposing
apartheid
brutal racial discrimination
aplomb
self-confidence
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
apotheosis
deification glorification to godliness
appease
make quiet or calm
apprehensive
grasping understanding fear unhappy feeling about future
apprise
give notice to inform
approbation
approval
apropos
appropriate to the situation apt
apt
well-suited quick-witted
arabesque
a complex ornate design
arboreal
of connected with trees
ardor
enthusiasm
arduous
steep difficult ascent laborious
argot
jargon slang
arrant
in the highest degree
arrogance
proud superior manner of behaviour
articulate
speak distinctly connect by joints
ascend
go or come up
ascertain
get to know
ascetic
practicing self-denial austere stark
ascribe
consider to be the origin of or belonging to
aseptic
surgically clean
asperity
roughness harshness ill temper irritability
aspersion
slander
assail
with attack violently
assiduous
diligent hard-working sedulous
assuage
make smth (pain desire) less
asterisk
the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)
astringent
substance that shrinks
astute
clever quick at seeing to get an advantage
atonement
repayment death of Jesus
attenuate
make thin. weaken enervate
attune
bring into harmony
audacious
daring foolishly bold impudent
augury
omen sign
august
majestic venerable
auspicious
favorable successful prosperous
austere
severely moral and strict simple and plain
auxiliary
helping supporting
aver
affirm assert prove justify
aversion
strong dislike
avid
eager greedy
avow
admit. Declare openly
baleful
harmful ominous causing evil
balk
obstacle purposely to get on the way of
baneful
causing harm or ruin pernicious destructive
barrage
artificial obstacle built across a river
barren
not good enough unable to have young ones without value
bask
in enjoy warmth and light
beatify
to bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to
bedizen
to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner
belabor
beat hard
bellicose
belligerent pugnacious warlike
belligerent
(person nation) waging war
benefactor
person who has given help
benevolence
wish or activity in doing good
benign
kind and gentle mild (climate)
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
berate
scold sharply
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material)
bewilder
puzzle confuse
bigot
stubborn narrow-minded person
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask
blandishment
flattery coaxing
blandness
polite manner comforting uninteresting
blatant
noisy and rough
blithe
cheerful casual carefree
bogus
sham counterfeit not genuine
boisterous
loud noisy rough lacking restraint
bolster
give greatly needed support
boorish
crude offensive rude
brash
hasty rush cheeky saucy
brass
yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)
brazen
made of brass
breach
opening broken place breaking
brittle
easily broken
broach
bring up announce begin to talk about
brook
to tolerate endure
buoyant
able to float light-hearted
burgeon
grow forth send out buds
burnish
to polish rub to a shine
cabal
a scheme or plot a group of plotters
cadge
to beg to get by begging
cajole
use flattery or deceit to persuade
calipers
metal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument
calumny
slander aspersion
candid
frank straight-forward
cant
insincere talk/jargon
cantankerous
bad-tempered/quarrelsome
canvass
discuss thoroughly sort of touting
castigate
to chastise correct by punishing
castigation
severe punishment
catalyst
substance that causes speeding up
caustic
biting sarcastic
censure
expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke
centurion
leader of a unit of 100 soldiers
chary
cautious wary
chastened
corrected punished
chastisement
punishment
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
chicanery
legal trickery/false argument
chisel
steel tool for shaping materials
churl
bad-tempered person
clamor
shout complain with a lot of noise
clientele
customers
clinch
come to grips/settle conclusively
cling
to resist separation
clot
half-solid lump formed from liquid
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coagulation
change to a thick and solid state
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
coax
get smb to do smth by kindness
coda
passage that completes a piece of music
coddle
treat with care and tenderness
coerce
compel to force to make obedient
coeval
of the same period coexisting
cogent
strong convincing
cogitate
think deeply mediate
cognizant
being fully aware of
colander
bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
combustion
process of burning
commemorate
keep the memory of
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed
commuter
person who travels regularly
complaisance
tending to comply obliging willingness to please
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
conceal
hide keep secret
conceit
over-high opinion of too much pride
conciliatory
reconciling soothing comforting mollifying
concord
agreement or harmony
concur
agree in opinion happen together
condense
increase in density strength make laconic
condone
forgive
congeal
make or become stiff and solid
conjoin
to join together
connoisseur
a person with good judgement (e.g.. in art)
connotation
suggestion in addition to
consequential
pompous self important
console
give comfort or sympathy to
conspicuous
easily seen remarkable
consternation
surprise and fear dismay
constrain
compel
constrict
make tight or smaller
consume
get to the end of
consummate
perfect/make perfect/complete
contemn
to scorn or despise
contentious
argumentative pugnacious combative quarrelsome
contiguous
touching neighboring near
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
contumacious
insubordinate rebellious
conundrum
a riddle dilemma enigma
conviction
convincing firm belief
convoke
call together summon
convoluted
complicated coiled twisted
cordial
warm and sincere
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
cornucopia
abundant supply
corporeal
physical of or for the body
correlate
have a mutual relation
corroboration
additional strengthening evidence
countenance
to favor or approve of
counterfeit
forgery
countervail
counterbalance
covert
disguised
covetous
eagerly desirous
cower
crouch shrink back
coy
shy/modest (esp of a girl)
crass
very great (es. stupidity)
cravat
piece of linen worn as a necktie
craven
cowardly
crease
line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket
credulity
too great a readiness to believe things
credulous
ready to believe things
crush
press lose shape subdue overwhelm
cryptic
secret with a hidden meaning
cumbersome
burdensome heavy and awkward to carry
curmudgeon
bad-tempered person
curriculum
course of study
cursory
quick hurried
curtail
make shorter then was planned
dainty
pretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please
daunt
intimidate make fearful
dawdler
person who is slow waste of time
dearth
shortage
debacle
a breakup overthrow sudden disaster
decorum
propriety properness
decree
order given by authority
decry
disapprove of
defer
postpone give way (to show respect)
deferential
showing respect
defiance
open disobedience or resistance
delineate
to portray depict sketch out
deluge
great flood heavy rush of water
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons
demur
to hesitate raise objections
denigrate
blacken belittle sully defame
denouement
an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot
deplete
use until none remains
deposition
dethronement depositing
deprave
make morally bad corrupt
deprecate
protest against express disapproval of
dereliction
deserting and leaving to fall into ruins
derision
ridicule mockery deriding
derivative
unoriginal obtained from another source
derogatory
insulting tending to damage
descry
catch sight of see smth in the distance
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture
desuetude
cessation of use disuse
desultory
aimless haphazard digressing at random
deter
discourage hinder
detraction
slandering verbal attack aspersion
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
deviance
being different in moral standards (from normal)
dexterity
skill (esp. in handling)
diaphanous
transparent gauzy
diatribe
bitter and violent attack in words
diffidence
shyness
dilate
speak comprehensively become wider large
disallow
refuse to allow or accept as a correct
discern
see with an effort but clearly
discomfit
confuse embarrass
disconcert
upset the self-possession of
discountenance
refuse to approve of
discourse
speech lecture
discredit
refuse to believe
discreet
careful/prudent
discrete
individually distinct
disdain
look on with contempt
disencumber
free from encumbrance
disheveled
untidy
disingenuous
sophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning
disinter
dig up from the earth
dislodge
move force from the place occupied
dismal
sad gloomy miserable
disparate
essentially different
disproof
proof to the contrary
dissemble
speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)
disseminate
distribute (esp. ideas)
dissent
have a different opinion refuse to assent
dissolution
disintegration looseness in morals
distraught
distracted violently upset in mind
divergence
getting farther apart from a point
divestiture
taking off getting rid of giving up
divulge
make known smth secret
doggerel
trivial poorly constructed verse
dogmatic
positive certain arbitrary without room for discussion
dolt
stupid fellow
dormant
in a state of inactivity but awaiting development
dote
show much fondness center one's attention
drawl
slow way of speaking
droll
jesting
drone
male bee person who isn't self-employed
drowsiness
feeling sleepy half asleep
dubious
feeling doubt
dud
no use person smth that fails
dulcet
melodious harmonious
dupe
cheat make a fool of
duplicity
deliberate deception
duress
threats to compel smb
dwarf
person or smb much below the usual size
dynamo
a generator something that produces electric current
earthenware
dishes made of baked clay
ebullience
exuberance outburst of feeling
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement
ecumenical
representing the whole Christian world
edacious
voracious devouring
eddy
circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)
edible
fit to be eaten/not poisonous
effete
infertile worn out weak
efficacy
production of a desired result
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor
effrontery
boldness impudence arrogance
egress
way out exit
elaborate
worked out with much care in great detail
elegy
a lament a melancholy composition
elicit
draw out
eloquence
fluent speaking skillful use of language
emaciate
make thin and weak
embellish
make beautiful
embezzle
use in a wrong way for one's own benefit
emote
stir up excite
empirical
relying on experiment
encapsulate
enclose in capsule
encomium
warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric
encumbrance
burden things that get on the way of
endearing
making dear or liked
endemic
epidemic
endorse
write one's name on the back of
enduring
lasting
enervate
weaken deprive of strength attenuate
engender
cause produce give rise to
engrave
impress deeply
engrossing
taken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal
engulf
swallow up
enigma
smth that is puzzling
enmity
hatred being an enemy
ensign
flag/badge
entangle
put into difficulties
enthral
please greatly/enslave (fig)
entice
tempt or persuade
entreat
ask earnestly
enunciate
pronounce (words)/express a theory
enzyme
catalyst
epicurean
devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
epistle
letter
epithet
adjective
epitome
brief summary representative example a typical model
equable
steady regular
equanimity
calmness of temperament
equilibrium
state of being balanced
equipoise
equal distribution of weight equilibrium
equivocal
having a double or doubtful meaning suspicious
equivocate
try to deceive by equivocal language
eradicate
get rid of pull up by the roots
erratic
irregular in behaviour or opinion
erudite
learned scholarly
eschew
avoid
esoteric
abstruse intended only for a small circle of
espouse
marry give one's support to
eulogy
formal praise panegyric
euphoria
elation state of pleasant excitement
euthanasia
easy and painless death
evasive
tending to evade
evince
to show clearly to indicate
evoke
call up bring out
excoriation
severe criticism
exculpate
to clear from a charge of guilt
exhaustive
complete thorough
exigency
emergency an urgent situation
exoneration
set smb clear free (e.g.. from blame)
exorbitant
much too high or great
expatiate
to roam wander freely
expedient
likely to be useful for a purpose
expiation
ending expiring
exploit
brilliant achievement develop use selfishly
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest
expurgate
to remove obscenity purify censor
exscind
to cut out cut away
extant
still in existence
extempore
without previous thought or preparation
extenuate
reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse
extinct
no longer active
extinguish
end the existence of/wipe or put out
extirpate
to destroy exterminate cut out exscind
extol
praise highly
extort
obtain by threats violence
extralegal
outside the law
extricable
that can be freed
extrovert
cheerful person
exuberance
state of growing vigorously being full of life
facetious
humorous funny jocular
facile
easily done
fallacious
based on error
falter
waver/move in an uncertain manner
fatuous
without sense foolish self-satisfaction
fawn
young deer try to win smb's favor
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless
fecund
fertile
feint
pretend
felicitous
apt suitably expressed well chosen apropos
felon
person guilty of murder
ferment
substance become excited
ferocity
savage cruelty
ferret
discover by searching search
fervid
showing earnest feeling
fervor
warmth of feelings earnestness
fetid
stinking
fetter
to shackle put in chains
feud
bitter quarrel over a long period of time
fidelity
loyalty accuracy
fidget
move restlessly make nervous
figurehead
carved image on the prow of a ship
finesse
delicate way of dealing with a situation
finical
too fussy about food clothing etc.
finicky
finical
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells)
fixate
stare at
flak
criticism/anti-aircraft guns
flamboyant
brightly colored florid
flaunting
show off complacently
flax
pale yellow (hair) a plant
fledged
able to fly trained experienced
fleet
number of ships quick-moving
flinch
draw move back wince
flop
fail/move/fall clumsily
florid
very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)
flout
reject mock to go against (as in going against tradition)
fluke
lucky stroke
fluster
make nervous or confused
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foil
prevent from carrying out contrast
foment
put smth warm (to lessen the pain)
foolproof
incapable of failure or error
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forage
food for horses and cattle
forbear
refrain from be patient ancestor
forbearance
patience willingness to wait
ford
shallow place in a river (to cross)
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance preempt
forfeit
suffer the loss of smth
forge
workshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead
forgery
counterfeit
forswear
renounce disallow repudiate
foster
nurture care for
fracas
noisy quarrel
fragile
easily injured broken or destroyed
fragrant
sweet-smelling
frantic
wildly excited with joy pain anxiety
frenetic
frantic frenzied
fret
worry irritation wear away
fringe
edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead
froward
intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn
frugal
careful economical
fulmination
bitter protest
fulsome
disgusting offensive due to excessiveness
gainsay
to deny to oppose
garble
make unfair selection from facts
garment
article of clothing
garner
to gather and save to store up
garrulity
talkativeness
garrulous
too talkative
gaucherie
socially awkward tactless behavior
germane
relevant pertinent to
gist
the point general sense
glean
gather facts in small quantities
glib
ready and smooth but not sincere
glimmer
weak/unsteady light
gloat
over look at with selfish delight
glut
supply to much fill to excess
gnaw
waste away bite steadily
goad
smth urging a person to action
gorge
eat greedily/narrow opening with a stream
gossamer
soft light delicate material
gouge
tool for cutting grooves in wood
grandiloquent
using pompous words
grave
serious requiring consideration
graze
touch or scrape lightly in passing
gregarious
living in societies liking the company
grievous
causing grief or pain serious dire grave
grovel
crawl humble oneself
guile
deceit cunning
gullible
easily gulled
gush
burst out suddenly/talk ardently
gust
outburst of feeling sudden rain wind fire etc.
hack
cut roughly hired horse
halcyon
calm and peaceful
hallow
to make holy consecrate
harangue
a long passionate speech
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of
harrow
to distress create stress or torment
haughty
arrogant conceited
heed
attention/give notice to
heinous
odious (of crime)
heresy
belief contrary to what is generally accepted
hermetic
sealed by fusion
heterogeneous
made up of different kinds
hew
make by hard work cut (by striking)
highbrow
(person) with superior tastes
hirsute
hairy shaggy
hoax
mischievous trick played on smb for a joke
hoi
polloi the masses the rabble
hollow
not soled with hole
holster
leather case for a pistol
homiletics
act of preaching
hone
stone used for sharpening tools
hoodwink
trick mislead
hospitable
liking to give hospitality
hubris
arrogant pride
hush
make or become silent
husk
worthless outside part of anything
hypocrisy
falsely making oneself appear to be good
iconoclast
person who attacks popular beliefs
idiosyncrasy
personal mannerism
idolatry
excessive admiration of
idyll
a carefree episode or experience
ignoble
dishonorable common undignified
ignominious
shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful
illicit
unlawful forbidden
imbroglio
complicated and embarrassing situation
immaculate
pure faultless
imminent
likely to come or happen soon
immutable
that cannot be changed
impair
worsen diminish in value
impassive
unmoved feeling no sign of passion
impecunious
having little or no money
impede
hinder get in the way of
impediment
smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)
impending
imminent being about to happen expected
imperative
urgent essential
imperious
commanding haughty arrogant
impermeable
that cannot be permeated
imperturbable
calm not capable of being excited
impervious
not allowing to pass through (of materials)
imperviousness
haughty arrogant commanding
impetuous
having sudden energy impulsive thrusting ahead forceful
impiety
lack of reverence or dutifulness
implacable
incapable of being placated unpleasable
implicate
show that smb has a share
implicit
implied though not plainly expressed
implosion
collapse bursting inward
importune
beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecation
an invocation of evil a curse
impromptu
without preparation
impudent
rash indiscreet
impugned
challenged to be doubted
impute
to attribute to a cause or source ascribe
inadvertent
not paying proper attention
inane
silly senseless
inasmuch
since because
incense
make angry
incessant
often repeated continual
inchoate
not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary
incipient
beginning
incise
engrave make a cut in
incite
stir up rouse
inclined
directing the mind in a certain direction
incongruous
out of place not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibility
cannot be cured or corrected
incredulous
skeptical unwilling to believe
inculcate
fix firmly by repetition
incumbents
official duties
incursion
a raid a sudden attack
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible tirelessness
indelible
that cannot be rubbed out
indigence
poverty
indigenous
native
indistinct
not easily heard seen clearly marked
indolence
laziness
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued
indulge
gratify give way to satisfy allow oneself
indulgent
inclined to indulge
ineffable
to great to be described in words
ineluctable
certain inevitable
inept
unskillful said or done at the wrong time
ineptitude
quality of being unskillful
inferno
hell
infuriate
fill with fury or rage
infuse
put pour fill
ingenuous
naive young artless frank honest sincere
ingest
take in by swallowing
inimical
harmful or friendly
inimitable
defying imitation unmatchable
innocuous
causing no harm
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood
insensible
unconscious unresponsive unaffected
insinuate
suggest unpleasantly make a way for smth gently
insipid
without taste or flavor
insouciant
unconcerned carefree
insularity
narrow-mindedness isolated
insurrection
rising of people to open resistance to
interdict
prohibit forbid
interim
as an installment
intersperse
place here and there
intransigence
unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability
intransigent
uncompromising
intrepid
fearless brave undaunted
introspection
examining one's own thoughts and feelings
inundate
flood cover by overflowing
inured
accustomed to adapted
invective
abusive language curses
inveigh
to attack verbally denounce deprecate
inveterate
deep-rooted. long-established
invincible
too strong to be defeated
involute
complex
irascible
irritable easily angered
irate
angry
ire
anger
irksome
tiresome
irresolute
hesitating undecided
irrevocable
final and unalterable
itinerate
to travel from place to place to peregrinate
jabber
talk excitedly utter rapidly
jibe
gibe make fun of
jocular
meant as a joke
judicious
sound in judgment wise
knit
draw together unite firmly
labyrinthine
to entangle the state of affairs
lachrymose
causing tears tearful
lackluster
(of eyes) dull
lament
show feel great sorrow
lassitude
weariness tiredness
latent
present but not yet active developed or visible
laudatory
expressing or giving praise
lavish
giving or producing freely liberally or generously
legacy
smth handed down from ancestors
levee
formal reception/embankment
levity
lack of seriousness
libel
statement that damages reputation
liberality
free giving generosity
libertine
immoral person
lien
legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
limn
paint portray
limp
lacking strength walking unevenly
lionize
treat as a famous person
lithe
bending twisting
loll
rest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog's tongue)
lope
move along with long strides
loquacious
talkative garrulous
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion
luculent
easily understood lucid clear
lugubrious
mournful excessively sad
lull
become quiet or less active
lumber
move in a clumsy/noisy way
luminary
star light-giving body
lurk
be out of view ready to attack
lustrous
being bright polished
macabre
gruesome suggesting death
macerate
make or become soft by soaking in water
machination
plot scheme (esp. evil)
maladroit
tactless clumsy
malapropism
misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
malevolence
wishing to do evil
malign
injurious speak ill of smb tell lie
malinger
to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty
malleable
yielding easily shaped moldable adapting
manacle
chains for the hands or feet
massacre
cruel killing of a large number of people
matriculation
be admitted enter a university as a student
maudlin
sentimental in a silly or tearful way
maul
hurt by rough handling
maverick
rebel nonconformist
mellifluous
sweetly flowing
mendacity
dishonesty
mendicant
a beggar
mercurial
quick changeable in character fleeting
meretricious
attractive on the surface but of little value
mesmerize
hypnotize
meticulous
giving great attention to details
mettle
quality of endurance or courage
mettlesome
courageous high-spirited
middling
fairly good but not very good
minatory
menacing threatening
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize
misanthrope
person who hates mankind
mischievous
harmful causing mischief
miser
person who loves wealth and spends little
misogynist
one who hates women/females
moderation
quality of being limited not extreme
mollify
make calmer or quieter
molt
moult lose hair feathers before new growing
morbid
diseased unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)
morose
ill-tempered unsocial
muffler
cloth worn round the neck/silencer
multifarious
varied motley greatly diversified
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual commonplace everyday
myriad
very great number
nadir
lowest weakest point
nascent
coming into existence emerging
nebulous
cloud-like hazy vague indistinct
negligent
taking too little care
neophyte
person who has been converted to a belief
nexus
a connection tie or link
nibble
show some inclination to accept (an offer)
noisome
offensive disgusting (smell)
nonchalant
not having interest
nonplused
greatly surprised
nostrum
a quack remedy an untested cure
noxious
harmful
nugatory
trifling/worthless
obdurate
hardened and unrepenting stubborn inflexible
obfuscate
to darken make obscure muddle
oblivious
unaware having no memory
obloquy
abusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation
obsequious
too eager to obey or serve
obstreperous
noisy loud
obtain
to be established accepted or customary
obtrusive
projecting prominent undesirably noticeable
obtuse
blunt/stupid
obviate
to make unnecessary get rid of
occluded
blocked up
odious
repulsive hateful
odium
contempt dislike aversion
odor
smell favor reputation
officious
too eager or ready to help offer advice
ominous
threatening
onerous
needing effort burdensome
opaqueness
dullness/not allowing light to pass through
opprobrious
showing scorn or reproach
ossify
to turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea
ostensible
seeming appearing as such professed
ostentation
display to obtain admiration or envy
ostracism
shut out from society refuse to meet talk
overhaul
examine thoroughly to learn about the condition
overweening
presumptuously arrogant overbearing immoderate being a jerk
paean
song of praise or triumph
palate
roof of the mouth sense of taste
palatial
magnificent
palliate
lessen the severity of
palpability
can be felt touched understood
palpitate
tremble beat rapidly and irregularly
panegyric
formal praise eulogy
paradigm
a model example or pattern
parenthesis
sentence within another one smth separated
pariah
an outcast a rejected and despised person
parsimonious
too economical miserly
partisan
one-sided committed to a party biased or prejudiced
patron
regular customer person who gives support
paucity
scarcity a lacking of
peccadillo
small sin small weakness in one's character
pedantic
bookish showing off learning
pedestrian
commonplace trite unremarkable
pellucid
transparent easy to understand
penchant
strong inclination a liking
penitent
feeling or showing regret
penurious
poor/stingy
penury
extreme poverty
peregrination
traveling about wandering
peremptory
urgent imperative unchallengeable ending debate
perfidious
treacherous faithless
perfidy
treachery breaking of faith
perfunctory
done as a duty without care
perilous
dangerous
peripatetic
wandering
perish
be destroyed decay
perjury
willful FALSE statement unlawful act
permeate
spread into every part of
pernicious
harmful injurious
perpetrate
be guilty commit (a crime)
personable
pleasing in appearance attractive
perspicacity
quick judging and understanding
pertain
belong as a part have reference
pest
destructive thing or a person who is nuisance
petrified
taken away power (to think feel act)
petrify
to make hard rocklike
petrous
like a rock hard stony
petulant
unreasonably impatient
philistine
a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge
phlegmatic
calm sluggish temperament unemotional
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers
pied
of mixed colors
pinch
be too tight take between the thumb and finger
pine
waste away through sorrow or illness
pious
dutiful to parents devoted to religion
piquant
agreeably pungent stimulating
pique
hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)
pitfall
covered hole as a trap unsuspected danger
pith
essential part force soft liquid substance
pivotal
of great importance (others depend on it)
placate
soothe pacify calm
plaintive
mournful melancholy sorrowful
plaque
flat metal on a wall as a memorial
platitude
a trite or banal statement unoriginality
plea
request
plead
address a court of law as an advocate
plethora
glut
pliant
pliable easily bent shaped or twisted
plod
continue doing smth without resting
pluck
pull the feathers off pick (e.g.. flowers)
plumb
get to the root of
plummet
fall plunge steeply
plunge
move quickly suddenly and with force
poignant
deeply moving keen
poncho
large piece of cloth
ponderous
heavy bulky dull
portent
omen marvelous threatening
precarious
uncertain risky dangerous
precepts
rules establishing standards of conduct
preclude
prevent make impossible
precursory
preliminary anticipating
predilection
special liking mental preference
predominate
have more power than others
preen
tidy/show self-satisfaction
premature
doing or happening smth before the right time
preponderance
greatness in number strength weight
presage
warning sign
presumption
arrogance
preternatural
not normal or usual
prevalent
common
prevaricate
to equivocate to stray from the truth
prim
neat formal
pristine
primitive unspoiled pure as in earlier times unadulterated
probity
uprightness incorruptibility principle
proclivity
inclination
procrastination
keeping on putting off
prodigal
wasteful reckless with money
prodigious
enormous wonderful
profane
worldly having contempt for God
profligacy
shameless immorality
profligate
wasteful prodigal licentious extravagant
profundity
depth
profuse
abundant/lavish
proliferate
grow reproduce by rapid multification
prolix
tiring because too long
prone
prostrate inclined to (undesirable things)
propagation
increasing the number spreading extending
propinquity
nearness in time or place affinity of nature
propitiatory
conciliatory appeasing mitigating
propitious
auspicious presenting favorable circumstances
prosaic
everyday mundane commonplace trite pedestrian
proscribe
denounce as dangerous
protracted
prolonged
provident
frugal looking to the future
provisional
of the present time only
provoke
make angry vax
prudence
careful forethought
prudish
easily shocked excessively modest
prune
dried plum silly person
pry
get smth inquire too curiously
pucker
wrinkle
pugnacious
fond of in the habit of fighting
puissance
strength
punctilious
precise paying attention to trivialities
pundit
pedant authority on a subject
pungency
sharpness stinging quality
purvey
provide supply
pusillanimous
cowardly craven
putrefaction
becoming rotten
pyre
large pile of wood for burning
quack
person dishonestly claiming to smth
quaff
drink deeply
quail
lose courage turn frightened
qualm
feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness
quandary
state of doubt or perplexity
quell
suppress subdue
quibble
try to avoid by sophistication
quiescence
state of being passive/motionless
quiescent
at rest dormant torpid
quirk
habit or action peculiar to smb or smth
quixotic
generous unselfish
quotidian
banal everyday
rabble
mob crowd the lower classes of populace
raconteur
person who tells anecdotes
raffish
low vulgar base tawdry
ramify
to be divided or subdivided to branch out
rancorous
feeling bitterness spitefulness
rant
use extravagant language
rapacious
greedy (esp for money)
rarefy
to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine
rave
act with excessive enthusiasm
reactionary
opposing progress
rebuff
snub
recalcitrant
disobedient
recant
take back as being FALSE give up
recast
cast or fashion anew
recidivism
relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior
reciprocity
granting of privileges in return for similar
recitals
a number of performance of music
recluse
person who lives alone and avoids people
recompense
make payment to reward punish
reconcile
settle a quarrel restore peace
recondite
little known abstruse
recreancy
cowardice a cowardly giving up
recuperate
become strong after illness loss exhaustion
redeem
get back by payment compensate
redoubtable
formidable causing fear
refine
make or become pure cultural
refractory
stubborn unmanageable untractable
refulgent
shining brilliant
regale
to delight or entertain to feast
regicide
crime of killing a king
reiterate
say or do again several times
rejuvenation
becoming young in nature or appearance
relapse
fall back again
remonstrate
to protest object
render
deliver provide represent
renovate
restore smth to better condition
renowned
celebrated famous
repast
meal
repel
refuse to accept/cause dislike
repine
at be discontented with
reproach
scold upbraid
reprobate
person hardened in sin one devoid of decency
repudiate
disown refuse to accept or pay
repulsive
causing a feeling of disgust
requite
repay give in return
rescind
repeal/annul/cancel
resigned
unresisting submissive
resilience
quality of quickly recovering the original shape
resort
to frequently visit
restive
refusing to move reluctant to be controlled
resuscitation
coming back to consciousness
retard
check hinder
reticent
reserved untalkative silent taciturn
revere
have deep respect for
reverent
feeling or showing deep respect
riddle
puzzling person or thing
rift
split crack dissension
rivet
fix take up secure metal pin
roll
call calling of names
rotund
rich and deep plump and round
ruffian
violent cruel man
rumple
make rough
sagacious
having sound judgment perceptive wise like a sage
salacious
obscene
salubrious
healthful
salutary
remedial wholesome causing improvement
sanctimony
self-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety
sanction
approval (by authority) penalty
sanguine
cheerful confident optimistic
sanity
health of mind soundness of judgement
sash
long strip worn round the waist
satiate
satisfy fully
saturnine
gloomy dark sullen morose
savant
person of great learning
savor
taste flavor smth
sawdust
tiny bits of wood
scabbard
sheath for the blade
scent
smell (esp pleasant)
scorch
become discolored/dry up/go at high speed
scribble
write hastily