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217 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
damp
to diminish the intensity or check something
dampen
弱める、湿らせる、鈍らせる
dearth
scarcity, lack
debacle
ruin, collapse
debilitate
to weaken
debonair
courteous, gracious and having a sophisticated charm
debris
the scattered remains of something broken
decade
ten years
decadence
decay
decamp
to depart secretly or suddenly
decanter
a bottle with a stopper for serving wine
decapitate
behead
decelerate
to decrease the velocity of
decency
the state of being decent; propriety
decipher
to read or interpret
declaim
speak loudly
decoration
an emblem of honor, such as a medal or badge
decorum
politeness, correct behavior
decrepit
broken down, worn out
deem
to believe, judge
defamatory
damaging character by false reports
defect
the lack of something necessary
deflection
deviation (deviation of an indicator of measuring instrument)
degrade
to make contemptible, lower
delegate
to authorize and send as one's representative
delegation
a person officially appointed to represent
deleterious
bad, harmful
delineation
sketch, description in words
delirium
a temporary state of mental confusion
delude
to fool
deluge
many droplets(大雨、豪雨、土砂降り)
deluge
to flood
delve
to dig, do research
demeanor
conduct, bearing
demur
to object
denigrate
to blacken, belittle, defame, disparage
denote
to indicate, show, mean
denouement
an outcome or solution
depict
to describe clearly, picture, portray
deplorable
sad, pitiable
deploy
to position forces according to a plan
depravity
堕落、腐敗、悪行
deprecate
express disapproval, disparage, belittle
depredate
to ravage or detroy(略奪する、強奪する)
derelict
放棄された、見捨てられた
deride
to ridicule, scoff at
derision
scorn, ridicule, contemptuous treatment
derived
descended from, received from a source
derogatory
belittling, disparaging
desecrate
神聖を汚す、冒涜する
deserter
見捨てる人、脱走兵、脱党者
desist
to cease
destitution
extreme poverty
desuetude
disuse(廃絶)
desultory
occurring by chance, disconnected, random
detect
見つける、見破る、見抜く
détente
a relaxing or easing, esp. of international tension
deter
to hinder, discourage
deterioration
decay, diminishing in quality or value
detraction
verbal attack, aspersion, slandering
detriment
injury, damage, hurt
devout
religious, sincere
dexterity
mental or physical skill(器用さ)
diaphanous
transparent, gauzy(透けて見える、透明な)
diatribe
bitter criticism
digress
to turn aside from the main subject
dilettante
one who has great interest, but little knowledge
diligence
steady effort, assiduity, attentive care
diminutive
extremely small in size
dimness
state of lacking in brightness
din
loud sustained noise
disburse
to pay out; expend
discern
to perceive
disciple
follower
discomfit
to defeat, put down
disconcerting
causing an emotional disturbance
discourse
an extended expression of thought
discredit
to refuse to believe, cause to be doubted
discreet
careful, cautious, prudent
disdain
contempt
disdain
軽蔑、侮蔑・ないがしろにする
disgruntled
unhappy, displeased
disheveled
disorderly clothing or hair
dislodge
to remove from a position
dismantle
to strip of covering, take apart
disparage
to discredit, belittle
disparate
different
dispersed
scattered, spread, broken up
dispersion
the act or process of dispersing
disseminate
to spread, scatter
dissent
to differ, disagree, protest
dissolution
disintegration, looseness in morals(崩壊、解体、解散)
dissuade
to deter from a course of action by persuasion
distill
to separate or extract the essential elements of
distort
misrepresent, misshape
distract
to cause to turn away from the original focus
distrait
absent-minded, especially due to anxiety
distraught
mentally confused, crazed
dither
a state of indecisive agitation (うろたえる)
diversity
variety, change
divulge
to disclose, reveal
docile
easy to manage
doddering
trembling, shaking(よろよろ歩く)
dodge
to avoid (a blow, for example) by moving quickly
doleful
sad, melancholy
domicile
home
dormant
resting, asleep
doublet
a close-fitting jacket
downpour
a heavy fall of rain
drain
to draw off (a liquid) by a gradual process
dregs
most worthless part
droplet
水滴
drub
to berate harshly; to beat the ground
drudgery
unpleasant, dull, or hard work
dubious
doubtful, questionable, uncertain
dulcet
sweet or melodious to the ear
dupe
a person easily tricked
duplicity
cunning, trickery
duress
compulsion, force(強要、監禁、強迫、拘束)
dye
染料、色素、染める、着色する
dynamo
generator; forceful, energetic person(元気いっぱいの人)
dyspeptic
grouchy; gloomy(消化不良の)
ebullience
the quality of lively, enthusiastic expression of thoughts
edgy
nervous or irritable
edifice
a building
edifying
enlightening, informative(啓発する)
efface
拭い去る、消す、削除する
efficacy
power to produce an effect
effigy
a likeness (usually of a hated person)(例:藁人形)
effrontery
boldness
effusive
感情をむき出しにした
egotist
a vain, conceited person
egregious
remarkably bad
elapse
to slip by
elated
鼻を高くする、大得意で、調子に乗る
elicit
to draw forth
elongate
to make or grow longer
elucidate
to make clear
elusive
hard to grasp
elusiveness
tendency to adroitly escape
emaciated
abnormally thin, wasted away
embellish
to adorn, touch up
embellishment
decoration
eminent
of high reputation, outstanding
emissary
an agent
emit
to give off
emulate
to rival, strive to equal
encomium
high praise
encumbrance
burden, handicap, load
encyclopedic
extensive
engrossed
absorbed(没頭した、夢中になった)
enhance
intensify, heighten
enigma
riddle
ennui
boredom
enormity
evilness(極悪、大罪、重大な過ち)
entourage
group of attendants
entreaty
appeal, plea
enumerate
to count off or name one by one; list
enunciate
to utter, proclaim
epic
an extended narrative poem
epicure
美食家
epidemic
a rapid spread, growth, or development
episode
an event that is part of a larger sequence
epithet
descriptive name
epithet
disparaging word or phrase
epitome
person or thing that embodies or represents the best
equanimity
calmness, self-control(落ち着き、平静、沈着)
eradicate
to wipe out
errant
traveling, itinerant, peripatetic
erratic
lacking consistency, regularity, or uniformity
erudite
very scholarly
eruption
bursting out
escalation
an increase, intensification
eschew
to avoid
essay
to test or try; attempt, experiment
estimable
worthy, formidable
ethics
code of principles
euphemism
a less offensive term(婉曲表現)
euphoric
幸福感に溢れた
evade
to avoid giving a direct answer to
evaluate
to appraise, find the value of
evanescent
fleeting, passing, momentary
eventuate
to result finally
evince
to show plainly, exhibit
exacerbate
to irritate, make worse
exact
to demand, call for, require, take
exalt
to glorify, praise, or honor
excoriate
criticize severely
excoriate
to censure scathingly, to upbraid
excretion
the matter that is so excreted (排出)
excruciating
agonizing, torturing
execrable
忌まわしい、粗悪な
exemplary
模範的な、典型的な、立派な
exhort
urge strongly, advise
exonerate
to free from guilt
expatiate
discuss about at length(詳細に話す、長々と話す)
expatriate
an exile
expedient
advisable, fit
expedite
to carry out promptly
expel
to force or drive out, to force to leave
expiate
罪などを償う
exploit
to profit by, utilize
exponent
one that represents
expunge
to erase
expurgate
to remove objectionable parts or passages
extant
still existing
extenuating
lessening the magnitude or seriousness of
extinct
no longer existing
extirpate
to destroy, exterminate, cut out
extol
to praise highly
extortion
getting money by threats
extraneous
foreign, not belonging
extricate
解放する、自由にする、救い出す
extrinsic
foreign, coming from outside
exuberant
full of unrestrained enthusiasm or joy
exult
to rejoice greatly
exultation
a feeling of extreme joy