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217 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abrade
to rub too much
abrogate
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
advent
the coming of an important event
aegis
shield, protection, sponsorship
affectation
a fake behavior
affinity
close resemblance; attraction
aggravating
making worse or more troublesome
alienate
to cause to become unfriendly or hostile
allay
to calm, soothe
alleviate
to make easier, lighten
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
allude
to hint, suggest
amnesty
a general pardon
anathema
something greatly detested
anodyne
soothing
apogee
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
apostate
one who abandons religious or political conviction
appellation
a name
apposite
appropriate, relevant
abacus
そろばん
abet
to approve, encourage, and support
abhor
to hate, regard with horror or dislike
abjure
to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid
abortive
fruitless, useless, failing
abound
to exist in great numbers
abrade
to rub too much
abrogate
to abolish or annul by authority; put down
abscission
act of cutting off or removing
abstemious
moderate in eating or drinking(つつましい、質素な)
absurd
ridiculous
access
admittance
accommodate
to make fit, adjust to
accomplice
an associate in crime
accost
to approach and speak to
accrue
to increase or accumulate
acidulous
somewhat acid or sour
acknowledge
to admit
acme
peak, pinnacle, zenith
acquiesce
いやいや従う、黙認する
acrimonious
bitter
acute
sharp, keen, severe
adamant
unyielding, inflexible
adept
very skilled
adherent
backer, supporter
admonish
to warn, to reprove
adore
to worship as God, to like very much
adroit
skillful
adumbrate
部分的に見せる、輪郭を示す
advent
the coming of an important event
adversary
opponent, enemy, foe
adverse
unfavorable, harmful
advocate
to be in favor of, to support
aegis
shield, protection, sponsorship
affable
easy and pleasant to speak to, approachable
affectation
a fake behavior(ふりをすること、見せ掛け)
affinity
close resemblance; attraction(強い好み、親近感)
afflict
to trouble greatly, to distress
affluent
rich
aggravating
making worse or more troublesome
alacrity
briskness, lively action
alienate
to cause to become unfriendly or hostile
alienated
socially disoriented (疎遠な)
allay
to calm, soothe
allege
to assert without or before proof(証明はできないが断言する)
alleged
reported, supposed(断定された、申し立てられた)
alleviate
to make easier, lighten
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
allude
to hint, suggest
aloof
distant, apart, reserved
altruistic
unselfish
ambiguous
vague, undefined, not specific
ameliorate
improve, relieve
amicable
friendly, peaceful
amnesia
partial or total loss of memory
amnesty
a general pardon
amorous
full of love
amorphous
lacking definite form, shapeless, formless
analogous
comparable, similar
analogue
類似、相似
anathema
something greatly detested(破門、憎悪、強い呪い)
annals
historical records
anodyne
soothing(鎮痛剤)
anomaly
irregularity, abnormality
anthropologist
an expert in the study of the races, beliefs, customs, etc. of mankind
antipathy
to dislike, distaste, hate
antiquated
out-of-date, obsolete
antithesis
exact opposite
apathetic
feeling or showing a lack of interest/emotion
apathy
lack of interest, unconcern
apogee
farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith
apostate
one who abandons religious or political conviction(背教者)
apotheosis
神格化
appalled
dismayed, shocked
appellation
a name
apposite
appropriate, relevant
apprehensive
fearful; aware
apprise
to give notice to, inform
appropriate
to take for one's own use, confiscate(私物化する)
aquarium
水族館、水槽
arabesque
complex, ornate design(唐草模様)
arbiter
judge
arbitrary
based on whim, dictatorial
arcane
mysterious, esoteric
archaic
out of date
ardent
passionate, eager
arid
lacking moisture; lacking interest or feeling
arrant
impudent, in every way(全く、全くの)
array
arrangement, system
artery
a channel where many roads come together(幹線道路)
artifact
an object made by hand, rather than a thing as it occurs in nature
artifice
strategy, trickery
artless
innocent, naïve
ascend
to rise
ascertain
to discover, find out about
ascetic
one who practices self-denial and devotion
ascribe
〜のせいにする、に帰する
asinine
silly, stupid
asperity
harshness of temper
aspersion
an act of defamation or maligning(非難、中傷)
aspirant
candidate for high position(熱望を抱く人)
aspire
to strive for
assault
to attack, make an assault
assent
to agree / agreement,
assert
断言する、強く主張する
asset
a valuable thing to have
assiduous
devoted, attentive
astigmatism
乱視、非点収差
astute
keen, shrewd
atrophy
to waste away(萎縮する、衰退する)
attenuate
to make thinner; to weaken
attenuated
weakened, thinned, decreased
attest
to certify
atypical
nonconforming
au courant
up-to-date
audacity
boldness, daring
augment
to enlarge, increase
augury
omen, portent(徴候)
august
majestic, venerable(威厳のある、恐れ多い)
auspice
protection or support; sign or portent
auspicious
favorable, propitious, successful, prosperous
austere
simple, unadorned, hard
austerity
厳格さ、簡素、厳粛
authenticate
to establish the authenticity, prove genuine
automaton
a robot; a mechanical "person"
avalanche
many snowflakes(雪崩)
avarice
greed, passion for riches
aversion
strong dislike, opposition
avid
eager, enthusiastic, fervent, zealous
awesome
inspiring terror, weird
ax
斧、まさかり
axle
a shaft on which a wheel revolves(車軸)
badger
to pester, nag, annoy persistently
bagatelle
a trifle
baleful
deadly; sinister
baleful
sinister, pernicious, ominous・有害な・
balk
to refuse to move
banal
trivial, meaningless from overuse
bane
cause of injury, source of harm
banter
sarcastic teasing comments(冗談を言い合う、冷やかし)
bare
to uncover or reveal; to expose
barometer
instrument for measuring change
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to
bed
the bottom of a body of stream
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap, showy manner・かざる)
bedlam
confusion, uproar
begrudge
to be resentful or reluctant
belated
late, delayed
bellicose
warlike; of a quarrelsome nature
belittle
to make seem less important
belligerent
warlike, aggressive
benevolent
kindly, charitable
bent
leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency
bereft
deprived of 奪われた
beseech
to beg earnestly; to plea
besiege
to surround with hostile forces
besiege
to surround, plead persistently
besmirch
soil, stain, dim the reputation
bias
prejudice
bigot
a narrow-minded, prejudiced person
bilious
bad-tempered; bitter
bizarre
odd, peculiar, strange, weird
blandish
to coax with flattery・甘言でだます・
blandish
丸め込む、機嫌をとる
blas└
indifferent, not respective to excitement
blatant
disagreeably loud, very showy
blemish
to defame
bliss
extreme happiness, ecstasy
blithe
carefree, merry(のんき、陽気な)
blow
hit, shock, attack
blunt
plain spoken(単刀直入な、率直な)
boast
自慢する、誇る、鼻にかける
boggle
to hesitate or to be startled
bogus
counterfeit, fake
boisterous
cheerfully noisy or rough
bolster
to support; to uphold
bona fide
genuine
boor
a rude or insensitive person
bountiful
giving freely and generously; plentiful
bowline
縄の結び方のひとつ
braid
to interweave
brash
impudent, bold
brazen
bold; shameless
brigand
robber, bandit
bristle
stiffen with fear or anger
broach
bring up, announce, begin to talk about
broach
to begin discussion of
brook
to tolerate, endure, countenance
brusque
無愛想な、そっけない
buff
a fan, follower
bulwark
protection
bumptious
arrogant; disagreeably conceited
burgeoned
flourished, grew
burglarize
〜に泥棒に入る
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
burrow
to move through earth(穴を掘って進む、潜伏する)
buttress
something that serves to support or reinforce
byzantine
labyrinthine, complex(複雑な、込み入った、奇怪な)