Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/556

Click to flip

556 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
canto
n. division of a long poem
canvass
v. determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.
capacious
adj. spacious
capacity
n. mental or physical ability
capillary
adj. having a very fine bore
capitulate
v. surrender
caprice
n. whim, sudden idea
capricious
adj. unpredictable; fickle
caption
n. title; chapter heading; text under illustration
captious
adj. faultfinding
carafe
n. glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
n. shell covering the back (of a turtle, crab, etc.).
carat
n. unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineness of gold
carcinogenic
adj. causing cancer
cardinal
adj. chief
cardiologist
n. doctor specializing in ailments of the heart.
careen
v. lurch; sway from side to side.
caricature
n. distortion; burlesque.
carillon
n. a set of bells capable of being played
carnage
n. destruction of life
carnal
adj. fleshly
carinvorous
adj. meat-eating
carousal
n. drunken revel
carping
n. petty criticism
carrion
n. rotting flesh of a dead body
cartographer
n. map-maker
cascade
n. small waterfall
caste
n. one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
castigation
n. punishment; severe criticism.
casualty
n. serious or fatal accident
cataclysm
n. deluge; upheaval
catalyst
n. agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged; person or thing that causes action
catapult
n. slingshot; hurling machine
cataract
n. great waterful; eye abnormality
castastrophe
n. calamity; disaster
catcall
n. shout of disapproval; boo
catechism
n. book for religious instruction; instruction by question and answer
categorical
adj. without exceptions; unqualified; absolute.
catharsis
n. purging or cleansing of any passage of the body
cathartic
n. purgative
catholic
adj. universal; wide-ranging liberal
caucus
n. private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy
caulk
v. to make watertight (by plugging seams).
causal
adj. implying a cause-and-effect relationship
caustic
adj. burning; sarcastically biting
cauterize
v. burn with hot iron or caustic.
cavalcade
n. procession; parade
cavalier
adj. casual and offhand; arrogant
cavil
v. make frivolous objections
cede
v. yield (title, territory) to; surrender formally
celerity
n. speed; rapidity
celestial
adj. heavenly
celibate
adj. abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried
censor
n. overseer of morals; person who eliminates inappropriate matter
censorious
adj. critical
censure
v. blame; criticize
centaur
n. mythical figure, half man and half horse
centigrade
adj. denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius).
centrifugal
adj. radiating; departing from the center
centrifuge
n. machine that separates substances by whirling them.
centripetal
adj. tending toward the center
centurion
n. Roman army officer
cerebral
adj. pertaining to the brain or intellect
cerebration
n. thought
ceremonious
adj. marked by formality
certitude
n. certainty
cessation
n. stoppage
cession
n. yielding (something) to another; ceding
chafe
v. warm by rubbing; make sore (by rubbing)
chaff
n. worthless products of an endeavor
chaffing
adj. bantering; joking
chagrin
n. vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride); disappointment
chalice
n. goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
n. lizard that changes color in different situations
champion
v. support militantly
chaotic
adj. in utter disorder
charisma
n. divine gift; great popular charm or appeal
charlatan
n. quack; pretender to konwledge
chary
adj. cautious; sparing or restrained about giving
chase
v. ornament a metal surface by indenting
chasm
n. abyss
chassis
n. framework and working parts of an automobile
chaste
adj. pure; virginal; modest
chasten
v. correct by punishment or scolding restrain
chastened
adj. humbled; subdued; rebuked
chastise
v. punish or scold; reprimand
chauvinist
n. blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group or cause
check
v. stop motion; curb or restrain
checkered
adj. marked by changes in fortune
cherubic
adj. angelic; innocent-looking
chicanery
n. trickery; deception
chide
v. scold
chimerical
adj. fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; imaginative
chisel
n. wedgelike tool for cutting
chisel
v. swindle or cheat; cut with a chisel
chivalrous
adj. courteous; faithful; brave
choleric
adj. hot-tempered
choreography
n. art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chortle
v. chuckle with delight
chronic
adj. long established, as a disease
chronicle
v. report; record (in chronological order).
churlish
adj. boorish; rude
ciliated
adj. having minute hairs
cipher
n. nonentity; worthless persion or thing
cipher
n. secret code
circlet
n. small ring; band
circuitous
adj. roundabout
circumlocution
n. unnecessarily wordy and indirect speech; evasive language
circumscribe
v. limit narrowly; confine or restrict; define
circumspect
adj. prudent; cautious
circumvent
v. outwit; baffle
cistern
n. reservoir or water tank
citadel
n. fortress
cite
v. quote; commend
civil
adj. having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
clairvoyant
adj., n. having foresight; fortuneteller
clamber
v. climb by crawling
clamor
n. noise
clandestine
adj. secret
clangor
n. loud, resounding noise
clapper
n. striker (tongue) of a bell
clarion
adj. shrill, trumpetlike sound
claustrophobia
n. fear of being locked in
calvicle
n. collarbone
cleave
v. split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to
cleft
n. split, a narrow break
clemency
n. disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
cliche
n. phrase dulled in meaning by repetition
clientele
n. body of customers
climactic
adj. relating to the highest point
clime
n. region; climate
clique
n. small, exclusive group
cloister
n. monastery or convent
clout
n. great influence (especially political or social).
cloying
adj. distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental
coagulate
v. thicken; congeal; clot
coalesce
v. combine; fuse
coalition
n. partnership; league; union
coda
n. concluding section of a musical or literary composition; something that rounds out, summarizes, or concludes
coddle
v. treat gently; pamper
codicil
n. supplement to the body of a will
codify
v. arrange (laws, rules) as a code; classify
coercion
n. use of force to get someone to obey
coeval
adj. living at the same time as; contemporary.
cog
n. tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
adj. convincing
cogitate
v. think over
cognate
adj. related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature
cognitive
adj. having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes.
cognizance
n. knowledge
cohabit
v. live together
cohere
v. stick together
cohesion
n. tendency to keep together
cohorts
n. armed band
coiffure
n. hairstyle
coin
v. make coins; invent or fabricate
coincidence
n. the chane occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events
colander
n. utensil with perforated bottom used for straining.
collaborate
v. work together
collage
n. work of art put together from fragments
collate
v. examine in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order
collateral
n. security given for a loan
collation
n. a light meal
colloquial
adj. pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal
colloquy
n. informal discussion
collusion
n. conspiring in a fraudulent scheme
colossal
adj. huge
colossus
n. gigantic statue
comatose
adj. in a coma; extremely sleepy
combustible
adj. esasily burned
comely
adj. attractive; agreeable
comestible
n. something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
n. rebuke; deserts
comity
n. courtesy; civility
commandeer
v. to draft for military purposes; to take for public use
commemorative
adj. remembering; honoring
commensurate
adj. corresponding in extent, degree, amount, etc; proportionate
commiserate
v. feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
adj. spacious and comfortable
communal
adj. held in common; a group of people
compact (noun usage)
n. agreement; contract
compact (adj usage)
adj. tightly packed; firm ; brief
compatible
adj. harmonious; in harmony with
compelling
adj. overpowering; irresistible in effect
compendium
v. brief, comprehensive summary
compensatory
adj. making up for; repaying
compilation
n. listing of statistical information in tabular or book form.
compile
v. assemble; gather; accumulate
complacency
n. self-satisfaction; smugness
complaisant
adj. trying to please; overly polite; obliging
complement
v. complete; consumate; make perfect
complementary
adj. serving to complete something
compliance
n. readiness to yield; conformity in fulfilling requirements.
compliant
adj. yielding; conforming to requirements
complicity
n. involvement in a crime; participation
component
n. element; ingredient
comport
v. bear one's self; behave
composure
n. mental calmness
compound
v. combine; constitute
comprehensive
adj. thorough; inclusive
compress
v. squeeze or press together; make more compact
comprise
v. include; consist of
compromise
v. adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of
compunction
n. remorse
compute
v. reckon; calculate
concatenate
v. link as in a chain
concave
adj. hollow
concede
v. admit; yield
conceit
n. vanity or self-love; whimsical idea; extravagant metaphor
concentric
adj. having a common center
conception
n. beginning; forming of an idea
concerted
adj. mutually agreed on; done together
concession
n. an act of yielding
concillatory
adj. reconciling; soothing
concise
adj. brief and compact
conclave
n. private meeting
conclusive
adj. decisive; ending all debate
concoct
v. prepare by combining; make up in concert
concomitant
n. that which accompanies
concord
n. harmony
concur
v. agree
concurrent
adj. happening at the same time
condescend
v. bestow courtesies with a superior air
condign
adj. appropriate; deserved (almost always, in the sense of deservedly severe, as in condign punishment).
condiment
n. food seasoning; spice
condole
v. express sympathetic sorrow
condone
v. overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
adj. helpful; contributive
conduit
n. aqueduct; passageway for fluids
confidant
n. trusted friend
confine
v. shut in; restrict
confiscate
v. seize; commandeer
conflagration
n. great fire
conflate
v. meld or fuse; confuse; combine into one
confluence
n. flowing together; crowd
conformity
n. harmony; agreement
confound
v. confuse; puzzle
congeal
v. freeze, coagulate
congenial
adj. pleasant; friendly
congenital
adj. existing at birth
conglomeration
n. mass of material sticking together
congruence
n. correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship
congruent
adj. in agreement; corresponding
conifer
n. pine tree; cone-bearing tree
conjecture
v. infer on the basis of insufficient data; surmise; guess
conjugal
adj. pertaining to marriage
conjure
v. summon a devil; practice magic; imagine or invent
connivance
n. pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend
connoisseur
n. person competent to act as a judge of art, etc.; a lover of an art
connotation
n. suggested or implied meaning of an expression
connubial
adj. pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
consanguinity
n. kinship
conscientious
adj. scrupulous; careful
conscript
n. draftee; person forced into military service
consecrate
v. dedicate; sanctify
consensus
n. general agreement; opinion reached by a group as a whole.
consquential
adj. pompous; self-important
conservatory
n. school of the fine arts (especially music or drama)
consign
v. deliver officially; entrust; set apart
consistency
n. absence of contradictions; dependability; uniformity; degree of thickness
console
v. lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort
consolidation
n. unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger
consonance
n. harmony; agreement
consort (verb usage)
v. associate with
consort (noun usage)
n. husband or wife
conspiracy
n. treacherous plot
constituent
n. supporter
constraint
n. compulsion; repression of feelings
construe
v. explain; interpret
consummate
adj. wholly without flaw; supremely skilled; complete and utter
contagion
n. infection
contaminate
v. pollute
contempt
n. scorn; disdain
contend
v. struggle; compete; assert earnestly
contention
n. claim; thesis
contentious
adj. quarrelsome
contest
v. dispute
context
n. writings preceding and following the passage quoted
contiguous
adj. adjacent to; touching upon
continence
n. self-restraint; sexual chastity
contingent (adj usage)
adj. dependent on; conditional
contigent
n. group that makes up part of a gathering
contortions
n. twistings; distortions
contraband
n. illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods
contravene
v. contradict; oppose; infringe on or transgress
contrite
adj. penitent, repent for sin
contrived
adj. forced; artifical; not spontaneous
controvert
v. oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict
contumacious
adj. disobedient; resisting authority
contusion
n. bruise
conundrum
n. riddle; difficult problem
convene
v. assemble
convention
n. social or moral custom; established practice
conventional
adj. ordinary; typical
converge
v. approach; tend to meet; come together
conversant
adj. familiar with
converse
n. opposite
convert
n. one who had adopted a different religion or opinion
convex
adj. curving outward
conveyance
n. vehicle; transfer
conviction
n. judgement that someone is a guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convival
adj. festive; gay; characterized by joviality
convoke
v. call together
convoluted
adj. coiled around; involved; intricate
copious
adj. plentiful
coquette
n. flirt
cordial
adj. gracious; heartfelt
cordon
n. extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress
cornice
n. projecting molding on building (usually above columns).
cornucopia
n. horn overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance
corollary
n. consequence; accompaniment
corporeal
adj. bodily; material
corpulent
adj. very fat
correlation
n. mutual relationship
corroborate
v. confirm; support
corrode
v. destroy by chemical action
corrosive
adj. eating away by chemicals or disease
corrugated
adj. wrinkled; ridge
cosmic
adj. pertaining to the universe; vast
coterie
n. group that meets socially; select circle
countenance (verb usage)
v. approve; tolerate
countermand
v. cancel; revoke
counterpart
n. a thing that completes another; things very much alike
coup
n. highly successful action or sudden attack
couple
v. join; unite
courier
n. messenger
covenant
n. agreement
covert
adj. secret; hidden; implied
covetous
adj. avaricious; eagerly desirous of
cow
v. terrorize; intimidate
cower
v. shrink quivering, as from fear
coy
adj. shy; modest; coquettish
cozen
v. cheat; hoodwink; swindle
crabbed
adj. sour; peevish
crass
adj. very unrefined; grossly insensible
craven
adj. cowardly
credence
n. belief
credo
n. creed
credulity
n. belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivete
creed
n. system of religious or ethical belief
crescendo
n. increase in the volume or intensity, as in a musical passage; climax
crestfallen
adj. dejected; dispirited
crevice
n. crack; fissure
cringe
v. shrink back, as if in fear
criteria
n. PL. standards used in judging
crone
n. hag
crotchety
adj. eccentric; whimsical
crux
n. essential or main point
crypt
n. secret recess or vault usually used for burial
cryptic
adj. mysterious; hidden; secret
cubicle
n. small chamber used for sleeping
cuisine
n. style of cooking
cullinary
adj. relating to cooking
cull
v. pick out; reject
culmination
n. attainment of highest point
culpable
adj. deserving blame
culvert
n. artificial channel for water
cumbersome
adj. heavy; hard to manage
cumulative
adj. growing by addition
cupidity
n. greed
curator
n. superintendent; manager
curmudgeon
n. churlish, miserly individual
cursive
adj. flowing, running
cursory
adj. casual; hastily done
curtail
v. shorten; reduce
cynical
adj. skeptical or distrustful of human motives
cynosure
n. object of general attention
dabble
v. work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around
dais
n. raised platform for guests of honor
dally
v. trifle with; procrastinate
damp
v. lessen in intensity; diminish; mute
dank
adj. damp
dapper
adj. neat and trim
dappled
adj. spotted
daub
v. smear (as with paint)
daunt
v. intimidate; frighten
dauntless
adj. bold
dawdle
v. loiter; waste time
deadlock
n. standstill; stalemate
deadpan
adj. wooden; impassive
dearth
n. scarcity
debacle
n. sudden downfall; complete disaster
debase
v. reduce the quality
debauch
v. corrupt; seduce from virtue
debilitate
v. weaken; enfeeble
debonair
adj. urbane and suave; amiable
debris
n. rubble
debunk
v. expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc: ridicule
debutante
n. young woman making formal entrance into society
decadence
n. decay
decant
v. pour off gently
decapitate
v. behead
decelerate
v. slow down
deciduous
adj. falling off, as of leaves
decimate
v. kill, usually one out of ten
decipher
v. decode
declivity
n. downward slope
decollete
adj. having a low-cut neckline
decomposition
n. decay
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners
decoy
n. lure or bait
decrepitude
n. state of collapse caused by illness or old age
decry
v. express strong disapproval of; disparage
deducible
adj. derived by reasoning
deface
v. mar; disfigure
defame
v. harm someone's reputation; malign; slander
default
n. failure to act
defeatist
adj. resigned to defeat; accepting defeat as a natural outcome
defection
n. desertion
defer
v. delay till later; exempt temporarily
defer
v. give in respectfully; submit
deference
n. courteous regard for another's wish
defiance
n. refusal to yield; resistance
defile
v. pollute; profane
definitive
adj. most reliable or complete
deflect
v. turn aside
defoliate
v. destroy leaves
defray
v. provide for the payment of
defrock
v. to strip a priest or minister of church authority
deft
adj. neat; skillful
defunct
adj. dead; no longer in use or existence
degenerate
v. become worse; deteriorate
degradation
n. humiliation, debasement; degeneration
dehyrdate
v. remove water from; dry out
deify
v. turn into a god; idolize
deign
v. condescend; stoop
delete
v. erase; strike out
deleterious
adj. harmful
deliberate
v. consider; ponder
delineate
v. portray; depict; sketch
delirium
n. mental disorder marked by confusion
delta
n. flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
delude
v. deceive
deluge
n. flood; rush
delusion
n. false belief; hallucination
delusive
adj. deceptive; raising vain hopes
delve
v. dig; investigate
demagogue
n. person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader
demean
v. degrade; humiliate
demeanor
n. behavior; bearing
demented
adj. insane
demise
n. death
demographic
adj. related to population balance
demolition
n. destruction
demoniac
adj. fiendish
demotic
adj. pertaining to the people
demur
n. objection; protest
demur
v. object (because of doubts; scruples); hesitate
demure
adj. grave; serious; coy
denigrate
v. blacken
denotation
n. meaning; distinguishing by name
denouement
n. outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work
denounce
v. condemn; criticize
depict
v. portray
deplete
v. reduce; exhaust
deplore
v. regret
deploy
v. spread out (troops in an extended though shallow battle line
depose
v. dethrone; remove from office
deposition
n. testimony under oath
depravity
n. extreme corruption
deprecate
v. express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
depreciate
v. lessen in value
depredation
n. plundering
derange
v. make insane; disarrange
derelict
adj. abandoned; negligent
deride
v. ridicule; make fun of
derivative
adj. unoriginal; obtained from another source
dermatologist
n. one who studies the skin and its diseases.
derogatory
adj. expressing a low opinion
descry
v. catch sight of
desecrate
v. profane; violate the sanctity of
desiccate
v. dry up
desolate (adj usage)
adj. unpopulated; joyless
desolate (verb usage)
v. roby of joy; lay waste to; forsake
desperado
n. reckless outlaw
despise
v. look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful.
despoil
v. strip of valuables; rob
despondent
adj. depressed; gloomy
despot
n. tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler
destitute
adj. adj. extremely poor
desuetude
n. state of disuse
desultory
adj. aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
detached
adj. emotionally removed; calm and objective physically separate
determinate
adj. having a fixed order of procedure invariable
determination
n. resolve; measurement or calculation; decision
deterrent
n. something that discourages; hindrance
detonation
n. explosion
detraction
n. slandering; asperision
detrimental
adj. harmful; damaging
deviate
v. turn away from (a principle, norm); depart; diverge
devious
adj. roundabout; erratic; not straightfoward
devise
v. think up; invent; plan
devoid
adj. lacking
devolve
v. be transferred to another; delegate to another; gradually worsen
devotee
n. enthusiastic follower
devout
adj. pious
dexterous
adj. skillful
diabolical
adj. devilish
diadem
n. crown
dialectical
adj. relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal
diaphanous
adj. sheer; transparent
diatribe
n. bitter scolding; invective
dichotomy
n. split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
dictum
n. authoritative and weighty statement; saying; maxim
didactic
adj. teaching; instructional
die
n. device for stamping or impressing; mold
diffidence
n. shyness
diffuse
adj. wordy; rambling; spread out (like a gas)
digression
n. wandering away from the subject
dilapidated
adj. ruined because of neglect
dilate
v. expand
dilatory
adj. tending to delay; intentionally delaying
dilemma
n. problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
dilettante
n. aimless follower of the arts; amateur; dabler
diligence
n. steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
dilute
v. make less concentrated; reduce in strength
diminution
n. lessening; reduction in size
din
n. continued loud noise
dinghy
n. small boat (often ship's boat)
dingy
adj. dull; not fresh; cheerless
dint
n. means, effort
diorama
n. life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history
dire
adj. disastrous
dirge
n. lament with music
disabuse
v. correct a false impression; undeceive
disaffected
adj. disloyal
disapprobation
n. disapproval
disarray
n. a disorderly or untidy state
disavowal
n. denial; disclaiming
disband
v. dissolve; disperse
disburse
v. pay out
discernible
adj. distinguishable; perceivable
discerning
adj. mentally quick and observant; having insight
disclaim
v. disown; renounce claim to
disclose
v. reveal
discombobulated
adj. confused; discomposed
discomfit
v. put to rout; defeat; disconcert
disconcert
v. confuse; upset; embarass
disconsolate
adj. sad
discord
n. conflict; lack of harmony
discordant
adj. not harmonious; conflicting
discount
v. disregard
discourse
n. formal discussion; conversation
discredit
v. defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve
discrepancy
n. lack of consistency; difference
discrete
adj. separate; unconnected; consisting of distinct parts
discretion
n. prudence in speech, actions; ability to decide responsibly; freedom to act on one's own
discriminating
adj. able to see differences; prejudiced
discursive
adj. digressing; rambling
disdain
v. view with scorn or contempt
disembark
v. go ashore; unload cargo from a ship
disenfranchise
v. deprive of a civil right
disengage
v. uncouple; separate; disconnect
disfigure
v. mar the appearance of; spoil
disgorge
v. surrender something; eject; vomit
disgruntle
v. make discontented