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243 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
castigate
to punish or criticize harshly
ex: The city CASTIGATES offenders...
ardor
intense or passionate feeling
ex: Joe's ARDOR for running showed...
bombastic
pompous in speech and manner
ex: The athlete was BOMBASTIC after winning the title.
banal
predicatable; cliched; boring
cogent
convincing or well reasoned
ex: The lawyer had a very COGENT argument...
audacious
daring and fearless
ex: His AUDACIOUS nature allowed him to stand up to the bully.
capricious
constantly changing one's mind quickly and often
attenuate
to reduce in force or degree; to weaken
ex: The man ATTENUATED his grip on the bat.
bolster
to prop up; to support
ex: The presence of her boyfriend BOLSTERED her argument.
assuage
to make something unpleasant less severe
ex: I use Advil to ASSUAGE my horrible headaches.
arbitrate
to judge a dispute between two opposing parties
credulous
too trusting; gullible
sedulity
diligence
abate
to reduce in amount, degree or severity
ex: Her anger ABATED after she went for a walk.
deride
to mock
ex: John was DERIDED by his peers all his life.
plucky
brave
craven
cowardly
abscond
to leave secretly
ex: The man ABSCONDED from the fight before he got hurt.
fracticious
apt to scold; irritable
discern
to recognize or perceive
ex: I can DISCERN between butter and margerine.
corroborate
to provide supporting evidence
ex: The letter CORROBORATED the victim's reason for suicide.
disseminate
to disperse
ex: The kids DISSEMINATED when they saw the cops arrive.
insular
separated; isolated
ex: Jimmy was very INSULAR from the rest of the students.
ameliorate
to make better; to improve
ex: I was able to AMELIORATE my headache by taking Advil.
cosmopolitan
to be worldwide; large scope
austere
very stern or severe in appearance; undecorated
ex: The Zen temple is AUSTERE to the untrained eye.
deference
respect and courtesy
ex: I taught my son to have the utmost DEFERENCE for his elders.
antagonize
to provoke or annoy to anger
ex: Stop ANTAGONIZING your brother!
partisan
one who is the member of a party
ex: Greg is a PARTISAN of the Liberal group.
dilettante
someone with an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic
ex: My friends are such DILETTANTES since they continuously change their jobs and hobbies.
aggrandize
to increase in power, influence, and reputation
disparate
fundamentally different; entirely unalike
ex: My brothers and I have DISPARATE personalities.
chicanery
deception by means of craft or guile
ex: Dishonest used car salesmen often use CHICANERY to sell their beat-up cars.
elegy
a sorrowful poem or speech
disabuse
to set right; to free from error
emulate
to copy; to try to equal or excel
ex: Jessica tries to EMULATE her mother's good nature.
condone
to overlook, pardon, or disregard
ex: By not punishing your children, you are CONDONING bad behaviour.
dissonance
a harsh and disagreeable combination; often of sounds
eloquent
persuasive and moving, esp. in speech
ex: David had very ELOQUENT words to say about his wife.
caustic
biting in wit
ex: Betty used CAUSTIC wit with her friends.
dissemble
to present a false appearance; to disguise one's real intentions or character
ex: The villain DISSEMBLED his character in front of the police
enervate
to reduce strength
ex: Bill began to ENERVATE his hold on the ball.
fervid
intensely emotional; feverish
dogma
a firmly held opinion often a religious belief
dogmatic
dictaorial in one's opinions
foment
to arouse or incite
ex: The girl tried to FOMENT feeling in her boyfriend after his father's death.
dupe
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
ex: Bugs Bunny was able to DUPE Elmer Fudd by dressing up as a lady rabbit.
garrulous
tending to talk a lot
engender
to produce, cause, or bring about
ex: His fear for dogs was ENGENDERED when he was attack.
imperturbable
not capable of being disturbed
alleviate
to make more bearable
dilatory
intended to delay
esoteric
understood only by a select few
ex: Only few people are aware of the ESOTERIC world of particle physics.
frugality
a tendency to be thrifty or cheap
inundate
to overwhelm; to cover with water
enigma
a puzzle; a mystery
ex: Your odd personality has labelled you a ENIGMA in society.
laconic
using few words
ex: The patient was LACONIC today in the meeting.
enumerate
to count, list, or itemize
ex: The names of of the guys on the soccer team were ENUMERATED.
irascible
easily made angry
florid
excessively decorated or embellished
comely
pleasing or agreeable to the sight
unencumbered
without burden, free
berserk
in a state of frantic rage; in frenzy
insolent
rude and lacking in respect; bold
fawn
to grovel
ex: I FAWNED over my boss to get the day off.
gregarious
outgoing, sociable
lavish
to give unsparingly (v); extremely generous or extravagant (adj.)
loquacious
talkative
monotony
lack of variation
mollify
to calm or make less severe
mitigate
to soften; to lessen
ex: The judge felt that the criminal commited the crime out of need so he MITIGATED the charges.
fanatical
acting excessively enthusiatic filled with extreme unquestioned devotion
estimable
admirable
iconoclast
one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
ex: The man lacked traditional beliefs, labelling him an ICONOCLAST.
ephemeral
lasting a short time
ex: The excitement from the trip seemed EPHEMERAL to us.
lement
to express sorrow; to grieve
ex: After Benny died, I was LEMENT for weeks.
obdurate
hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion
ex: The president was OBDURATE on the issue, and did not plan on changing his mind.
erudite
learned, scolarly, bookish
ex: The room was filled with the most ERUDITE professors in the field.
laud
to give praise; to glorify
ex: After winning the finals, the players were LAUD for their success.
impervious
impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
ex: The shark's skin was IMPERVIOUS.
erratic
wandering and unpredictable
guile
deceit or trickery
ex: Bugs Bunny resorts to GUILE to catch his enemy.
impetuous
quick to act without thinking
ex: Greg was too IMPETUOUS when purchasing his red beat up Civic.
equivocate
to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead
ex: The teacher EQUIVOCATED, allowing the students to agree with eachother.
lucid
clear and easily understood
misanthrope
a person who dislikes others
ex: Scrooge is a MISANTHROPE, even towards children.
obsequious
overly submissive and eager to please
ex: The OBSEQUIOUS student was always complimenting the teacher.
inchoate
not fully formed; disorganized
ex: The car was INCHOATE after the first garage visit.
perfidious
willing to betray one's trust
ex: The PERFIDIOUS son was willing to stay out late even after his parents told him not to.
exculpate/exonerate
to clear from blame; prove innocent
ex: The criminal could not be EXCULPATED from the charges.
inimical
hostile, unfriendly
ex: The two brothers were INIMICAL with one another all their lives.
perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent
ex: The actress flashed a PERFUNCTORY smile at the fans.
obstinate
stubborn, unyielding
ex: The OBSTINATE child would not eat his veggies.
ingenuous
showing innocence or childlike simplicity
ex: The patient was so INGENUOUS when she came into the room.
exigent
urgent; requiring immediate action
ex: It was EXIGENT to get the lady to the hospital.
obviate
to prevent; to make unnecessary
ex: The dog was well trained, which OBVIATED the need for a leash.
implacable
unable to be calmed down or made peaceful
ex: The girl was IMPLACABLE after seeing her father die.
innocuous
harmless
ex: The big black man was INNOCUOUS.
occlude
to stop up; to prevent the passage of
ex: The drain was OCCLUDED with hair.
pedant
someone who shows off learning
quiescent
motionless
ex: The fish was QUIESCENT while the shark swam by.
insipid
lacking interest or flavor
reticent
silent; reserved
ex: The new intern was very RETICENT.
paragon
model of excellence or perfection
ex: Amelie is the PARAGON of what a good baby should be; cute, happy, and quiet.
onerous
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
ex: The GRE studying seems very ONEROUS to students.
intransigent
uncompromising; refusing to be reconciled
ex: My parents were INTRANSIGENT on my punishment.
satiate
to satisfy fully or overindulge
ex: Eating three plates was finally able to SATIATE his hunger.
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
ex: The relationship between me and you is a PARADOX.
opprobrium
public disgrace
ex: After stealing money from charity, the accountant resigned in utter OPPROBRIUM.
rarefy
to make thinner or sparser
ex: Water RAREFIES cake mix when added.
stolid
unemotional; lacking sensitivity
ex: The girl appeared STOLID after being sentenced to life in prison.
ostentation
excessive showiness
ex: The OSTENTATION of the actor's home was evident in the lavish decorations.
aberrant
n. deviating from the norm
Her personality is aberrant from most of her peers.
alacrity
n. eager and enthusiastic willingness
The new student had so much alacrity.
approbation
n. an expression of praise or approval
arduous
adj. strenuous, taxing, requiring significant effort
axiomatic
adj. taken as given; pssessing self-evident truth
canonical
adj. following or in agreement with accepted, traditional standards
censure
v. to critize severely; to offically rebuke
discordant
adj. conflicting; dissonant or harsh in sound
effrontery
n. extreme boldness; presumptuousness
expunge
removing all evidence
unwavering
confident
expatiate
elaborate
raconteur
someone skilled in relating anecdotes interestingly
surreptitious
to be secretive
fatuous
silly and insane
zealous
devotion
excoriate
to wear off the skin
abrade
to rub away by friction
eschew
to avoid
venal
adj. able to be bribed or bought; corruptible
ex. VENAL people do not need to be cajoled they can be won over by a simple bribe.
tantamount
adj. equivalent; equal to; amounting to
ex. Being on an extremely fast rollarcoaster makes me feel TANTAMOUNT to being in outer space.
risible
adj. laughable, comical, or ludicrous; given to or easily aroused to laughter
ex. The stand up comic was quite RISIBLE.
penchant
n. strong liking or taste for something; tendency or inclination to favour something
ex. Mom has a PENCHANT for tidiness.
livid
adj. enraged; extremely angry
ex. I was LIVID after seeing my boyfriend with another girl.
ineffable
pronoun. incapable of being expressed in words of spoken; inexpressible.
ex. INEFFABLE happiness overtook me after seeing my new puppy.
ubiquitous
adj. being everywhere, esp. at the same time.
ex. The volcano created a UBIQUITOUS cloud of black ash.
rife
adj. abundant; prevalent; commonly occurring
ex. The party had a RIFE supply of alcohol.
truculent
adj. fierce; cruel; brutal; ferocious
ex. The man's rottweiler was TRUCULENT.
itinerant
adj. traveling from place to place, esp. for work
ex. An ITINERANT business man moves from place to place depending on where his customers are located.
diffidence
n. lack of self confidence or faith in one's own ability; timidity or shyness
dint
n. force; power
ex. The DINT of the jet threw me off my feet.
synonyms: puissance
deleterious
adj. harmful or injurious to physical or mental health
respite
n. a brief rest or cessation; pause
ex. Tea breaks allow for a RESPITE from the rigors of the workplace.
paucity
n. scarcity; insufficiency
synonym: dearth
repose
n. rest; inner peace; tranquility; serenity
ex. Yoga allows me to achieve REPOSE.
sardonic
adj. disdainful; contemptuous; scornful
ex. The mold on the garbage can was SARDONIC.
pristine
adj. pertaining to the earliest times; pure or unspoiled
ex. The mountain water we swam in appeared PRISTINE.
synonym: immaculate
presage
n. anything that foreshadows future events; an omen or sign of what is to come
ex. The meterologist warned that the thunderstorms were a PRESAGE for a tornado.
espouse
v. to advocate; support; promote or to argue for
ex. The activist began to ESPOUSE for human rights in Sudan.
foppish
adj. excessively vain about one's dress manner, or general appearance; overal refined
ex. It was ironic to see one so normally FOPPISH in a pair of sweatpants.
lachrymose
adj. given to shedding tears (crying); a tearful; mournful
ex. He was extremely LACHRYMOSE after his friend's funeral.
incumbent
adj. pressed or emphatically urged; currently in office
ex. The INCUMBENT senator will have no trouble defeating her opponent.
turbid
adj. cloudy; muddy
ex. The TURBID water made them question whether to drink the glass infront of them.
mendicant
adj. living by beggin for money of food
ex. The monk led a MENDICANT lifestyle, seeking offerings from church.
cygnet
a young swan
intelligible
easy to understand
fulminate
to explode with anger
ruth
mercy, sympathy
lowly
someone feels suffering
lout
lacking grace
poltroon
whimpering coward
ineluctable
inevitable
assiduous
diligent, persistant, hardworking
levity
humour, gaiety, frivolity
probity
honest, high-mindedness
cede
to surrender possession of something
proscribe
forbid or to prohibit as harmful
gravity
seriousness
sonorous
producing a full rich sound
fracas
noisy dispute
impunity
n. privilege; license; exemption
duress
n. compulsion or procurement by threat, coercion, or restraint
vilify
v. to belittle or speak slightingly of in the extreme; slander; defame
nefarious
adj. extremely wicked
lugubrious
adj. dismal, depressing, or mournful (usually exaggeratedly so)
unfeigned
Genuine, without deception, without hypocrisy.
fleece
To swindle; defraud; steal from through deceit
dishevelled
falling loosely in disarray
clamor
outcry; exclamation; noise; uproar
garbled
adj. confused; mixed up; unintelligible
hilarity
n. glee; cheerfulness; mirth; merriment
vehement
adj. acting with great force; furious; violent
veracity
accuracy, truthfulness
strident
adj. harsh-sounding; shrill; grilling
incorrigible
adj. unmanageable; unruly; uncontrollable; incapable of being reformed
chimerical
adj. imaginary; wildly fanciful; unreal; impossible
taciturn
adj. silent; reserved
aegis
n. sponsorship; protection
provisional
adj. temporary, providing for a temporary need
desecrate
v. to defile, tarnish, or blemish
dissuade
v. to persuade someone not to do something
haughty
adj. excessively proud; arrogant
chagrin
n. dismay; vexation
admonition
n. gentle or friendly warning; counseling against a fault or error
omniscient
all-knowing
mutable
adj. capable of change (or capable of being changed)
abstemious
sparingly used or consumed
indigent
A needy or destitute person
hamlet
a small village
vindicate
to clear from fault
beneficence
goodness, kindness, or charity
spendthrift
wasteful; lavish
propitiate
to conciliate; to appease
acrid
sharp and irritating
repudiate
to reject the validity of
oratory
effective writing or speaking
soporific
causing sleep or lethargy
specious
deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
stigma
a mark of shame or discredit
stolical
lacking emotion
sublime
lofty or grand
tacit
done without using words
tirade
long, harsh speech or verbal attack
torpor
extreme mental and physical sluggishness
transitory
temporary, lasting a brief time
vacillate
to sway physically; to be indecisive
venerate
to respect deeply
veracity
filled with truth and accuracy
verbose
wordy
volatile
easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
zeal
passion, excitement
whimsical
acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable
piquency
pungent in taste
sequester
to put in isolation
sublimate
to purify
equanimity
composure
curmuudgeon
grumpy person
collusion
is a secret agreement
opian
related to bees
imperiousness
is the quality of being overbearing and domineering
circumscribed
limited
belie
false, to misrepresent
hieroglyphic
type of character
compunction
remorse
affability
friendliness
abet
helping or assisting
eminent
outstanding or prominant
appease
to placate or pacify
preternatural
supernatural or abnormal
coalesce
to unite or gather
peripatetic
wandering or itinerant